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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli" : 6 Documents clear
Pangan yang difortifikasi zat gizi mikro pada ibu hamil meningkatkan perkembangan motorik bayi Saragih, Bernatal; Syarief, Hidayat; Riyadi, Hadi; Nasoetion, Amini
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15365

Abstract

Background: Many factors infl uence the growth and development of an infant but nutrition was undeniably one of the most important factors. One way to improve the nutritional status of infants was by providing supplementary foods fortifi ed with multiple micronutrients to mothers during pregnancy. Nutritional interventions during pregnancy provided better nutrient reserves for mothers and fetus.Objective: To analyze the impact of multi micronutrient-fortifi ed supplementary foods provision in pregnant mothers on motor development and anemia status of infants in three sub-districts of Bogor District namely: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng and Ciampea.Method: A total of 120 infants were followed up in a prospective cohort study. The subjects were divided into three groups, i.e: 40 infants in fortifi ed group (pregnant mothers received supplementary foods (vermicelli, milk and biscuit) fortifi ed with multi-nutrients i.e. iron, iodine, zinc, folic acid, vitamin C and vitamin A), 40 infants in non-fortifi ed groups (pregnant mothers received non fortifi ed foods) and 40 infants in the control groups (pregnant mothers did not receive any supplementary foods). Motor development was measured by methods developed by the Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia. Hb was measured by Cyanmethemoglobin method. Ancova and linear logistic regression were used to analyze the data.Results: Provision of multi micronutrient-fortifi ed supplementary foods in pregnant mothers substantially improves infant’s motor development (77% better than other groups). In addition, supplementation of multi micronutrient-fortifi ed foods in pregnant mothers reduced the rate of hemoglobin and hematocrit decline in infants up to the age of 6 months. There were no infants aged 6 months with Hb < 90 g / L in the fortifi ed group, while in the non-fortifi ed group and control group the prevalence of anemia was 8.3% and 11.11%, respectively.Conclusion: Provision of multi micronutrient-fortifi ed supplementary foods in pregnant mothers improved infant’s motor development.
Efek asupan vitamin D terhadap tekanan darah sistolik tikus putih (Rattus norvegicus) Hermawan, Dessy; Kadarsih, Sri; ., Sunarti; Astuti, Indwiani; Agus, Zaenal Arifin Nang
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15363

Abstract

Background: Hypertension still became potential life threatening disease for human life. The prevalence of hypertension was high and tends to increase. Previous study suggested that there was a linier rise in blood pressure at increasing distances from the equator. More recent study indicated that vitamin D insuffi ciency may be associated with elevated blood pressure.Objective: To investigate the effect of vitamin D intake on blood pressure.Method: This was an experimental study with pre-post test group design. The subjects were 20 male Rattus norvegicus aged 8 weeks. Subjects were divided into 5 groups and each groups received treatment as follow: lived in dark cage and consumed vitamin D free diet for 1 – 13 days, then moved to normal cage (dark-light period) and given vitamin D per-oral of 0.25 μg/kg BW for 1 – 5 days. Data of systolic blood pressure was collected and analyzed with paired t test.Results: The absence of vitamin D in diet caused a signifi cant increase in systolic blood pressure (p=0.01) after 7 days of treatment in dark cage. While oral vitamin D supplementation of 0.25 μg/kg BW caused a signifi cant decline of systolic blood pressure since the fi rst day of vitamin D supplementation and the result appeared stronger after 4 days of treatment (p=0.001).Conclusion: Vitamin D intake had a strong infl uence on systolic blood pressure
Efek ekstrak teh hijau (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze var. assamica) terhadap berat badan dan kadar malondialdehid wanita overweight Hidayati, Alpha Olivia; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Huriyati, Emy
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15377

Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity were risk factors of various degenerative diseases. Green tea extract contains polyphenol compounds, particularly catechins which act as antioxidants, fat dissolvent and aid lipolysis. Thus, it is necessary to study the use of green tea as an alternative treatment to overcome overweight.Objective: To identify the effect of green tea extract supplementation on body weight and malondialdehide (MDA) level of overweight women in Yogyakarta District Health Office.Method: This was an experimental study with double-blind randomized controlled trial design. Subject of the study were divided into two groups; one group consumed green tea extract capsules and the other consumed placebo. Weight, 6 times 24 hours recall, and level of MDA were measured on every subject.Results: The results revealed that green tea extract has a weight-reducing effect and decrease MDA level of overweight women, though the reduction of weight and MDA level was not significant (p>0,05). Weight loss of 1.3% was observed in the treatment group, whereas the control group has an increase of 0.6% body weight, but the weight change was not significant (p=0.501, p=0.620). Changes in body weight after 12 weeks of treatment showed a significant disparity between the two groups (p=0.000). MDA level decreased by 10% in the treatment group compared to 8.3% in the control group. MDA levels pre and post intervention was significantly different in the treatment group (p=0.006), whereas in the control group there was no significant discrepancy observed (p=0.123). However, changes in MDA levels after 12 weeks of treatment showed no significant differences among groups (p=0.278). The mean nutrient intakes of subjects were still below the recommended dietary allowance (RDA), except for protein.Conclusion: Green tea extract had a weight-reducing effect and decrease MDA level of overweight women in Yogyakarta District Health Office, though the reduction was not statistically significant.
Faktor risiko obesitas pada ibu rumah tangga miskin Purwaningrum, Digna Niken; Hadi, Hamam; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15361

