cover
Filter by Year
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah
Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah, with registered number ISSN 1693-4202 (Print), ISSN 2528-0368 (Online) is a peer-reviewed journal published twice a year in June and December by Faculty of Sharia, State Islamic Institute of Religious Affairs (IAIN) Manado. Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah is a Communication Media between Sharia and Law Scholars (Law, Islamic Law, Sharia Economic Law and Social Society). Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah invites enthusiasts and experts in Islamic Law and Legal Sciences to write or disseminate research results relating to Sharia and Law issues.
Articles
184
Articles
MUDHARABAH BANK SYARIAH DITINJAU DARI UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 21 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PERBANKAN SYARIAH

Bawenti, Karlina Aprilianingrum, Hasan, Faradila

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1259.946 KB)

Abstract

The problem of banks with customers lies in the number of bids to charge bank interest, but customers want to get financing / net savings (bank interest) and in accordance with Islamic Sharia. Islamic banks provide collateral with mudharabah financing. Mudharabah financing is part of the syariah banking system with the trust given by the bank to the customer with the profit-sharing transaction. Concerning the mudaraba system is contained in Law No.21 of 2008 on Sharia Banking which regulates the mudaraba system in Indonesia. In article 1 of Law No.21 of 2008 stated that savings is a deposit in akad wadiah and akad mudharabah which akadnya not contrary to Islamic Sharia.Persoalan bank dengan nasabah terletak pada banyaknya tawaran mengenakan bunga bank, namun nasabah ingin mendapatkan pembiayaan/tabungan yang bersih (bunga bank) dan sesuai dengan syariat Islam.Bank syariah memberikan jaminan dengan pembiayaan mudharabah.Pembiayaan mudharabah adalah bagian dari sistem perbankan syariah dengan kepercayaan yang diberikan bank pada nasabahdengan transaksi bagi hasil.Mengenai sistem mudharabah tercantum pada UU No.21 tahun 2008 tentang Perbankan Syariah yang mengatur sistem mudharabah di Indonesia.Pada pasal 1 UU No.21 tahun 2008 disebutkan bahwa tabungan adalah simpanan dalam akad wadi’ah dan akad mudharabahyang akadnya tidak bertentangan dengan syariat Islam.

HUKUM KELUARGA:PERSPEKTIF ANTROPOLOGI HUKUM ISLAM

Suyono, Suyono

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.349 KB)

Abstract

Principally, Islamic teachings consist of two aspects: normative and historical, doctrinal and civilization, as well as other terms that are meaningful. In the first aspect is the sacred area that cannot be changed, while the second aspect is very flexible. Based on the experience of society, Islamic teachings can be approached with social sciences such as sociology and Anthropology. Both of these are very appropriate to solve the problems of Islamic law in the society. In this paper, the writer tried to review the law of Islamic family based on anthropology aspect. To facilitate the discussion, some rules of family law that contained in the Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI) such as marriage registration, washiyahwajibah, mutual property, takliktalak, and the mourning period of husband whose wife passed away are the examples in this paper.Secara prinsip ajaran Islam terdiri atas dua aspek: normatif dan historis, doktrinal dan peradaban, maupun istilah lain yang semakna. pada aspek pertama adalah wilayah sakral tidak bisa diotak-atik lagi, sementara aspek jenis kedua sangat fleksibel. Dalam pengamalan di masyarakat, ajaran Islam dapat didekati dengan ilmu-ilmu sosial seperti sosiologi dan antropologi. Kedua macam ilmu ini sangat sesuai untuk memecahkan problematika Hukum Islam di tengah-tengah masyarakat. Dalam tulisan ini. penulis mencoba membedah Hukum Keluarga Islam dengan kacamata antropologi hukum. Untuk memudahkan pembahasan, beberapa aturan hukum keluarga yang tertuang dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI) seperti pencatatan perkawinan, washiyah wajibah, harta bersama, taklik talak, dan masa betkabung bagi suami yg ditinggal mati oleh istri menjadi contoh dalam tulisan ini

PROBLEMTIKA HUKUM CADAR DALAMISLAM: SEBUAH TINJAUAN NORMATIF-HISTORIS

Rasyid, Lisa Aisiyah, Bukido, Rosdalina

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.89 KB)

