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Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan
ISSN : 19799187     EISSN : 25282751     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
First published in 2007, Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan (BILP) is a scientific journal published by the Trade Analysis dan Development Agency (Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Perdagangan - BPPP), Ministry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia. This bulletin is expected to be a media of dissemination and analysis of research results to be used as references for academics, practitioners, policy-makers, and the general public. In collaboration with professional associations, The Indonesian Society of Agricultural Economics (Perhimpunan Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia - PERHEPI), BILP publishes research reports and analysis of trade sector and/or sector-related trade which have not been published in any other journals/scholarly publications, either in Bahasa Indonesia or English. Publishing twice a year in July and December, this Bulletin is directly disseminated to stakeholders both in print and online.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2008)" : 6 Documents clear
KETERGANTUNGAN BEBERAPA SEKTOR INDUSTRI TERHADAP BAHAN BAKU IMPOR Arianti, Reni Kristina
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1693.543 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.160

Abstract

Manufacturing industry sector changes by structural transformation from industry-based on  import substitution to export-oriented industry. Anticipating the rise of imports, especially the increasing of raw material, the Government needs to encourage the growth of the national industry, especially the development of raw material industries in the country as a source of job creation and a source of foreign exchange and national economic value added. This high importation because the resources are not available in this country; a local source of raw materials and quality standards not yet adequate and has not been in accordance with the request of lower domestic industry; when avalaible in this country predicted to be more expensive; hard to get or there is no existence of supply continuity. To find out the level of dependency of  national industry to imported raw material, this research uses regression analysis tool with three equations, those are equations output, equation of value added and income equality. Beside of secondary data analysis, this research also conducted a survey to know the perception of businessmen/exporters which are employers see the import dependence and the possibility of imports substitution, especially imports of raw material with domestic raw materials. Based on the result of analysis, it may be known that the elasticity of the imported raw material is higher than domestic raw material for some sectors such as: footwear sector, electronic chemical sector, also vehicle and its components sector. Some sectors have been rational in using  domestic and imported raw material, that is sector with higher elasticity of  imported raw material than domestic raw material, such as footwear and electronic. But there are some sectors that are not rational in deciding proportion of imported raw material, although elesticity of imported raw materials higher than domestic raw materials, proportion of imported raw material smaller than domestic raw material, such as chemical sector as well as the vehicle and its component sector.
ANALISIS PEMECAHAN OVERSUPPLY BAWANG MERAH: KASUS BREBES Sukesi, Henny; Rahayuningrum, Ninuk; Widyanti, Tjahya
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (964.69 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.161

Abstract

The Onion is a seasional agro product, so it can causes supply fluctuations. While the demand are likely to remain. This condition affect to the fluctuation of onion prices in consumers’ level, while prices at the farmers level are likely to remain low, even too low at the time of harvest. Lately, onion’ farmers also havíng pressure from onion importation that declining the price at farmers level, beside of  the over supply. This over supply needs to be solved through (1) trade arrangements, (2) a warehouse system to get the best price, (3) post-harvest processing, (4) the development of onion processing industry (fried onion, onion flour, onion oil).
MARKET RESEARCH: HITAMNYA KOPI INDONESIA DI PASAR KOREA Fadillah, Arief
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1270.859 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.162

Abstract

The world production of coffee annually continued to stable at the level of 117 million bags with an average volume of 60 kg in the period 2004-2007 and Indonesia is one of the world coffee producer. Korea is one of the countries that experienced an increase in the consumption of coffee, which is showed from the increasing import value of coffee. The needs of coffee is met by some importing countries such as Vietnam, Colombia, Brazil, Honduras, USA, and Indonesia as the 13th importing country. The export of Indonesia’s coffee to Korea is using other countries as third parties and tends to decrease. In addition, Indonesia has not been able to take the advantage market opportunities in Korea because of the technology and standard problems in the Indonesia’s coffee industry.
KINERJA PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA DENGAN KENAIKAN HARGA MINYAK MENTAH DUNIA Samah, A. Elly; Nuryati, Yati
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1767.645 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.163

