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Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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Articles 46 Documents
PENGGUNAAN DEDAK GANDUM KASAR (WHEAT BRAN) SEBAGAI PENGGANTI JAGUNG DENGAN KOMBINASI TEPUNG DAUN MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia) UNTUK MENGHASILKAN TELUR PUYUH SEHAT RENDAH KOLESTEROL DAN KAYA VITAMIN A Nastiti, Ruri Anggun; Hermana, Widya; Mutia, Rita
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 12, No 1 (2014): BULETIN MAKANAN TERNAK
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(SUBTITUTION CORN WITH WHEAT BRAN COMBINATED Morinda citrifolia LEAVES TO PRODUCE HEALTHY QUAIL EGGS LOW CHOLESTEROL AND RICH IN VITAMIN A)Egg is source of protein food that has consumed by people. People choose it because the price relatively cheap and the content of nutrients was completed. However, some people restrict to consume it because cholesterol on egg yolks is high. Quail eggs has cholesterol content higher than hens eggs every gram of weight. The study was done to analyze the quality of eggs , cholesterol levels and vitamin A on eggs. The experimental design used in this research was completely randomized design (CRD) for quality of egg  with 4 treatments and 4 replication. R0 control, R1(6% Morinda citrifolia leaf meal and 5% wheat bran), R2(6% Morinda citrifolia leaf meal and 10% wheat bran) and R3(6% Morinda citrifolia leaf meal and 15% wheat bran). R1, R2, and R3 have good result in quality of eggs. R0 have the lowest cholesterol and the highest vitamin A in R2. Keywords: cholesterol, Morinda citrifolia leaves, quail egg, vitamin A, wheat bran
Pengaruh berbagai Tingkat Lisin dan Metionin yang dibutuhkan Puyuh Jepang (Coturnix-Coturnix Japonica) terhadap Produksi Telur Suci, Dwi Margi; Abdelsamie, R
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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The aim of this experiment was to get some information concerning lysine and methionine requirements for egg production. Five weeks of age of Female Japanese Quail were subjected to 9 treatments. The treatments were 3 levels of lysine (1.39%; 1.18%; 0.92%) and 3 level of methionine (0.55%; 0.45%; 0.35%). The basal diets were isocaloric and isonitrogenous. Egg production was significantly increased by lysine (P<0.05) as well as methionine (P<0.01). The highest production was achieved by a combination of 1.38% lysine and 0.55% methionine. However, the treatments did not influenced feed consumption and feed conversion.
Rendemen dan Komposisi Kimia Biji Sorgum yang disosoh dengan Alat Sosoh Batu Gurinda Iskandar, S.; Zainuddin, D.; Kompiang, I.P.
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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Nutritive value of sorghum grain can be improved by separating the pericarp (bran) from its endotherm (polished grain) with grindstone polisher. Laboratory scale grindstone polisher, "SATAKE" was used to polish three varieties of dark sorghum grain of No. 46, No. 6C and UPCA-S2. They were subjected to different polishing time (1, 2 and 3 minutes) and moisture content (10%, 12% and 14%). Variety and polishing time significantly (P<0.05) affected the parameters. Polished grain recovered decreased from 60% polished in one minute to 36% in three minutes. More than 88% tannin was removed. About 40% of protein was removed in one minute polishing and 60% was in three minutes. About 56% of ADF was also removed in one minute and 68% in three minutes polishing. Moisture content of the whole grain did not seem significantly to affect all parameters. It is concluded that in order to separate the pericarp from its endotherm of sorghum grain, grindstone polisher can effectively be used. Key words: Sorghum, polishing, yield, chemical composition.
Efek Selang Bekerja terhadap Perubahan Bobot Badan dan Penggunaan Pakan pada Sapi Peranakan Ongole Usri, N.
