Bernas
Published by Universitas Asahan
JURNAL PENELITIAN PERTANIAN BERNAS Universitas Asahan dengan nomor ISSN 0216-7689 didedikasikan untuk menyebarkan makalah hasil penelitian (Research Article), ulasan kritis (Review Articles) dan Komunikasi Singkat (Short Communication) di bidang luas Agronomi, Hortikultura dan Kehutanan, Lanskap, Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Pertanian, Pengukuran Lahan dan Perbaikan Lahan, Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan, Mesin Pertanian, Industri Makanan, dan lain-lain yang dapat memberikan pengetahuan bagi masyarakat umum, akademisi dan profesional. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Bernas terbit 2 kali dalam setahun yakni bulan Februari dan Juli, namun pada kebutuhan tambahan dilakukan penerbitan pada bulan Oktober.
Articles
88
Articles
EFFECT OF ORGANIC NPK FERTILIZER AND HANTU PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR (PGR) APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF CELERY (Apium graveolus L.)

Kurniawan, Indra, Efendi, Elfin, Purba, Deddy Wahyudin

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted on Durian street, Kisaran Timur, Asahan Regency of North Sumatera Province with flat topography and is at an altitude of 15 m above sea level. The study was conducted from March to May 2017. This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 treatment factors and 3 replications. The first factor is organic NPK with 3 levels: N0 = 0 g/plot, N1 = 25 g/plot, N2 = 50 g/plot. Second factor with PGR Hantuwith 4 levels ie Z0 = 0 ml/l water, Z1 = 1 ml/l water, Z2 = 2 ml/l water, and Z3 = 3 ml/l water. The results showed that organic NPK fertilizer was the best treatment that produced 32,34 cm height, 21,58 pieces of leaves, 65,53 g per plant and 1.75 kg per plot production. The best treatment of PGR Hantu was obtained at a dose of 2 ml/l of water yielding a plant height of 30.99 cm, thenumber of leaves was 21.86 pieces, the production per plant was 67.15 g and the production per plot was 1.78 kg. The interaction between organic NPK fertilizer and PGR Hantu had no significant effect on all observed variables.

GROWTH RESPONSE AND YIELD OF ONION (Allium ascalonicum L) AGAINST CHICKEN MANURE FERTILIZER AND DIFFERENT OF CROPPING DISTANCE APPLICATION

Pratama, Andre Wahyu, Ansoruddin, Ansoruddin, Ningsih, Sri Susanti

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Dusun Benteng Jaya Village, Sei Balai Subdistrict, Batu Bara District, Province North Sumatera with altitude of place 5 m asl, flat topography and climate type C. The research was conducted in May 2017 to 2017. This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 treatment factors and 3 replications. The first factor is the dosage of chicken manure (A) fertilizer with 4 levels: A0 0 kg / plot, A1 = 0.5 kg / plot, A2 = 1.0 kg / plot and A3 = 1.5 kg / plot. The second factor was treatment of crop distance (J), with 3 levels ie J0 = 20 cm x 20 cm (25 plants per plot), J1 = 20 cm x 25 cm (20 plants per plot), and J3 = 20 cm x 50 cm (10 plants per plot). The results of the treatment of chicken manure have a significant effect on the growth and production of onion, with the best dose at 1.5 kg / plot (A3)treatment. Different plant distance treatment significantly affected on growth and production of onion, with the best cropping distance 20 cm x 50 cm (J3). The interaction between chicken manure application and different cropping distance treatment on growth and production of onion showed no significant effect on all parameters observed.

