Al-'Adl
ISSN : 19794916     EISSN : 26155540
Jurnal Al-'Adl merupakan Jurnal Ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Syariah IAIN Kendari. Al-'Adl secara spesifik mempublikasikan tulisan ilmiah baik naskah ilmiah maupun hasil penelitian yang berorientasi pada masalah hukum Islam dan pranata sosial serta kajian keislaman lainnya.
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KETERBUKAAN INFORMASI PUBLIK DALAM NEGARA HUKUM Hasim, Hasanuddin
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Information is the basic need of every person for personal development and social environment. Almost in every aspect of human life, starting from activities to fight for oneself and community groups to the implementation of government in the life of the nation and state, requires information. The concept of transparency and information is not only closely related to accountability but also with the rule of law in general. Both concepts can be seen as a necessary prerequisite for the successful participation of the general public in the life of the nation and state. Guaranteed freedom to obtain information can encourage the democratic process by opening up access to information to the public, so the people will be able to utilize available information to be critical in the process of public policy making, and in controlling the government, so that information monopolies do not occur. Law No. 14 of 2008 concerning Disclosure of Public Information is an effort to guarantee the right of everyone to obtain public information in order to encourage and improve the quality of community participation to provide input in public policy making. In the concept of the rule of law, what needs to be idealized is law, which then the law in the concept of state must be the foremost commander in regulating the pattern of life of the nation and state. The purpose of public information in the field of law is information created by public institutions tasked with promulgating legal products. These include primary legal sources such as regulation of legislation (regels) along with implementing regulations, decisions of state administration officials (beschickking), court decisions (verdicts) and or court decisions that have become jurisprudence, and policy rules (beleids- regels). With the concept of the rule of law which has been clarified by the existence of several developments regarding the rule of law, then Law No.14 / 2008 concerning Public Information Disclouser, is a way to embrace state propriety in guaranteeing human rights, both in groups, as well as individually.
KONSEP MASLAHAT AT-THUFY DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM KASUS KEWARISAN DI INDONESIA Mayyadah, Mayyadah
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The terminology of maslahat belongs to at-Thufy is actually no different from the understanding of other Ushuliyyun thought. But in contrast to the majority of jurisprudents who became their predecessors, at-Thufy is known as a thinker who gives a greater portion of reason (logic thinking) in carrying out maslahat. This is illustrated by the basic principles of the concept of maslahat at-Thufy. One of them is that if there is a conflict between nas with maslahat, then the maslahat takes precedence over the nas. The concept of Maslahat at-Thufy has possibility of being able to be an inspiration for solutions to inheritance cases in Indonesia.
PARADIGMA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP PADA ERA REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0 Yaqub, Andi
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Paradigm is a color that gives an impression of attitude and behavior. The bias of the paradigm towards self and beyond the human self can be tasted through deep understanding. Among the instruments that can be used is jurisprudence. To find out the depth of understanding and level of awareness, research was conducted on the academic community of IAIN Kendari in the frame of the 4.0 industrial revolution. In IAIN Kendari, the environmental fiqh paradigm that is understood to follow the paradigm style as stated in RI Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management including Sustainable Development; Ecological Sustainability; and conservation The supervision paradigm of the academic community in IAIN Kendari found that the achievement of work programs oriented to environmental preservation went well, self-understanding as a trustworthy human being. The campus learning climate has followed the standards of era transformation from manual/conventional services to online or electronic services. This illustrates the rate of participation of Kendari IAIN in the era of industrial revulsion 4.0 is very significant. The construction of the environmental fiqh paradigm in the era of industrial revolution in Kendari IAIN was based on problems with the concept of restoration towards a harmonious life, containing customs and obligations of the role and preservation of the environment as a basis for environmental awareness and responsibility. The integration of the dimensions of Islamic law (fiqh), adat/culture, and science then formulated the paradigm of nature lovers as a new paradigm for environmental preservation.
