Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora
ISSN : 24769541     EISSN : 25808885
Articles 24 Documents
Dimensi Epistemologis Tafsir al-Qur’an Aktual Karya KH. Musta’in Syafi’i

Zaiyadi, Ahmad

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

This article attempts to reveal epistemological dimension of Musta’in Syafi’i’s interpretation in his work Tafsir al-Qur’an Aktual. It employs the perspective of truth theory which has been widely known within the philosophy of science. As a product of interpretation, Musta’in’s work has been a result of scientific work whose validity can be critically evaluated on the basis of three standards of truth, namely coherence, correspondence, and pragmatic aspect covered in the work. The study finds that the validity of interpretation of Musta’in is measurable. The measurability of this work can be seen within its coherence in presenting propositions systematically, logically, and consistently. The coherence of propositions and argumentative facts show us that Musta’in’s work is correspondently accurate. Musta’in’s work, moreover, is pragmatically advantageous as it corresponds to scientific expediency when it worthily contributes to provide the society solutions and answers to their social problems and other aspects regarding Islamic laws.

Lokalitas Kitab Tafsīr al-Ibrīz Karya KH. Bisri Mustofa

Fahmi, Izzul

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

The treasury of Qur’anic interpretation in Indonesia, from the early generation of its emergence to the present generation, has been always a relevant object of research to discuss. This is because the works of tafsīr in Indonesia possess their own characters, which differ from that of the similar work in other places. It can be found, among others, in the work of Tafsir al-Ibrīz written by Bisri Mustofa in 1960. This work possesses a distinctive characteristic of Nusantara such as the use of Javanese language as its main presentation language and the use of Arabic-Pegon letter. Another distinctive feature is the element of Javanese-Indonesian local wisdom contained in the work. This article will examine the background of the preparation of this work and the extent of its locality. The writing of al-Ibrīz, instead of a means of worship and seeking God’s pleasure, can also be seen as an attempt to “promote” the local wisdom of Islam Nusantara which is reflected, among others, in the culture of Javanese mysticism, the pilgrimage of awliyā’ tombs, and the Javanese ancestor’s potion.

Hak-hak Perempuan dalam Tafsīr Firdaws al-Na‘īm bi Tawḍīḥ Ma‘ānī Āyāt al-Qur’ān al-Karīm Karya KH. Thoifur ‘Ali Wafa

Hasanah, Uswatun

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

This article strives for elaborating Thoifur Ali Wafa’s thoughts and his views on women’s rights in his Firdaws al-Na‘īm bi Tawḍīḥ Ma‘ānī Āyāt al-Qur’ān al-Karīm. His work discusses Qur’anic verses, which deals with women and their rights. Considering that Thoifur has been a Muslim scholar who born and live in Sumenep Madura whose people believe in superiority of men upon women, the issue is then undeniably interesting to discuss. It seems that Thoifur, through his work, attempts to reveal religious understanding which tends to be gender biased. He insists to obliterate patriarchal culture and discrimination against women as a result of irresponsibly fault social construction to the understanding of religious texts. Based on his interpretation of verse 21 surah al-Rūm, verse 232 surah al-Baqarah, verse 195 surah Āl ‘Imrān, verse 38 surah al-Mā’idah, verse 34 surah al-Nisā’, verse 187 surah al-Baqarah, verse 228 surah al-Baqarah, verse 19 surah al-Nisā’, verse 229 surah al-Baqarah, verse 36 surah al-Nisā’, verse 15 surah al-Aḥqāf, verse 71 surah al-Tawbah, verse 12 surah al-Mumtaḥanah, and verse 34 surah al-Nisā’, Thoifur argues that women possess a number of rights within both domestic and public spheres. Keywords:; ; ; .

