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Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah
ISSN : 16934202     EISSN : 25280368
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah, with registered number ISSN 1693-4202 (Print), ISSN 2528-0368 (Online) is a peer-reviewed journal published twice a year in June and December by Faculty of Sharia, State Islamic Institute of Religious Affairs (IAIN) Manado. Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah is a Communication Media between Sharia and Law Scholars (Law, Islamic Law, Sharia Economic Law and Social Society). Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah invites enthusiasts and experts in Islamic Law and Legal Sciences to write or disseminate research results relating to Sharia and Law issues.
Articles
190
Articles
The Analysis Of Minimum Marriage Age Determination In Indonesia And Other Islamic Countries

Azizah, Nur

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

The age of marriage is always a polemic in the household. This is based on the view that the age of marriage that is not mature mentally, physically, psychologically, and education is susceptible to unstable attitudes in taking policies or decisions. So that it is feared that they have not been able to respond to problems in the marriage. Indonesia is a country with Muslims as a major population regulating the minimum age of marriage, as well as Muslim countries in the world. The research method used is the juridicalnormative approach. There are someconclusions obtained. First, the Sharia does not explicitly set a minimum age for marriage, but legal age and understanding are elements that must be fulfilled for prospective brides, and especially for husbands who are positioned as heads of families. Second, every Islamic country, including Indonesia, has different rules regarding the minimum age of marriage, but the purpose of the restriction remains the same, which is to form a partner who is physically and resourcefully ready to build a sakinah household.Keywords: Rules; Age; Marriage

Comparative Study Of Islamic Economic Law And The Capitalist

Mellina, Tesa, Ghozali, Mohammad

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

The implementation ofthe capitalist system has eliminated the Islamic values in economic practice. After the financial crisis hit the world, the capitalist system reaped many questions and its greatnessbegins to be doubted. The capitalist system implementationprecisely creates new problems in the economy. The concept of individualism which is the main key in capitalist practice only creates economic injustice and misery of the poor. The only economic theory that is expected as a light in dealing with economic problems is an economic system that is able to create justice,the welfare of all parties and blessings both the world and the hereafter. The theory is the Islamic economics which in practice is inseparable from Islamiceconomic law. Islamic economic law that underlies the Islamic economic system is totally different from the capitalist economic system.Keywords: Islamic Economic Law; Islamic economics; Capitalist Economy

Methodological and Sociological Analysis About The Fatwa Of Majelis Tarjih Muhammadiyah Concerning To The Muslim Marriage With An Ahl Al-Kitab

Tohari, Chamim

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

Relation between the different of religion comunity in the multicultural nation as in Indonesia be a natural phenomenon that it cannot be avoided. As to one of the problem that had appeared in this case is about wedding problem betweena moslem with the difference religion womans. Majority of the Indonesia religious scholars as scholar in Majelis Tarjih Muhammadiyah had been prohibiting wedding like that with various reason. while a part little of the contemporary moslem scholars have been permiting the wedding. The points which will discussed in this research is how is opinion of Majelis Tarjih Muhammadiyah about the law of wedding with the woman from Ahl Al-Kitab and its ijtihad methodology. This research should analyze the argumentation of the Majelis Tarjih that make forbidding a muslem married with the difference religion womans. This research using library research approach dan content analysis. The results of this research are: (1) Majelis Tarjih of Muhammadiyah forbidding the wedding with sad al-dzari’ah as its argumentation; (2) Majelis Tarjih’s opinion has been irrelevant because two reason, the mistake of methodology and the change of the Indonesian contemporary society (based on an empiric data). Keywords: Ahlu Kitab; Majelis Tarjih; Different Religion Marriage

The Implementation Of Islamic Law At The Early Spread Of Islam In Indonesian Archipelago

Bakry, Kasman, Gunawan, Edi

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

The study on the gradualityprinciple (tadarruj) of Islamic law in the context of Islamic law legislation in Indonesia has broad issues. The process of Islamization in the archipelago has been taking place gradually, since the advent of Islam in the 7th century AD or the first century of the emergence of Islam in Arab. The legislation efforts of Islamic law in the context of the legal system of a country always raises two sides, they are universal and the particular. Universality and particularity of the Islamic laware motivated by two dimensions, ie the dimensions of divinity (ilāhiyyah) and the human dimension (insāniyyah). This paper is a qualitative research that focuses on discussing regarding the implementation of Islamic law at the early spread of Islamin the Indonesianarchipelago, with the historically normative approach. The conclusion is the graduality principle has been applied in the legislative process in the Islamic law in Indonesia,but it has no formal legal basis in the form of laws regulating the formation of a national law, although it has been implemented in the legislation process of Islamic law. Keywords: Islamic law; Graduality; legislation; Indonesian Archipelago