SELF ASSESMENT SISTEM SEBAGAI DASAR PUNGUTAN PAJAK DI INDONESIA (Analisa Hukum Tentang Ketentuan Umum Dan Tata Cara Perpajakan) Rizki A, Imron
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The applicable tax collection system in Indonesia has changes, starting from the system assessment official, then semi-self system assessment, withholding system and the last is self-assessment system. In this self-assessment system, Taxpayers are given to calculate their own payable tax, deposit and report it to the tax office where they are registered. The application of self-assessment system, as the basis for tax collection in Indonesia has not been fully able to change taxpayers to carry out their taxation activities independently and honestly. The trust given by the laws to taxpayers with a self-assessment system is not accompanied by good legal awareness. The high number of violations by taxpayers caused by the supervision not optimal and the penalties also not maximal.
METODOLOGI IJTIHAD IMAM MUJTAHIDIN (Corak Pemikiran dan Aliran) Bedong, M Ali Rusli
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Ulama dalam berijtihad menggunakan beberapa metode yang berbeda-beda, perbedaan ini tidak bisa dilepaskan dari empat hal: 1. Faktor latar belakang kehidupan, 2. Keilmuan, 3. Lingkungan, dan 4. Tujuan yang ingin dicapat.
LEGALISASI NIKAH SIRRI MELALUI ISBAT NIKAH PERSPEKTIF FIKIH ( Telaah Terhadap Kompilasi Hukum Islam) Diab, Ashadi L
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Penelitian ini mengangkat tiga permasalahan, yaitu Bagaimana hakikat legalisasi isbat nikah dalam Fikih dan KHI, Bagaimana mengantisipasi pengaburan hukum dalam perkara legalisasi isbat nikah. dan Dampak apa yang ditimbulkan legalisasi istbat nikah sirri secara yuridis.?Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa legalisasi isbat nikah perspektif fikih telaah terhadap KHI yakni: Kemaslahatan dan kepastian hukum, misalnya; anak yang lahir dari pernikahan sirri akan mendapatkan pengakuan hukum yang tertuang dalam akta kelahiran. pasal 7 ayat (3) huruf (e) Kompilasi Hukum Islam yakni isbat nikah yang dapat diajukan ke Pengadilan Agama adalah perkawinan yang dilakukan oleh mereka yang tidak mempunyai halangan perkawinan menurut Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 1974..Kedua. Mengumumkan permohonan Isbat nikah, pengajuan isbat nikah mutlak dengan mengemukakan alasan serta kepentingan yang jelas, permohonan isbat nikah diajukan secara kontentius, pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan perlawanan, pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan intervensi selama masih dalam proses dan pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan pembatalan perkawinan bila permohonan isbat nikah telah diputus Pengadilan Agama. Ketiga. Apabila suatu nikah sirri telah diisbatkan, maka perkawinan itu dinyatakan sah dan akad tersebut mengikat kedua belah pihak, sehingga perkawinan yang dilakukan mempunyai kekuatan hukum. Dengan akta nikah tersebut suami istri memiliki bukti otentik atas perbuatan hukum yang telah mereka lakukan, sehingga dalam kehidupan di masyarakat menjadi tenang serta Perkawinan mengakibatkan munculnya hak dan kewajiban suami istri yang harus dipelihara dan dijalankan masing-masing pihak.
EKSISTENSI PERADILAN ISLAM DALAM PENEGAKAN HUKUM ISLAM DI KESULTANAN BUTON Asni, Asni
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The Buton Sultanate that existed in Southeast Sulawesi in the past left an interesting historical trail, including its legal institutions. The Buton Sultanate after Islamization attempted to apply Islamic law system. The organization of the judiciary in the Buton Sultanate consists of the Syarana Adati who is authorized in a criminal case and Lawsuit then Syarana Agama on certain civil cases such as marriage, divorce and inheritance. That system can be categorized as Islamic Courts because the law is run based on Islamic law and fulfills elements of Islamic Court. The institution is an important part of Islamic law enforcement because it has been supported by strong structures, legal substances and legal culture both in law enforcers and in the community. The implications of this research are the need to adapt the values and spirit of Islamic law enforcement in the Buton Sultanate to contemporary society.
