cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. banyumas,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal
ISSN : 08531629     EISSN : 08531629     DOI : -
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera : A Scientific Journal merupakan peer reviewed jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Biologi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Media ini mewadahi hasil-hasil penelitian di bidang biologi tropika yang terbit tiga kali setahun (Januari, Mei, September).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 24, No 3 (2007)" : 4 Documents clear
Peran Hormon Kortisol dalam Osmoregulasi Ikan Sidat, Anguilla bicolor, pada Lingkungan Bersalinitas Susilo, Untung; Rachmawati, Farida Nur; Simanjuntak, Sorta Basar Ida
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 24, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2007.24.3.281

Abstract

The osmoregulatory capacity of Anguilla bicolor in the sea water is influenced by hormonal activities.  Therefore, the aim of this study was to know the influence of cortisol on osmoregulation of the eel at the different levels of salinity medium. An experimental method with six treatments on randomized completely design was used in this study. The treatments were (1) fish acclimated at water salinity 15 ppt without hormone injection; (2) fish acclimated at water salinity of 30 ppt without hormone injection; (3) fish acclimated at water salinity of 15 ppt and injected with 4 µg cortisol/gr body weight; (4) fish acclimated at water salinity 15 ppt and injected with 8 µg cortisol/gr body weight; (5) fish aclimated at water salinity of 30 ppt and injected with 4 µg cortisol/g body weight; (6) fish acclimated at water salinity of 30 ppt and injected with 8 µg cortisol/g body weight. All of the treatments were replicated four times. Data were analyzed using One way ANOVA followed by Least Significant Difference. The results showed that the cortisol has significant effect (P<.05) on plasma osmolality only at the early of acclimation on medium 30 ppt after injection, especially at 6 and 12 hours after cortisol treatment, and there was no significant efffect of cortisol treatment (P>.05) if the acclimation increased. Osmoregulatory capacity on medium of 15 ppt and 30 ppt were influenced by cortisol treatment at 6 hours acclimation (P<.05), but only that aclimated in medium opf 5 ppt was influenced by cortisol treatment at 12 hours acclimation. Increased acclimation on medium of 15 ppt and 30 ppt was not influenced by cortisol treatment (P>.05). Water body content was not influenced by cortisol treatment (P>.05) at all medium acclimation. At six hour acclimation, treatment cortisol has significant difference (P<.05) on hematocrite only at medium 30 ppt, but cortisol treatment has significant difference (P<.05) at medium 15 ppt and 30 ppt in 12 hours acclimation. Increased acclimation has no significant difference (P>.05) on treatment cortisol. Cortisol injection has no significant difference (P>.05) on plasma glucose on all medium and only on 7 days aclimation, the plasma glucose has significant difference (P<.05) after injected by cortisol. It could be concluded that cortisol treatment has a role on eel osmoregulation at early acclimation. Haematocrite account was also influenced by cortisol injection, but only at the early acclimation. Water body content, blood glucose and total body energy were not influenced by cortisol.
Eksplorasi Bakteri yang Berasosiasi dengan Karang Lunak sebagai Alternatif Sumber Senyawa Bioaktif: Uji Hayati Antibakteri Harpeni, Esti
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 24, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2007.24.3.283

Abstract

Soft coral has a significant function in the ecology of coral reef which produces secondary metabolites. One of very serious problems with coral reef ecosystem related to secondary metabolite improvement was coral supply because of need of many soft corals producing a little amount of secondary metabolites. The purposes of this research were to isolate and to select soft coral bacteria that have ability to produce antibacterial having been used to inhibit Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The research was conducted from March 31th to November 2nd, 2005 by using description method. Sampling was carried out at Pulau Tegal Waters on two different coral genera, namely Briareum and Sinularia at three different sites. Laboratory studies were performed at Environment and Healthy Monitoring Fish Laboratory at Lampung Marine Agricultural. The results showed that five of 125 isolates obtained had potential of producing antibacterial that have been used to inhibit E.coli and S. aureus. The coral ability to inhibit E.coli and S. aureus was indicated by inhibition zone around soft coral bacteria colonies. Morphology and biochemistry characterization of potentially inhibiting isolates against E. coli and S. aureus resulted in strains Staphylococcus sp. (isolate code B1I10), Plesiomonas sp. (isolate code B1I11), Actinobacillus sp. (isolate code B2I6), Actinomyces sp. (isolate code B1II4), and    Aerococcus sp. (isolate code S1III2). 
Metode Alternatif Penyimpanan Udang Segar dengan Nisin dari Lactococcus lactis sebagai Pengawet Alami Kusharyati, Dyah Fitri; Hendrati, P Maria
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 24, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2007.24.3.284

Abstract

Nisin is a Lactococus lactis metabolite, one of natural preservatives against microbes. The antimicrobial inhibition is influenced by its concentration and contact time with the targeted microbes. The aim of the study was to know the concentration of L. lactis extract and optimal time of soaking the growing shrimp bacterial in refrigerator temperature for nine days. This study was conducted experimentally applying factorial design. The first factor was soaking duration, i.e. 0 minute (P0), 30 minutes (P1), 60 minutes (P2), and 90 minutes (P3), while the second factor was concentration levels of metabolite of L. lactis extract. The results showed that the metabolite has an inhibitory effect on shrimp bacterioal in dosed dependent way. The best performance of inhibition was detected at 60 minute-soaking duration.
Identification of Sponge-Associated Bacteria with Antibacterial Property against Staphylococcus aureus based on Molecular Approach Radjasa, Ocky Karna
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 24, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2007.24.3.282

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is among human pathogens which are known to be resistant to almost clinically significant antibiotics that causes a crisis, in the treatment and management of infectious disease, and also presents a clear danger to the future of public health. Recently, invertebrate-associated microorganisms have become the target of the search for marine microbial natural products. Sponge-associated microorganisms are one of the most interesting natural product sources because they produce bioactive natural products including polyketides and nonribosomal peptides. Molecular approach based on 16S rDNA has been very successful in the identification and the search of secondary metabolite-producing microorganisms, particularly by using specific degenerated primers, for the detection of Polyketide Synthases (PKS) and Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetases (NRPS) gene fragments that are essential for the biosynthesis of bioactive products. Four bacterial isolates from sponge Dysidea sp. were found to inhibit the growth of S. aureus. However, only the best two isolates were selected for further identification and screening for the presence of either PKS or NRPS. The results revealed that both isolates BSP5.11 and BSP11.7 have 99% homology with Alpha proteobacterium. PCR analysis of PKS and NRPS gene fragments showed that they both amplified the NRPS but not the PKS gene fragments.

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 4