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Agric
ISSN : 08549028     EISSN : 25499343     DOI : -
AGRIC is a peer-review journal containing primary articles directly sourced from agricultural research, agroecotechnology and agribusiness, as well as scientific reviews that can contribute to the science and community development, supported by accurate and up-to-date data. The agroecotechnology includes all aspects of science to support widespread agricultural crop production techniques, while agribusiness sciences include extensive social and economic studies of agricultural business.
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Articles 70 Documents
SELECTION OF SOYBEAN CULTIVARS: PREPARATION THE PLANT BREEDING WITH MICROSPORE CULTURE METHOD Sumarmi, Sumarmi
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.214 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p125-133

Abstract

Microspore culture method can be used as plant breeding program. The preparation of cultivars selection is an important step. The research starts with cultivated five cultivars of soybean i.e: Argomulyo, Grobogan, Wilis, Anjasmoro and Black Malika. The appearence of soybean plant was observed until flowering. Selection of plants based on: sum of flower bud every plant, anther midline, total and diameter of microspore every flower bud was measured by the ‘Optilab’ software. The development of microspore done with grouping of flower bud according long 2.02.5 mm, 2.6-3.0 mm, 3.1- 3.6 mm and 3.7-4.1 mm for chooses flower bud with the most late uninucleate microspore stadium. Result of the research shows that long of flower bud 2.6-3.6 mm contain 1847-2010 late uninucleate microspores, diameter     20 µm for 5 cultivars can be used for material of microspore culture. Anjasmoro cultivar, tall of plant gain 68 cm, sum of rame 7-9, anther midline 354.67±59.67 µm, number of microspores each flower bud 2003±216. Result of responsive qulity test with anther incubation on 340C temperature for 4 days represent the most of total viable microspore, 3.371±45 on Anjasmoro cultivar. Plant breeding by Anjasmoro cultivar is the most appropriate for microspore culture treatment.
PRODUCTION OF COTTON PLANTS USING DRIP IRRIGATION IN TWO DIFFERENT PLANTING YEARS Thamrin, Syahruni; Junaedi, Junaedi; Darwisah, H Baso
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.142 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p117-124

Abstract

Tanaman kapas membutuhkan persyaratan ketersediaan air yang cukup, utamanya pada saat perkecambahan dan pertumbuhan serta kondisi yang kering saat panen. Pada irigasi tetes, pengairan bisa disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan air setiap jenis tanaman yang berbeda-beda tergantung pada fase pertumbuhan dan jenis tanamannya.  Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kapas yang menggunakan sistem irigasi tetes pada dua musim tanam yang berbeda.  Penelitian dilakukan selama 2 (dua) tahun berturut-turut, penelitian pertama: penanaman dengan menggunakan irigasi tetes dilakukan pada bulan Agustus 2017 dan dilanjutkan penanaman kedua  pada bulan Mei 2018.  Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Turucinnae Kecamatan Lamuru Kabupaten Bone Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan.  Penelitian dilakukan dalam bentuk percobaan lapangan dalam bentuk demonstrasi plot dengan menggunakan desain eksprimen dan analisis dilakukan untuk mengetahui dan menjelaskan pelaksanaan irigasi tetes pada dua musim tanam yang berbeda. Pertumbuhan vegetatif tanaman kapas yang menggunakan irigasi tetes pada tahun 2017 memberikan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan tahun 2018 dilihat dari tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun, sedangkan produksi tanaman kapas yang menggunakan irigasi tetes pada tahun 2017 lebih besar dibanding yang ditanam tahun 2018 dilihat dari segi jumlah boll yang terbentuk dan berat kapas yang diproduksi.
CHARACTERISTICS OF ESTATE FARMERS AND CONTRIBUTION OF ESTATE COMMODITIES ON HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN NUSANIWE DISTRICT, AMBON CITY Pattiselanno, August Ernst; Jambormias, Edizon; Sopamena, Junianita Fridianova
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.439 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p75-88

