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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli" : 5 Documents clear
Persepsi citra tubuh dan kendala untuk menurunkan berat badan pada remaja SLTP di Kota Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Bantul Tarigan, Noviani; Hadi, Hamam; Julia, Madarina
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17347

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents is increasing, both in the developed and developing countries. Obesity has been reported to be related to the impairment of body image, but this association has not been studied among Indonesian adolescents.Objective: To assess the perception of body image and the obstacles for reducing body weight in obese junior high school adolescents in the District of Yogyakarta and Bantul.Methods: This is a cross sectional study, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Body images were assessed using Body Image Assessment for Obesity (BIA-O) with 8 figures. In depth interview were used to assess the perceptions of body images and the obstacles in reducing body weight faced by the obese adolescents.Results: Obese adolescents had significantly larger dissatisfaction to their body images compared to their non-obese peers, i.e. mean (95%CI) scores of dissatisfaction of 1.89 (1.69 – 2.08) in obese adolescents compared to –0.27 (-0.49 to 0.05) in non-obese adolescents. Most of the obese adolescents had tried to reduce their weight, mostly in order to have a better looks, but failures and hardships in the efforts had made most of them stopped trying.Conclusion: Obese adolescent were not satisfied with their image. Most of them had tried to reduce body weight but failures had made them stop trying.
Pengukuran status gizi pasien anak menggunakan metode subjective global nutrition assessment (SGNA) sebagai prediktor lama rawat inap, status pulang dan kejadian malnutrisi di rumah sakit Wahyuni, Sri; Julia, Madarina; Budiningsari, R Dwi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17349

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is associated with longer stay, higher risk of complication and mortality.Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment (SGNA) is a recently discovered method to assess nutritional status.Objective: To assess the association between nutritional statuses of under-fi ve year old patients measured with SGNA and length of inpatient stay, discharge status and occurrence of malnutrition.Methods: Under-fi ve year old patients hospitalized in Pediatric Ward of Pekanbaru Hospital had their nutritional status measured with SGNA on admission. Three groups were identifi ed: exposed to bad nutritional status, i.e. SGNA C (worst) and B (moderate), and not exposed to bad nutritional status (SGNA A). Length of hospital stay, discharge status and occurrence of malnutrition in exposed groups (SGNA B and C) were independently compared to non-exposed group (SGNA A) as the reference. Other variables measured were types of diseaseand intake of energy and protein.Results: Children with SGNA C and B had higher risk to stay longer in hospital, i.e. RR (95%CI) of 3.2 (1.7-6.0) and 2.5 (1.3 – 4.9), respectively. They had also higher risk for discharged without complete recovery, i.e. RR (95%CI) of 3.3 (1.8-6.2) and 2.2 (1.1 – 4.3), respectively. Children with SGNA C had higher risk for hospital malnutrition, i.e. RR (95%CI) of 2.8 (1.5-5.2), but not children with SGNA B. Types of disease, energy and protein intake were not important effect modifi ers for this association.Conclusion: Nutritional status on admission was signifi cantly associated with length of hospital stay, discharge status and occurrence of hospital malnutrition.
Hubungan pola makan dengan pengendalian kadar glukosa darah pengidap diabetes melitus tipe 2 rawat jalan di RSU Gunung Jati Cirebon Juleka, Juleka; Asdie, Ahmad Husain; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17348

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease which has increasing prevalence today. The result of epidemiological study in Indonesia showed that DM prevalence was 1,5-2,3% to population aging over 15 years. DM disease cannot be cured but can be controlled to slow down the complications. Consumption planning is a major component in DM management. there are 3 main principles applied in the supply of food to diabetics, i. e. number of calories, type of food and meal schedule. Observation result shows that over 50% of diabetics do not follow the suggested consumption planning.Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between eating pattern and control of glucose to type 2 diabetics patients.Methods: The study was an analytic observational type using cross sectional design. Purposively taken samples were diabetic type 2 inpatients at Gunung Jati Hospital, Cirebon. Glucose of type 2 diabetics was determined through examination of glucose during fasting and 2 hours post prandial using enzymatic method gained from medical assessment data, and eating pattern gained from 24 hours recall method for 4 days. To know the relationship between eating pattern and control of glucose to type 2 diabetics, chi square, odds ratio (OR) signifi cance and logistic regression were tested.Results: There was relationship between energy (OR=31.6,CI=5.00-199.76), carbohydrate (OR=12.7,CI=1.30-124.3) and fat (OR=5.20, CI=1.08-24.89) intake with glucose control of type 2 diabetics, there was relationship between sugar consumption and process result (OR=13.1, CI= 2.59-66.2) of vegetables (OR=31.6, CI=3.74-267.6) and fruits (OR=5.16, CI=1.41-18.91) with glucose control, there was no relationship between protein intake and meal schedule with glucose control of type 2 diabetics.
Akurasi petugas dalam penentuan sisa makanan pasien rawat inap menggunakan metode taksiran visual skala comstock 6 poin Susyani, Susyani; Prawirohartono, Endy Paryanto; Sudargo, Toto
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17351

