cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. banyumas,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal
ISSN : 08531629     EISSN : 08531629     DOI : -
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera : A Scientific Journal merupakan peer reviewed jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Biologi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Media ini mewadahi hasil-hasil penelitian di bidang biologi tropika yang terbit tiga kali setahun (Januari, Mei, September).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 35, No 1 (2018)" : 7 Documents clear
Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Fenol Daun Gayam (Inocarpus fagiferus Fosb) Lestari, Dwi Marga; Mahmudati, Nurul; Sukarsono, Sukarsono; Nurwidodo, Nurwidodo; Husamah, Husamah
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.596

Abstract

This study aims to determine the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity in gayam leaf extract (Incarpus fagiferus Fobs). The research method used is a quasi-experiment that aims to predict the situation to be achieved through actual experiments but no treatment. The sample used is old gayam leaves, with the characteristic of dark green leaf and rough leaf surface. The process of preparing simplicia, ie preparing fresh gayam leaves, dried in an oven temperature 45-50oC, and then dried to produce gayam leaf powder. Samples were extracted with methanol solvent and ethanol for 5 days. The total phenol assay method uses Folin-Ciocalteau method and antioxidant activity test using DPPH free radical retardation method (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl). The results showed that the total phenolic content of gayam leaf extract with ethanol and methanol solvent was 313,704 GAE (Gallic Acid Equivalent) and 273,913 GAE, respectively. Antioxidant activity as a free antidote to free radical DPPH is known to be valued with IC50 (inhibitory concentration).
Status Kesehatan dan Uji Spesies Indikator Biologi Ekosistem Mangrove Teluk Yotefa Jayapura Kalor, John Dominggus; Dimara, Lisiard; Swabra, Ottouw G.; Paiki, Kalvin
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.495

Abstract

This research was conducted to test the mangrove crab of Sesarmidae family as bio-indicator to assess health status of mangrove ecosystem in Youtefa Bay of Jayapura. Conducted since March-August 2017. Conducted in 3 stations namely St. Enggros, St.Tobati, and St. Nafri. Using the quadratic transect method (1x 1 m) and the quadratic transect (10 x 10 m). Data were analyzed using index of diversity, dominance, evenness, abundance, density, simple linear regression and test criteria of indicator species. The result of the research found the level of mangrove diversity in Enggros Station with the value of index 1.9 then Tobati and Nafri Station of 1, 4 with abundant diversity level. The density of mangroves in the three stations is obtained by Enggors: 1455.6 trees / Ha, Naftri: 1477.8 trees / Ha, and Tobati 1033,5 trees / ha with moderate density categories and good ecosystem health conditions. The biological criteria indicator test shows that the Sesarmidae crab meets the six criteria of the indicator species, so that it can be designated as a species indicator of the health status of the ecosystem.
Pewarisan Karakter Fenotip Melon (Cucumis melo L. ‘Hikapel Aromatis’) Hasil Persilangan ♀ ‘Hikapel’ dengan ♂ ‘Hikadi Aromatik’ Daryono, Budi Setiadi; Nofriarno, Nugroho
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.586

Abstract

This research aims to develop cultivars with superior phenotypes of melon and high level of productivity. This research used the individual results of crossing between melon  ♀ ‘Hikapel with ♂ Hikadi Aromatik. The research included qualitative and quantitative phenotype characterization test. The research was conducted in Center of Agrotechnology Innovation University of Gadjah Mada (PIAT-UGM), Kalitirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta and Laboratory of Genetics Faculty of Biology UGM on December 2016 until March 2017. Quantitative data analysis used ANOVA testing through PKBT-STAT 2.02 software with Random Complete Block Design (RCBD) method at significance level of 1% and 5%. Melon Hikapel Aromatik has several advantages including oval shape, without net, without lobes, crispy texture, skin-collored yellow RHS (6A), has a 7-14 brix, has volatile aromatic compound and transposon influenced. Based on the results of recapitulation of variance, the characters of Hikapel Aromatik was not uniform.
Deteksi Gen Litik BRLF1 Epstein-Barr Virus pada Penderita Karsinoma Nasofaring Ningsih, Tri Yulia; Wahyono, Daniel Joko; Gumilas, Nur Signa Aini
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.517

