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Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan
ISSN : 19799187     EISSN : 25282751     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
First published in 2007, Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan (BILP) is a scientific journal published by the Trade Analysis dan Development Agency (Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Perdagangan - BPPP), Ministry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia. This bulletin is expected to be a media of dissemination and analysis of research results to be used as references for academics, practitioners, policy-makers, and the general public. In collaboration with professional associations, The Indonesian Society of Agricultural Economics (Perhimpunan Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia - PERHEPI), BILP publishes research reports and analysis of trade sector and/or sector-related trade which have not been published in any other journals/scholarly publications, either in Bahasa Indonesia or English. Publishing twice a year in July and December, this Bulletin is directly disseminated to stakeholders both in print and online.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 2 (2012)" : 7 Documents clear
VARIABILITAS HARGA TELUR AYAM RAS DI INDONESIA Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.609 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.133

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisis fluktuasi dan disparitas harga telur ayam di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data berkala bulanan untuk periode 2008-2011 dan metode statistik deskriptif (koefisien keragaman). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa dalam kurun waktu 2008-2011 terdapat kecenderungan penurunan fluktuasi harga telur. Wilayah yang mengalami fluktuasi harga yang tinggi adalah Maluku Utara, Jayapura, Manado dan Bengkulu. Disparitas harga telur ayam antar wilayah relatif tinggi bila dibandingkan dengan disparitas harga daging sapi. Alasan di balik tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah adalah konsentrasi produksi telur di sejumlah daerah tertentu, seperti Blitar, Medan dan Makassar. Selain itu, harga bensin dan rantai pasokan yang panjang juga mempengaruhi tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah. Namun demikian, ada kecenderungan penurunan disparitas harga untuk periode tahun 2008-2011. This study discusses the fluctuation of chicken egg price and price disparity across region in Indonesia. The analysis uses descriptive statistic (coefficient of variation) and monthly time series data for the period of 2008 to 2011. The results of analysis show that there is decreasing trend of price fluctuation over time. The regions that experienced high fluctuation of egg price are North Maluku, Jayapura, Manado and Bengkulu. Furthermore, the price disparity of chicken egg among regions is higher than that of price disparity of beef. The reason behind the high level of egg price disparity among regions is the concentration of egg production in certain areas such as Blitar, Medan and Makassar. In addition, the increasing price of gasoline and the long supply chain also influence the high level of egg price disparity among regions. However, there is a decreasing trend of egg price disparity in the period of 2008-2011
DAMPAK LIBERALISASI PERDAGANGAN TERHADAP PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA INDUSTRI MAKANAN MINUMAN DI INDONESIA Adji, Ardi; Marsisno, Waris; Nafngiyana, Ulin
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.727 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.134

Abstract

Industri makanan dan minuman merupakan salah satu sektor utama dalam perekonomian Indonesia. Pada periode tahun 2002 - 2008, industri ini merupakan penyumbang terbesar terhadap pembentukan nilai tambah bruto dan penyerapan tenaga kerja diantara industri berskala menengah dan besar. Namun, tingkat produktivitas dan daya saing industri ini relatif rendah. Dengan menggunakan model regresi data panel ditemukan bahwa pertumbuhan ekspor produk makanan dan minuman memiliki dampak positif pada penyerapan tenaga kerja industri, dan berlaku sebaliknya untuk impor. Variabel lain yang juga memiliki dampak positif pada penyerapan tenaga kerja adalah impor bahan baku dan investasi asing langsung. Food and beverage industry have become one of leading sectors in Indonesian economy. Its gross value added as well as its labour absorbtion had been the largest among other medium and large scale industries during 2002 - 2008. However, the level of productivity and competitiveness of this industry were relatively low. Using a regression model of panel data it was found that export of food and beverage products have a positive impact on labour of the industry. Conversely, import has a negative impact on labour. Other variables that also have positve impacts on labour absorbtion are import of raw materials and foreign direct investment.
FLUKTUASI HARGA BAHAN PANGAN POKOK (BAPOK) DAN DAYA BELI KELOMPOK MASYARAKAT BERPENDAPATAN RENDAH Resnia, Ranni
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1198.204 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.130

