Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan
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37
Articles
ANALISIS BIAYA INDUSTRI KECIL PENGOLAHAN KAYU DAN PERABOT DI PANGKALAN KERINCI KABUPATEN PELALAWAN

Mazni, Mazni ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Sadjati, Emy ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Insusanty, Enny ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Wood processing and furniture industries are industries that convert wood into processed wood in the form of items such as tables, chairs, cabinets and others. UD. Auzar Bersaudara and UD. Dirgantara is an industry engaged in wood processing and furniture. UD wood furniture manufacturing and processing capacity. UD Auzar Bersaudara  667 units / year, with selling price / unit about Rp 135,000- Rp 1,100,000. The results show that the total net profit of UD wood processing and furniture industries. Auzar Bersaudara Rp 178.359.699 / year. The value of BCR of wood processing and furniture industry UD. Auzar Bersaudara is 1.48, then the business is feasible. So it can expand its business further by enlarging the business in other ways. UD wood furniture manufacturing and processing capacity. Capacity UD Dirgantara about 659 units, with selling price / unit about  Rp 200,000- Rp 450,000. The results show that the total net profit of UD wood processing and furniture industries. UD Dirgantara for 1 year amounting to Rp 159,531,733 / year. The value of BCR of wood processing and furniture industry UD. Dirgantara is 1.36, then the business is feasible to be implemented. So it can expand its business further by enlarging the business in other ways. Keywords : feasibility analysis, production cost, small industry, wood processing

PENGARUH PUPUK KOMPOS DARI LIMBAH PADAT INDUSTRI PULP DAN KERTAS TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Eucalyptus pellita

Lesmana, Muhammad Reza ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Ratnaningsih, Ambar Tri ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Suhesti, Eni ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT          The pulp and paper industry produces liquid waste in its production process. Liquid waste in solid form of sludge can be utilized as compost fertilizer. Research conducted at PT. Indah Kiat Pulp and PT Arara Abadi Rasau Kuning District, Riau Province. The aim of this research is to know the effect of compost fertilizer from pulp and paper industry waste on Eucalyptus pellita growth and to determine the most appropriate dose of compost for growth of Eucalyptus pellita. The research method was done by applying compost in 3-month Eucalyptus pellita with dosage of o gram, 750 gram, 1000 gram and 1250 gram. Parameters measured over 3 months were plant height, plant diameter and number of leaves. Provision of compost fertilizer from pulp and paper industry waste has no significant effect on Eucalyptus pellita growth. Visually, the most appropriate dose of compost for the growth of Eucalyptus pellita is a dose of 1000 grams. Keywords: compost fertilizer; Eucalyptus pellita; , fertilizer dose; sludge

PREDIKSI TINGKAT BAHAYA EROSI MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (SIG) DI DAERAH TANGKAPAN AIR DANAU WISATA BANDAR KAYANGAN

Suyanti, Eva ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Hadinoto, Hadinoto ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Ikhwan, Muhammad ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the level of erosion hazard through erosion prediction by USLE method and Geographic Information System (GIS) at Water Catchment Area (WCA) Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan. This research was conducted at WCA Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan, Limbungan Village, District Rumbai, Pekanbaru. The research data was collected by survey method. Secondary data collection includes a slope digital map, land cover map, rainfall data, and soil type map of WCA Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan. While the primary data is done by field checking to know land use pattern and soil type around WCA  Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan. The result shows that the erosivity index (R) is 108. The soil erodibility index (K) in Podsolik Merah Kuning (PMK) is 0.166. Slope length index (LS) on slope <8% flatland (20), 8 - 15% ramps (15), 16 - 25% slightly steep (10). Crop management and soil conservation (CP) index covers settlement (1), Bush / 0.01), plantation (0,02), and lake (0,01). The result of overlay of rainfall maps, soil type, slope class, and crop management and soil conservation obtained 46 land units at WCA Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan. The highest Erosion Hazard Index (EHI) is found on land unit 45 of 358 on residential land cover. The largest potential erosion on land unit 44 with soil loss is 41,189.45 ton / ha / yr. Level of EHI in WCA Area of Danau Wisata Bandar Kayangan includes Class EHI 1: Very Light area of 32,627 ha; EHI Class 2: Lightweight of 59.86 ha; Class EHI 3: Medium area of 247.52 ha; Class EHI 4: Weight of 977,127 ha, Class EHI 5: Very Weight of 4,549.43 ha. Keywords: Erosion, Erosion Hazard Level, Water Catchment Area