Abstract

Ambon as the capital of Maluku Province had been occupied by 3,558 farmers whose farming works have contributed to the production of estate commodities for about 1,169 tons.  There were three estate commodities with significant contribution, namely clove, nutmeg, and coconut. The objective of research was to analyze the characteristics of estate farmers and the contribution of estate commodities on household income. Sample was determined purposively from Nusaniwe District, precisely 30 farmers from Nusaniwe Subdistrict, 60 farmers from Latuhalat Subdistrict, 50 farmers from Amahusu Subdistrict, and 60 farmers from Urimessing Subdistrict. Total sample was 200 farmers. Data were collected using questionnaire and depth interview with key informant. Data on respondent characteristic were analyzed through simple tabulation. Income count was used to analyze the contribution of each estate commodity on household income. Result of research showed that education, number of household member, side-job selection, land width, and commodity species were not varying across subdistricts. Contribution of clove and nutmeg to household income was found as high for 70 – 80 %, while that of coconut reached only 10 – 20%. Side-job activity as fisher and construction worker gave contribution to household income for 5 – 10%.  
GROUND WATER LEVEL AND SOIL TEMPERATURE VARIATION ON TROPICAL PEATLAND IN EL NIÑO YEAR Wakhid, Nur; Nurzakiah, Siti; Nurita, Nurita; Zainudin, Zainudin
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.976 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p103-110

Abstract

Water level (TMA) and soil temperature are two keys of environmental factors for ecosystem peatland study and for peatland ecosystem sustainability as well as crop productivity on peatland. On the other hand, climate change is another factor that cannot be avoided and affects the peatland ecosystem. Fluctuation of water level and soil temperature more severe on El Niño or dry years. Therefore, monitoring of water level and soil temperature on peatland ecosystem is important for sustainable peat management, especially on the dry years. The study objective was to determine the dynamics of water level and soil temperature on peatlands ecosystem in El Niño years and compare them to the normal year conditions. Water level and soil temperature were conducted automatically on rubber plantations on tropical peatland in Jabiren, Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan, from January to December 2015. Water level on the field and canal drainage on tropical peatlands followed the variations of precipitation. Although the average of annual precipitation on El Niño year is almost the same as normal year, but the water level and soil temperature show quite significant differences to the normal years. In addition, even water level was deeper and soil temperature is quite high in the dry season of El Niño years, but this field did not burn because productive plants were growth managed well by the owner.
EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY MEDIA ON VIOLA (Viola cornuta L.) SEEDLING GROWTH PERFORMANCE Saputra, Alfa Sada; Suprihati, Suprihati
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.721 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p89-102

Abstract

Electrical conductivity (EC) of nursery medium will affect germination and growth of viola (Viola cornuta L.) seedling. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of various ECs of growing medium on germination and  growth of viola seedling. Research was carried out in December 2016 - January 2017 in nursery room of PT. Selektani Horticulture, Ngablak, Magelang. There were 9 EC treatments repeated 3 times therefore 27 units of experiment were tested. The observed parameters includeds germination rate (DB), and speed (KCT), plant height, number of leaves, shoot dry weight (BKBA) and root dry weight (BKA). Data were analyzed using regression and correlation tests. This study showed that there was a linear relationship between EC and DB as well as between EC and KCT. This is indicated by the following equations y = -20.771x + 99 504 (R2 = 0.9653, n = 27, y = germination (%), x = EC (dS / m) 0 HSS) and y = -5.1109x + 21.6 (R2= 0.8765, n=27, y= KCT (%KN/24hours). The critical EC needed to reach germination rate of higher than 80% was 0.94 dS/m. The correlations between DB and ec as well as KCT and EC were significant: respectively -0.98251 and -0.93621 (n = 27). The Relationships between EC and plant height, number of leaves, BKBA as well as BKA were quadratic. The optimum EC needed for seedling growth was 2.44-2.60 dS/m. The correlation betweenplant height and number of leaves was very strong as showed by the value at 0.9212. The correlation between BKBA and BKA was strong and this was indicated by the value of 0.7561.
EFFECT OF WATER STRESS ON OKRA YIELD AT VEGETATIVE STAGE Abdulrahman, Farhan Ahmad; Nadir, Hawrez Ali
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.955 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p111-116