Money Politic In Elections: Islamic Law Perspective

Mokodompis, Syahrul, Bukido, Rosdalina, Salim, Delmus Puneri, Makka, Misbahul Munir

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

Money is the most needed resource by people, becoming a reference for each transaction or individual maneuver and as a medium of exchange.Money is an urgent factor that is useful to boost ones personal power and to control the strategic discourse associating with a political interest and power.The nomination process is often inseparable from the use of money to attract the sympathy of citizens.Supposedly, the candidates should not rely on money politic as a way to win the election, but they must demonstrate their ability to be representative of the people. This research is a qualitative study. It was located in Sangtombolang District, Bolaang Mongondow Regency, North Sulawesi. The data obtained were processed and verified in order to obtain descriptive findings of money politic in the election perspective of Islamic law. The practice of money politic occurred in some people due to ignorance of the law on money politic, habits, and economic urgency. In Islamic values,money politicor risywah is something that is given to cancel the truth and to justify the falsehood,risywah in Islamic law is considered as confiscation of other peoples property, as mentioned in Surah Al Baqarah verse 188. MUI also explained that people who give and receive risywah are haram (forbidden). Keywords: Money politic; election; Islamic law

The Degree Of Understanding Of Zakat On Profession/Income In Jepara Regency

Anwar, Aan Zainul, Arifin, Miftah

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the degree of understanding of zakat on profession/income and the characteristics of the community distribution model as an effective collection model for zakat institutions. This study used a qualitative method with 68 respondents from various professional work backgrounds including civil servants, teachers, employees, military, police, and government officials. The results of this study were that Jepara people have a high degree of understanding about zakat but have not been fully able to calculate nishab of zakat especially zakat on profession/income. Therefore, not all people who are obliged to pay zakat on professionand the distribution of zakat on professionis still directly to mustahiq.Keywords: Zakat on Profession/Income; Understanding of Zakat; Zakat; Alms 

MUDHARABAH BANK SYARIAH DITINJAU DARI UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 21 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PERBANKAN SYARIAH

Bawenti, Karlina Aprilianingrum, Hasan, Faradila

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

The problem of banks with customers lies in the number of bids to charge bank interest, but customers want to get financing / net savings (bank interest) and in accordance with Islamic Sharia. Islamic banks provide collateral with mudharabah financing. Mudharabah financing is part of the syariah banking system with the trust given by the bank to the customer with the profit-sharing transaction. Concerning the mudaraba system is contained in Law No.21 of 2008 on Sharia Banking which regulates the mudaraba system in Indonesia. In article 1 of Law No.21 of 2008 stated that savings is a deposit in akad wadiah and akad mudharabah which akadnya not contrary to Islamic Sharia.Persoalan bank dengan nasabah terletak pada banyaknya tawaran mengenakan bunga bank, namun nasabah ingin mendapatkan pembiayaan/tabungan yang bersih (bunga bank) dan sesuai dengan syariat Islam.Bank syariah memberikan jaminan dengan pembiayaan mudharabah.Pembiayaan mudharabah adalah bagian dari sistem perbankan syariah dengan kepercayaan yang diberikan bank pada nasabahdengan transaksi bagi hasil.Mengenai sistem mudharabah tercantum pada UU No.21 tahun 2008 tentang Perbankan Syariah yang mengatur sistem mudharabah di Indonesia.Pada pasal 1 UU No.21 tahun 2008 disebutkan bahwa tabungan adalah simpanan dalam akad wadi’ah dan akad mudharabahyang akadnya tidak bertentangan dengan syariat Islam.

HUKUM KELUARGA:PERSPEKTIF ANTROPOLOGI HUKUM ISLAM

Suyono, Suyono

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

Principally, Islamic teachings consist of two aspects: normative and historical, doctrinal and civilization, as well as other terms that are meaningful. In the first aspect is the sacred area that cannot be changed, while the second aspect is very flexible. Based on the experience of society, Islamic teachings can be approached with social sciences such as sociology and Anthropology. Both of these are very appropriate to solve the problems of Islamic law in the society. In this paper, the writer tried to review the law of Islamic family based on anthropology aspect. To facilitate the discussion, some rules of family law that contained in the Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI) such as marriage registration, washiyahwajibah, mutual property, takliktalak, and the mourning period of husband whose wife passed away are the examples in this paper.Secara prinsip ajaran Islam terdiri atas dua aspek: normatif dan historis, doktrinal dan peradaban, maupun istilah lain yang semakna. pada aspek pertama adalah wilayah sakral tidak bisa diotak-atik lagi, sementara aspek jenis kedua sangat fleksibel. Dalam pengamalan di masyarakat, ajaran Islam dapat didekati dengan ilmu-ilmu sosial seperti sosiologi dan antropologi. Kedua macam ilmu ini sangat sesuai untuk memecahkan problematika Hukum Islam di tengah-tengah masyarakat. Dalam tulisan ini. penulis mencoba membedah Hukum Keluarga Islam dengan kacamata antropologi hukum. Untuk memudahkan pembahasan, beberapa aturan hukum keluarga yang tertuang dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI) seperti pencatatan perkawinan, washiyah wajibah, harta bersama, taklik talak, dan masa betkabung bagi suami yg ditinggal mati oleh istri menjadi contoh dalam tulisan ini