PENDUGAAN POTENSI TEGAKAN EKALIPTUS (Eucalyptus Pellita F. Meull) MENGGUNAKAN METODE TREE SAMPLING DAN CIRCULAR PLOT

Ikhwan, Muhammad ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Sadjati, Emy ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Insusanty, Enny ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT The forest inventory is basically a data collection activities. This activity is relatively important, because the effect on further activities. Hence the data collected must have a high enough accuracy. A way of determining the sampling unit is considered to be simpler, easier, and faster is the tree sampling method.  The purpose of this study was to quantify the potential large stands of eucalyptus in the Forest of eucalyptus plants in the Faculty of Forestry and calculate the relative efficiency of sample unit.  The total area is 0.11 ha of eucalyptus stands. Unit examples used are circular, 4-trees sampling, sampling 5-trees, and 6-trees sampling is done by simple random sampling method.  Potential stands of eucalyptus with method 6 sample trees have an average volume stands perplot is 0.07 m3, with the volume of the stand for the entire area is 84.71 m3 with a sampling error of 36,96%. Potential stands of eucalyptus trees by the method of example 8 trees have a volume average stocking each plot is 0.04 m3, with the volume of the stand for the entire area is 43.22 m3 with a sampling error of 51.47%. Potential stands of eucalyptus by using 10 sample trees have an average volume stands each plot was 0.03 m3, with the volume of the stand for the entire area is 39.74 m3 with a sampling error of 53.34%. Potential stands of eucalyptus with a diameter circular sample plots of 12 m has an average volume stands each plot is 7.88 m3, with the volume of the stand for the entire area is 76.72 m3 with a sampling error of 14.43%

ANALISIS FINANSIAL HASIL HUTAN BUKAN KAYU (HHBK) KARET DAN DURIAN DI KABUPATEN SIAK

Insusanty, Enny ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Ratnaningsih, Ambar Tri ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Prastyaningsih, Sri Rahayu ( akultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are part of an ecosystem that has diverse roles both for the natural environment and for humans. NTFPs that are commonly used and commercialized include sandalwood, sap, gaharu, sago, rattan, aren, bamboo, medicinal plants and fruit plants. The purpose of this research is to perform financial analysis and feasibility of HHBK especially rubber and durian. The method used is survey method with purposive sampling to rubber farmer and durian in Siak Regency. The analysis of research data is descriptively qualitative. The results showed that rubber value of NPV Rp 7.076.819.809, -, BCR 2.24 and IRR 15.09% while durian has NPV Rp 738.553.324, - BCR 2.00 and IRR 13.67%. Based on the criteria of financial feasibility indicators can be concluded that the rubber cultivation and durian business financially feasible to be developed Keywords: durian; financial analysis; rubber

POTENSI DAN PELUANG PENGEMBANGAN HASIL HUTAN BUKAN KAYU DI KPHP MODEL MINAS TAHURA PROVINSI RIAU

Suhesti, Eni ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Hadinoto, Hadinoto ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru ) , Suwarno, Eno ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT This study aims to identify the types of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in the KPHP Model Minas Tahura area and analyze the development opportunities to diversify the income of the people around the forest. The research method is survey method, with object of forest area and community around forest. The data taken are primary data, ie vegetation types that have the potential to generate NTFPs and respondent profile data as well as their interests and desires to develop NTFPs. While the secondary data in the form of general conditions KPHP Model Minas Tahura and other data that support. The results of all data are analyzed descriptively. Result of survey and analysis of vegetation found 30 species at the level of trees, While at the pile level found 21 species, the level of sapling 16 species, and the level of seeds as many as 29 species. From all levels of vegetation growth, there are 21 species that potentially produce NTFPs with various functions and benefits, such as food, medicines, and industrial raw materials. The results of interviews and answers to questionnaires from community respondents around the forest, all respondents know NTFPs and are eager to develop various types of NTFPs in forest areas. It can be concluded that KPHP Model Minas Tahura area has the potential to develop NTFPs based on the availability of critical land for rehabilitation with various types of plants and the desire of surrounding communities to get involved in such activities. Keywords : KPHP Model Minas Tahura; Mining opportunities; Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs); Potential

NILAI EKONOMI HASIL HUTAN NON KAYU DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA (Studi Kasus Pada Dua Desa Sekitar Taman Wisata Sibolangit)

Batubara, Ridwanti ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Sumatera Utara ) , Affandi, Oding ( Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Sumatera Utara )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT People around the Park Tour (PT) Sibolangit develop many NTFPs on land owned. Therefore, this study aims to: (1) find out the types of NTFPs most used by the community, (2) to know the value of NTFPs products, (3) to know the contribution of NTFPs to the income of the community. This research was conducted by survey method and conducted in two selected villages namely Sembahe Village and Bengkurung Village, Sibolangit Sub-district, Deli Serdang Regency. Communities in both research sites developed and utilized NTFPs such as pecan, petai, duku, durian, jengkol, mangosteen, areca nut, nira (aren) water, ginger, temulawak, and others. Most of these NTFPs are commercial (sold). NTFPs that has the greatest potential of water sap. The economic value of NTFPs in Sembahe village reaches Rp. 967.529.300 / year or accounted for about 57.28% of total family income. While the economic value of NTFPs in Bengkurung village reached Rp 509,180,000 / year or accounted for about 65.57% of total household income. Keywords: NTFPs, economic value, income