Telaah Penafsiran Wahbah al-Zuḥaylī dalam al-Tafsīr al-Munīr tentang Penistaan Agama dalam al-Qur’ān

Nasiruddin, Nasiruddin

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

The plurality of society, which consists of races, ethnicity, tribes, and religions, often generates a number of complex social problems such as harassment behavior against other different groups, including religious defamation. There have been Qur’anic verses which tell us how to deal with other groups who slandered Islam. Al-Qur’ān uses the terms al-istihzā’ and al-sukhrīyah most, when it discusses the issue. This article deliberates to discuss the issue of religious defamation focusing on Wahbah al-Zuḥaylī’s al-Tafsīr al-Munīr. To do so, the author will classify the relevant verses on the issue based on their asbāb al-nuzūl. The author will also find the relevant Ḥadīth to confirm the discussed matter. Al-Qur’ān has clearly informed us how to respond to those who commit religious defamation against Islam. It tells Muslims to not appoint them as leaders, not to support them when they are committing defamation with any means, and to advise them for their despicable deed.

Makna, Konsekuensi Jurisprudensi, dan Korelasi Kata Awliyā’ Perspektif Abū Bakr Jābir al-Jazā’irī dalam Kitab Aysar al-Tafāsīr

Samani, Samani

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

Abstract: Controversy surrounding the meaning of Q.S. al-Māidah [5]: 51 regarding whether or not a non-Muslim leader in Indonesia is a hot issue nowadays. The pros and cons around whether or not non-Muslim leaders are widely discussed by academics in Indonesia. The article elaborates the term awliyā’ in surah al-Mā’idah [5]: 51 focusing specifically on Abū Bakr Jābir al-Jazāirī’s perspectives in his Aysar al-Tafāsīr. In addition, it discusses jurisprudential consequence of the term and its correlation to other terms such as khalīfah, mulk, imāmah, amīr al-mu’minīn, and sulṭān. The study finds that the term awliyā’ has correlation of meaning to other terms concerning leadership, particularly the aforement-ioned five terms. Although each term possesses its own denotative meaning, all of these terms connotatively contain correlative synonym and similar meaning, not that of paradigmatic and controversial meaning. All of them refer to similar meaning, i.e. leadership and power.

Ideologi Politik dalam Khazanah Penafsiran: Ayat-ayat Legitimatif al-Qur’ān pada Kasus Suksesi Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq

Baihaki, Baihaki

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 1 (2017): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

The study focuses on the discussion of a political polemic which has led to theological disputes and has subsequently created various types of interpretations of the Qur’ān. In this context, the author limits the discussion into three main treasures, namely Sunnī, Shī‘ah, and Mu‘tazilah. The polemic commenced due the succession process of Abu Bakr’s caliphate. It has been known that the Sunnī group claimed Abu Bakr as the successor of the Prophet Muhammad, while the Shī‘ah people demanded ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib as the one who possesses right to be the successor of the Prophet. Different political affiliation has consequently led to different interpretations of the Holy texts produced by these different groups. It is, therefore, interesting to observe how the similar Qur’anic verses are interpreted differently. Comparing inter-stream interpretations of the Qur’ān will show us the difference and contestation of meaning among them. This article will demonstrate how an interpreter of al-Qur’ān has been always influenced by the context of his/her historical background and expertise, including the political ideology he or she affiliated to.

Relasi Pemikiran Nabia Abbott dan Ignaz Goldziher dalam Studi Ḥadīth

Muawanah, Arofatul

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 2 (2017): DESEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

Among the Orientalists, who have different ideas, are Ignaz Goldziher and Nabia Abbott. In his study, Goldziher always show a sharp criticism of the scientific construction of ḥadīth and his views on ḥadīth have been always dissimilar with scholars of ḥadīth. He also alleges that the existence of ḥadīth is no longer original. Abbott’s thought of ḥadīth, in contrast, tends to be moderate. Broadly speaking, Abbott’s views seem to reinforce the thought of ‘ulamā’ al-ḥadīth. Abbott even acknowledges that the compilation of ḥadīth has existed since the Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. In this context, it is interesting to note that Goldziher and Abbott are equally orientalists who employ the Western paradigm in examining ḥadīth. The question is whether there is a relationship of thought between the two. Using descriptive and analytical methods this article specifically traces and explores the relationship of Abbott and Goldziher’s thoughts. The study aims to determine the extent to which the relation of thought between the two Orientalists and the factors affect the similarity of thought between them.

