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Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret" : 5 Documents clear
Pola makan berhubungan dengan sindrom metabolik pada lanjut usia di Poliklinik Geriatri RSUP Sanglah Denpasar Dewi, IGA Sagung Kusuma; Pramantara, I Dewa Putu; Pangastuti, Retno
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17718

Abstract

Background: Food intake is a factor determining health status and risk for degenerative diseases including metabolic syndrome. The fundamental function of someone’s nutritional status in the process of the emergence of generative disease and metabolic syndrome can be identified through the effect of food to the prevalence of obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia or glucose tolerance disorder.Objective: To identify the association between eating pattern and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the elderly at Geriatric Polyclinic of Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.Method: The study was analytic observational with matched case control study design using ratio 1:1. There were 80 samples consisting of 40 as control group and 40 as cases matched by age and gender. Eating pattern was identified through food frequency questionnaire and calculated and compared to the need. Statistical analysis used chi square and risk factors were measured using odds ratio (OR). Multivariate analysis used double logistic regression to find out risk factors dominantly affected metabolic syndrome.Result: The result of bivariate statistical test showed significant difference in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (p < 0.05) for energy intake (OR: 9.1; CI95%: 1.9-43.8), protein (OR: 3.8; CI95%: 1.5-9.7), fat (OR: 3.8; CI95%: 1.1-13.2), carbohydrate (OR:11.4; CI95%: 2.3-54.2). The result of multivariate analysis showed that the variables having dominant risk and significant difference in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome were carbohydrate consumption (OR: 8.1; CI95%: 1.29–50.89), fat consumption (OR: 4.9; CI95%: 1.17-20.61) and protein consumption (OR: 3.9; CI95%: 1.27-12.30).Conclusion: There was difference in eating pattern, i.e. high consumption of carbohydrate, fat and protein which became risk factor for the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the elderly at Geriatric Polyclinic of Sanglah Hospital Denpasar.
Evaluasi program pemberian MP-ASI bubuk instan dan biskuit di Kota Mataram, Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Lombok Timur dan Bengkulu Utara tahun 2007 Adiyasa, I Nyoman; Hadi, Hamam; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17723

Abstract

Background: Increasing number of poor families leads to higher prevalence of malnourishment and malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition in children under five based on weight/age at the Province of Nusa Tenggara Barat and Bengkulu 2005 was above the national target. An effort made by the government to minimize the prevalence of malnourishment/ malnutrition is through the distribution of individual complementary breastfeeding for infants and children of 6-24 months old from poor families. The program had been implemented since 2003-2005 and there were problems of its implementation. In 2007 the program was re-implemented through the program of instant powder and biscuit complementary breastfeeding distribution but its achievement has never been evaluated.Objective: To evaluate the achievement of instant powder and biscuit complementary breastfeeding program at Mataram Municipality, District of Lombok Barat, Lombok Timur, and Bengkulu Utara 2007.Method: The study was observational with pre and posttest design using descriptive, analytical, quantitative, qualitative, and explorative approaches. Subjects were managers of complementary breastfeeding program at provincial, district/ municipal level, health centers, villages/integrated service post and program target. Variables of input, process, output and outcome were obtained through observation, filling in questionnaires, indepth interview, and secondary data recording. Data were analyzed descriptively, analytically, and qualitatively.Result: In the aspect of input, only human resources that was quantitavely adequate, and so were technical guideline at Lombok Timur, Complementary breastfeeding packages relevant with the quantity proposed at Bengkulu Utara. Budget for socialization and program guidebook at Bengkulu Utara were not available. Distribution method was relevant with the guidebook. In the aspect of process, planning was irrelevant with the guidebook; storage was 43.8% relevant with the requirement; distribution was 31.3% relevant with the schedule, quantity and types; monitoring was relevant with the schedule of integrated service post. In the aspect of output, the program was 78.8% relevant with target; 32.5% relevant with quantity; 95.6% could improve weight gain (p < 0.05). In the aspect of outcome: the program could overcome and prevent the prevalence of malnutrition, malnourishment and sustain good nutrition status as much as 55.6% and the result of Z-score statistical test was p < 0.05.Conclusion: Achievement of instant powder and biscuit complementary breastfeeding program in aspect of input was average at three districts/municipality and good at District of Lombok Timur and poor at District of Bengkulu Utara; in aspect of output was poor at three districts/municipality and average at District of Bengkulu Utara; in aspect of outcome was poor at all districts/municipality. There was difference in average weight target before and after the supply of complementary breastfeeding. There was difference in average Z score target before and after the supply of complementary breastfeeding.
Asupan vitamin B3 (niasin), C, E, dan serat berhubungan dengan dislipidemia pada penyakit jantung koroner di RS DR. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Muzakar, Muzakar; Dinarti, Kris; Astuti, Herni
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17719