Abstract

Cadar (veil) as part of the Islamic Sharia, has always been a controversial issue among Muslims. In the study of Islamic interpretation itself the arguments governing the obligation or the absence of the cadarare still disputed. So that, this paper aims to examine the various views of Muslim scholars and commentators on the law of wearing cadar for Muslim women without regard to the normative and historical side of that usage. Most of them argue that the use of cadar normatively may become mandatory in a region, if it has become a collective agreement and become a socially acceptable norm. While in certain environments, not using a cadar may be better if it is intended to reject mudharat. This may occur because historically the command of "necessity" of using cadar in the Prophet’stime, is intended as an identity for Muslim women and independent so it can not be disturbed, not because their faces should not be opened and treated as part of satr, that is the part to must be hidden.Cadar sebagai bagian dari syariat Islam, selalu menjadi isu yang kontroversial di kalangan umat Islam.Dalam studi tafsir Islam sendiri dalil-dalil yang mengatur mengenai wajib atau tidaknya penggunaan cadar masih diperdebatkan. Untuk itu, tulisan ini bertujuan mengakaji berbagai pandangan para ulama tafsir dan para cendekiawan muslim terhadap hukum penggunaan cadar bagi perempuan muslim tanpa mengindahkan sisi normatif dan historis dari penggunaan cadar tersebut. Sebagian besar di antara mereka berpendapat bahwa penggunaan cadar secara normatif bisa saja menjadi wajib di suatu wilayah, jika hal itu telah menjadi kesepakatan bersama dan menjadi norma yang diterima secara sosial. Sementara di lingkungan tertentu, tidak menggunakan cadar bisa jadi akan lebih baik jika hal itu bertujuan untuk menolak mudharat. Hal ini dapat terjadi karena secara historis perintah “keharusan” penggunaan cadar pada masa Nabi, dimaksudkan sebagai identitas bagi perempuan muslim dan merdeka sehingga tidak dapat diganggu, bukan karena wajah mereka tidak boleh dibuka dan diperlakukan sebagai bagian dari satr, yakni bagian yang harus disembunyikan.

ISLAM DAN KONSTITUSI: ANALISIS-KOMPARATIFANTARA TEKS AL-QURAN DENGAN PASAL 29 UUD 1945

Mantu, Rahman

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (457.189 KB)

Abstract

The Constitution as the legal basis is a general agreement of the citizens regarding basic norms and basic rules in the state, which became known as the 1945 Constitution. As a general agreement, the 1945 Constitution is an attempt to find common ground and reconciliation of various values and interests of citizens, including the values and norms of Religion, in this case Islam. This paper will provide reference naqliyyah arguments for the provisions contained in the 1945 Constitution. The authors focus on taking part one that is article 29 of the 1945 Constitution. To find where the intersection between al Quran texts with the sounds of article 29 the author uses a comparative analysis of the text. The result between the constitution with the source of Islamic teachings that the Quran, have the same spirit substantially, fight for humanity and uphold justiceKonstitusi sebagai dasar hukum merupakan kesepakatan umum warga negara mengenai norma dasar dan aturan dasar dalam bernegara, yang kemudian dikenal dengan Undang-undang Dasar 1945. Sebagai, kesepakatan umum, UUD 1945 merupakan usaha pencarian titik temu dan rekonsiliasi dari aneka nilai dan kepentingan warga negara, termasuk di dalamnya nilai dan norma Agama, dalam hal ini Islam. Tulisan ini akan memberikan rujukan dalil-dalil naqliyyah untuk ketentuan yang dimuat dalam UUD 1945. Penulis fokus mengambil satu bagian yaitu pasal 29 UUD 1945.Untuk mencari dimana titik temu antara teks al Quran dengan bunyi pasal 29 penulis menggunakan pendekatan analisis komparatif atas teks. Hasilnya antara konstitusi dengan sumber ajaran Islam yakni al Quran, punya semangat yang sama secara substansial, memperjuangkan kemanusian dan menegakkan keadilan.