Abstract

Rosenmuller fossa. Epithelial malignancy is often found in Chinese populations and Southeast Asia including Indonesia. Undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC WHO-3) type is 100% associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Bam-HI R Leftward Reading Frame 1 (BRLF1) lytic gene has an important function as a transition mediator of latent phase to the lytic phase in EBV cycle. Detection of BRLF1 gene by PCR can be used for NPC diagnosis. The aim of this study is to identify BRLF1 lytic genes as molecular markers of Epstein-Barr virus in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with conventional PCR method and to determine the sensitivity of conventional PCR method to detect BRLF1 gene. The research design was cross sectional study. A total of 22 DNA samples were isolated from venous blood of NPC patients from RSUD Prof dr Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto with informed consent. BRLF1 gene identification is done with conventional PCR technique. The results of this research showed that BRLF1 genes as molecular markers lytic cycle of Epstein-Barr virus in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients can be identified conventional PCR technique that will produced DNA 157 bp. BRLF1 gene was detected in 16 samples (72.73%) of 22 samples of this study.
Penambahan Ekstrak Alga Sargassum duplicatum Bory pada Medium Kultur In Vitro terhadap Pertumbuhan seedling Anggrek Vanda tricolor Lindl. Adiguna, Eko; Dwiati, Murni; Kamsinah, Kamsinah
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.595

Abstract

Vanda tricolor is an orchid species that has many advantages, some of which are due to its beautiful and various flowers of unique shape and size. Propagation of V. tricolor can be performed by in vitro culture.In vitro culture technique needs appropriate medium to support orchid growth. An algae species, Sargassum duplicatum, can be added into the medium, since it contains growth regulating substances, such as auxin and gibberellin, which are useful for seedling growth. This study aims to know the effect of S. duplicatum application into in vitro culture medium of V. tricolor on the seedling growth and to know the best application of the algaein increasing seedling growth. An experimental method was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The treatments were S. duplicatum weight of 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 g/L replicated three times respectively. The variable examined was seedling growth with parameters comprising day of new leaf emergence, leaf number, leaf length, day of new root emergence, root number, root length and plant height. Data were analyzed using ANOVA or F test with confidence level of 95% and 99%. LSD was carried out when F test showed significant difference. The results reveal that application of S. duplicatum extract has significant effect on the growth of V. tricolor seedling. The best application is of 36 g/L algae weight.
Keanekaragaman dan Potensi Lobster (Malacostraca: Palinuridae) di Pantai Pameungpeuk, Garut Selatan, Jawa Barat Pratiwi, Rianta
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.524

Abstract

Coral shrimp (Panulirus spp.) or known as lobster is a potential fishery commodity and economic value. The demand for domestic and export market continues to increase both as local consumption and export. Indonesia is the largest lobster fishery producer in almost all Indonesian waters, from the west coast of Sumatra to the east coast Jayapura, one of which is Pameungpeuk beach, South Garut, West Java. As a result of increasing demand, fishermen try to catch as many lobsters and the impact of lobster prices also in creases and whereas fishermen continuously take it from nature. This study was conducted to determine the diversity and potential of lobster species especially living in high wavy waters along the southern coast of Garut (Pamengpeuk), West Java.The results of observation are only three types of crayfish, namely: a. Panulirus homarus (green lobster sand); b. Panulirus longipes (lobster flower/ red lobster) and Panulirus versicolor (green lobster/bamboo); is most commonly found in the area of south Garut, Pameungpeuk beach with high and strong waves. The percentage of female P longipes species (42.88%) was higher compared to male P. homarus (40%) and ovigerous female of P. versicolor (37.14%). While the sexual ratio between P. homarus (1:2.0:2.0); P. longipes (1:1.2:1.0) and P. versicolor: 1:1.2:1.2  which statistically showed significantly different p <0.05.
Keanekaragaman Ikan di Sungai Luk Ulo Kabupaten Kebumen Wahyuni, Titik Tri; Zakaria, Agus
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.592

Abstract

Freshwater fish is one of the biodiversity that build river ecosystem structure. Many human activities are carried out in the river as well as in the surrounding areas, such as removal of household waste, excessive fish exploitation and land use activities. This might changes river characteristics and lead to population and biodiversity decline.This research aim to 1) analyzethe diversity and species composition of fishin Luk Ulo River of Kebumen Regency,and 2) analyze the interaction among environmental factors with fish abundance in Luk Ulo River of Kebumen Regency. This research used survey method with cluster random sampling. The river was divided into three different region; upper-stream, middle-stream, and down-stream. Fish collected from 9 stations, i.e. 3 stations in the upper-stream, 3 stations in the middle-stream, and 3 stations in the down-stream. Morphology data were analyzed descriptively in order to make species description. The influences of environmental factor to species abundance were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA).The results showed that the number of fish obtained in this study were 72 individuals classified into 7 families and 13 species. The diversity and abundance of fish are influenced by physical and chemical factors ie temperature, TSS, pH, BOD5, COD, turbidity, DO, conductivity, salinity, current and substrate. BOD5 concentration was correlated positively with fish abundance with a correlation value of 0.540. In contrast, the effect of temperature and pH has a negative correlation to fish abundance with correlation values of -0.731 and -0.024. Dissolved oxygen (DO) and conductivity no effect on fish abundance.

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 7