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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli" : 6 Documents clear
Potensi glukomanan pada tepung porang sebagai agen anti-obesitas pada tikus dengan induksi diet tinggi lemak Nissa, Choirun; Madjid, Indah Juliana
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22751

Abstract

Background: Epidemiological studies indicate that the global prevalence of obesity has increased. Glucomannan is a water-soluble, non-starch polysaccharide, known as soluble fiber. Glucomannan has the ability to lower blood cholesterol levels and blood glucose levels, weight loss and affects the activity of intestinal and immune system function.Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of glucomannan derived from konjac flour as antiobesity agent on body weight and food intake in rats induced by high-fat diet.Method: Research was conducted in the Pharmacology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brawijaya. This study uses a true experimental research design. Animals were divided into six groups, normal group, normal + konjac flour, obese group, obese group + konjac flour 100 mg/kg body weight, obese group + konjac flour 200 mg/kg body weight, obese group + konjac flour 400 mg/kg.Results: Based on One-way ANOVA test, there is a significant difference (p: 0.000) on body weight after konjac flour treatment in all groups. Based on the Kruskal-Wallis test, there is a difference in food intake in various groups (p = 0.000).Conclusion: It can be concluded that glucomannan derived from konjac flour can decrease body weight and food intake in rats induced by high-fat diet. 
Screen based activity sebagai faktor risiko kegemukan pada anak prasekolah Pangesti, Neni; Gunawan, I Made Alit; Julia, Madarina
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22924

Abstract

Background: Obesity in children increased health risk and the high cost of treatment of obesity. Extensive screen based activity (SBA) are sedentary behavior which is contributing to childhood obesity. Objective: to analyze the risk of the duration of SBA with obesity among preschool children in Yogyakarta city. Method: The study design was case-control study between obese and non-obese preschool children. A hundred and one pairs (obese and non-obese) subjects aged 3-5 years old who enrolled in preschools in Yogyakarta was obtained from screening. The school was selected using Probability Proportional to Size method. The case and control were matching by age and gender. Obesity was defined by WHZ-score > 2 SD. Preschool Physical Activity Questionnaire (PrePAQ) was used to collect the information on duration of SBA. Data duration SBA asked at weekdays and weekend. Data was analyzed using t-test and conditional logistic regression test. Results: children duration of SBA at weekend and parents duration of SBA were not statistically associated with obesity occurrence in children (p>0, 05). Obese children spent 48 minutes longer engaged in SBA compared to the non-obese children in weekdays.Conclusion: Children duration of SBA at weekdays could increase the risk of obesity occurrence among preschool children in Yogyakarta
Status gizi, asupan energi, dan serat sebagai faktor risiko kardiometabolik pada remaja pendek Fatimah, Siti Nur; Purba, Ambrosius; Rusmil, Kusnandi; Nugraha, Gaga Irawan
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22682

Abstract

Background: Prevalence of stunted adolescents is important because related with the cardiometabolic risk factor. Control of risk factors reduces the comorbidity including body mass index (BMI) control. Improvement of environmental factors such as energy and fiber intake contribute to reducing disease risk. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the relationship of a stunted adolescent with BMI, energy and fiber intake. Method: This study used cross-sectional design. The subject consisted of early adolescents with 10 to 14 years old in Jatinangor district, West Java. Determination of short stature and BMI refers to the WHO Growth Chart 2005. Data collection by the measure of height, weight, BMI calculation, and interviewed food intake by 3x24 hour food recall and analyzed with Nutrisurvey program. Statistical analysis by Mann-Whitney U test. Results: A total of 212 participants (106 stunted and 106 non-stunted) were enrolled. The proportion of stunted girls is 58 (54,9%) and stunted boys 48 (45,1%). Average of BMI in stunted is 17,15 (2,59) kg/m2 and 18,38 (3,33) kg/m2 in non-stunted, energy intake is 1.488,83 (513,52)kcal in stunted and 1.704,32 (663,49) in non-stunted,  fiber intake is 4,36 (1,18) g in stunted and  4,53 (2,15) g in non stunted. There are significant differences in all variables between stunted and non-stunted with a p value for BMI 0,017, in energy intake 0,034 and fiber intake 0,032. BMI showed the correlation with disease risk. including cardiometabolic diseases in stunting. Energy intake and low fiber in growth age increase the risk of cardiometabolic diseases because in stunting have a low metabolic adaptation in protein synthesis and fat oxidation. Conclusion: The study shows there is a difference between BMI, energy intake and fiber in the stunted adolescent and non-stunted adolescent. Further research needs to analyze another risk fctor and intervention to improve nutrition status and metabolic condition.
Perbedaan pengetahuan dan praktik pemberian makan serta perkembangan anak 6-24 bulan pada ibu usia remaja dan dewasa Widyaningrum, Rachmawati; Nurdiati, Detty Siti; Gamayanti, Indria Laksmi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22455

