Al-'Adl
ISSN : 19794916     EISSN : 26155540
Jurnal Al-'Adl merupakan Jurnal Ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Syariah IAIN Kendari. Al-'Adl secara spesifik mempublikasikan tulisan ilmiah baik naskah ilmiah maupun hasil penelitian yang berorientasi pada masalah hukum Islam dan pranata sosial serta kajian keislaman lainnya.
Articles 171 Documents
KETERBUKAAN INFORMASI PUBLIK DALAM NEGARA HUKUM

Hasim, Hasanuddin

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Information is the basic need of every person for personal development and social environment. Almost in every aspect of human life, starting from activities to fight for oneself and community groups to the implementation of government in the life of the nation and state, requires information. The concept of transparency and information is not only closely related to accountability but also with the rule of law in general. Both concepts can be seen as a necessary prerequisite for the successful participation of the general public in the life of the nation and state. Guaranteed freedom to obtain information can encourage the democratic process by opening up access to information to the public, so the people will be able to utilize available information to be critical in the process of public policy making, and in controlling the government, so that information monopolies do not occur. Law No. 14 of 2008 concerning Disclosure of Public Information is an effort to guarantee the right of everyone to obtain public information in order to encourage and improve the quality of community participation to provide input in public policy making. In the concept of the rule of law, what needs to be idealized is law, which then the law in the concept of state must be the foremost commander in regulating the pattern of life of the nation and state. The purpose of public information in the field of law is information created by public institutions tasked with promulgating legal products. These include primary legal sources such as regulation of legislation (regels) along with implementing regulations, decisions of state administration officials (beschickking), court decisions (verdicts) and or court decisions that have become jurisprudence, and policy rules (beleids- regels). With the concept of the rule of law which has been clarified by the existence of several developments regarding the rule of law, then Law No.14 / 2008 concerning Public Information Disclouser, is a way to embrace state propriety in guaranteeing human rights, both in groups, as well as individually.

UJARAN KEBENCIAN MENURUT ALI BIN ABI THALIB

Royani, Yayan Muhammad

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Hate speech is a statement of hostility, hatred or humiliation on the basis of tribe, race, sexual orientation and religion. Currently hate speech increasingly rampant as the development of information technology via the internet. Based on an as\ar, Ali bin Abi Thalib forbade saying oh fa>siq oh kha>bis. Such words are deemed to have offended a person on the basis of an individual's status or a human rights entity. According to Ali bin Abi Thalib, Hate speech is punishable by takzir according to the authority of the ruler. Ali bin Abi Thalib using the istinbat} methode beside the nas and hadith is ijma’, previous qadis ruling and the Shari'a before Islam/ syar’u man qablana. Ali also uses the method of reasoning with qiyas, istih}san, istis}habdan maqa>sid al-syari>’ah. Based on the maqa>sid al-syari>’ah approach, the prohibition of hate speech is for the protection of human rights by limiting freedom of expression.

KONSEP MASLAHAT AT-THUFY DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM KASUS KEWARISAN DI INDONESIA

Mayyadah, Mayyadah

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The terminology of maslahat belongs to at-Thufy is actually no different from the understanding of other Ushuliyyun thought. But in contrast to the majority of jurisprudents who became their predecessors, at-Thufy is known as a thinker who gives a greater portion of reason (logic thinking) in carrying out maslahat. This is illustrated by the basic principles of the concept of maslahat at-Thufy. One of them is that if there is a conflict between nas with maslahat, then the maslahat takes precedence over the nas. The concept of Maslahat at-Thufy has possibility of being able to be an inspiration for solutions to inheritance cases in Indonesia.

PARADIGMA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP PADA ERA REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0

Yaqub, Andi

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Paradigm is a color that gives an impression of attitude and behavior. The bias of the paradigm towards self and beyond the human self can be tasted through deep understanding. Among the instruments that can be used is jurisprudence. To find out the depth of understanding and level of awareness, research was conducted on the academic community of IAIN Kendari in the frame of the 4.0 industrial revolution. In IAIN Kendari, the environmental fiqh paradigm that is understood to follow the paradigm style as stated in RI Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management including Sustainable Development; Ecological Sustainability; and conservation The supervision paradigm of the academic community in IAIN Kendari found that the achievement of work programs oriented to environmental preservation went well, self-understanding as a trustworthy human being. The campus learning climate has followed the standards of era transformation from manual/conventional services to online or electronic services. This illustrates the rate of participation of Kendari IAIN in the era of industrial revulsion 4.0 is very significant. The construction of the environmental fiqh paradigm in the era of industrial revolution in Kendari IAIN was based on problems with the concept of restoration towards a harmonious life, containing customs and obligations of the role and preservation of the environment as a basis for environmental awareness and responsibility. The integration of the dimensions of Islamic law (fiqh), adat/culture, and science then formulated the paradigm of nature lovers as a new paradigm for environmental preservation.

SELF ASSESMENT SISTEM SEBAGAI DASAR PUNGUTAN PAJAK DI INDONESIA (Analisa Hukum Tentang Ketentuan Umum Dan Tata Cara Perpajakan)

Rizki A, Imron

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The applicable tax collection system in Indonesia has changes, starting from the system assessment official, then semi-self system assessment, withholding system and the last is self-assessment system. In this self-assessment system, Taxpayers are given to calculate their own payable tax, deposit and report it to the tax office where they are registered. The application of self-assessment system, as the basis for tax collection in Indonesia has not been fully able to change taxpayers to carry out their taxation activities independently and honestly. The trust given by the laws to taxpayers with a self-assessment system is not accompanied by good legal awareness. The high number of violations by taxpayers caused by the supervision not optimal and the penalties also not maximal.

PERWUJUDAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA DESA YANG DEMOKRATIS DALAM PENYELENGGARAAN PEMERINTAHAN DESA: DITINJAU BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 6 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG DESA

Astomo, Putra

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The village head is the most important actor in the administration of the Village Government. The figure of a village head in running a village government should show a democratic leadership attitude in order to create Good Governance in the village itself. UU no. 6 Year 2014 on the Village governing the authority of the village head in the administration of village administration. When it comes to principles of democratic leadership of course the village head has an obligation to behave democratically in the administration of village government based on the authorities it has.

METODOLOGI IJTIHAD IMAM MUJTAHIDIN (Corak Pemikiran dan Aliran)

Bedong, M Ali Rusli

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Ulama dalam berijtihad menggunakan beberapa metode yang berbeda-beda, perbedaan ini tidak bisa dilepaskan dari empat hal: 1. Faktor latar belakang kehidupan, 2. Keilmuan, 3. Lingkungan, dan 4. Tujuan yang ingin dicapat.

LEGALISASI NIKAH SIRRI MELALUI ISBAT NIKAH PERSPEKTIF FIKIH ( Telaah Terhadap Kompilasi Hukum Islam)

Diab, Ashadi L

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

Penelitian ini mengangkat tiga permasalahan, yaitu Bagaimana hakikat legalisasi isbat nikah dalam Fikih dan KHI, Bagaimana mengantisipasi pengaburan hukum dalam perkara legalisasi isbat nikah. dan Dampak apa yang ditimbulkan legalisasi istbat nikah sirri secara yuridis.?Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa legalisasi isbat nikah perspektif fikih telaah terhadap KHI yakni: Kemaslahatan dan kepastian hukum, misalnya; anak yang lahir dari pernikahan sirri akan mendapatkan pengakuan hukum yang tertuang dalam akta kelahiran. pasal 7 ayat (3) huruf (e) Kompilasi Hukum Islam yakni isbat nikah yang dapat diajukan ke Pengadilan Agama adalah perkawinan yang dilakukan oleh mereka yang tidak mempunyai halangan perkawinan menurut Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 1974..Kedua. Mengumumkan permohonan Isbat nikah, pengajuan isbat nikah mutlak dengan mengemukakan alasan serta kepentingan yang jelas, permohonan isbat nikah diajukan secara kontentius, pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan perlawanan, pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan intervensi selama masih dalam proses dan pihak yang dirugikan terhadap permohonan isbat nikah tersebut dapat mengajukan pembatalan perkawinan bila permohonan isbat nikah telah diputus Pengadilan Agama. Ketiga. Apabila suatu nikah sirri telah diisbatkan, maka perkawinan itu dinyatakan sah dan akad tersebut mengikat kedua belah pihak, sehingga perkawinan yang dilakukan mempunyai kekuatan hukum. Dengan akta nikah tersebut suami istri memiliki bukti otentik atas perbuatan hukum yang telah mereka lakukan, sehingga dalam kehidupan di masyarakat menjadi tenang serta Perkawinan mengakibatkan munculnya hak dan kewajiban suami istri yang harus dipelihara dan dijalankan masing-masing pihak.

HAK ASASI MANUSIA (HAM) PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

Muhalling, Rusdin

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The focus of the study is Human Rights (HAM) Perspective of Islamic Law. Human rights perspective of Islamic law is more universal and humane, the basic principles of human rights enforcement in the perspective of Islamic law can only be realized, if the formation, formulation, regulation in the field of law by law enforcement officers in Indonesia refers to Islamic law. The purpose of this research is to study and analyze the human rights perspective of Islamic law, with a normative, jurudic and socilogical theological approach. Human rights as a gift from God Almighty are basic rights that naturally attach to human beings and include: the right to live properly, the right to embrace religion and worship according to their respective religions, the right to have a family and to obtain offspring through a legal marriage, the right to education, the right to do business, private property, the right to obtain legal certainty and equality in law, justice and security, the right to express opinions, associate and gather.

EKSISTENSI PERADILAN ISLAM DALAM PENEGAKAN HUKUM ISLAM DI KESULTANAN BUTON

Asni, Asni

Al-'Adl Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Al-'Adl
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kendari

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Abstract

The Buton Sultanate that existed in Southeast Sulawesi in the past left an interesting historical trail, including its legal institutions. The Buton Sultanate after Islamization attempted to apply Islamic law system. The organization of the judiciary in the Buton Sultanate consists of the Syarana Adati who is authorized in a criminal case and Lawsuit then Syarana Agama on certain civil cases such as marriage, divorce and inheritance. That system can be categorized as Islamic Courts because the law is run based on Islamic law and fulfills elements of Islamic Court. The institution is an important part of Islamic law enforcement because it has been supported by strong structures, legal substances and legal culture both in law enforcers and in the community. The implications of this research are the need to adapt the values and spirit of Islamic law enforcement in the Buton Sultanate to contemporary society.

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