FIQH HAJI (Suatu Tinjauan Historis dan Filosofis) Kasim, Dulsukmi
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Nawacita ibadah haji adalah meraih kemabruran yang salah satu indikatornya adalah terjadinya peningkatan kualitas moral, spiritual,dan sosial dalam diri jemaah setelah kembali ke tanah airnya. Untuk mewujudkan hal itu, selain penguasaan tata cara haji yang baik, tidak kalah pentingnya untuk diwujudkan dalam diri setiap jemaah adalah memahami aspek historis dan nilai filosofis dibalik pensyariatannya. Secara historis,informasi haji didapat dari QS. Ali Imran/3: 97 yang menyatakan Ka’bah sebagai rumah yang diletakkan/ditempatkan Allah di muka bumi untuk manusia. Meski ulama tidak seragam menetapkan awal mula penempatannya, namun diyakini bahwa sebelum diutusnya Adam para malaikat bumi telah beribadah di tempat itu selama 2000 tahun. Kemudian Allah memberi Adam sebuah kemah yang berasal dari surga dan diletakkan di tempat bangunan Ka’bah itu. Sepeninggal Adam, anak-anaknya mulai membangun Ka’bahitu dari tanah dan batu. Akibat banjir bah dan topan di masa Nabi Nuh as., bangunan itu roboh dan tidak diketahui lagi posisinya. Ketika Nabi Ibrahim as. diutus sebagai Rasul, Allah memberi petunjuk kepadanya untuk membawa keluarganya ke sebuah lembah tandus dan kering kemudian mereka tinggal di sana dan diperintahkan untuk membangun Baitullah persis di tempat yang pernah dibanguni oleh anak-anak Adam. Selanjutnya, Allah memerintahkan Ibrahim agar memanggil orang untuk mendatangi tempat itu guna melaksanakan ibadah yang kemudian disebut dengan ibadah haji. Bagi umat Islam, syariat hajiini mulai diberlakukan pada tahun ke-9 Hijriyah.Ditandai dengan turunnya QS. Ali Imran/3: 97. Namun, karena ayat ini turun setelah lewat waktu haji, maka Nabi saw. baru menjalankannya tahun ke-10 Hijriyah.Secara filosofis terdapat 4 rahasia yang terkandung dibalik pelaksanaan ibadah haji. Pertama, haji adalah reuni besar umat Islam sedunia untuk mengingatkan kondisi para Nabi, shiddiqin, para syuhada, dan orang shaleh dari masa ke masa berkumpul di tempat itu untuk mengagungkan syiar-syiar Allah dengan penuh kerendahan diri dan mengharap berbagai kebaikan dan ampunan- Nya. Kedua, Baitullah adalah tempat yang paling berhak untuk didatangi untuk mencari berkah sekaligus sebagai media mendekatkan diri kepadaNya. Ketiga, Ibadah haji adalah ajang penyucian jiwa seorang hamba di tempat yang terus menerus diagungkan oleh orang-orang shaleh dengan berzikir kepada Allah.Keempat, ibadah haji sejatinya adalah ajang evaluasi untuk memilah orang taat dari orang munafiq.
UPAYA HUKUM PASCAPUTUSAN PRAPERADILAN DALAM RANGKA MENEGAKKAN HUKUM DAN KEADILAN Abdaud, Faisal
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

In the current legal development there are several cases of pretrial decisions which are then not followed up by law enforcement while other pretrial judgments are in fact reciprocated with extraordinary resistance.The method used in this study is empirical normative research, which normatively / juridically examines the rules of legislation related to post-pretrial legal action.The result of the research is The validity of the suspect's appointment may be requested by the investigator or suspect or his family or his proxy for a maximum of 7 days must be decided as a provision which is ideal in bringing the birth of KUHAP into a new face.
MEDIASI DALAM PANDANGAN HUKUM PROGRESIF Suatu Alternatif Penyelesaian Konflik Keluarga Kamaruddin, Kamaruddin
Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Mediation is a process of negotiation in solving a problem, where certain parties or third parties do not take sides, and cooperate with the disputing parties to seek an agreement to end the problem. And the mediator does not have the authority to decide disputes, but solely helps the parties to resolve problems that have been entrusted to him. Mediation in the view of progressive law is one of the strategies in resolving all the complexities of the problems faced to ensure happiness and human well-being that is full of desires and hopes in resolving conflicts for humanity and humanity.

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