Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
ISSN : 25031279     EISSN : 25811606
Jurnal Media Pertanian dipublikasikan dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan diterbitkan dua kali dalam setahun. Jurnal ini mempublikasikan artikel hasil penelitian dan artikel review bidang ilmu Agronomi secara luas. Semua tulisan yang masuk hendaknya bukanlah hasil plagiat dan belum dipublikasikan. Artikel akan di review oleh editor dan hasilnya akan di komunikasikan dengan penulis.
Articles 132 Documents
FORMULASI DAN UJI EFEKTIVITAS MASKER PEEL OFF PATI JAGUNG (Zea mays sacchrata) SEBAGAI PERAWATAN KULIT WAJAH

Karmilah, Karmilah, Rusli, Nirwati

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Corn is one ingredient that has been used empirically as a facial skin care. Peel-off facial mask has the advantage over the other types, it can lifted or removed as an elastic membrane easily. The purpose of this research was to formulate a peel-off facial mask of corn starch that qualifed for the evaluation of the preparation and its effectiveness test as skin care. This research is experimental research, that is making 3 formula with variation of corn starch concentration as active substance that is 5%, 10%, and 15% which aim to know optimal concentration as peel-off mask facial skin care. Based on the results of evaluation of formula A preparations with 5% active ingredient that meets the dosage evaluation, the formula that meets the evaluation of the dosage is then tested effectiveness as facial skin care. Effectiveness test using 3 respondents that is acne skin, blackhead skin, and oily skin. Test result conducted for 4 days with a view before and after use, peel-off corn starch mask capable of providing facial skin care effect is characterized by changes in skin becomes brighter, less acne and blackheads.   Keywords : Peel-off facial mask, corn starch, facial skin care

LAYANAN PESAN SINGKAT PENGINGAT MENINGKATKAN KEPATUHAN MINUM OBATPASIEN DIABETES MELITUS DI RSUD ULIN BANJARMASIN

Alfian, Riza

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Diabetes melitus is one ofthe metabolic disorders with characteristic hyperglycemia that occurs due to abnormal insulin secretion, insulin resistance or both. The non adherence patients of taking antidiabetic drugs are the main factors that could cause high blood glucose levels, so it is necessary an intervention to achievedoutcome therapy desired. Giving of short message service reminder intervention in diabetes mellitus patients was expected to improved the medication adherence and achieved normal blood glucose levels.This study was conducted to determine the effect of a short message service reminder on medication adherence of ambulatory diabetes melitus patients in Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin.This study was conducted with quasi-experimental design,the data were taken prospectively during May to June, 2014. The subjects were ambulatory diabetes melitus patients in Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin who had received oral antidiabetic drugs. Subject who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were 39 patients and had given an intervention for seven days. The data collected by interviews and pill counting on filling sheet. The blood glucose levels data was taken from their medical records.The result showed that giving of a short message service reminder intervention improve patient adherence (p<0,05). Fasting blood glucose level and blood glucose level two hours post prandial have decreased significantly (p<0,05). There were correlation between the patient adherence and the decreasing in fasting blood glucose levels (p=0,050; r=0,316) and blood glucose two hours post prandial levels (p=0,010; r=0,040).Based on these result, it can be concluded that the giving of short message service reminder in diabetes melitus patientshas been improved patient adherence.

PENGARUH PROSES PEREBUSAN TERHADAP KADAR PROTEIN YANG TERKANDUNG DALAM TAUGE BIJI KACANG HIJAU (Phaseolus Radiatus)

Agustina, Anita, Rahmawati, Desi

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Protein is an important or main component of animal and human cells. The source of vegetable protein can be obtained from soybeans and other legumes, as well as their processed results. This component can be denatured due to changes in temperature, pH, heavy metal ions, mechanical movement, alcohol, acetone, ether, and detergent. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of boiling on protein in the seeds of mung beans. The samples were analyzed using the Lowry method. The result of quantitative test showed that the average level of protein in the samples before boiled was 1.664% w/w, while after boiled was 0632% w/w. The statistical test showed that t-score of the sample was 43.827 and t-table was 2.920, and p-score was 0.001. Of the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a significantly difference between the levels of protein before and after boiled. Boiling gives effect to the protein levels in the samples.

