DE LEGA LATA: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Articles
51
Articles
KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DI ERA OTONOMI DAERAH

Hasibuan, Erwin Hidayah ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 3, No 1 (2018): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Pemerintah daerah harus berusaha mengembangkan potensi sumberdaya alam yang ada, guna menunjang biaya pembangunan berkelanjutan (sustainable development), dan secara formal terdapat 5 (lima) prinsip utama pembangunan berkelanjutan, yaitu: prinsip keadilan antargenerasi; prinsip keadilan dalam satu generasi; prinsip pencegahan dini; prinsip perlindungan keragaman hayati; serta prinsip internalisasi biaya lingkungan. Terkait dengan prinsip internalisasi biaya lingkungan, maka pemerintah daerah hendak membebankan kepada pengusaha untuk mengupayakan pendanaan secara internal dari setiap pengeluaran yang berdampak pada lingkungan. Oleh sebab itu, penerapan prinsip internalisasi biaya lingkungan dapat dimaknai sebagai upaya memperhitungkan biaya-biaya yang harus ditanggung oleh pelaku kegiatan ekonomi akibat timbulnya kerugian lingkungan.Prinsip internalisasi biaya lingkungan mendasari materi muatan pembangunan berkelanjutan, dan pada hakikatnya bertujuan untuk menggugah kesadaran hukum pelaku ekonomi agar lebih kritis memperhitungkan dampak-dampak yang timbul akibat kegiatan ekonominya, dan dalam sudut pandang hukum, prinsip pencemar membayar harus dinormatifikasi melalui pengaturan yang jelas, karena hal ini merupakan amanah Pasal 42 jo. Pasal 43 Undang-undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup.

Mitra Bebestari

JURNAL ILMU HUKUM, DE LEGA LATA

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Mitra Bebestari

STUDI KOMPARATIF PELAKSANAAN PERADILAN ISLAM DI NEGARA MALAYSIA DAN SAUDI ARABIA

yusrizal, Yusrizal ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Malikussaleh )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The legal system in Malaysia State reflects the plural model which appears in English Malay Colony. Much of the area of life must be governed by a federal public body. The shariah Court in Malaysia known as the Shariah Court which is a judicial institution that speaks, and sentences to Muslims for civil and criminal misconduct according to the jurisdiction allocated to it. The Shariah Court has jurisdiction as stipulated by the Malaysian Constitution. While in Saudi Arabia Quran and Sunnah Rasulullah s.a.w is the Constitution of the State, and shariah as the basic law implemented by tribunals (courts) shariyah with ulama as Judges and counselors. The Saudi Arabia judiciary is formed based on Islamic shariah which is inseparable from the role of King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman as-Saud who plundered the territories.

PERKEMBANGAN HUKUM SEKTOR JASA KEUANGAN DALAM UPAYA PERCEPATAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI NASIONAL

Handayani, Tri ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Padjadjaran ) , Abubakar, Lastuti ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Padjadjaran )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Indonesia’s financial services sector shows a rapid development in line with changes in the regional and global sector. Taking a role in promoting the acceleration of national economic growth, financial services sector is directed to optimally play a role in stability of the financial system as a foundation for sustainable development, and realizing the financial independence of the community and supporting efforts to increase equity in Development (inclusive). This research uses normative juridical approach with analytical descriptive research specification. Data were analyzed by qualitative juridical. Based on the results of the research, the regulation in the financial services sector is growing rapidly as a result of regional and global demands, especially facing the ASEAN Banking Integration Framework (ABIF). Legal developments in the financial services sector are reflected in regulatory changes on institutional, service and product aspects as well as dispute resolution. There is still a need for legal reform that can provide a solid legal basis for the financial services sector, namely civil law reform and banking law.

KONSEPSI PERLINDUNGAN ANAK DARI TINDAKAN EKSPLOITASI SEKSUAL KOMERSIAL ANAK PADA HUKUM INTERNASIONAL DAN PENERAPANNYA DALAM HUKUM NASIONAL

Zarzani N, T. Riza ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The conception of child protection from various forms of crime, such as sexual exploitation that has been existed in various legal provisions and at the level of international law of the existence of children as subjects of human rights which has been manifested by the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Indonesia has implemented child protection by issuing Laws Number 23/2002. The implementation of child protection from sexual exploitation in Indonesia is conducted through legislation, namely: ratification and establishment of rules on child protection, executive efforts by making effective law enforcement agencies such as police, KPAI establishment. Efforts to combat commercial sexual exploitation are done by synergizing between law enforcement officers, legislation and preventive efforts through education.