Abstract

This study was conducted in Technical College of Applied Sciences, Sulaimany Polytechnic University, during 2017. Different levels of irrigation were used to production of okra plant. Complete Randomize Design used to layout of the experiment, with three level of irrigation in four replications. Yield, fresh weight of plant, dry weight of plant, yield response factor and different levels of irrigation were observed. The highest yield was given from treatment T1 (3.17 t/ha.) and the lowest was given from T3 (2.988 t/ha.). Also, the maximum fresh weight and dry weight of plant were given from T1 (61.40, 11.218 t/ha.), and their minimum was given from treatment T3 (57.00, 8.783 t/ha.). The highest water use efficiency and harvest index were obtained from T3 (1.615 kg.m-3, 0.095), and the lowest was given from treatment T1 (1.055 kg.m-3, 0.094). The crop response factor and the results in this study showed that the okra plants have a good response of water stress.  As a result, we can recommend cultivating the okra at that time without irrigation in that region. 
THE APPEARANCE OF 19 WHEAT GENOTYPES (Triticum aestivum L.) IN MEDIUM PLAIN AT SIDOREJO KIDUL VILLAGE, TINGKIR SUBDISTRICT, SALATIGA CITY Prasojo, Eko Budi; Banjarnahor, Dina
Agric Vol 30 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.406 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2018.v30.i2.p63-74

Abstract

The research toward 19 genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in medium plain has been done on May – September 2016. In Sidorejo Kidul Village, Tingkir Sub-district, Salatiga City, Central Java Province. The height of this plain is ±550 min above of sea surface. The purpose of the researcher is to know the appearance and the result potency of 19 genotypes of wheat in the medium plain in dray season and to get genotype which has better result in medium plain in dray season. This research is done in form of experiment in open land. The experiment is arranged based on Group Random Plan (GRP) by planting 19 genotypes in three land plot. Genotype is a treatment and land plot is a group. Growth can be seen from the blooming time, the height of the plant, harvest time and the sum of plant in each clump. While the appearance of the result the length of  malai, the sum of spikeler in each malai, the sum of seed in each malai, the weight of 1000 seeds, the weight of seed in each m2 and the weight of 1 liter of seed. The result estimation is based on the length of malai, the sum of spikelet in each malai and the sum of seed in each malai.Obtained genotypes QUAIU, WBLL * 2KURUKU, PRL / 2 * PASTOR, O / HP-82-A-15-1-4, O / HP-12-A1-1-9, O / HP-78-A22-3- 7, O / HP-6-A8-2-10, O / HP-22-A27-1-10, O / HP-12-A5-1-3, O / HP-12-A5-4-5, O / HP-82-A15-2-3, Guri 3 and Guri 5. Thirteen genotypes have good yields in research.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.) VARIETAS DEWATA DALAM POLYBAG PADA BERBAGAI POPULASI DAN KOMPOSISI MEDIA TANAM Widyawati, Nugraheni
Agric Vol 25 No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.489 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2013.v25.i1.p1-8

