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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli" : 6 Documents clear
Perbedaan asupan energi, zat gizi makro dan mikro pada mahasiswa S2 IKM reguler yang stress Puri, Ice Yolanda; Dahlan, Pernodjo; Paramastri, Ita
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17422

Abstract

Background: In general, sufferers of stress lose appetite, although sometimes some of them eat more than usual. If they lose appetite, there will be energy and protein deficiency. This condition will disrupt antibody so that they can get easily infected. Stress causes nutrition absorption disorder and then reduces antibody. Emotional and environmental stress will lose vitamin C as much as 2500 mg within a short period. Another bad impact is reducing supply of vitamin B12, vitamin C, calcium and zinc.Objective: To identify differences of energy, macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) and micronutrient (vitamin C, vitamin B12, calcium and zinc) intake among postgraduate students of public health sciences (Health Policy Management and Service, Health Nutrition and Mother and Child Health Reproduction) with low, middle and high stress.Method: The study was an observational type which used a nested case control design. It used a quantitative approach to analyze stress and intake of energy, macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein and fat) and micronutrient (vitamin C, B12, calcium and zinc). Subject of the study were as many as 34 postgraduate students of public health sciences of Gadjah Mada University of academic year 2004/2005. Data of respondents’ identity, intake of protein, macronutrient and micronutrient and stress were achieved directly through questionnaires. Intake data were taken from food record form with multiple record 4 x 24 methods which were collected for a month to represent all days. Anthropometric data used was body weight. Data of stress were collected using stress questionnaires. Intake data analysis used NutriSurvey program. Anova test were used to identify differences of aver-age consumption of macro and micro nutrients.Result: There was no difference of macronutrient and micro-nutrient intake with low, middle and high stress. Result of Anova analysis showed that there was no significant difference be-tween intake of macronutrient and micronutrient and level of stress.Conclusion: There was no significant difference of macronutrient and micronutrient intake with low, middle and high level of stress among postgraduate students of public health sciences of academic year 2004/2005.
Pengaruh pendidikan gizi pada murid sekolah dasar terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu keluarga mandiri sadar gizi di Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir Zulkarnaini, Zukarnaini; Castro, Toto; Widodo, Untung
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17424

Abstract

Background: KADARZI could be realized by optimizing the role of family, namely by increasing nutrition knowledge, changing attitude and behavior and developing independent family. The poor knowledge, attitude and behavior of society, especially house wives, to-ward nutrition and health are important factors which influence the realization of KADARZI programme. The evaluation of KADARZI programme in 2002 in Indragiri Hilir resulted 22.41% from the target 80%. One way to increase society’s knowledge, attitude and behavior toward nutrition is by giving nutrition education during early life.Objective: The study was purposed to investigate the influence of nutrition education among elementary school students to KADARZI house wives knowledge, attitude and behavior.Method: This was quasi experimental with non-randomized control group pretest-posttest study. Subjects were elementary students in the fourth, fifth, and sixth class along with their mothers. The place was in Indragiri Hilir district. Subjects were gathered by purposive. The quantity of subjects were determined with sample formulation, knowledge, attitude and behavior data were gathered by interview and observation adjusted in questionnaire list. Characteristic was analyzed with chi square, statistic test with t-test, with significance level of p=0.05.Result: The analysis of age, education, occupation, the number of household members and family income of both group were similar. Pretest analysis of knowledge, attitude and behavior among students and mothers in both groups were also similar in both groups before intervention. Posttest analysis of knowledge, attitude and behavior of treatment group were significantly increased (p<0.05). While in the control group showed insignificant differences (p>0.05). Analysis among mothers whose children got no intervention showed there were no significant differences (p>0.05). While mothers whose children got intervention showed insignificant differences in knowledge and attitude but behavior.Conclusion: Nutrition education about KADARZI on elementary student couldn’t increase mother’s knowledge and attitude but behavior.
Hubungan antara pola konsumsi gluten dan kasein dengan skor CARS (childhood autism rating scale) pada anak ASD (autistic spectrum disorder) Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Sunartini, Sunartini; Julia, Madarina
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17425

Abstract

Background: The worldwide prevalence of ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder) during the last few years is increasing. The association between diet free of gluten and casein and improvement of autistic behaviors is still under questions.Objective: To study the association between the consump6tion of gluten and casein and the score of Childhood Autistic Rating Scale (CARS) in children with ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder). The study also aimed at understanding mothers’ attitude toward the diet.Methods: This was a cross sectional study on 10 mothers of children suffering from ASD in a clinic in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. A dietician measured the consumptions of gluten and casein with scored food frequency questionnaire while experts in the clinic measured CARS. In-depth interviews were performed to capture the mothers’ attitude toward the diet.Result: There was a decrease in the mean score of consumption of gluten and casein before and after diagnoses of ASD, mean difference of 156.6 (125.2; 187.9), p<0.001). There was no significant correlation between the consumption score of gluten and casein and the decrease in the score of CARS (r= 0.274, p= 0.82). Mothers thought diet free of gluten and casein was associated with improvement of behaviors.Conclusion: Consumption of gluten and casein decreased after diagnosis of ASD. Mothers think diet free of gluten and casein improved their children’s behaviors.
Analisis potensi pengembangan instalasi gizi Rumah Sakit Umum Banyumas menjadi profit center Wahyanto, Wahyanto; Hadi, Hamam; Riyarto, Sigit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17426