Abstract

Harga bahan pangan pokok cenderung meningkat selama 3 tahun terakhir dan diprediksi akan terus naik. Harga tersebut naik 5-12% per tahun selama tahun 1999-2011. Harga beras, gula dan daging ayam juga cukup berfluktuasi dengan Koefisien Keragaman masingmasing sebesar 13,7%, 10,0% dan 9,1%. Hasil analisis paritas impor juga menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan harga eceran domestik untuk beras dan tepung terigu dengan paritas impornya adalah 20,0% dan 59,4 %. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa konsumen tidak menerima harga yang seharusnya yang mungkin disebabkan oleh tidak efisiennya proses produksi dan distribusi serta struktur pasar yang kurang kompetitif. Namun demikian, kenaikan harga-harga tersebut tidak dapat dikompensasikan secara proporsional oleh kenaikan pendapatan beberapa kelompok masyarakat. Oleh karena itu analisis ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran pengaruh dinamika harga bahan pangan pokok terhadap daya beli masyarakat berpendapatan rendah dengan metode rasio dan indeks. Hasil analisis menunjukkan khususnya pada krisis pangan tahun 2009, daya beli mereka turun 1–5%. Selama periode tersebut, daya beli buruh tani dan bangunan masing-masing turun 5% dan 3%. Bahkan, sejak tahun 2005 daya beli buruh manufaktur sudah mengalami penurunan. Prices of staple  foods  have been increasing for last three years and estimated to continue to rise. The prices have grown 5-12% annually during the period of 1999-2011. In particular, prices of rice, sugar and chicken meat were also considerably fluctuated with Coefficient of Variation (CV) of 13.7%, 10,0% and 9.1%, respectively. Additionally, import parity analysis shows that discrepancies between domestic retail price of rice and wheat flour and their import parity reached 20,0%  and 59.4%, respectively. This indicates that consumers receive higher prices than they should have due to inefficiency in production process, distribution and less competitive market structure. Nonetheless, the price hikes are not fully compensated by wage increase of low-income groups. In the period of 2009 food crisis, their  purchasing power declined by 1–5%. During the period, purchasing power of labors in agriculture and construction sector was declining by 5% and 3% respectively. Purchasing power of labors in manufacturing sector has even started declining since 2005.
ANALISIS STRUKTUR, PERILAKU DAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN ELEKTRONIK SETELAH PELAKSANAAN LIBERALISASI ACFTA Lubis, Adrian D; Asmara, Alla
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (572.568 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.118

Abstract

Studi ini mengkaji kondisi riil industri elektronik nasional setelah pelaksanaan liberalisasi perdagangan ASEAN China Free Trade Agreement (AFCTA) dengan menggunakan Indeks Spesialisasi Perdagangan (ISP), Intra Industry Trade (IIT) dan struktur, perilaku dan kinerja industri eletronik. Hasil analisis mengindikasikan bahwa liberalisasi menyebabkan penurunan kinerja industri elektronik akibat ketergantungan pada bahan baku impor, keterbatasan infrastruktur, industri penunjang, tenaga kerja terlatih, serta biaya listrik tinggi. Namun, liberalisasi meningkatkan akses bahan baku murah, tehnologi baru, efisiensi perusahaan dan kemampuan desain sebagai penunjang daya saing. Oleh karena itu, direkomendasikan pengembangan industri hulu, penyediaan sumber energi murah, perlindungan hak cipta, serta pemberlakuan trade remedies untuk meningkatkan kinerja industri elektronik nasional. This study is about the analysis on actual condition for the Indonesian electronic industry after the implementation of the ASEAN China Free Trade Agreement (AFCTA) using Trade Specialization Index and Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP). The study found that Indonesia’s trade performance has become less competitive. This condition occured due to the lack of national competitiveness subject to high dependency on imported raw materials, supporting industry, expensive electricity and skilled labors. However, liberalization has been increasing Indonesia’s access to cheap raw material, new technology, efficiency, and design capability. This study reccomends that in order to to increase domestic electronic industry performance, Indonesia has to build supporting industry, cheap electricity, enforcement of copyright, and trade remedies application to increase domestic electronic industry performance.
DAMPAK FLUKTUASI HARGA MINYAK DUNIA TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA Nizar, Muhammad Afdi
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.243 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.131

Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak fluktuasi harga minyak di pasar dunia terhadap perekonomian Indonesia periode tahun 2000–2011. Dengan menggunakan data time series bulanan dan model VAR, studi ini menganalisis dampak fluktuasi harga minyak dunia terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi, tingkat inflasi, uang beredar, nilai tukar riil, dan suku bunga. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa fluktuasi harga minyak di pasar dunia: (i) berdampak positif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi selama 3 bulan (satu kuartal), (ii) mendorong laju inflasi domestik selama satu tahun, (iii) meningkatkan jumlah uang beredar di dalam negeri; penambahan jumlah uang beredar berlangsung selama 5 bulan, (iv) berdampak negatif terhadap nilai tukar riil rupiah selama 10 bulan dan (v) menyebabkan naiknya suku bunga di dalam negeri (efek ini berlangsung selama 10 bulan). Oleh karena itu, pemerintah perlu menempuh langkah-langkah yang bisa mentransformasikan kebiasaan masyarakat yang semula boros BBM menjadi hemat BBM. Selain itu, dibutuhkan kebijakan yang mendorong pengembangan energi alternatif. This study aims to determine the impact of oil price shocks in the world markets on the economy of Indonesia during 2000–2011. Based on monthly time series data and using VAR model, the study tries to analyze effects of oil price shocks to economic growth, inflation rates, money supply, real exchange rates and interest rates. The results show several conclusions: (i) the oil price shocks in the world market have a positive impact on quarterly economic growth; (ii) it also pushes up the domestic inflation rate for a year; (iii) it increases the domestic money supply which lasts for 5 months; (iv) it negatively affects the real exchange rate of Rupiah for 10 months and (v) it leads to rising domestic interest rates (the effect of oil shocks on interest rates lasted for 10 months). Therefore, government needs to take steps that could transform the people habits of fuel uses from wasteful to the efficient one. In addition, the alternative energy development also needs to  promoted.
ASEAN-CHINA FTA: DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP EKSPOR INDONESIA DAN CINA Setiawan, Sigit
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.645 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.97

Abstract

Kajian ini merupakan penilaian dampak kesepakatan perdagangan barang ASEAN– China FTA (ACFTA) bagi Indonesia dan Cina. Pendekatan kuantitatif dengan analisis ekonometrik digunakan untuk menilai pengaruh dari ACFTA terhadap kedua pihak dari sisi kontribusi ekspor dan pertumbuhannya. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memanfaatkan secara optimal skema ACFTA sehingga memperoleh manfaat lebih sedikit dibandingkan Cina. Sebagai dampak keikutsertaan dalam ACFTA, ekspor Indonesia ke Cina meningkat sebesar US$ 116 juta per tahun atau 5,83% per tahun. Sementara ekspor Cina ke Indonesia sebesar US$ 5,6 miliar per tahun atau 18,55% per tahun. Untuk itu, Indonesia harus berupaya lebih agresif mengimbangi Cina antara lain melalui kesepakatan bilateral, penguasaan standar nasional Cina, meminimalkan dampak penyesuaian sektoral di lima sektor yang paling terpengaruh dan memanfaatkan secara optimal kebijakan anti dumping. This study acts as an impact assessment on ACFTA Trade in Goods Agreement toward two countries: Indonesia and China. A quantitative approach of econometric analysis is employed to assess the effect of ACFTA to the two countries from two sides: export contribution and its growth. The result shows that Indonesia has enjoyed less benefits than China from the ACFTA preferential tariff. Joining ACFTA Indonesia performed an increase in export to China by US$ 116 million per year or 5.83% increase per annum. Meanwhile, China’s export to Indonesia amounted to US$ 5.6 billion per year or increase 18.55% per annum. It is suggested that Indonesia should work more aggressively to balance the ACFTA benefit such as through bilateral agreement, China national standard acquisition, minimizing sectoral adjustment impact in the five most affected sectors, and optimizing anti-dumping policy.
TINJAUAN TERHADAP PRODUKSI, KONSUMSI, DISTRIBUSI DAN DINAMIKA HARGA CABE DI INDONESIA Farid, Miftah; Subekti, Nugroho Ari
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1000.334 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.132

Abstract

Sampai saat ini belum ada kebijakan tata niaga komoditas cabe sehingga pergerakan harganya sangat ditentukan oleh mekanisme pasar. Sejalan dengan isu tersebut, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (I) menggambarkan perkembangan produksi, konsumsi dan distribusi cabe di Indonesia; (II) mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat harga dan disparitas harga cabe antar daerah. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan regresi sederhana. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa fluktuasi harga cabe terjadi karena produksi cabe bersifat musiman. Lebih lanjut, harga cabe dapat berfluktuasi karena faktor hujan, biaya produksi dan panjangnya saluran distribusi. Sementara itu, disparitas harga cabe antar daerah terjadi karena pusat produksi cabe terkonsentrasi di Jawa dan kualitas infrastruktur jalan yang kurang memadai. There is no regulated market of chili so that the price movement is basically determined by market mechanisms. In line with this issue, the objectives of this study are: (I) to describe factors that influence the fluctuation price of chili; (II) to describe the factors that influence the spatial price disparity of chili in Indonesia. The methods used are descriptive statistic and simple regression. The result of this study indicates that production seasonality has played an important role on chili price fluctuation. In addition, chili price fluctuation has also affected by rainfall, cost of production and long distribution channel. Meanwhile, spatial price disparity has been attributed to the production concentrated in Java and poor road infrastructure.

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