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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The aim of this study was to investigate if working period could affect growth and feed consumption of Ongole cross cattle. Twenty four heifers were used in a completely randomized experiment that consisted of 4 working patterns: not working, one day working + two days rasting, one day working + one day rasting and working every day. Each treatment was replicated 6 times. All worked animals pulled a 45 kg-burden from 7.00-11.00 a.m. With 30 minutes break (8.00-8.30 a.m.). All animals were fed with native grasses ad libitum + 0.75 kg concentrate per day. Working pattern did not affect weight gain as well as feed efficiency. The average daily gain was 0.27 kg and the feed efficiency was 0.0649 (gain/consumption). However, it significantly (p<0.05) influenced the feed consumption, feed cost and water consumption. The mean value of the feed consumption, feed cost and water consumption were 4.22 kg, Rp. 264.17, and 4.17 kg, respectively.
Pengaruh Pemberian berbagai Tingkat Protein terhadap Penampilan Puyuh Petelur Herawaty, Lidy; Amrullah, I.K.; Abdelsamie, R.E.
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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A study was carried out to invastigate the effect of dietary protein levels with the same amino acid composition on egg production of Japanese quails. The protein levels were : 14%, 16%, 18%, 20%, and 22%. Feed and water were provided ad libitum.The experiment lasted from 5 weeks to 7 weeks of use. Protein level in diets increased hen-day egg production and feed conversion signifiantly (P<0.05). The 18% and 22% protein diets had the same effect on egg weight, feed consumption and feed conversion.It appears from this experiment that 18% protein diet is sufficient to increase egg production of japanese quails.
Metabolit Darah Domba yang Disuplementasi Bakteri Pendegradasi HCN dan Sulfur Pada Pakan Mengandung Tepung Daun Singkong Pahit (Manihot glaziovii) Suharti, Sri; Shofiyana, Annitsa; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 15, No 3 (2017): Buletin Makanan Ternak
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This research was aimed to analize blood profiles and metabolites of sheep fed bitter cassava leaves (Manihot glaziovii) meal supplemented with cyanide degrading bacteria and sulphur. The research used 15 local male sheeps (Garut), with average of aged 7-9 month and body weight 21.45 ± 3.33 kg. The sheep are placed in individual cages and kept for90 days. The experimental design was a block randomized design with 3 treatments and 5 replicates. The treatments were P1 = control (40% napier grass : 30% cassava leaves meal : 30% concentrate), P2 = P1 + cyanide degrading bacterial, and P3 = P2 + sulphur. Variables served were leukocyte, erythrocyte, haematokrit, haemoglobin, monocyte, basophil, limphocyte, neutrophil, eosinophil, neutrophil limphocyte ration, glucose, protein total, albumin, and triglyceride of blood. Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance. Any significant differences were further tested using Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that cyanide degrading bacteria and sulphur supplementation did not affectblood profiles and metabolites of sheep, except eosinophil proportion. The used of cyanide degrading bacteria or its combination with sulphur to the sheep fed ration contain bitter cassava leaf meal very significantly decreased (P<0.01) eosinophil proportion. In conclution, cyanide degrading bacteria and sulfur supplementation to the sheep fed ration contain bitter cassava leaves meal did not alter blood profiles and metabolites, but could improved body defense in the toxic detoxification.Key words: blood profiles, blood metabolite, cassava leaf, cyanide degrading bacteria, sheep
Penggunaan Lumpur Sawit Kering (Dried Palm Oil Sludge) dan Serat Sawit (Palm Press Fiber) dalam Ransum Pertumbuhan Sapi Perah Agustin, Fauzia; Sutardi, T.; Sastradipradja, D.; Jachja, J.