Abstract

Studies on the growth and yield performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. variety of Dewata) planted in polybag with various populations and media compositions, had been conducted in Faculty of Agriculture Satya Wacana Christian University field research, located at Salaran – Kopeng village, Semarang district, from April 2012 to August 2012. Location of the study lies at an altitude of 900 meters above the sea level. Purpose of this study were to determine the appearance of both the growth and yield of wheat grown in polybag with a various population densities and media composition, as well as to determine the combination of treatments that producing the highest yield of wheat. Factorial design used that was consisted of two factors, i.e: (1) growing gedia composition with four different volume ratio of sand, soil and manure (1:1:1), (1:1:0), (1:0:1) and (0:1:1), and (2) population densities consisted of four: 1 seeds per polybag; 2 seeds per polybag; 3 seeds per polybag and 4 seeds per polybag, so that there were 16 combinations of treatments. Each combination was repeated three times. Basic design of the experiments used Randomized Block Design. Experimental data were analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and high significant difference (HSD) test at 95% level of confidence. The conclusion of this study were: (1) Combination of treatment of population densities and composition of  growing media influence on plant height, number of plants per cluster, panicle length, seed weight per panicle, seed weight per cluster and seed weight per polybag and (2) the highest seed weight per polybag was resulted in the density of population of 4 seeds per polybag and planting on mixed media of sand, soil and manure in the volume ratio of 1:1:1.
PENAMPILAN PERTUMBUHANDAN HASIL DUA BELAS GENOTIPE GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.) DITANAM di DATARAN RENDAH DALAM RANGKA MENCARI CALON TETUA ADAPTIF DATARAN RENDAH Puspita, Yosep Chandra; Widyawati, Nugraheni; Murdono, Djoko
Agric Vol 25 No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.018 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2013.v25.i1.p9-18

Abstract

In order to looking for some parent materials of wheat adaptif tropical lowland, there have been done an experimental field to study the phenotype of twelve wheat genotype (Triticum aestivum L.) that cultivated in lowland from June 17, until October 17, 2011, at a field of PT. Sango Ceramics Indonesia, Mangkang -Wonosari, Ngalian, Semarang, Central of Java, about 13 meter above the sea level. The purpose of these research were to observe the phenotype performance of twelve wheat genotypes at tropical lowland and to determine the wheat genotype that are potential to be observe as parent materials which adaptif in tropical lowland. The research used Randomized Block Design with twelve treatments and three replications. The treatments were 1) OASIS/SKAUZ//4*BCN, 2) HP 1744, 3) LAJ3302/MO88, 4) RABE/MO88, 5) H-21, 6) G-21, 7) G-18, 8) Menemen, 9) Basribey, 10) Alibey, 11) Selayar and 12) Dewata. The result of this research were the growth and yield performance of twelve wheat genotypes at tropical lowland 13 m above the sea level were different in crop height, number of tiller, 1000 grain weight, number of grain/spikelet, grain weight of forth line but there werenot different in flowering time, harvest time and one liter weight of grain. The wheat genotypes that are potential performance to be observed as parent materials of tolerant lowland wheat are Basribey and Menemen genotype.
POTRET PERILAKU KONSUMEN SAYURAN DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN Setyawidi, Rosita; Hartono, Georgius; Maria, -
Agric Vol 25 No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian dan Bisnis, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.021 KB) | DOI: 10.24246/agric.2013.v25.i1.p26-33

Abstract

This research was aimed to know the importance order of vegetables attributes in urban and rural consumer; the relationship between external and internal factor and the quantity of factor that was considered in purchase of vegetables on urban and rural consumer; the difference of consideration on decision of purchasing vegetables between urban and rural area. The survey method was used in this research by collected questionnaire as much as 60 household. The location of this research atKauman kidul and Salatiga Village, Salatiga City and November 15 to December 16, 2011. The data was analyzed conducted by Rank Spearman correlation and Mann Whitney nonparametric test. The result of this research indicated that :In two area, the importance order of a vegetable attributes were benefit. And then followed by freshness, physical appearance, and price in urban area while in rural area followed by price,freshness, and physical appearance.Both in urban and rural, external factor such as price, appearance and freshness of the vegetables significantly correlated with the quantity of factors that considered in the purchasing of vegetables.In urban, variables in internal factor such as nutrition knowledge, family income, education and the number of family had significantly correlated with the quantity of factors that consideredin the purchasing of vegetables. In rural, family income and education variables areas not significantly correlation with a quantity of factors that considered in the purchasing of vegetables but the variable of nutrition knowledge and the number of family members had significantly correlated.From four consideration in buying decisions. The only significant difference was the kind of vegetables.