TEAM ROLE OF COOPERATION IN FOREST AND LAND FIRE FIGHTING

Junaidi, Junaidi ( Badan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia Provinsi Riau )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACTKebakaran lahan dan hutan (Karlahut) menimbulkan dampak yang besar dari segi lingkungan, pendidikan, politik, ekonomi, kesehatan, hubungan antar negara dan citra Indonesia di mata dunia. Akibat dari Karlahut telah merusak jutaan hektar lahan dan hutan yang berdampak terhadap kerugian materil dan imateril yang sangat besar. Melalui Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor  P.32/MenLHK/Setjen/Kum.1/3/2016 telah di atur suatu sistem  Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan. Kerjasama Tim merupakan faktor yang sangat peting dalam sistem pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Tampa Tim yang kompak dan harmonis maka tujuan dari sistem yang sudah dibangun akan sulit  di capai.Land and forest fires (Karlahut) pose a great impact in terms of environment, education, politics, economics, health, inter-state relations and the image of Indonesia in the eyes of the world. As a result of Karlahut has damaged millions of hectares of land and forests that have an impact on material and immaterial losses are very large. Through the Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia Number P.32 / MenLHK / Secretariat / Kum.1 / 3/2016 have set a system control forest fires. Teamwork is a critical importance of a system of land and forest fire control. Tampa team that is compact and harmonious then the purpose of the system already built will be difficult to accomplish.                                                     Keyword : Karlahut, Tim, Staekholde

UTILIZATION OF RUBBER POWDER AND PATIN FISH WASTE AS MATERIAL OF, LIQUID ORGANIC FERTILIZER AND PADDY FEED

Hadinoto, Hadinoto ( Universitas Lancang Kuning ) , Suhesti, Eni ( Universitas Lancang Kuning ) , Suwarno, Eno ( Universitas Lancang Kuning )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACT Rubber trees planted by people in several districts of Riau province, among them the Kampar regency. Rubber seed that has not valuable feed source can be used for one of them is a main ingredient of fish feed. In addition to rubber seed, Tower Island Village also produces waste Patin fish entrails. The waste generated from the business community to make smoked fish Patin. During this time the waste is dumped in waterways around residences. Problems IbM partners: 1) Partners have the willingness to do business, but do not have the knowledge and skills in the field of production, 2) Partners do not have knowledge in aspects of business management, which is a way of packaging, marketing, and business analysis calculations. Solutions are performed: training and assistance for people with the target communities to utilize the waste around them. Outputs from this IbM activities include: 1) The method of making rubber seed flour; 2) Method of making the feed / fish pellet made from rubber seed flour; 3) The method of making a liquid organic fertilizer from waste fish entrails catfish; 4) Method of manufacture of poultry feed from catfish waste; 5) rubber seed flour; 6) Feed / fish pellet; 7) liquid organic fertilizer; 8) feed poultry. Mitra has begun to open wawasanya in utilizing waste rubber seed and catfish after receiving an explanation from the team. Partners receive initial skills in the utilization of fish waste and rubber seeds to manufacture pellets of fish, organic liquid fertilizer and poultry feed. Keywords: rubber seeds, waste. fish feed, poultry feed, liquid organic fertilizer

INCENTIVE SYSTEM OF FOREST ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES IN HUTAN LARANGAN ADAT RUMBIO KAMPAR DISTRICT

Insusanty, Enny ( Universitas Lancang Kuning ) , Sadjati, Emy ( Universitas Lancang Kuning )

Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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ABSTRACTThe Indigenous Prohibited Forestof Rumbio provide benefits for the community in the form of non-timber forest products and environmental services in the form of water resources, but amid the increasing demand for land and economic demands put pressure on forests that threaten forest sustainability. Therefore, this study examines the factors that influence the participation of surrounding communities in conservation and environmental management activities and environmental services incentive system that can be adopted in the Indigenous Prohibited Forestof Rumbio. The method used in this research is survey method with questionnaire and in-depth interviews. Data analysis is descriptive using AHP method and multiple linear regression. This study result in that developed incentive programs for people around The Indigenous Prohibited Forest of Rumbio in the framework of forest conservation are employment (24.17%), subsidy in second rank  (20.15%) and improvement of conservation techniques in third rank (18.90%). Factors that significantly influence the participation of respondents are education, knowledge, level of dependence on forests, customary institutions. Incentives are directed to the payment of environmental services by granting rights in the management of environmental services such as water use, non-timber forest product development, and tourism and education activities involving the community. Keywords: system, incentives, environmental services, participation, preference