PERBANDINGAN METODE EKSTRAKSI TERHADAP RENDEMEN EKSTRAK DAUN RAMBAI LAUT (Sonneratia caseolaris L. Engl)

Wijaya, Heri, Novitasari, Novitasari, Jubaidah, Siti

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Rambai laut (Sonneratia caseolaris L. Engl) is one of the typical plants of Borneo that the leaves are empirically used by the community as a medicinal plant. Compounds from plants can be obtained by extraction. The yield rendement on the extraction process can be influenced by several factors, one of which is the method of extraction. This study aims to determine the effect of extraction methods and the amount of yield produced on rambai laut extracts. The research design is experimental with descriptive analysis. Rambai laut which has become powder then in extraction by using maseration method, infundation method, reflux method and soxhletasi method. The result of rendement is then analyzed using statistic. Soxhletasi method yield average value of rendemen that is equal to 28,38%, reflux equal to 25,57%, maseration equal to 21,28% and infundasi with average value of rendemen that is equal to 17,20%. The soxhletation method yields the highest average yield value and infundation with the lowest average yield value. The result of staitistic test shows that the extraction method has an effect on each rendement with p value = 0,024 <α = 0,05.   Keywords : Sonneratia caseolaris, extraction method, rendement

STUDI FARMAKOVIGILANS PENGOBATAN ASMA PADA PASIEN RAWAT INAP DI SUATU RUMAH SAKIT DI BOJONEGORO

Lorensia, Amelia, Amalia, Ratna Ayu

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is a respiratory disease with a large enough number of prevalence in the world. Asthma treatmentin hospital needs serious monitoring because of the risk to patient safety and increase the cost of treatment. One attempt to reduce the incidence of unwanted is the pharmacovigilance studies to improve patient safety.Purpose: to determine safety in terms of adverse drug reactions (ADR) and drug interactions of the treatment of inpatient asthmatic patients in a hospital.Methods: This is a non-experimental study with sampling using purposive sampling. Then the data were obtained from medical records were analyzed ADRs and drug interactions that occur using the library and shown descriptively.Results: The study sample as many as 43 people. The results showed there were 56 cases of ADRs on asthma medications, especially the use of nebulized salbutamol (57.14%). While the incidence of asthma therapy drug interactions there were 10 cases and the highest is aminophylline with salbutamol (14.29%).Conclusion: Treatment of asthma need to get to the ADR incidence and risk of drug interactions. Incidence of ADRs and drug interactions at most of the use of salbutamol which is relatively safe preference. This still needs to be done further research.

KELENGKAPAN INFORMASI MENGENAI CARA PENGGUNAAN PEAK FLOW METER YANG DIBERIKAN KEPADA PASIEN ASMA DI APOTEK

Lorensia, Amelia, Queljoe, Doddy De, Santosa, Kristian Abram

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 1 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Measurement of lung fungction  is a way to determine the effectiveness of a given therapy. A monitoring asthma symptoms is to see the value of peak expiratory flow (PEF) with a peak flow meter. The measurement is objective and can be used to predict the prognosis of asthma through the monitoring of conditions of the lung. This study aims to find out information on the use of a peak flow meter explanations given to the patient’s pharmacist in a pharmacy in a town in East Java. This research method is a non-experimental with cross sectional study. This study uses observation techniques in the form of a checklist, using the concept of a mysterious patient. Sampling by the proportional method, and then the data will be processed descriptively. The research sample of 80 pharmaceutical personnel consisting of 33 pharmacists and 47 non-pharmacists. In the group of non-pharmacists and pharmacists, the points most overlooked is the explanation of the recording of the results (number 6) and compared with the best value (number 8). Pharmacists still need to improve in understanding the basics and techniques in order to use a peak flow meter can help asthma patients to monitor their asthma medication