Abstract

Background: Coronary heart disease is a health problem both in developed and developing countries including Indonesia. The result of household health survey in 1992 and 1995 indicated that coronary heart disease was the first cause of death with the prevalence as much as 16.5% and 19% subsequently. Coronary heart disease is caused by many factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking and diabetes mellitus. High intake of unsaturated fat for a long time can increase blood lipid level. Efforts to lowering blood cholesterol can be made by managing macro nutrient intake as well as micro nutrient intake such as vitamin B3, C, E, and fibers.Objective: To find out the relationship between intake of vitamin B3 (niacin), C, E and fibers and dyslipidemia in coronary heart disease at dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital of Palembang.Method: The study was analytic observational which used cross sectional design. Subject of the study were dyslipidemia patients of coronary heart disease who were newly diagnosed. There were as many as 50 patients who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria and were purposively chosen. The study was carried out at cardiology room from October 2007 to February 2008. Data of intake were obtained from questionnaires of quantitative food frequency and processed using computer. Chi square test was used to identify the relationship between intake and lipid profile; Spearman rho correlation was used to find out the level of relationship; and odds ratio was used to identify the risk.Result: There was significant relationship between intake of vitamin B3, C, E and fibers and total cholesterol (p < α). There was significant relationship between intake of vitamin E and triglyceride (p = 0.015). There was significant relationship between intake of vitamin B3, E and fibers and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < α). There was significant relationship between intake of vitamin B3, C, E and fibers and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < α).Conclusion: There was relationship between low intake of vitamin B3, C, E and fibers of dyslipidemia patients in coronary heart disease.
Analisis sisa makanan dan biaya sisa makanan pasien skizofrenia rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Madani Palu Irawati, Irawati; Prawiningdyah, Yeni; Budiningsari, R Dwi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17720

Abstract

Background: Food has not only considerable therapeutic but also economic value. The success of food provision is related to leftover that can indicate less optimum food provision in hospitals. Leftover indicates the presence of wasted cost.Objective: To analyze leftover and cost of leftover of schizophrenic inpatients at Madani Mental Hospital Palu.Method: The study used cross sectional method. Subject of the study were schizophrenic inpatients who got ordinary food portion had been mobilized from acute to common room 2 x 24 hours, put in class 3 room, were able to eat food on their own with exclusion criteria the presence of accompanying diseases that could affect appetite and got food from outside the hospital (n = 35). Data were analyzed quantitatively using chi square to find out factors related with the presence of leftover. Data of respondent characteristics and cost of leftover were analyzed descriptively.Result: There was difference in leftover based on sex and portion in particular rice and animal side dish leftover (p <0.05) but there was no significant difference in age, type of schizophrenic disease, duration of hospitalization and previous hospitalization (p ≥ 0.05). Total cost of wasted food a day was Rp 1,529.33.Conclusion: There was difference in leftover based on sex and portion particularly rice and animal side dish leftover. Average amount of leftover varied according to eating time and types of food. Cost of wasted food varied according to types of food.
Status stres psikososial dan hubungannya dengan status gizi siswa SMP Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta Kusuma, Mutiara Tirta Prabandari Lintang; Wirasto, Ronny Tri; Huriyati, Emy
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 6, No 3 (2010): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17722

Abstract

Background: Adolescent is a transition phase from childhood to adulthood that marked by the change on physical, mental and psychosocial aspect. Adaptation on the change that people met in their life is called psychosocial stress. Stress makes a change on food habit and a disturbance on nutrition’s absorbance. Those circumstances affect people’s nutritional status.Objectives: To identify the correlation between psychosocial stress and nutritional status among SMP Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta’s students.Methods: This study was an observational study which used a cross sectional design. It held by quantitative approach to identify the relationship between psychosocial stress and nutritional status. Subject of the study were 85 students of SMP Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta. Respondent’s identities were collected by using identity questionnaire. Psychosocial stress’s status was collected by using SRRS questionnaire (social readjustment rating scale) that was modified for adolescent. Respondent’s calories intakes were assessed by using the form food recall 3 x 24 h. Anthropometrics data collected were weight and height. The adjustment of psychosocial stress’s status used SRRS questionnaires. Calories intake were measured by using nutrition software (Fp2). Student’s nutritional status was measured by using Epi 2000 software. Relationship’s analysis among variables uses statistical test of SPSS 12.00, with the correlation or linear regression test.Result: From this study, 49.4% (42 people) have normal nutritional status, 4.7 % at under nutrition level, 25.9% at risk of obesity, and 20% obesity. From the measurement of psychosocial stress’s score, there were 61.2% (52 people) in a non-tress condition, while the other was on stress at different level. Statistical test showed that there was no relationship between psychosocial stress and nutritional status (p > 0.05).Conclusion: There was no significant relationship between psychosocial stress and nutritional status among SMP Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta’s students.

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