EKONOMI SYARIAH DAN PENYELESAIANNYA DI PENGADILAN AGAMA

Arsyad, Wildana, Gunawan, Edi

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (682.186 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to provide information about procedure of dispute settlement of sharia economy in the Religious Courts. This research uses qualitative method with juridical approach. The dispute procedure of sharia economic in religious court runs in accordance with the mandate of the Law contained in article 49 to article 53 Act no. 7 years 1989, Law No. 3 year 2006, Law No. 50 of 2009 about Religious Courts. Sharia economic dispute is basically due to three things, namely because one of the parties to break the promise (wanprestasi), due to unlawful acts against the agreements agreed upon and because of coercive circumstances. Settlement of disputes is held with the aim of enforcing the law which contains the value of legal justice, the value of legal certainty, and the value of legal benefit. The settlement of the sharia economic dispute in the Religious Courts is very new, so the Supreme Court up to now still conducts education and training of sharia economic certification for all Religious Court judges.Penelitian ini  bertujuan   untuk memberikan informasi mengenai prosedur penyelesaian sengketa ekonomi syariah di Pengadilan Agama. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan yuridis Prosedur penyelesaian sengketa ekonomi syariah di pengadilan agama berjalan sesuai dengan amanat Undang-Undang yang tertera dalam pasal 49 sampai pasal 53 Undang-Undang No. 7 tahun 1989 jo. Undang-Undang No. 3 tahun 2006 jo.Undang-Undang No.50 tahun 2009 tentang Peradilan Agama.Sengketa ekonomi syariah pada dasarnya disebabkan karena tiga hal, yaitu karena salah satu pihak melakukan ingkar janji (wanprestasi), karena perbuatan melawan hukum terhadap perjanjian yang disepakati dan karena keadaan memaksa. Penyelesaian sengketa diadakan dengan tujuan untuk menegakan hukum yang di dalamnya mengandung nilai keadilan hukum, nilai kepastian hukum, dan nilai kemanfaatan hukum.Penyelesaian sengketa ekonomi syariah di Pengadilan Agama merupakan hal yang sangat baru, sehingga Mahkamah Agung sampai saat ini masih melaksanakan pendidikan dan latihan sertifikasi ekonomi syariah bagi seluruh hakim Pengadilan Agama.

TINJAUAN SADD DZARI’AH TERHADAP PROBLEMATIKA HUKUM MENIKAHI WANITA AHLI KITAB DALAM HUKUM POSITIF

Azizah, Nur

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (615.495 KB)

Abstract

Halal marriage as a category makruh marriage between Muslim men with women experts of the book. In addition, the legal status of different religious marriages in Indonesia still reap the polemic and does not strictly prohibit. For the occurrence of different religious weddings are still open gaps or opportunities of occurrence, including marriage of Muslim men with female scribes even among Muslim women with men of the book. So with the second law of origin that provides an opportunity for the marriage of the woman of the book with the Muslim man, the researcher uses a review of Sadd Dzariah where in origin the legal action may be prohibited by the concern because of the great potential of giving negative impact (mafsadat).Pernikahan halal sebagai kategori makruh pernikahan antara lelaki muslim dengan wanita ahli kitab. Selain itu, status hukum pernikahan beda agama di Indonesia masih menuai polemik dan tidak melarang secara tegas. Untuk terjadinya pernikahan beda agama masih terbuka celah atau peluang terjadinya, termasuk pula pernikahan pria muslim dengan wanita ahli kitab bahkan antara wanita Islam dengan pria ahli kitab. Maka dengan adanya kedua hukum asal yang memberikan peluang untuk terjadinya pernikahan wanita ahli kitab dengan pria muslim tersebut, peneliti menggunakan tinjauan Sadd Dzari’ah dimana pada asalnya susuatu tindakan hukumnya boleh menjadi terlarang dengan adanya kekhawatiran sebab berpotensi besar melahirkan dampak negatif (mafsadat).