PROBLEMTIKA HUKUM CADAR DALAMISLAM: SEBUAH TINJAUAN NORMATIF-HISTORIS

Rasyid, Lisa Aisiyah, Bukido, Rosdalina

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

Cadar (veil) as part of the Islamic Sharia, has always been a controversial issue among Muslims. In the study of Islamic interpretation itself the arguments governing the obligation or the absence of the cadarare still disputed. So that, this paper aims to examine the various views of Muslim scholars and commentators on the law of wearing cadar for Muslim women without regard to the normative and historical side of that usage. Most of them argue that the use of cadar normatively may become mandatory in a region, if it has become a collective agreement and become a socially acceptable norm. While in certain environments, not using a cadar may be better if it is intended to reject mudharat. This may occur because historically the command of "necessity" of using cadar in the Prophet’stime, is intended as an identity for Muslim women and independent so it can not be disturbed, not because their faces should not be opened and treated as part of satr, that is the part to must be hidden.Cadar sebagai bagian dari syariat Islam, selalu menjadi isu yang kontroversial di kalangan umat Islam.Dalam studi tafsir Islam sendiri dalil-dalil yang mengatur mengenai wajib atau tidaknya penggunaan cadar masih diperdebatkan. Untuk itu, tulisan ini bertujuan mengakaji berbagai pandangan para ulama tafsir dan para cendekiawan muslim terhadap hukum penggunaan cadar bagi perempuan muslim tanpa mengindahkan sisi normatif dan historis dari penggunaan cadar tersebut. Sebagian besar di antara mereka berpendapat bahwa penggunaan cadar secara normatif bisa saja menjadi wajib di suatu wilayah, jika hal itu telah menjadi kesepakatan bersama dan menjadi norma yang diterima secara sosial. Sementara di lingkungan tertentu, tidak menggunakan cadar bisa jadi akan lebih baik jika hal itu bertujuan untuk menolak mudharat. Hal ini dapat terjadi karena secara historis perintah “keharusan” penggunaan cadar pada masa Nabi, dimaksudkan sebagai identitas bagi perempuan muslim dan merdeka sehingga tidak dapat diganggu, bukan karena wajah mereka tidak boleh dibuka dan diperlakukan sebagai bagian dari satr, yakni bagian yang harus disembunyikan.

ISLAM DAN KONSTITUSI: ANALISIS-KOMPARATIFANTARA TEKS AL-QURAN DENGAN PASAL 29 UUD 1945

Mantu, Rahman

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

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Abstract

The Constitution as the legal basis is a general agreement of the citizens regarding basic norms and basic rules in the state, which became known as the 1945 Constitution. As a general agreement, the 1945 Constitution is an attempt to find common ground and reconciliation of various values and interests of citizens, including the values and norms of Religion, in this case Islam. This paper will provide reference naqliyyah arguments for the provisions contained in the 1945 Constitution. The authors focus on taking part one that is article 29 of the 1945 Constitution. To find where the intersection between al Quran texts with the sounds of article 29 the author uses a comparative analysis of the text. The result between the constitution with the source of Islamic teachings that the Quran, have the same spirit substantially, fight for humanity and uphold justiceKonstitusi sebagai dasar hukum merupakan kesepakatan umum warga negara mengenai norma dasar dan aturan dasar dalam bernegara, yang kemudian dikenal dengan Undang-undang Dasar 1945. Sebagai, kesepakatan umum, UUD 1945 merupakan usaha pencarian titik temu dan rekonsiliasi dari aneka nilai dan kepentingan warga negara, termasuk di dalamnya nilai dan norma Agama, dalam hal ini Islam. Tulisan ini akan memberikan rujukan dalil-dalil naqliyyah untuk ketentuan yang dimuat dalam UUD 1945. Penulis fokus mengambil satu bagian yaitu pasal 29 UUD 1945.Untuk mencari dimana titik temu antara teks al Quran dengan bunyi pasal 29 penulis menggunakan pendekatan analisis komparatif atas teks. Hasilnya antara konstitusi dengan sumber ajaran Islam yakni al Quran, punya semangat yang sama secara substansial, memperjuangkan kemanusian dan menegakkan keadilan.