Abstract

Background: bserving plate waste is categorized as a simple way but yet still needs evaluation. When many foods are wasted, a dietitian should quickly respond and know the best way how to overcome the matters. There are three accurate ways to determine plate waste: plate waste weighing, visual estimation, and 24 hours recall. The application of each method really depends on its purposes. According to previous researches there are significant and positive correlations between the visual estimation of Comstock Scale and plate waste weighing. Visual estimation, moreover, has more advantages as it is easy to apply, cheap, and less time consuming. Considering those advantages, visual estimation needs to be socialized and considered as a new accurate method besides weighing methods.Objective: The objective of this study is to know the medical official accuracy in determining plate waste using visual estimation of 6 point Comstock Scale.Methods: An observational study was conducted using a cross-sectional design. Subjects were nurses and meal servants from hospital wards. Before the meal served to the patient the food is weighed, than the observers officer has to observed portion sized. After the patient having meal, plate waste should be estimated using Comstock Scale by the officer after that the plate waste have to be weight to know the actual weigh. The accuracy difference between two groups in determining plate waste using Comstock Scale were analysed with t-test.Results: There was significant differences of accuracy (p=0.01) between nurse group and meal servant in estimating wasted rice and wasted meat (p=0.02). The difference were not due to the job factor but the significant of various meal (p=0.0001). The work experience is a significant factor in the accuracy of plate waste (p=0.42). There was no correlation between kind of job and kind of meal (p=0.47), and kind of meal with the work experience (p=0.79).Conclusion: Visual estimation of 6 point Comstock scale could be used by both nurses and meal servant in determining plate waste.
Pengaruh suplementasi tablet Fe dengan supervisi suami pada ibu hamil terhadap umur kehamilan di Kabupaten Bantul Widagdo, Dhuto; Hadi, Hamam; Lestariana, Wiryatun
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17350

Abstract

Background: The high prevalence of anemia pregnant women anemia in Indonesia reaches 50%–70%, and it is caused by many factors. First, it may be caused by low compliance of iron supplementation and second, it may be caused by bad distribution of iron supplementation. This prevalence results some effect: high maternal mortality rate, neonatal mortality rate, anemia in infancy, and low productivity. One solution to overcome this prevalence is by giving iron supplementation to pregnant women with husband’s supervision.Objective: This study aims to examine the relationship between iron supplementation with compliance, Hb value, and average of age gestation under husband’s supervision.Methods: This was quasi experimental non-equivalent control group design. Subjects were pregnant women aged 20–28 weeks whose hemoglobin level 8 gr/dl to 15 gr/dl. Subject were taken from three sub-districts of Bantul District, Special Teritory of Yogyakarta. Subject were divided into two groups, the first group (n=55) received 60 mg iron supplementation with husband’s supervision and the second group (n=65) received 60 mg iron supplementation without husband’s supervision.Results: The compliance of first the group was higher than the second group (x2=19,48 p<0,01). In the first group, iron supplementation was effective to increase Hb level it was statistically insignificant (p>0,05). In the second group, iron supplementation was also effective to increase Hb level and it is statistically significant (p<0,05). The difference of Hb level between two groups was insignifi cant. After the predictor variable was controlled using multivariate regression test, it showed that iron supplementation with husband’s supervision was effective to increased Hb level 0,8 gr/dl and statistically signifi cant (p<0,05). The gestation average of two groups was similar, but after predictor variable was controlled using multivariate test, it showed that iron supplementation with husband’s supervision had one week gestation longer than those group without husband’s supervision.Conclusion: Iron supplementation with husband’s supervision are effective to lengthen one week age gestation.

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