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PENGARUH MEMBACA AL-QURAN TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH PADA LANSIA DENGAN HIPERTENSI DI UPT PELAYANAN SOSIAL LANJUT USIA KISARAN - RANTAU PRAPAT TAHUN 2017 Lukito, Alamsyah
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Management for hypertensive patients can be given pharmacologically and nonpharmacologically For non-pharmacological therapy, usually patients with hypertension is recommended for healthy lifestyle and reduce stress with relaxation. Reading Al-Quran is a religious relaxation that is beneficial to health. This study aims to determine the effect of reading Al-Quran on blood pressure in the elderly with hypertension performed in UPT Senior Age Social Service. The method used is quasi experiment with control group pretest-posttest design, sample taken using purposive sampling technique.Respondents of this study add up to 34 people with an age range of 50-86 years. 47.05% male and 52.94% female. The results of this study reported a decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the intervention group (p <0.05) and reported significant differences in blood pressure values between intervention group and control group (p <0.05). The conclusion is there is the influence of reading the Quran with the decrease in blood pressure in the elderly with hypertension. Keywords : reading Al-Quran, Al-Quran, elderly, blood pressure, hypertension.
PREVALENSI HIPERTENSI DENGAN SINDROM KORONER AKUT (SKA) DI RUMAH SAKIT HAJI MEDAN SUMATERA UTARA TAHUN 2015 Wibowo, Arif; Andina, Meizly
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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ABSTRAKPendahuluan: Sindrom Koroner Akut adalah ketidak mampuan jantung akut akibat suplai darah yang mengandung oksigen ke jantung tidak adekuat. Prevalensi jantung koroner berdasarkan terdiagnosis dokter tertinggi Sulawesi Tengah (0,8%) diikuti Sulawesi Utara, DKI Jakarta, Aceh masing-masing 0,7 persen. Sementara prevalensi jantung koroner menurut diagnosis atau gejala tertinggi di Nusa Tenggara Timur (4,4%), diikuti Sulawesi Tengah (3,8%), Sulawesi Selatan (2,9%), dan Sulawesi Barat (2,6%).Sindrom Koroner Akut disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor risiko. Salah satu faktor risiko utama yang menyebabkan terjadinya sindrom koroner akut adalah tekanan darah yang tinggi (hipertensi). Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang, penelitian ini di lakukan pada bulan november 2016 di RS Haji Medan.Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 232 pasien yang datanya di ambil dari rekam medis di RS Haji Medan. Hasil: Pasien sindroma koroner akut (SKA) yang berjenis kelamin laki – laki 46 pasien (58,2%), pasien sindroma koroner akut (SKA) yang berusia 51 – 60 Tahun sebanyak 32 pasien (40,5%), pasien sindroma koroner akut (SKA) jenis UAP 49 pasien (62 %). Kesimpulan: Kebanyakan pasien yang mengalami hipertensi pada sindroma koroner akut (SKA) di RS Haji Medan tahun 2015 berjenis kelamin laki-laki, dengan keloompok usia 51 – 61 tahun, dan  berjenis Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP).Kata Kunci : Prevalensi, Sindroma Koroner Akut (SKA), HipertensiABSTRACTIntroduction: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is the inability of the heart as a result of acute supply oxygenated blood to the heart is inadequate. The prevalence of coronary heart disease by a doctor diagnosed the highest Central Sulawesi (0.8%) followed by North Sulawesi, Jakarta, Aceh 0.7 percent respectively. While the prevalence of coronary heart disease by diagnosis or symptoms of the highest in East Nusa Tenggara (4.4%), followed by Central Sulawesi (3.8%), South Sulawesi (2.9%), and West Sulawesi (2.6%).1Sindrom Acute coronary caused by multiple risk factors. One of the main risk factors that lead to the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome is high blood pressure (hypertension). Methods: This research is a descriptive study with cross-sectional design, the study was done in november 2016 in Haji Hospital Medan. The sample used in this study were 79 patients whose data was taken from the medical record in Haji Hospital Medan. Results: Patients with Acute Coronary syndrome (ACS) in mens 46 patients (58.2%), patients with Acute Coronary syndrome (ACS) aged 51-60 years were 32 patients (40.5%), patients with Acute Coronary syndrome (ACS)  UAP type 49 patients (62%). Conclusion: The most hypertension patients with Acute Coronary syndrome (ACS)  in in Haji Hospital Medan 2015 is male sex, with age group 51 – 60 years, and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) type. Keyword : Prevalece , Acute Coronary syndrome (ACS), Hypertension
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS MADU DENGANEKSTRAK BUAH BIT (BETA VULGARIS ) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN (Hb) PADA MENCIT PUTIH JANTAN ( MUS MUSCULUS L ) STRAIN DOUBLE DITSCH WEBSTER Maulina, Nora
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Hemoglobin (Hb) merupakan sejenis protein khusus yang ada dalam eritrosit. Hemoglobin membutuhkan zat besi, vitamin C dan asam folat sebagai indikator dalam peningkatan kadar Hb. Untuk mengatasi kejadian anemia dengan menggunakan bahan alami seperti madu dan ekstrak buah bit dapat meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin. Tujuan penelitian  ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbandingan efektifitas madu dengan ekstrak buah bit (beta vulgaris) terhadap peningkatan Hb pada mencit putih. Metode ini bersifat true eksperimental dengan menggunakan mencit putih jantan (Mus Musculus L) yang diberikan madu 1,56 micro/grBB dan ekstrak buah bit 1,61 micro/grBB selama tujuh hari. Pengelolahan data dari selisih sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan pada penelitian ini menggunakan uji ANOVA didapatkan nilai p=0,048 (p<0,05). Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa madu dan ekstrak buah bit efektif dalam meningkatkan Hb pada mencit putih. Akan tetapi ekstrak buah bit lebih efektif dalam peningkatan kadar Hb dibandingkan dengan madu.
