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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 4 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli" : 4 Documents clear
Asupan gizi dan status gizi sebagai faktor risiko hipertensi esensial pada lansia di Puskesmas Curup dan Perumnas Kabupaten Rejang Lebong Propinsi Bengkulu Riyadi, Agung; Wiyono, P; Budiningsari, R Dwi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17464

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is happened generally at someone who has age more than 40 year. The prevalence of hypertension was tend to increase along with the increasing of amount of the elderly. Changing of nutrition status and unfavorable nutrition intakes like is high fat, sodium and low micronutrients (potassium, calcium, magnesium) have an effect to incidence of essential hypertension. Retreating of biologic accompanying aging process sometimes make the elderly become resistance to get quality of intakes nutrition.Objective: The study was conducted to know relations between nutrition intakes and nutrition status with occurrence on essential hypertension of the elderly in the health center Curup and Perumnas, Rejang Lebong District.Method: The study was observational analytic with case control matched study. Subject of the study was divided into two group i.e. case and control with comparison case and control 1:1 which matched to age and sex. Total subject were 150, taken by simple random method. The cases were essential hypertension patients who had recently diagnosed by doctors. Blood pressure measurements were three times in supine position. Hypertension was defined as average of three times supine systolic/diastolic blood pressures at p >140/ 90 mmHg. Nutrition status was determined by Body Mass Index (BMI). Intake nutrients were collected using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) in the last 3 months by using food model. χ 2 McNemar were used to bivariate analytic and condition logistic regression to identify risk factors associated with essential hypertension.Result: This study showed that there were 4 variables significantly related with essential hypertension, i.e. intakes of sodium (OR: 3.43; CI 95%:1.09-10.77), potassium (OR: 0.24; CI 95%:0.07-0.84), stress (OR: 3.79; CI 95%:1.18-12.12), and obesity (OR: 4.57; CI 95%:1.49-13.95). The no significant correlation (p>0.05) identified for intakes of fat, calcium, magnesium, coffee consumption, smoking status and family history of essential hypertension.Conclusion: High intake of sodium, stress and obesity were the risk factors on occurrence of essential hypertension. In the other hand, high intake of potassium were reduce the risk on occurrence of essential hypertension (protective factor) in the health center Curup and Perumnas, Rejang Lebong District.
Pengaruh suplementasi besi-folat, vitamin A dan seng terhadap durasi dan frekuensi sakit ISPA pada anak sekolah dasar dengan status gizi kurang di Kabupaten Bantul Mulyati, Sri; Julia, Madarina; Mursyid, Abidillah
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17458

Abstract

Background: Children in school-age are categorized as sensitive group who are in the second fast growth so that adequate nutrition intake is needed. Under-nourished students tend to have low immune and susceptible to illness. Nutrition with infections disease has reciprocal relation, well-nourished will increase body immunity to infections disease and on the other hand, infection disease may worsen nutritional status condition. The relation between lack of micro-nutrient and the decreasing of body immune to ARI need to be solved; one way to solve such problem is by giving supplementation.Objective: The study was meant to know the influence of iron-folate, vitamin A and zinc supplementation to the duration and frequency of ARI among under-nourished elementary students grade IV – VI in Bantul regency.Method: This was experimental with factorial design. Subjects were divided into four treatment groups: iron-folate supple-mentation group were 38 students, iron-folate and vitamin A supplementation group were 39 students, iron-folate and zinc supplementation group were 40 students, and iron-folate, vitamin A and zinc supplementation group were 37 students. Data collected with recall twice a week during 3 months supplementation.Result: Supplementation did not influence frequency of ARI among 113 elementary students with ARI (p=0.72) among four supplementation groups, while the duration of ARI were: iron-folate, vitamin A, zinc 6.5 days, iron-folate, vitamin A 7.7 days, iron-folate, zinc 8.6 days and iron-folate only 11.2 days. In the average, the duration of ARI from every ARI symptom was the duration of cough, the longest cold was in iron-folate group, while cough symptom, the shortest cold was in iron-folate, zinc and vitamin A group.Conclusion: There were influence differences between iron-folate supplementation with Vitamin A and/or zinc and iron-folate supplementation to ISPA duration, but it did not give smaller influence statistically among frequency of ARI. Students with iron-folate, zinc and vitamin A supplementation had the shortest duration of ARI while students with iron-folate supplementation had the longest duration of ARI.
Hipnoterapi untuk penurunan berat badan pada individu obes Nurlita, Hera; Purba, Martalena; Paramastri, Ira
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17460

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a major health problem. There is a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in many countries and in Indonesia. Evidence strongly suggests that dietary intake of high energy, high fatty foods and decrease physical activity are the primary causes of obesity. Obesity has been directly linked with mortality and morbidity from chronic diseases. Treatment for obese person involves multiple techniques and strategies including dietary therapy, physical activity, behavior therapy as well as combination of these strategies. Hypnosis enables someone to change habits, achieve goals to reduce weight and long-term weight loss maintenance.Objective: This study was conducted to know whether hypnosis have an effect for weight loss in obese people.Method: The study was a quasi-experimental with a pre and posttest control group design. Subjects were divided into two groups; 11 obese individuals received hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling and another 11 obese individuals received only nutrition counseling. Weight was measured at the beginning of the intervention and thereafter. Food intake was analyzed with computer software. Wilcoxon was used to analyze the data.Result: Results of study showed that weight reduction varied between case and control (with hypnotherapy and without hypnotherapy). The average weight loss among the two groups (3.29 kg in case and 0.60 kg in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). The average energy intake among the two groups (1278.4 kcal in case and 1659 kcal in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). Physical activity in case group was higher than the control group.Conclusion: A combination of hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling leads to a better weight reduction than the one without hypnotherapy.
Pola makan dan obesitas sebagai faktor risiko diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di Rumah Sakit Sanglah Denpasar Wiardani, Ni Komang; Hadi, Hamam; Huriyati, Emy
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17456

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with its increasing prevalence worldwide, including in Indonesia and in Bali province especially among adult group. The increasing prevalence of DM is followed by the increasing prevalence of obesity affected by changes in lifestyle and unhealthy dietary patterns.Objective: The study was conducted to investigate relations between dietary patterns and obesity with type 2 DM in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar.Method: The study was observational analytic with matched case control study. Subject of the study was divided into two groups, i.e. case and control with comparison case and control 1:2 which matched to age and sex. The cases were type 2 DM patients who had recently diagnosed on first visited in Sanglah Hospital. Control 1 was outpatients of non-type 2 DM in Sanglah Hospital and control 2 were taken from the case-neighboring household. Total subject were 147, taken by consecutive method. Collected data were subject identity, dietary patterns, physical activity, weight, height, waist circumference and fasting blood sugar. Dietary patterns were collected using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), physical activity was collected using modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and fasting blood sugar were estimated using biosensor of glucose. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify risk factors associated with type 2 DM.Result: This study showed that there were 5 variables significantly related with type 2 DM, i.e. interaction of overall obesity with the dietary fiber intake (OR:10.7; 95% CI: 3.5-33.7), family history (OR:5.5, 95% CI: 2.2-13.3), source of high fat animal protein (OR:4.9, 95% CI:1.5-16.1), source of low fat animal protein (OR:0.1, 95% CI: 0-0.5), hypertension (OR:3.7, 95% CI:1.4-9.9)Conclusion: The interaction between overall obesity with dietary fiber intake, family history, source of high fat animal protein, source of low fat animal protein and hypertension were the risk factors of type 2 DM occurrence in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar.

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