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Bernas
Published by Universitas Asahan
JURNAL PENELITIAN PERTANIAN BERNAS Universitas Asahan dengan nomor ISSN 0216-7689 didedikasikan untuk menyebarkan makalah hasil penelitian (Research Article), ulasan kritis (Review Articles) dan Komunikasi Singkat (Short Communication) di bidang luas Agronomi, Hortikultura dan Kehutanan, Lanskap, Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Pertanian, Pengukuran Lahan dan Perbaikan Lahan, Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan, Mesin Pertanian, Industri Makanan, dan lain-lain yang dapat memberikan pengetahuan bagi masyarakat umum, akademisi dan profesional. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Bernas terbit 2 kali dalam setahun yakni bulan Februari dan Juli, namun pada kebutuhan tambahan dilakukan penerbitan pada bulan Oktober.
Articles
88
Articles
EFFECT OF SOLID FERTILIZER AND NPK FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SWEET CORN (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.)

Panjaitan, Ikhfan Abdillah, Hasibuan, Syafrizal, Safruddin, Safruddin

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted on the research garden of Faculty of Agriculture University of Asahan, Kisaran Naga Village, Kisaran Timur Subdistrict, Asahan District in June to September 2017. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with two factors and three replication. The first factor is 3 degree of the giving of solid fertilizer that is S0 = 0 ton/ha (0kg/plot), S1 = 10 ton /ha (1 kg/plot), S2 = 20 ton/ha (2 kg/plot), S3 = 30 ton/ha (3 kg/plot). Second factor is the giving of NPK 15–15–15 fertilizer that is N0 = 0 kg/ha (kontrol), N1 = 50 kg/ha (5 g/plot), N2= 100 kg/ha (10 kg/plot). Parameters were observed are plant height, production per plant, production per plot. The result of the research showed that solid fertilizer application haveeffect on plant height an production per plot. NPK 15–15–15 fertilizer application have effect on plant height, production per plant and production per plot. No interaction of solid fertilizer and NPK 15–15–15 fertilizer application on growht and yield of sweet corn.

VEGETATIVE GROWTH RATE TEST OF BOUGENVILE CUTTING AGAINST PLANT GROWTH REGULATION (PGR) AND MANURE APLLICATION IN POLYBAG

Romadona, Sahrul, Zulia, Cik, Safruddin, Safruddin

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Mentimun Street, Siumbut Baru Village, Kisaran Timur Subdistrict, Asahan Regency, North Sumatera Province. Study time from March to May 2017. This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 treatment factors and 3 replications. The first factor is PGR with 4 levels: Z0 = without PGR, Z1 = Rootone F (2 g / l water), Z2 = Atonik (2 ml / l water) and Z3 = Hantu (2 ml / l water). The second factor is by giving the ratio of manure with 4 levels ie K0 = 1: 0 (1 part of soil + 0 parts of manure), K1 = 1: 1 (1 part of soil + 1 part manure), K2 = 2: 1 (2 part of soil + 1 part manure) and K3 = 3: 1 (3 parts of soil + 1 part manure). The results showed that the best treatment of PGR was obtained at PGR Rootone F which resulted in plant height 26,36 cm, leaf number 13,71 strand, stem diameter 5,29 mm, total live crop 3,75 crop. The treatment of manure on planting medium with aratio of 2: 1 (soil: manure) is the best treatment that produce plant height 25.09 cm, the number of leaves 13.54 pieces, stem diameter 5.25 mm, the number of plants live 3.67 plants. Interaction between PGR and manure had no significant effect on all observed variables.

EFFECT OF HANTU PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR (PGR) DOSE AND TAWON NPK FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF PAKCHOY (Brassica rapa L.)