Abstract

Background: Preparing quality human resource for the future, children are being the most attention of the growth and development optimally. Critical aged of them is 0-2 years old. Pregnancy and giving birth on adolescence are still being the factors. Knowledge and feeding practice are also factors being the basic need for children development optimally.Objective: To know the difference between knowledge, feeding practice, and children development aged 6-24 months on adolescent and adult mother in Kasihan Primary Health Care, Bantul district, Yogyakarta.Method: This research was observational with a cross-sectional design. It held on July -September 2015 in work area of Kasihan subdistrict, Bantul district, Yogyakarta. Population defined as mother aged 15-40 years that lives in Kasihan subdistrict. The sample was taken using nonprobability consecutive technique sampling. It was got 66 children aged 6-24 months old with no having congenital defects, no following special development stimulation program,  and being able and want to follow this research as inclusion criteria. In this research, a mother was measured of knowledge level and feeding practice to her child, even though the child was measured off his/her development using BSID III. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square.Results: Adolescent mothers had a significantly larger proportion of children experiencing developmental disorders and feeding practices are less good compared with adult mothers.Conclusion: Adult mother has better knowledge and feeding practice than adolescent mothers. Adult mother also has a child with better developmental status than adolescent mothers.
Pemberian kombinasi probiotik dan zinc terhadap perubahan kadar hemoglobin, albumin, dan indeks massa tubuh pada pasien tuberkulosis paru Arifah, Meika Rahmawati; Darmono, Darmono; Sofro, Muchlis Achsan Udji
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23024

Abstract

Background: TB patients are generally the most productive age group and suffer from chronic energy deficiency. Therefore, patients with TB requires a combination of chemotherapy and supplementary feeding as probiotics and zinc to boost the immune response and nutritional status.Objective: To analyze the effect of a combined of probiotics and zinc on the changes of hemoglobin, albumin level, and BMI.Method: This study is a quasi-experimental, randomized design with pre-post test control group involving 52 respondents. They were divided into two groups. The treatment group was given a combination of 1 capsule of probiotics (2 billion probiotics) and zinc 20 mg per day for 28 days. The analysis is paired t-test, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney, Pearson, Spearman, Covariance.Results: There was an increase in hemoglobin (p=0.01), albumin (p=0.01) and BMI (p=0.01). There is no difference between the two groups in the levels of hemoglobin parameter (p=0.21) and BMI (p=0.12), whereas there is a difference parameter albumin levels (p=0.01). The effectiveness of interventions is 4% for hemoglobin levels, 16% to albumin, and 1% for IMT.Conclusion: Probiotics and zinc for 28 days in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis may increase levels of hemoglobin, albumin, and BMI, but there is no significant difference in the changes of BMI. The most powerful influence of intervention effectiveness is on albumin.
Pemberian kecambah kacang kedelai terhadap kadar malondialdehid (MDA) dan superoxide dismutase (SOD) tikus Sprague Dawley hiperkolesterolemia Setiawan, Denny Indra; Tjahyono, Kusmiyati; Afifah, Diana Nur
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22815

Abstract

Background: Consumption of foods high in fat that happens in society can cause free radicals and trigger oxidative stress that results in the accumulation of fat cells in the adipose, cells damage and even cells death. An antioxidant activity that originates from food in the body, depends on the number of substances that can be absorbed and used to metabolism process. The selection of groceries that right can be alternatives management in hyperlipidemia. Soybean sprouts have properties that neutralize free radicals cause hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular diseases because it is an antioxidant compound. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of soybean sprouts (Glycine Max) to levels of MDA and levels of SOD of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Method: Research laboratory tests design post only controlled group design. The sample was 30 tailed rat Rattus norvegicus species Sprague Dawley. The rat 8-10 weeks and samples to be divided into 5 group. Group 1 was normal rat without treatment; groups II are hypercholesterolemic rat without treatment; groups III are hypercholesterolemic rat with treatment sprouts soybeans 0,53 g; group IV are hypercholesterolemic rat with treatment sprouts soybeans 1,06 g; the group V are hypercholesterolemic rat with treatment sprouts soybeans 2,12 g and all groups are treatment for 4 week. Results: After four weeks of treatment, decline MDA levels in the hypercholesterolemic rat. Doses the provision of sprouts soybean 2,12 g/day is dosed most effective shown the significant differences (p<0.05) between the treatment group first to the treatment third group. Statistical analysis to SOD levels show differences meaningful in all the treatment group (p<0.05). Doses the provision of sprouts soybean 2,12 g/day proven effective against elevated levels of sod who demonstrated the significant differences (p=0,004) between the treatment group 1 (X1) to the treatment group 3 (X3). Conclusion: Doses sprouts 2,12 g is dosed optimal in preventing elevated levels of MDA and help improve levels of SOD hypercholesterolemic Sprague-Dawley rats.

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