VALIDASI METODE ANALISIS DAN PENURUNAN KADAR INFUS CIPROFLOKSASIN YANG DIPENGARUHI REAKSI OKSIDASI MENGGUNAKAN HPLC

Nugraheni, Bekti, Nafiah, Nafiah, Anggoro, B

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Validation of analysis methods is conducted on the assay of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin because it is often used in the treatment of urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal infections. This study aimed to determine the validity of an analytical method. Development of methods used in this study were the mobile phase of methanol: aquabidest : 0.1 M phosphate buffer: acetonitrile (80: 10: 5: 5). Then the ciprofloxacin validation was performed. After the methods validation were valid, the assay of ciprofloxacin in infusion was performed to determine the decreased levels which affected by the oxidation reaction of 0, 60, 90, 150 and 180 minutes. The validation parameters in the research were selectivity, accuracy, precision, linearity, LOD and LOQ. Samples were standart ciprofloxacin used for the validation and infusion of ciprofloxacin for the assay on the sample application that was affected by the oxidation reaction. The used of HPLC met the requirements such as HPLC devices Waters e2695 Separations, SunFireTM column C18, and PDA detector and a flow rate of 1.0 mL / min. This study showed that the result was selective, stated with no emergence of peaks in the matrix. HPLC analysis methods on ciprofloxacin meet the acceptance criteria of accuracy % recovery value solution concentration of ≥10 mg / mL are 90-107%. Precision test qualifies % RSD for solution concentrations ≥10 mg / mL is <7.3%. Linearity r ≥0,997 then it can be concluded that the result was qualified. LOD value is 0.2707 µg / mL and the LOQ value is 0.9026 µg / mL. The results of the assay infusion of ciprofloxacin were found that there was a significant decrease in the levels of ciprofloxacin due to the influence of the oxidation reaction

Hidayati, Ana, Dania, Haafizah, Puspitasari, Murtyk Dyahajeng

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 3 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Currently, there are developed illnesses that encourage humans to do their own alternative medication. In 2002, an estimated shows that 92% of people in the world choose the alternative medication namely self medication, by using over the counter medicine including free and limited, however the level of knowledge in using this medication is still poor, then it is possible to make a mistake. Therefore, this research aims to find out the level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08, Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta. This study belongs to descriptive observational to find out the subject characteristic, the level of knowledge and the description of the kind of medicine used by society of RW 08 Morobangun. The sample used in this study is the people who lived in Rw 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The data was taken from the interview with the patient by using the questionnaire. The sample collecting technique was nonrandom sampling and the method was accidental sampling with the number of the respondents were 175. The result showed that 175 respondents in RW 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta used self medication of over the counter medicine including free and limited only for their ailment. The level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta showed that 42.9% reached the good category and 57,1% reached the sufficient category of 175 respondents. The conclusion of this study is the level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08 showed that most of the respondents achieved the sufficient category with 100 respondents (57,1%).

PERBANDINGAN PELARUT ETANOL DAN AIR PADA PEMBUATAN EKSTRAK UMBI BAWANG TIWAI (Eleutherine americana Merr) MENGGUNAKAN METODE MASERASI

Saadah, Hayatus, Nurhasnawati, Henny

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 1 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Bawang tiwai (Eleutherine americana Merr) is one kind of medicinal plant. To obtain an active substances with good physical and chemical properties, it is needs to do optimization of making extracts, one with solvent optimization. Type of solvent will determine the types of extracted substances in accordance with the polarity. On this research, extraction of bawang tiwai bulbs simplicia by maceration method using ethanol and water as solvent. This research is an experimental research with varying ethanol and water in a three comparison solvent that is water, ethanol, and mixture of water-etanol, then the yields is calculated. Furthermore, the data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA program to determine significant differences in the three yields. In each extract was conducted phytochemical screening to determine the content of secondary metabolites. The results showed significant differences in the yield of bawang tiwai extract with three treatments and two repetitions. The results of average yields using water as solvent is 8.75%, ethanol 5.3%; and water-etanol 8.31%

UJI EFEK ANALGESIK EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN KERSEN (Muntingia calabura L.) PADA MENCIT PUTIH JANTAN (Mus musculus) DENGAN INDUKSI NYERI ASAM ASETAT

Sentat, Triswanto, Pangestu, Susiyanto

Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

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Abstract

Kersen leaf (Muntingia calabura L.) contains tannins, flavonoids and polyphenol compounds allegedly have analgesic effect. The objective was to determine the analgesic effect of ethanol extract of kersen leaves and to determine the most effective analgesic dose. This study was an experimental research. Leaves were extracted with ethanol 70% and the analgesic effect test was divided into 5 groups: negative control treatment (distilled water), positive control (mefenamic acid 2.6mg/kg), kersen leaf ethanol extract first dose (100mg/kg), second dose (200mg/kg) and tthird dose (400mg/kg). Giving treatments by oral, after 30 minutes, the mices were given a pain inductor with 0.5% acetic acid by intra peritonial administration. Analgesic power was calculated by counting the number of writhing in mice for 1 hour. The results showed that the ethanol extract of cherry leaf has analgesic effect. From the calculation of the first dose analgesic power (42.9%), second dose (59.4%) and the third dose 69.9%. Statistical test results kruskal wallis value of p=0.011 (p<0.05) showed a significant difference between all analgesic treatment groups. The conclusion of this study is all of the ethanol extract had analgesic effects on male white mice, whereas a dose of 400mg/kg is the most effective analgesic dose.

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