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Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam
CAKRAWALA is a scientific journal of Islamic studies managed by the Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang. This journal is issued twice a year and it is a tool for researchers, academics, and practitioners who are interested in the field of Islamic Studies and wished to channel their thoughts and findings, mainly related to Islamic Law and Islamic Economics. The articles contained are the results of research, critical and comprehensive scientific study which are relevant and current issues covered by the journals.
Articles
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Articles
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Mekanisme Pasar dan Regulasi Harga: Telaah atas Pemikiran Ibnu Taimiyah

Farma, Junia

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Islam has an essential position in the market mechanism. But, it needs some requirements to be perfect in the market. However, in reality, market distortions have occurred, it will make the injustice price determination. Rising price as a result of injustice or malpractices on the part of sellers leading to imperfection in the market. One of the Islamic scholar, Ibnu Taimiyah, explained that price is determined by the power of demand and supply. But, in the case of a rising price caused by injustice market mechanism, government intervention is needed to determined justice price. Therefore, Ibnu Taimiyah thinking about price regulation not just only give a deep analysis of what has occurred in that time, but it also can be used nowadays and reasonable to apply in the society

Study of Opportunities on Sharia-based Securities Instruments to Enhance the Economic Development in Indonesia

Effendi, Arif

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

The purpose of Sharia Economics is to realize the goodness, prosperity, and prosperity of human beings, especially in the economic field. Islamic Sharia prohibits the practice of usury in all its economic activities, because of its negative impact on the social system and the economy of society. Article 1 of Law Number 19 Year 2008 stipulates that the State Sharia Securities or Sukuk, is state securities issued under sharia principles, so It must be free from various elements of the ban, such as usury, maysir, and gharar. Sukuk issuance aims to finance the State Budget, including financing the construction of projects, such as infrastructure projects in the energy sector, telecommunications, transportation, agriculture, manufacturing industry, and public housing. Therefore, the participation of Muslims as the majority in Indonesia are needed to become the investor. The method used in this article is librarian research. In describing, analyzing, and evaluating, we used the regulation concerning with state sharia securities in Indonesia such as Law Number 19 year 2008 and Fatwa of National Sharia Council No: 69/DSN-MUI/VI/2008 concerning State Sharia Securities. Participating as an investor in the State Sharia Securities means participating in developing the country

Penguatan Peran Ziswaf dalam Menyongsong Era SDGs: Kajian Filantropi BMT Tamzis Wonosobo

Khanifa, Nurma Khusna

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

The way to alleviate the poverty in the community, family, and individuals to prosperous condition and to alleviate the burden of daily living needs is a real practice of philanthropy. This is the relevance between the objectives of zakat, infaq, shadaqah, and waqf (ziswaf) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) towards the achievement of development goals. The movement focuses on 6 issues including: without poverty, without hunger, quality education, decent work and economic growth, reduced inequality, and environmental cleanliness. It means that ziswaf is a pressure on the existence of community assets. As an effort to fund to distribute (social function), as well as control function. In order to have a practical and valuable impact, Islamic philanthropy must have a relationship between the purpose and essence of the Shari'a in the form of maqashid syarîah to encourage social welfare and the economy. As the inherent institution of Baitul Mal Tamzis, the concept of a creative philanthropy approach is used to increase the scope and sustainability of institutional impacts and provide institutional specific roles with specific institutions and target communities both consumptive and productive

Negotiation and Contestation of Islamic Religious Practices of the Transvestites in Yogyakarta

Triantoro, Dony Arung, Ardiansyah, Ardiansyah

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the forms of negotiation and contestation of religious practices Transvestites in Yogyakarta. The issue of Transvestites has become a hot conversation in the Indonesian public space and has led to multiple interpretations of the Transvestites identity’s position in the eyes of the law, religion, and society. So, it becomes significant to see how the negotiation and contestation of the Islamic religious practices among Transvestites. This study was conducted through field studies by conducting in-depth interviews and relevant literature search both online and offline. The results indicate that the Contestation of Islamic practices among Transvestites occurs in the form of interpretation of the Quranic texts, families and community organizations. To strengthen its existence, transvestites carried out many negotiations mainly related to the Islamic practice. Negotiations are carried out through various activities such as holding regular recitations, engaging in discussion forums and social activities in the community and interpreting the Quranic verse with a dehumanization approach to Islamic law. Besides, the support of religious leaders and the Legal Aid Institute further strengthens its authority in the community.

Tinjauan Analitik dan Kritik: Konsep dan Praktik Multi Level Marketing (MLM) Syari’ah di Indonesia

Afif, Mufti, Mulyawisdawati, Richa Angkita

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

To obtain an expected benefit and avoid the business risk, effective and efficient management is needed. In general, Multi Level Marketing (MLM) system in Indonesia is still considered quite role in driving the economy. Even though in some cases, this MLM system is often used as a cover for Money Game businesses that deify passive income. So that, the conversations about it often reap the pros and cons of some business people. MUI itself issued DSN fatwa No. 75/DSN/MUI/VII/2009 concerning sharia MLM. It means that MUI issues a fatwa to allow the MLM system if required the terms and conditions. The research used a library approach, where studies of MLM systems spread across several sources of books and scientific articles are reviewed and then conclusions are taken. The results of the study are the MLM system has less benefits than the problem. MLM system has positive values, including: 1) easy marketing / distribution of products; 2) marketing costs is lower, and 3) there are bonuses that make motivation for MLM members to develop their business. The madharat caused by the MLM system is that there is a lot of confusion that causes the marketing system to be out of order

Pendekatan Normativitas dan Historisitas serta Implikasinya dalam Perkembangan Pemikiran Islam