Abstract

World market prices of crude oil have three digits, which has reached US $ 105,07 per barrel in September 2008. Rising oil prices are affecting the economy in the world including Indonesia, because the oil not only determined by supply and demand but also influenced by political factors. In Indonesia, rising prices had a significant impact to increased APBN deficits in 2008 amounted to  Rp 14.4 triliyun. In 2007, Indonesias economic growth reached 6.3%,  the inflation rate reached 6.5% and according to estimates quarter I-2008 inflation rate would be high due to the world price of crude oil is still high. This is possible because the increasing of crude oil price will trigger the price rising of oil for domestic industry. The results showed that any increase in the oil price from 10 industries potentially also increase inflation of about 0.2-0.3 which was achieved in 2-3 months later. LPEM UI research indicates that any increase in the price of oil by 16.7 will make inflation rate amounted to 0.98. Inflation rate was mainly triggered by a rate increase and sea transportation of 2.8-4.2 and then overtaken by increasing construction costs amounting to 2,04 as the impact of the oil price increment. Based on the results of the analysis of the rise in world oil prices in the long term can interfere with Indonesias economic growth. This is because in the long term increasing of crude oil price is likely to oil price and there is a tendency to rises subsidies. The implications of this are rising of oil price to APBN  because of the Government has to increase subsidies for oil  in order to anticipate increasing of  crude oil prices in the.  This subsidies are automatically burden APBN regarding of increasing of subsidies.
ANALISIS KEIKUTSERTAAN INDONESIA DALAM INISIATIF SEKTORAL UNTUK PRODUK PERIKANAN, KIMIA DAN KEHUTANAN Lubis, Adrian D.
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2068.948 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.164

Abstract

Sectoral initiative is an alternative to obtain better market access through the deletion of tariffs for some products or certain sectors. The negotiations sectoral initiatives consists of 12 sectors, but in this study only focuses on three main sectors, namely fisheries, chemical and forestry. The analysis performed in this study using three approaches: 1. Effective Rate Protection (ERP; 2. Constant Market Share Analysis (CMSA); and 3. General Equilibrium Models. The study found that the fisheries sector is the most ready to face the deletion of the tariffs because its relatively unprotect and competitive in the world. As for forestry products, tariff deletion in the sectoral initiative is expected will not provide benefits due to raw material shortages (moratorium) which reduces the competitiveness of Indonesia in the world. While chemical products today have high protection and less competitive, the deletion of the tariff is predicted will lead to an increase in imports. However, if the goal is to achieve cheaper raw materials in the chemical industry, this product is recommended to be include in sectoral initiatives. 
KAJIAN DAMPAK EKONOMI KEBERADAAN HYPERMARKET TERHADAP RITEL/PASAR TRADISIONAL Rahayuningrum, Ninuk; Widayanti, Tjahya
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1109.097 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.159

Abstract

Traditional retail market share tendencies to decline, along with the increasingly growing number of modern retail business and capitalization. Domination of the market amounted to one-third to half of them by modern retail is very prone to bring the potential cost of the economic, social, and political stature. In Indonesia, the market share of traditional markets and business performance declines, while at the same time modern markets has increased. However, quantitatively, not proven the existence of real influence. More traditional markets decline caused by internal factors are real. More traditional markets decline caused by internal factors which resulted in a lack of competitiveness in the field of modern markets, which are related to performance: assets, turnover, turnover of merchandise, and margin rates. The possession of wealth (assets) stagnant. Secondary data analysis suggests that any amount of additional modern market (grocery store) yet are lowering the number of traditional markets (stores or stalls). This shows that the market for modern and traditional markets are equally evolved and are complementyary of each other. Results of the study indicate that the contribution to the GDP of non oil and gas more traditional markets (stores or stalls) compared to modern market (grocery store). However, the opposite happens, the condition that the modern market (supermarket) in the territory of the province, in this case urban, had a greater contribution towards the recipient APBD compared to city or regency. In contrast, the traditional market of non economic advantages from the point of view of macro economic interests, namely the provision of business opportunity selection, provision of employment, output and contributions, although these choices may conflict with the interests of the  local Government to improve the acquisition of PAD.

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