Kritik atas Kritik Kamaruddin Amin terhadap Riwayat Mudallisīn dalam Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī dan Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim

Syukrillah, M.

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 2 (2017): DESEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

This research is prompted by the thought of Kamaruddin Amin who challenges the concept of ‘Ulūm al-Ḥadīth about the transmission of mudallisīn in the Ṣahīḥ al-Bukhārī and Ṣahīḥ Muslīm. The article finds that: first, there have been inconsistencies and gaps between the theory and practice in the concept of tadlīs; second, there are negative implications of application of tadlīs according to ‘Ulūm al-Ḥadīth against the transmission of mudallisīn; third, Ṣīghat al-Taḥammul wa al-Adā’ has no significance either in the study of ḥadīth authentication in general or in the context of tadlīs in particular; fourth, Nāsir al-Dīn al-Albānī’s method of determining the authenticity of mudallas ḥadīth has a weakness and negative implications upon mudallas ḥadīths in general; fifth, the application of mudallas ḥadīth criticism according to the traditional method using al-jarḥ muqaddam ‘alā al-ta‘dīl idhā kānā mufassaran when the controversy occurs in the assessment of the predicate of a ḥadīth; and sixth, orientalist’s method of giving the calendar to the ḥadīth can be used as an alternative way to overcome the weaknesses of the method of classical ḥadīth science.

Analisis Metode Pemahaman Ḥadīth Muḥammad Shaḥrūr dalam Kitab al-Sunnah al-Rasūlīyah wa al-Sunnah al-Nabawīyah

Arifin, Syamsul

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 3 No 2 (2017): DESEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

This article specifically discusses the method and typology of understanding of the ḥadīth held by Muḥammad Shaḥrūr in his work al-Sunnah al-Rasūlīyah wa al-Sunnah al-Nabawīyah. The results reveal that Shaḥrūr offers a number of stages in understanding ḥadīth, are: first, understanding ḥadīth not as a divine revelation. Second, understanding ḥadīth according to the principles of al-tanzīl al-ḥakīm. Third, distinguishing the role of the Prophet Muhammad as an ordinary man, a prophet, and an apostle. Fourth, collecting ḥadīths which are meaningful or still in one theme. Fifth, testing ḥadīth with ratio, healthy logic, and science. Sixth, testing ḥadīth with the historical fact, and seventh, distinguishing the unseen and the seen. Furthermore, the typology of the understanding hadis of Shahrur in his book can be classified into a moderate-reformist school. This is because he invites Muslims to reconstruct the understanding of ḥadīth contextually.

Akar Gerakan Teologi Politik Fundamentalisme Islam Abad Modern Perspektif Karen Armstrong

Izad, Rohmatul

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora Vol 4 No 1 (2018): JUNI
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

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Abstract

The article analyzes the root of political movement of Islamic fundamentalism in the modern era with particular focus on tracing theological and political reason of this group in Karen Armstrong’s work. The author tries to critically discuss Armstrong’s views about political ideology held by the Islamic fundamentalism. Since the Islamic fundamentalism needs to be carefully understood as a political movement, it can help us to clearly identify their position along with their ideological basis they fight for. This study concludes that various types and forms of what so-called “fundamentalism” should be essentially observed as political-theological discourse; a sort of nationalism or ethnicity which is articulated in religiously manner. Therefore, fundamentalism can be understood as a political movement based on Islamic ideology. Furthermore, the theology and ideology of fundamentalists have been psychologically rooted from fear and anxiety. It has been a result of their assumption that the proponents of secularism would annihilate them. The fundamentalism is not an obsolete matter from the past; rather it is a modern and innovative movement.

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