Janah, Nasitotul

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Islam is a religion that demands autonomy and must not be distorted. But in its function as a worldview, it is always faced with the progressivity of human life’s problem that is able to accommodate the changes. In this context, there are two approaches in Islamic studies; normative and historical approaches, both have different implications. The normative approach focuses on respecting normative values and the sacredness of the text. The Implication is understanding of Islam becomes very legal-formal and rigid. Islamic scholarship becomes repetitive and involutive, which is often paradox with humanitarian problems. While the historical approach is more focused on the substantial meaning behind religious symbols and texts. The implication is Islamic studies are becoming more progressive and compatible with the progress of life. However, this approach often criticized will make Islam lose its intensity

Metode Ijtihad Komisi Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia dan Aplikasinya dalam Fatwa

Wahyudi, Heri Fadli, Fajar, Fajar

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Al-Quran and Hadits as main sources of Islamic law are of a limit in numbers, yet the emerging matters in life are complex and limitless. In order to face problems which are more complicated and fuller of novelty, sometimes there is no specific law on the matters in Al-Quran and Hadits, thus ijtihad is necessary for this situation. One of the reasons in the formation of the Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI) is to respond and answer many religious matters emerging within society. As an Islamic community-shading institution with authority to issue a fatwa, MUI must have a method in performing ijtihad. Based on that reality, this paper seeks to explore the MUI-used ijtihad method and its implementation in the fatwa issue. This research found that the ijtihad method of MUI uses three approaches; Nash Qath’i approach, Qauli approach, and Manhaji approach based on its contexts

Pendekatan Integratif dalam Studi Islam

Noor, Fuad Arif

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Integrative approaches are studies which employ a method or means of view and analysis of fused and integrated, and integrative analysis can be grouped into two. First, integrative between all texts related to the issue that is being shelled or discussed. Second, integrative between nash with other sciences related to the issue being discussed. Sciences to Islamization is the product of ijtihad scientists (scholars/mujtahid). With the placement of such a level, then the sciences to Islamization is known today is not identical to the revelation. Moreover, it is no secret that the practice of education and instruction in Islam has been too much emphasis on textual sources and truth. So forget about the fact that when the idea of thoughts, ideas and beliefs are transformed into the text-based faith that is practised and operationalised in the field, it will automatically appear different understanding and interpretation. Integration between public science and the science of religion is primarily founded on a tauhidiq system, which puts God as the beginning and end of everything. Due to the belief of monotheism and belief in the values of religion can be born from any science, including the science that had been classified in the general sciences. As an academic community would be a challenge to realise that Islam is mercy all nature, which still thinking about the direction of the benefit of the world and the hereafter. Then it is not something impossible if PTAI someday become a center of knowledge on the condition that there is the commitment to hold a substantial change, including a reinterpretation of Islam, reforming the position of some of the terms of his teaching, through development, reconstructed starting with the deconstruction of Islamic studies, and develop science -ilmu Islam.

Hibah Harta Pada Anak Angkat: Telaah Sosiologis terhadap Bagian Maksimal Sepertiga

Abdoeh, Nor Muhammad

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Salah satu cara yang digunakan dalam hukum Islam untuk memperoleh harta adalah hibah. Proses penghibahan dalam hukum Islam tidak bisa dilepaskan dari batasan harta yang dihibahkan. Fenomena di masyarakat terkadang terjadi dualisme hukum yang kontradiksi antara hukum dalam teori dan hukum dalam praktek. Fenomena di masyarakat banyak orang yang menghibahkan hartanya kepada anak angkatnya dengan semua harta yang dimilikinya di depan Notaris. Hal ini menjadi persoalan tentang posisi anak angkat yang sebenarnya di mata hukum. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk mengetahui konsep penghibahan harta dilihat dari kacamata sosiologis. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan sosiologis, yaitu dengan melihat fenomena masyarakat atau peristiwa sosial budaya sebagai jalan untuk memahami hukum yang berlaku dalam masyarakat. Kesimpulan dari tulisan ini adalah pada masa Rasulullah sangatlah dipengaruhi oleh keberadaan nabi sendiri sebagai panutan dan pedoman syariâ??ah dalam segala aspek kehidupan. Beda halnya pada masa sekarang, penghibahan harta dipengaruhi oleh faktor dari keturunan dan faktor keilmuan agama

Pandangan Al-Qurâ??an Tentang Perempuan: Kritik Terhadap Tuduhan Kaum Feminisme

Triantoro, Dony Arung

Cakrawala: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 13 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

The pheniminists appear to respond to the oppression and backwardness of women to men. The allegations of western feminism against womens backwardness over men are due to religious teachings as contained in the QS. an-Nisa : 1, 11, 12 and 34. This article aims to answer the allegations of phenimism by comparing opinions between classical and contemporary mufassirs. The methods used in this article are through literature studies. This article finds that the classical mufassir in understanding the revelation of the nafs in the QS. an-Nisa : 1 as Adam, while contemporary mufassir understand it as one (same) type. Then the classical mufassir in understanding ar-rijalu qawwamuna ala an-nisa in the QS. an-Nisa: 34 because of the intellectual, physical, and educational advantages of men. Whereas contemporary mufassirs understand mens leadership over women with mens duty to safeguard, protect and control and suffice womens needs as a consequence of that leadership. Then the classical mufassir in understanding men gains inheritance over women in QS. an-Nisa: 11-12 is due to his intellectual and responsibility towards women, while contemporary mufassirs interpret the verse by the cancellation of the law that was in the ignorance of women who did not inherit. Finally this article indicates that allegations of feminism are basically directed to the interpretation of classical mufassir in understanding the verses concerning the position of women