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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An experiment was conducted to evaluate substitution of native grass and rice bran eith palm press fiber (PPF) and dried palm oil sludge (POS) in nine growing males dairy cattle. The animal had a mean of liveweight of 190 ± 11.2 kg. Levels of substitution were 0, 50, and 100% or 0, 15, and 30% of ration dry matter.Inclusion of PPF and POS in ration had no effect on daily liveweight gain (1.270 ± 0.2 kg). Analysis of empty body composition using the urea space technique revealed that the liveweight gain was associated with deposition of protein and fat. PPF had a low palatability and reduced total dry matter intake when the inclusion was higher than 7% of ration dry matter. However, the PPF was fermentable and volatile fatty acids (VFA) concentration in the rumen increased linearly as PPF level increased in the ration (VFA = 75 ± 0.53 PPF; P<0.05). The intake of the digested organic matter was 2.63, 2.68, and 1.97 kg and that of digestible energy was 19.3, 19.5 and 15.5 Mcal for ration caontaining 0, 15, 30% of PPF, respectively.It was concluded that the POS was an excellent substitute for rice bran, but PPF as a grass substitute should be limited up to 23% of total grass dry matter or 7% of ration dry matter.
The Effects of Grazing Pressure on The Body Weight Gain and Pasture Performance ,, Rakhmat; Mappakaya, A.I.; ., Mappaona
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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In order to get information on the influence of grazing pressure on the body weight gain of Bali Cattle and pasture performance, nine Bali cattle were used in the experiment conducted at Mini Ranch in Barru, South Sulawesi. The area was divided into three plots with different stocking rate i.e. Plot A = 1.0 head/ha; Plot B = 1.5 heads/ha and Plot C = 2 heads/ha. Three cattles as replication, were placed in each plot. Research results showed that the higher the stocking rate the lower the daily weight gain (DWG) (P<0.05). The carrying capacity tended to be lower with the increase of stocking rate, and the botanical composition also changed with stocking rate.
Evaluasi Peforma Benih Indigofera zollingeriana dari Tanaman Berbeda Umur Rosadi, Kathleya; Abdullah, Luki; Kumalasari, Nur Rochmah
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Buletin Makanan Ternak
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Seed production could be affected by plant age due to different physiological activity. These research aimed to evaluate the effect of different age on Indigofera zollingeriana seeds production and characteristics. The study was conducted on plants at 1, 4, and 8 years old. The variables measured were pods production, pods characteristics, seed weight, and seed characteristics. Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance Matrix Unbalance by software R 3.3.2 and Correlation Analyses.  Results showed that plant age increased  (p<0.01) pods length and diameter; and seed diameter and thickness. Plant age had positive corellation to increased dry weight of pods, seed weight, percentage of seed weight per pods, average weight of 1000 seeds. It concluded that plant age could increasing pods length and diameter; and seed characteristics.  Therefore, I. zollingeriana plant could be seed sources until 8 years old
The Sequence of The Limiting Amino Acids in Wheat Protein ,, Surisdiarto; Farrell, D.J.
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak Vol 11, No 1 (1991): Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak
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A series of experiment was conducted at the Departement of Nutrition Biochemistry and Microbiology the University of New England, Australia, in order to examine the sequence of the limiting amino acid in wheat protein. Four wheats of different crude protein (CP) content (15.4, 16.2, 16.5 and 17.3%) were used in this experiment.Male, one-day-old Steggles broilers were segregated on the basis of live weight into groups of 8 chicks ,and given four experimental diets in four replicates. The chicks were housed in electrically_head four_deck battery brooders with wire mesh floors.Four basal diets, formulated to be deficient in lysine, methionine and threonine, were comprised mainly of four different wheats as methioned before. All diets were of equal metabolizable energy (ME) and CP contents and were fed in a mash form. Synthetic L -lysine, DL-methionine and L-threonine, alone or in combinations, were added to the basal diets as a test diet. Commercial broiler starter crumbles and complete diet were used as the control.chicks were grown from 1 day old to 15 days in experiments 3 and 4. Body weight gain (BWG, g/day) and feed conversion ratio (FCR, feed/gain) were variables to be measured.The results showed that lysine was found to be the only amino acid limiting broiler growth in diets based on wheat containing CP greater than 16% (as fed). Threonine was found to be the second amino acid after lysine limiting broiler growth in diets based on wheat containing CP less than 16% (as fed). It appears that the mash form of the experimental diet (basal diet of high-protein wheat with added lysine) was the main factor responsible for lower growth of the chicks compared to those on commercial broiler crumbles.