Zuvijal, Yendra, Ningsih, Sri Susanti, Gunawan, Heru

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

The research was conducted at experimental garden of University of Asahan, with flat topography and high place ± 15 m asl. The research was conducted from March to April 2018. This research used Randomized Block Design using Factorial Treatment Plan which consist of 2 factors: PGR Hantu dose (Z) with 3 treatments: Z0: 0 cc / l water, Z1: 2 cc / l water, Z2: 4 cc / l water. Dosage of NPK Tawon (N) with 4 treatments, ie: N0: 0 kg / ha 0 g / plot, N1: 187.5 kg / ha18.75 g / plot, N2: 375 kg / ha 37.50 g / plot, N3: 562.5 kg / ha 56.25 g / plot. The observed variables are: Plant height (cm), Number of Leaves (Production per Plant Sample (g), and Production per Plot (kg). The result of statistical analysis showed that PGR Hantu with 4 cc / l water (Z2) showed the highest yield on all observed age with yield of plant height 24,04 cm and leaf number 14,85 piece at age 4 MST, and yield production per plant sample 152.75 g andproduction per plot of 3.79 kg. The highest dose of NPK Tawon fertilizer that is 56,25 (N3) showed the highest yield with yield of plant height 23,23 cm and leaf number 14,61 piece at age 4 MST, and yield production per plant sample 148,89 g and production per plot 3.68 kg. The interaction of PGR Hantu and NPK Tawon fertilizer showed no significant effect on growth of mustard pakchoy plant.

EFFECT OF LIQUID SUPPLEMENT FERTILIZER AND RABBIT MANURE COMPOST FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF MUSTARD (Brasicca chinensis L.)

Sitorus, M Rasyid Ananda, Efendi, Elfin, Mawarni, Rita

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Penelitian dilaksanakan di Pasar 12, Kecamatan Air Joman, Kabupaten Asahan, Provinsi Sumatera Utara, dengan ketinggian tempat 5 m dpl, tipe iklim C (oldeman), jarak lokasi dari kampus UNA ± 5 km. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret 2017 sampai dengan bulan Mei 2017. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial (RAKF) dengan dua faktor yang diteliti. Faktor I PPC, dibagi atas 3 taraf yaitu: P1 = PPC Gandasil D, P2 = PPC Bayfolan, P3 = PPC Grow-More. Faktor II Pemberian kompos feseskelinci, dibagi atas 4 taraf yaitu: K0 = 0 ton/ha atau 0 kg/plot (Kontrol), K1 = 2 ton/ha atau 0,2 kg/plot, K2 = 4 ton/ha atau 0,4 kg/plot, K3 = 6 ton/ha atau 0,6 kg/plot. Pemberian pupuk cair Bayfolan mampu menghasilkan tinggi tanaman hingga 17,48 cm, jumlah daun 12,02 helai, produksi pertanaman sampel 119,82 g dan produksi tanaman perplot sebesar 3,05 kg/plot, dengan dosis 1-2 g/liter air. Pemberian pupuk kompos feses kelinci menunjukkan pengaruh yangtidak nyata terhadap seluruh parameter yang diamati. Akan tetapi pemberian pupuk kompos feses kelinci mampu menghasilkan tinggi tanaman hingga 16,52 cm, jumlah daun sebanyak 11,96 helai, produksi per tanaman sampel 111,75 g, dan produksi tanaman per plot hingga 2,88 kg. Interaksi pupuk pelengkap cair dan pupuk kompos feses kelinci terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi sawi pakcoy menunjukkan pengaruh tidak nyata terhadap seluruh parameter amatan.

Front Cover

Depan, Sampul

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Front Cover

Back Cover

Belakang, Sampul

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Back Cover

Table of Contents

Isi, Daftar

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Table of Contents

EFFECT OF TUBER CUTTING AND CROPPING DENSITY AGAINST GROWTH AND YIELD OF ONION (Allium ascalonicum L.)