KEBIJAKAN KRIMINAL TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA POLIGAMI DIKAITKAN DENGAN SISTEM HUKUM PERKAWINAN INDONESIA

Sudibyo, Ateng ( Universitas Majalengka )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Law No. 1 of 1974 on Marriage basically adhere to the principle of monogamy. Although not essential to the principle of monogamy, there is still a polygamist who often take shortcuts to legalize polygynous marriage. Polygamous marriage act is a violation of Law No. 1 Year 1974 on Marriage, and Government Regulation No. 9 of 1975 on implementation of Law No. 1 Year 1974 on Marriage, although the threat of criminal sanction only published in the Government Regulation. Another case in the Criminal Code (KUHP), the sanction of polygamy as criminal action regulated in Article 279. Is the threat of criminal sanctions contained in the Criminal Code and Regulation No. 9 of 1975 in line with the values and ideals of community law in Indonesia? The purpose of this study is to determine the applicative policy for polygamy as criminal offense in marriages in Indonesia’s legal system and to formulate the concept of criminalisation policy for polygamous marriage act as criminal offense in the Indonesia’s legal system of marriage for the future. This is due to criminal sanctions in Article 279 of the Criminal Code and Law No. 1 of 1974 and Article 45 of Government Regulation Number 9 Year 1975, there is still a legal synchrony. The concept of future criminal polygamy criminal policies should apply the principle of ultimum remedium otherwise known as the “last drug”. Whatever the reason for the imposition of criminal punishment will still have a negative effect on the perpetrator and his family and will cause sociological and psychological implications if criminal sanctions are applied. In the legal state of Pancasila especially for the Muslims, the concept of marriage is a worship then it must be fostered, if there are deviations should not be destroyed by a criminal threat. Therefore, to overcome the criminal act of polygamy the need of a non penal criminal policy means, that is prevention without punishment.

AKIBAT HUKUM KEPAILITAN SUAMI TERHADAP HARTA BERSAMA MENURUT UNDANG-UNDANG KEPAILITAN (Analisis Putusan Mahkamah Agung Nomor: 057.PK/Pdt.Sus/2010)

Sebayang, Siddik Meliasta

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Marital property is the property acquired during the marriage, regardless of who produced it (either husband or wife only, or husband and wife), then the property belongs to both and the marital property. Concerning the marital property of a husband or wife may act solely on mutual consent or consent of both parties. The existence of wealth in marriage is not only the possibility of property owned by each husband and wife. This study is a descriptive analysis that leads to normative juridical research. Based on the results of the study found that the marital status of husband or wife to marital property is same. The legal provisions concerning the payment of the debt of a spouse or husband for the settlement of the debt concerned shall be repayable on the goods of origin of the husband or the wife who holds the debt, unless the marriage agreement is made before it is executed. The consequences of the bankruptcy law of husbands against joint property can be applied as a joint bankruptcy because basically the unity of property is not only the merging of wealth but also the burden of payment. Bankruptcy husband and wife who married in unity of property, treated as bankruptcy unity of property. Settlement of bankruptcy dispute can be done through the mechanism of bankruptcy application and also through the mechanism of postponement of debt payment obligation in accordance with the rules of the applicable legislation.

PEMBATALAN PERJANJIAN JUAL BELI HAK ATAS TANAH AKIBAT ADANYA UNSUR KHILAF

Fajaruddin, Fajaruddin ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The occurrence of wanprestasi in an engagement as a source of sale and purchase agreement that always begins with contractual relationships (characteristics of default is always preceded by a contractual relationship) can be caused by some elements of which one of the elements is err. As a result of the law, the land purchase agreement which is made contains elements of khilaf reflected in Article 1321 and 1449 Civil Code. Article 1321 Civil Code: Affirms: “There is no legitimate agreement if the agreement is given by mistake, or obtained by coercion or fraud”, and Article 1449 of the Civil Code states: “A contract made by force, an oversight or a fraud, publishes a demand to annul it”.

PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN PIDANA BAGI ANAK YANG MELAKUKAN KEKERASAN FISIK TERHADAP PEMBANTU RUMAH TANGGA (Analisis Putusan Nomor: 27/Pid.Sus-Anak/2014/PN.MDN)

Rahmi, Atikah ( Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara ) , Lubis, Suci Putri ( Bank Mandiri Cabang Padangsidimpuan )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The imposition of criminal sanctions on children effects bad mental for development of children. Medan District Court has given criminal sanctions to children through Decision Number: 27/Pid.Sus-Anak/2014/Pn.Mdn. This verdict becomes interesting object to examine in aiming to know the criminal liability imposed on the child by analyzing the decision. This research is a normative juridical research with case approach, while its characteristic is descriptive. Data analysis is done by qualitative juridical. Based on the results of the  research and analysis carried out that criminal liability of court handed over the child is considered ineffective, because the modern punishment system does not apply torture to children but more attention to the best interests for children.

STUDI KOMPARATIF PERCERAIAN AKIBAT PINDAH AGAMA MENURUT FIKIH ISLAM DAN UNDANG-UNDANG PERKAWINAN (Analisis Putusan No. 0879/Pdt. G/2013/PA.Pdg)

Andini, Imanda Putri ( Badan Pertanahan Nasional Kabupaten Asahan )

DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 2, No 2 (2017): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

According to Islamic law, if one party of couple converts, the marriage of both becomes void, but in Laws Number 1/1974, there is no specified that the conversion of religion as the reason for the breaking of marriage, so that in Decision Number 0879/Pdt.G/2013/PA.Pdg, which examines the divorce suing for reasons of conversion, decided for reasons there is no harmony in the household . It is certainly interesting to analyze, and based on the analysis it can be seen that the judges postulate convert only as one of the triggers of the existence of unreliability in the household.