Abstract

Background: Food insecurity is associated with allocation of income for high energy density food consumption that may cause obesity in poor family. In addition, low physical activity may lead to obesity, particularly in individual living in disadvantaged situation.Objective: To identify risk factors of obesity among poor housewives in Yogyakarta.Method: This was a case control study, case group was obese housewives and the control group was non obese housewives. The locations of the study were Bumijo and Pringgokusuman which have high population density. The samples were taken purposively. Each group consisted of 70 housewives (1:1) and were matched according to age. Mc.Nemar test and conditional logistic regression were used to identify the risk factors of obesity.Results: There was no difference in characteristics between the two groups. Food insecurity reached 91,43% in the control group, proportion of excessive energy intake reached 37.86% in the case group, higher than in control group (24.29%). Excessive fat intake in the case group reached 30% whereas in the control group was 28.57%. Low physical activity reached 40% in the case group, and 10% in the control group. The result of Mc.Nemar test showed that food insecurity, energy and fat intake had no significant association with obesity (p>0.05). While physical activity was associated with obesity (p=0.0001). The result of conditional logistic regression showed physical activity was dominant risk factor for obesity among poor housewives (R2=0.1916).Conclusion: Food security status was not a risk factor for obesity in poor families; energy intake and fat intake contributed to the prevalence of obesity though the influence was smaller than physical activity.
Suplementasi multi mikronutrien dibandingkan Fe-asam folat terhadap kadar hemoglobin dan berat badan ibu hamil anemia Masthalina, Herta; Hakimi, Mohammad; Helmyati, Siti
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15375

Abstract

Background: As a part of global strategy to prevent micronutrient deficiency in pregnant mothers, UNICEF recommends the use of multi-micronutrients supplements as an initial program in developing countries. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effect of multi-micronutrient supplementation on Hb level and weight gain of anemic pregnant women in Lombok Tengah District.Objective: To investigate the effect of multi-micronutrient compared to Fe – folic acid supplementation on Hb level and weight gain of anemic pregnant mothers.Method: This was a quasi-experimental study with non equivalent control group design. Subjects in the intervention group were given multi-micronutrient supplements provided by UNICEF, whereas subjects in the control group were given Fe – folic acid supplements. The supplements were given daily to the two groups for 91 days. Hb level and weight were measured before and after intervention.Results: Statistical analysis showed no significant differences (p=0.96) in Hb level and weight gain (p=0.454) between the two groups. The increase of Hb level and weight in the intervention group vs control group were 0,53±0,95 g/dL vs 0,89±1,15 g/dL and 4,89±2,71 kg vs 4,32±1,75 kg, respectively.Conclusion: There were no significant differences in Hb level and weight gain between pregnant mothers consuming multi-micronutrient supplements compared to those consuming Fe – folic acid supplements.
Efek F100 dan formula tepung tempe terhadap kadar serum Fe dan hemoglobin pada anak gizi kurang Iva, Tsalissavrina; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Lestari, Lily Arsanti
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.15373

Abstract

Background: Protein energy deficiency is a major public health problem in Indonesia. WHO has recommended F100 made from skim milk for undernourished patient. Alternative formulas have been developed using other nutritious foods that are cheaper, easily accessible and can be used for children with lactose intolerance such as tempe flour.Objective: To investigate the effect of F100 and tempe flour formula supplementation on serum Fe and hemoglobin (Hb) levels of undernourished child.Method: This was an experimental study with randomized controlled clinical trial design and purposive sampling method. Subjects of the study were undernourished patients aged 1-10 years hospitalized at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang. Sample consisted of 30 patients divided into 2 groups; group 1 supplemented with F100 and group 2 with tempe flour formula. Hb level was assessed by cyanmethemoglobin and serum Fe level by colorimetric method. Dietary intake data was collected by visual comstock and food recall. Data were analyzed by chi square, unpaired t-test and double linear regression.Results: Statistical analysis showed that there were no significant differences in Hb (p=0.139) and serum Fe levels (p=0.313) between both groups after treatment. Intake data indicated that there was a significant disparity in protein (p=0.019) and Fe intake (p=0.006) between the two groups, whereas energy, fat and carbohydrate intake showed no significant differences. Lastly, the association between energy and nutrient intake with serum Fe and Hb levels was not significant and the correlation was weak (r<1).Conclusion: There were no significant differences in hemoglobin and serum Fe levels between F100 group and tempe flour formula group, but there was a significant difference in protein and Fe intake.

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