Purba, Syahir Nedi, Ansoruddin, Ansoruddin, Batubara, Lokot Ridwan

Bernas Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Bernas July 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was carried out at Durian street, Kisaran Naga Village, Kisaran Timur, AsahanDistrict, North Sumatera. The study was conducted in April to June 2017. This research wasarranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 treatment factors and 3replications. The first factor was cutting of tubers with 4 levels ie: P0 = without cutting tuber, P1 = cutting tuber of 1/3 of shoot, P2 = cutting tuber of 1/4 of shoot, and P3 = cutting tuber of 1/5 of part shoots. The second factor of plant density with 3 levels of spacing is J1 = 20 cm x 10 cm, J2= 20 cm x 15 cm, and J3 = 20 cm x 10 cm. The results showed that tuber cutting treatment had significant effect on all observed variables, whereas cutting of tuber 1/3 of shoot (P1) was the best treatment. Treatment of plant density had significant effect on all observed variables, where the density with plant spacing of 20 cm x 20 cm (J3) was the best treatment. The interaction between tuber cutting and plant density had no significant effect on all observed variables.

EFFECT OF BIOLANTEK CHICKEN MANURE AND NPK FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF ONION (Allium ascalonicum L.)

Siahaan, Igawati Beity, Efendi, Elfin, Mawarni, Rita

Bernas Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Bernas July 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di lahan penelitian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas AsahanKabupaten Asahan Propinsi Sumatera Utara dengan ketinggian tempat ± 15 m dpl dengantopografi datar. Pelaksanaan Penelitian pada bulan Januari s/d Maret 2017. Penelitian inimenggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) Faktorial dengan 2 faktor, yaitu : Faktor dosispupuk biolantek feses ayam dengan 4 taraf, yaitu : F0 = 0 kg/plot, F1 = 0,7 kg/plot, F2 = 1,4 g/plot, F4 = 2,1 kg/plot. Faktor dosis pupuk NPK dengan 3 taraf, yaitu : N0 = 0 g/plot, N1 = 14,4 g/plot), N2 = 28,8 g/plot. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan aplikasi pupuk biolantek feses ayam terbaik pada dosis 2,1 kg/plot menghasilkan tinggi tanaman 24,88 cm, jumlah umbi per tanaman 6,54 siung, produksi per tanaman 63,52 g dan produksi perplot 1,26 kg. Aplikasi pupuk NPK terbaik pada dosis 28,8 g/plot menghasilkan tinggi tanaman 23,98 cm, jumlah umbi per tanaman yaitu 8,11 siung, produksi per tanaman 62,21 g dan produksi per plot 1,27 kg. Tidak terjadi interaksi antara biolantek feses ayam dan pupuk NPK terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman bawang merah.

STUDY ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF WATER SPINACH (Ipomoea reptans Poir) AGAINST GIVING OF SOME TYPES OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER AND N FERTILIZER

Simangunsong, Simon Devlin, Efendi, Elfin, Safruddin, Safruddin

Bernas Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Bernas July 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with two treatmentfactors and three replications, the first factor was the giving of various types of organic fertilizer(P) consisting of 4 levels ie P0 (without treatment), P1 (bokashi cow dung), P2 ( bokashi legum) and the second fator is the application of urea (U) fertilizer consisting of 3 levels ie U0 (control), U1 (10 g / plot) and U2 (20 g / plot). The results of research that treatment of various types of organic fertilizer significantly affect the growth and yield of water spinach. The best treatment was obtained at treatment (P3) yielding 22,10 cm height, 25,33 pieces of leaves, yield per crop 39,29 g and yield per plot 3,87 kg. The treatment of urea fertilizer has an effect on the growth and yield of spinach water. The best treatment was obtained at a dose of 20 g / plot (U2) resulting in plant height of 22.42 cm, number of leaves of 23.42 pieces, production per plant 39.04 g and production per plot of 3.85 kg. Interaction treatment of various types of organic fertilizers and urea fertilizers did not show a significant effect on the growth and yield of water spinach.