Abstract

Background: A hospital is supposed to be self-financed. Nutrition installation as one of units in the hospital is categorized as a cost center unit. It may be changed into a profit center unit if it is developed by providing foods for staff, students and patients’ families.Objectives: To know feasibility of nutrition department development potential of Banyumas Hospital through provision of food service for staff, students and patients’ families in order to contribute for hospital income.Methods: Primary data were collected through questionnaires to know: willingness to pay for from staff, students and patients’ families and commitment of nutrition installation staff; and through focus group discussion to know the commitment of hospital management. Secondary data were obtained from non-experiment observation at nutrition installation and hospital secretariat. Nutrition service development feasibility was viewed from market, commitment of staff and hospital management, and technical aspects.Results: Result of the study showed than potential of nutrition department development to become a profit center by serving foods for staff, students and patients’ families was feasible to implement viewed from: market aspect, there was definite potential market, willingness and capacity to pay, high interest to become customers and marketing mix control; Investment criteria, Net Present value was as much as Rp166,333,504.04, Internal Rate of Return Value was 81.9%, Pay Back Period was 9 months, and Break Even Point was 2 years 10 months and 24 days; Nutrition Installation staff and hospital management commitment was high; Technical aspect, location, raw material resources, manpower, production capacity and facilities were justified.Conclusion: Nutrition department development was feasibly potential to be implemented.
Sistem distribusi dan cakupan suplementasi tablet besi ibu hamil pascabencana tsunami 2004 di Kabupaten Aceh Besar Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Maryani, Maryani; Gunawan, I Made Alit; Helmyati, Siti
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17420

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of anemia is one of indicators applied to determine pregnant woman nutrition status. The coverage of iron supplementation is still low due to poor iron distribution. In Aceh Besar regency, the prevalence of anemia in 2003 was 18.71% and become 45.5% in 2005 (report of Rapid Nutrition Assessment in Tsunami Affected Districts in NAD, February-March 2005).Objective: The study was meant to explore the distribution system and iron supplementation coverage post tsunami in Aceh Besar regency, NAD Province.Method: This was a qualitative naturalistic study; the design was investigative exploration study, and the data was collected by indepth interview. The analysis unit was health department, primary health care and villages in Aceh Besar regency. Subjects were stakeholders and pregnant women taken by purposive sampling and showed descriptively.Result: Poor health service and unreadiness of health staff affected the stagnation of iron distribution program. The un-available of guidance book and lack of nutrition staff and midwife development become so crucial. Indeed, they could not understand their jobs description in expanding iron distribution network. Furthermore, the distribution of iron tablet was done passively of pregnant woman visiting health service place. The policy of iron distribution by health department of Aceh Besar regency post tsunami 2004 were collecting data and pregnant woman ANC service held by mid-wife using iron program. The achievement of iron supple-mentation coverage was still low, though the attitude of pregnant woman has changed.Conclusion: The stagnation of basic health service and lack of health staff empowerment affected poor iron distribution for pregnant woman.
Pola makanan pendamping air susu ibu dan status gizi bayi 0-12 bulan di Kecamatan Lhoknga Kabupaten Aceh Besar Ahmad, Aripin; Boediman, Dradjat; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17419

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in Indonesia is still high. One of potential factor contributing to the high prevalence of malnutrition is improper complementary feeding pattern and breast feeding practices. In the community there are three complementary feeding patterns; those are traditional feeding, industries feeding and combination.Objective: This study was conducted to analyze the association between complementary feeding, energy and protein intake, and breast feeding status with nutritional status of infants 0-12 month old.Method: This study used a cross sectional design. Subjects were 151 infants 0-12 month old. Complementary feeding pattern and breast feeding status were collected using interview methods. Energy and protein intakes were collected using food recall methods. Nutritional status was measured using weight for length (WHZ). The chi square test was used to analyze the data.Result: There wasn’t any association between complementary feeding pattern and nutritional status of infants 0-6 m.o. old (p=0.04) and 6-12 month (p=0.62). There wasn’t any association between energy intake and nutritional status of infants 0-6 month old (p=0.40), but there was any association in infants 6-12 month old (p=0.01). Protein intake associated with nutritional status of infants 0-6 m.o. old and 6-12 month old (p=0.033 and p=0.04). Breast feeding status didn’t associated with nutritional status of infants 0-6 month old and 6-12 month old (p=0.689 and p=0.10).Conclusion: Complementary pattern and breast feeding status were not associated with nutritional status. Energy intake was associated with nutritional status of infants 6-12 month old. Protein intake associated with nutritional status of infants 0-6 month old and 6-12 month old.

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