IDENTIFIKASI PENYEBAB PENYAKIT GINJAL KRONIK PADA USIA DIBAWAH 45 TAHUN DI UNIT HEMODIALISIS RUMAH SAKIT GINJAL RASYIDA MEDAN TAHUN 2015 Siagian, Karina Nurzikriyah; Damayanty, Amelia Eka
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Latar belakang : Penyakit ginjal kronik (PGK) merupakan gangguan fungsi renal yang progresif dan irreversibel dimana kemampuan tubuh gagal untuk mempertahankan metabolisme dan keseimbangan cairan dan elektrolit. Penyakit ginjal kronik merupakan penyakit multifaktorial. Tujuan : Untuk mengidentifikasi penyebab penyakit ginjal kronik pada usia di bawah 45 tahun di unit Hemodialisis Rumah Sakit Ginjal Rasyida Medan tahun 2015. Metode : Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode total sampling sehingga didapatkan sampel berjumlah 212 pasien, dimana usia di atas 45 tahun berjumlah 144 pasien dan usia di bawah 45 tahun berjumlah 68 pasien. Hasil Penelitian : Pasien dengan penyebab PGK karena Hipertensi sebanyak 48 pasien (70,6%), diabetes melitus sebanyak 8 pasien (11,8%), glomerulonefritis kronis sebanyak 9 pasien (13,2%), polycystic kidney disease sebanyak 1 pasien (1,5%), PGOI sebanyak 1 pasien (1,5%), dan sindroma lupus eritematosus sebanyak 1 pasien (1,5%). Kesimpulan : Hipertensi merupakan penyebab PGK di bawah 45 tahun terbanyak di Unit Hemodialisis Rumah Sakit Ginjal Rasyida Medan tahun 2015.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MINUMAN BERENERGI YANG MENGANDUNG ASPARTAM TERHADAP GAMBARAN HISTOPATOLOGI RENAL TIKUS JANTAN (Rattus norvegicus L.) Mentari, Cindy; suryani, Des
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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ABSTRACTBackground: Energy drinks containing aspartame are commonly consumed by the public, the use of aspartame in energy drinks causes controversy regarding its safety against kidneys especially when consumed in excess. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of energy drinks containing aspartame on histopathology renal male rats (Rattus norvegicus L .) ". Method: Invivo experimental study on mice with posttest only with control group design. Rats were divided into 5 groups: negative control group (KN) which was only given aquades, positive control 1 (KP1) given ADI dose aspartame (50 mg / kg / day), positive control 2 (KP2) given toxic dose aspartame (75 mg / kgbb / day), treatment 1 (P1) given ADI dose of energy drinks aspartame (50 mg / kg / day), and treatment 2 (P2) given doses of aspartame doses of energy (75 mg / kg / day). and treated for 28 days. Renal histopathology was analyzed qualitatively. Glomerular and tubulus proximal degeneration degree data were analyzed using the Kruskal-walis test and Mann-Whitney post Hoc test. Results: Giving energy drinks containing aspartame caused glomerular and renal proximal tubular degeneration. There is a difference in the level of kidney damage between mice given ADI dose aspartame and mice given aspartame exceeding the ADI dose (p <0.05). There was no difference in the level of proximal tubular damage between mice given aspartame doses in excess of ADI with mice given energy drinks contains aspartame both at ADI doses and in doses exceeding the ADI level (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Energy drinks containing aspartame cause hydrophic degeneration in the glomerulus and proximal tubules of male rats. Other contents in energy drinks may aggravate the conditions of hydrophic degeneration in the glomerular and proximal tubular of  rat that are given energy drinks according to ADI doses, especially if given in doses that exceed ADI doses 
ANGKA KEJADIAN PENYEBAB KEMATIAN MENDADAK DI INSTALASI KEDOKTERAN FORENSIK DAN MEDIKOLEGAL RSUD DR. PIRNGADI MEDAN TAHUN 2013-2015 Ismurrizal, Ismurrizal
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 3 (2018): ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Sudden death is not necessarily a sudden process actually even sudden death is an end of a disease process that has been owned by the victims of sudden death. The incidences of sudden death increases with age and sudden death is more common in men than women. To determine the cause of sudden death have to do an autopsy examination which includes external and internal examination for a causal relationship between abnormalities were found with disease deaths caused by cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system and genitourinary system. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of sudden death in installation of forensic medicine and medicolegal RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan in 2013-2015. The type of research is descriptive research with cross sectional design. The sampling used the total sampling technique, where as many as 40 cases used as a sample.                The research results obtained by the number of sudden death by age, most are early elderly group age 45-65 years old as many as 12 (30%) and the number of sudden death by gender are 38 men (95%) and 2 women (5%). While the causes of sudden death due to respiratory system as 27 people (67,5%), due to cardiovascular system as 8 people (20%), due to gastrointestinal system as 4 people (10%) and due to genitourinary system as 1 person (2,5%).The results of this study concluded that the incidence of sudden death causes in installation of forensic medicine and medicolegal RSUD Dr. PirngadiMedan by the number of sudden death by age, most are early elderly group age 45-65 years old.While based on gender the most are men. And sudden death mostly caused by respiratory system diseases. Keywords : Sudden Death, Cause, RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan

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