EFFECT OF SOME TYPE CULTIVATING MEDIUM AND LIQUID SUPPLEMENT FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF PEPPER (Piper nigrum L.) IN POLYBAG

Hasibuan, Raja Doli Syaifuddin, Ansoruddin, Ansoruddin, Ningsih, Sri Susanti

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Sei Renggas, Jl. Gajah, Kec. Sei Renggas, Kab. Asahan pada ketinggian 15 m dari permukaan laut. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan April sampai Juni 2017. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) Faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 faktor perlakuan. Faktor pertama aplikasi media tanam terdiri dari 3 taraf: M1 =Topsoil + sekam padi, M2 = Topsoil + sekam padi + arang sekam (1: 1: 1), M3 = Topsoil +sekam padi + pupuk kandang sapi (1: 1: 1). Faktor kedua pemberian Pupuk Pelengkap Cair (PPC), terdiri dari 3 taraf. P0 = tanpa PPC (0 ml/liter air/plot), P1 = PPC SuperVit (2 ml/liter air/plot), P2 = PPC NASA (2 ml/liter air/plot). Pemberian media tanam berpengaruh terhadap pertambahan tinggi tanaman pada semua umur amatan dan pertambahan luas daun pada umur 4 dan 8 MST. Pemberian pupuk pelengkap cair berpengaruh terhadap pertambahan tinggitanaman pada semua umur amatan, pertambahan luas daun pada umur 4 dan 8 MST dan pertambahan jumlah daun. Tidak terjadi interaksi antara pemberian media tanam dan pupuk pelengkap cair terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman lada.

EFFECT OF COW MANURE BOKASHI FERTILIZER AND SOLID FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena) IN POT MADE FROM STEM OF OIL PALM PLANTS

Rianto, Beni, Zulia, Cik, Efendi, Elfin

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in the research garden Faculty of Agriculture University of Asahan, Kisaran Naga Village, Kisaran Barat Subdistrict, Asahan District in March to May 2017. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with two factors and three replication. The first factor is 3 degree of cow faces bokashi fertilizer application that is F1 = 10 ton/ha (1 kg/plot), F2 = 20 ton /ha (2 kg/plot), F3 = 30 ton/ha (3 kg/plot). Second factor is the solid fertilizer application that is S0 = 0 ton/ha (control), S1 = 10 ton/ha (1 kg/plot), S2 = 20 ton/ha (2 kg/plot). Parameters were observed is hight plant (cm), production per plant (g), production per plot (kg). The result of the research showed that the cow faces bokashi fertilizer have effect on production per sampel about 1.984,45 g and production per plot about 7,44 kg. Solid fertilizer have effect on production per sampel about 2046,63 g and production per plot about 7,69 kg. No interaction of the cow faces bokashi fertilizer and solid fertilizer on growth and yield of eggplant.

EFFECT OF PRUNING AND POP SUPERNASA FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF MELON (Cucumis melo L)

Basuki, Nursah, Ansoruddin, Ansoruddin, Ningsih, Sri Susanti

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Sirsak Street, Kisaran Timur Village, Asahan District, North Sumatra. Flat Topography, height  25 m asl, and coordinate point 203-326 North Latitude and 991-1000 East Longitude. The experiment was conducted in May ― July 2017. This research is based on the Randomized Block Design (RBD) factorial with 2 factors and 3 replications. The first factors was the pruning of 3 levels P0 = Control (no pruning), P1 = pruningand leaving 6 branch ( 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12), P2 = pruning and leaving 4 branch ( 7, 8, 9 and 10). The second factors is application of POP Supernasa fertilizer with 4 levels S0 = Control ( 0 ml/l water/block), S1 = 20 ml/ 10 L water/block, S2 = 40 ml/ 10 L water/block, S3 = 60 ml/ 10 L water/block. The result of research that pruning P2 = pruning and leaving 4 branch ( 7, 8, 9 and10), the best production contained is the parameter diameters of fruits 18,01 cm and production/plant 4,11 kg. Applications of POP Supernas S3 = 60 ml/ 10 L air/plot, the best production contained is the parameter flower emergence 19,33 day, fruit emergence 23,33 day, fruit diameters 17,97 cm and productions 4,10 kg/ plant. The interactions pruning and POP Supernasa application on growth and yield of melon showed no significant effect on all parameters was observed.