Karakteristik dan Pendekatan Aspek Sosial Hukum Islam

Mudassir, Mudassir, Gunawan, Edi

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 15, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (625.542 KB)

Abstract

This article is a conceptual study of the characteristics and approaches of social aspects of Islamic law. This study is important because Islamic law encompasses various dimensions, namely the abstract dimension, in the form of all the commandments and the prohibitions of Allah and His Messenger, and the concrete dimension, in the form of behavior that is steady among Muslims as an effort to do the command of Allah and His Messenger, In addition, Islamic law also includes substances that are internalized into various social institutions. Therefore, the study of the social aspects approaches in Islamic law is very important. Islamic law has a character, namely rabbaniyah, syumul, al-wasthiyah, and insanity. There are several methods of Islamic law enforcement conducted by aspects of the social approach, especially in Indonesia, namely the establishment of Islamic law through fiqh, the establishment of Islamic law through the law, the establishment of Islamic law through jurisprudence, and the affirmation of Islamic law through fatwas.

Pembagian Harta Warisan Disaat Pewaris Masih Hidup Telaah Pasal 187 Ayat (1) Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI)

Naskur, Naskur

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 15, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (821.919 KB)

Abstract

The inheritance process between heirs and inheritor is in the event of death to the inheritors, either in essence, rule or decision of Islam. Death to the inheritor is the principal requirement and distinguishing of process of transfer of wealth in form of inheritance with the transfer of wealth in form of inheritance. However, the provision, the complication of Islamic law provides another alternative in the distribution of a person’s wealth that deviates from provision of Islamic inheritance law. Moreover, the objective and benefit of examining this alternative is to know the justified boundaries in the deviation of the process of dividing person’s wealth in the form of inheritance and to detect the Islamic law toward this deviation. The deviation of the main provision of the distribution of a person’s is expressed to be inheritance is limited to the distribution of the wealth which if it has been done at the time of the death of the heir, will occur bickering and disagreement between family which will cause harm. The divergence limit can be justified by Islamic law provision not harm the right of ownership of the inheritor’s legacy. Keywords: inheritance of alive heir, the limit

Resolusi Konflik Perkawinan Melalui Mediasi Dalam Perkara Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Manado

Jamal, Ridwan

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 15, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.295 KB)

Abstract

This research aims to (1) describe and explore the implementation of marital conflict resolution through mediation in divorce cases in Manado Religious Courts, (2) to describe and explore the model of marriage conflict resolution through mediation in divorce cases in Religious Court of Manado, and (3) to describe and explanate the factors that become the obstacle of failure of marriage conflict resolution through mediation in divorce case in Religious Court of Manado. This research is a case study that is descriptive qualitative. This research was conducted in Manado city with the object of research is the office of Religious Court of Manado. The research informant is the leader of the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Religious Court of Manado, the mediator (profession) on the implementation of mediation of divorce dispute, and the judge at the office of Manado Religious Court numbering 4 judges. The research data was collected by observation, interview, and documentation. The collected data is analyzed by flow model. The findings of the research indicate that (1) the implementation of marriage conflict resolution through mediation in divorce cases in Manado Religion Court is conducted by following the judicial regulations as stipulated in Supreme Court regulation concerning mediation procedure in religious court with pramediation, mediation and postmediation stage, (2) model The confirmation by the parties is mediated by the mediator of the judge, while the non-judicial mediator has not been practiced, and (3) the constraints to the failure of the marriage conflict resolution through mediation in the divorce case in the Manado Religion Court are divided into two main factors: (1) the general factors of the law, the additional factor of the number of judges, the factor of society is the low level of public knowledge, the lack of mediation facilities and infrastructure, and the cultural factors, and (2) the plaintiff factor, the mediator, the mediation atmosphere, and the litigants.

Peranan Komisi Pengawas Persaiangan Usaha (KPPU) Dalam Menegakan UndangUndang Nomor 5 Tahun 1999 Tentang Larangan Praktek Monopoli Dan Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat

Bukido, Rosdalina, Bamatraf, Laila F

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syirah Vol 15, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Manado

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.367 KB)

Abstract

Law No. 5 of 1999 concerning the prohibition of monopolistic practices and unfair business competition is established to prevent unfair business competition in Indonesia based on the centralization of economic power on individuals or certain groups either in the form of monopoly in spite of other forms of unfair business competition before the law is applied. Therefore, this research is brought out to declare the function and role of KPPU itself to combat various kinds of monopolistic practices and unfair business competition that is emerging in society.