EFFECT OF NPK FERTILIZER AND HANTU PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR (PGR) APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SOYBEAN (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)

Armawan, Heri, Efendi, Elfin, Hasibuan, Syafrizal

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Lahan Percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Asahan, Propinsi Sumatera Utara. dengan topografi datar dan tinggi tempat ± 22 m dpl. Penelitian ini di laksanakan pada bulan Januari sampai Maret 2018. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) Faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 faktor. Faktor pertama dosis pupuk NPK (N) yang terdiri dari 4 taraf yaitu: N0 = 0 kg/ha atau (0 g/plot), N 1= 156,25 kg/haatau (15, 625 g/plot), N 2 = 312,5 kg/ha atau (31,25 g/plot), N 3 = 468,75 kg/ha atau (46,875 g/plot). Faktor kedua, konsentrasi ZPT HANTU (Z) yang terdiri dari 3 taraf yaitu: Z0 = 0 ml/ liter air, Z1 = 4 ml/ liter air, Z2 = 8 ml/ liter air. Pemberian pupuk NPK secara tunggal dengan dosis 46,875 g/plot mampu menghasilkan produksi polong basah per tanaman 124,89 g, produksi polong basah per plot 3,27 kg, produksi biji kering per tanaman 27,74 g, dan produksi biji kering per plot 701,65 g, atau setara dengan 7,01 ton/ha. Pemberian ZPT HANTU secara tunggal dengan konsentrasi 8 ml/l mampu menghasilkan tinggi tanaman hingga 39,91 cm, jumlah cabang 4,05, produksi polong basah per tanaman 120,66 g, produksi polong basah per plot 3,17 kg, produksi biji kering per tanaman 27,71 g, dan produksi biji kering per plot 695,21 g, atau setara dengan 6,95 ton/ha. Interaksi antara pemberian pupuk NPK dan ZPT HANTUmenunjukkan pengaruh yang tidak nyata terhadap seluruh parameter amatan.

EFFECTIVENESS OF MYCORRHIZAE AND SP-36 FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor (L) moench)

Purwandi, Saddam, Ningsih, Sri Susanti, Mawarni, Rita

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Tanjung Alam Village, Sei Dadap Subdistrict, Asahan Regency, North Sumatera Province with flat topography with height of place ± 20 m above sea level. The study was conducted on 9th February 2018 to 17th April 2018. The materials used in this research are sorghum seeds of kawali varieties, mycorrhiza, SP-36 fertilizer, matador 25 EC insecticide (active ingredient Lamda Sihalotrin), Dithane M-45 Fungicide (Mankozed active ingredient). The tools used in this research are hoe, watering can, handsprayer, treatment plate, replica plate, banner, plastic strap, meter, stationery, calculator and scales. This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 2 treatment factors and 4 replications. The first factoris the dosage of mycorrhiza with 2 levelsie: M0 = 0 g/plot, M1 = 15 g / plot. The second factor was the application of SP-36 fertilizer, with 3 levelsie S1 = 250 g/plot, S2 = 187.75 g/plot, and S3 = 125 g/plot. The results of dosage of mycorrhizal dosage showed significant effect on the growth of sorghum on the observation parameter of leaf number 8 weeks after planting, with the best treatment at dose 0 g/plot). Application of SP-36 fertilizer showed no significant effect on all observation parameters. The interaction between the application of mycorrhizal dose and SP- 36 fertilizer to the growth and production of sorghum showed no significant effect on all observation parameters.

EFFECT OF RABBIT MANURE AND NPK INTAN SUPER COMPOUND FERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF STRINGBEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Pasaribu, Parbin Lestober, Hasibuan, Syafrizal, Batubara, Lokot Ridwan

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Experimental Garden of Faculty of Agriculture University of Asahan, Kisaran Timur Sub-district of Asahan Regency, North Sumatera Province with flat tofografi located at an altitude of ± 15 m above sea level. the research time was carried out from June to July 2017. This research was arranged based on Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 treatment factors and 3 replications. The first factor is the provision of rabbit manure (K)with 3 levels ie: K0 = 0 kg / plot, K1 = 1.44 kg / plot, and K2 = 2.88 kg / plot. The second factor is the application of NPK Intan Super Compound fertilizer application, with 4 levels ie N0 = 0 g / plot, N1 = 7.2 g / plot, N3 = 14.4 g / plot and N3 = 21.6 g / plot. The results of rabbit manure showed the best treatment with a dose of 2.88 kg / plot (K2) resulted in plant length 171,98 cm, leaf area 585,04 cm, pod length per plant 13,71 cm and production per plot 594,58 g. Giving of NPK compound fertilizer showed the best treatment that is with dose 21,6 g / plot (N3) yielding plant length 174,88 cm, leaf area 572,39 cm, length of pod 13,33 cm and production per plot 561,111g. The interaction of rabbit manure and NPK compound fertilizer on growth and yield of stringbean showed no significant effect on all parameters observed.

EFFECT OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER AND NPK FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF MUNGBEAN (Vigna radiata L.)

Setiawan, Muhammad Arief, Efendi, Elfin, Mawarni, Rita

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini di laksanakan di lahan kebun percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Asahan, Kabupaten Asahan, Provinsi Sumatera Utara, dengan topografi datar, ketinggian tempat 22 mdpl. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari 2018 sampai Maret 2018. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 perlakuan, dengan 3 taraf pada faktor pertama, dan 4 taraf pada faktor kedua, serta 3 ulangan. Faktor pertama Jenis Pupuk Organik ( O ), terdiri dari 3 taraf : O0 = tanpa pupuk organik, O1 = pupuk feses ayam, O2 = pupuk feses burung puyuh. Faktor kedua Dosis Pupuk NPK ( N ), terdiri dari 4 taraf: N0 = 0 kg/ha atau 0 g/plot, N1 = 210 kg/ha atau 21 g/plot, N2 = 420 kg/ha atau 42 g/plot, N3 = 630 kg/ha atau 63 g/plot. Pemberian berbagai jenis pupuk oganik secara tunggal dengan jenisfeses puyuh menghasilkan produksi per tanaman 41,91 g, dan produksi per plot sebanyak 0,89 kg/plot atau setara dengan 5.562,50 kg/ha atau 5,56 ton/ha. Pemberian pupuk NPK secara tunggal dengan dosis 63 g/plot menghasilkan jumlah polong per tanaman 39,40 polong, produksi per tanaman 47,74 g, produksi per plot sebanyak 0,98 kg/plot atau setara dengan 6.125 kg/haatau 6,12 ton/ha, dan bobot 100 biji sebanyak 5,56 g. Interaksi antara pemberian pupuk organik dan NPK Tawon menunjukkan pengaruh yang tidak nyata terhadap seluruh parameter amatan.

EFFECT OF WATER HYACINTH BOKASHI FERTILIZER AND NPK 15-15-15 FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF PARIA (Momordica charantia L)

Hutahayan, Nur Fadillah, Zulia, Cik, Safruddin, Safruddin

Bernas Vol 14, No 3 (2018): Bernas October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Asahan

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Abstract

This research was conducted on the research garden of Faculty of Agriculture University of Asahan, Kisaran Naga Village, Kisaran Timur Subdistrict, Asahan District in March to May 2017. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with two factors and 3 replication. The first factor is four concentrate of water hyacinth bokashi fertilizer with B0 = 0 kg/plot, B1 = 1,08 kg/plot, B2 = 30 2,16 kg/plot, B3 = 3,24 kg/plot, while the second factor is theNPK 15-15-15 fertilizer with three levels is N0 = 0 g/plot, N1 = 25,31 g/plot, N2 = 50,63 g/plot. Parameters were observed: plant length, number of leaf, yield per plant and yield per plot. The analysis statistic showed that water hyacinth bokashi fertilizer and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer traetment have significantly effect on the all parameters. The best effect showed with B2 treatment that on the parameter of plant length have 23,86 cm, the number of leaf have 10.52seet, the yield per plant have 2,41 kg and yield per plot have 7,50 kg. While the NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer treatment give the best effect with N1 treatment on the parameter of plant length have 26,13 cm, yield per plant have 2,64 kg and yield per plot have 8,02 kg.