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INDONESIA
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
ISSN : 1693900     EISSN : 25024140     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia merupakan jurnal ilmiah nasional terakreditasi yang memuat artikel penelitian (research article) di bidang gizi dan kesehatan, yang terkait aspek gizi klinis, gizi masyarakat, gizi olahraga, gizi molekular, biokimia gizi, pangan fungsional, serta pelayanan dan manajemen gizi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) diterbitkan empat bulan sekali sejak terbit Juli 2004 hingga Maret 2011 (Volume 1-7), kemudian sejak Juli 2011 (Volume 8) JGKI diterbitkan setiap tiga bulan. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia diterbitkan oleh Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia (PERSAGI) dan Asosiasi Dietisien Indonesia (AsDI).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April" : 5 Documents clear
Persepsi ibu tentang makanan obesogenis sebagai faktor risiko obesitas pada anak sekolah dasar Sulistyaningrum, Elisa; Hadi, Hamam; Julia, Madarina
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22922

Abstract

Background: Prevalence of children with over nutrition is a global problem that continues to increase every year. Obesity in children have  an obese risk in adulthood. The high prevalence of obesity in children due to poor nutrition. Parents, especially mothers have a great role in determining the chilrdren nutritional intake so mothers understanding to the type of food that causes obesity is very important.Objective: To determine the mothers perception of obesogenic food and its relation to the risk of obesity in elementary school children of Yogyakarta and Bantul.Method: This study was a case-control study. Mothers who have an obese child  (≥ 95 th percentile) as a case and mothers of children with nonobese (<95th percentile) as a control. Primary research locations in the city of Yogyakarta and Bantul district. The samples was selected by using the random sampling method. The minimum sample of cases and controls was 63 people 63 people (1: 1). Data analysis were using Chi-Square statistical tests and conditional logistic regression.Results: Subjects of the study consisted of 244 cases and 244 controls. Chi-Square test showed that mothers perception of the obesogenis food can not be used as a predictor for the occurrence of obesity in children (p>0.05). Children of mothers who have a wrong perception about sweet drinks have a obesity risk 1.85 times greater than children of mothers who have a right perception to sweet drinks. So did for the children of mothers who have a wrong perception of fast food have an obesity risk 1.76 times greater than children who had mothers with the correct perception of the traditional fast food. Then the children of mothers who had a wrong perception of full cream milk and other dairy products have a risk of obesity 3.3 times smaller than the mother who has the correct perception to the full cream milk and other dairy products. Mothers perception about obesogenic foods as risk factor of obesity in children is not influenced by the level of education, household expenditure and maternal work status (p>0.05).Conclusion: Perception mother of obesogenic foods can not be used as a predictor for the occurrence of obesity in children (p>0.05). The level of maternal education, maternal work status and household expenses rather than as a factor does not affect the mothers perception of the food obesogenis.
Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian obesitas pada remaja Kurdanti, Weni; Suryani, Isti; Syamsiatun, Nurul Huda; Siwi, Listiana Purnaning; Adityanti, Mahardika Marta; Mustikaningsih, Diana; Sholihah, Kurnia Isnaini
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22900

Abstract

Background: The cause of obesity in adolescents is multifactorial. Increased consumption of fast food (fast food), lack of physical activity, genetic factors, the influence of advertising, psychological factors, socioeconomic status, diet, age, and gender are all factors that contribute to changes in energy balance and lead to obesity.Objective: To determine the factors that affect the incidence of obesity in adolescents. Method: A case-control study with a total of 144 subjects, cases are obese adolescents (BMI/U> + 2SD) and controls were non-obese adolescents. The independent variable is the macronutrient intake, fiber intake, the pattern of consumption of fast food, the consumption patterns of food / sugary beverages, physical activity, psychological factors (self-esteem), genetic factors, and intake of breakfast, while the dependent variable was the incidence of obesity. Data analysis using chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: Factors significantly associated (p<0.05) and a risk factor for obesity in adolescent is energy intake (OR=4.69; CI 95%=2.12-10.35); fat (OR=2.34; CI 95%=1.19-4.57); carbohydrates (OR=2.64; CI 95%=1.34-5.20); the frequency of fast food (OR=2.47; CI 95%=1.26-4.83); and the morning breakfast intake (OR=5.24; CI 95%=2.56-10.71). Conclusion: Teens who have excessive macronutrient intake, the frequency of consumption of fast food often, physical activity is not active, has a mom and dad with obesity status, and no breakfast, greater risk of obesity.
Asupan gizi dan status gizi vegetarian pada komunitas vegetarian di Yogyakarta Anggraini, Lusia; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22986

Abstract

Background: Vegetarian diet has become a popular diet among people. The information about the benefits of going plant-based as opposed to the risks of degenerative illnesses is widespread and publicly eligible. However, the diet is known to cause the lack of some nutrients such as protein, iron, and B12, which has the implication on ones nutritional status.Objective: The study is aimed at identifying nutrient intake and nutritional status vegetarians and the influential factors among vegetarians in Yogyakarta.Method: The study is an observational one with a cross sectional design. It is conducted on vegetarians living in Yogyakarta, which, as methodologically required, involves 102 respondents. The nutritional intake is measured through Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), and the nutritional status through the Body Mass Index status, ferritin serum level, protein serum level and hemoglobin level. The data are analysed using chi square and multiple logistic regression.Results: The mean intake of energy, fat, zinc, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 is higher in lactoovo vegetarian while vegan is the higher intake of carbohydrates, protein, iron, folic acid, and vitamin C. Some nutritional intake of less than 80% of AKG is the intake of energy, carbohydrates, zinc, folic acid, and vitamin B12. There are significant differences of the intakes of vitamin B12 between both groups. The vegan’s IMT is lower than lactoovo vegetarian. Lactoovo vegetarian’s protein serum levels are higher, however serum levels of vegan’s ferritin and hemoglobin are higher. There are significant differences in serum levels of protein and hemoglobin levels in both groups. There is a significant relation between the intake of iron and hemoglobin levels in vegetarians.Conclusion: Lactoovo vegetarian diet and vegan diet can fulfill the nutritional adequacy, but the things that need to keep in mind are the quality and quantity of food and a good diet plan in order to comply all the nutritional adequacy especially food sources of zinc, folic acid, and vitamin B12.
Konsumsi fast food dan soft drink sebagai faktor risiko obesitas pada remaja Rafiony, Ayu; Purba, Martalena Br; Pramantara, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23311

Abstract

Background: Recently, obesity has become health problem which was frequently associated with an increased occurrence of non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in both developed and developing countries. The increasing prevalence of obesity was marked by a shift in eating pattern composition containing high fat, cholesterol, but low in fiber such as consumption of fast food and soft drinks. The imbalance of nutrient intake was one of the risk factors for the emergence of obesity in adolescents. Obesity in adolescents at risk of becoming obese in adulthood and potentially can lead to cardiovascular and metabolic diseasesObjective: This study aimed to find out the prevalence of obesity and to investigate risk factors for energy intake and frequency of consumption of fast food and soft drinks on the incidence of obesity in high school students in Pontianak.Method: This research was an observational study which involves case-control design. The samples in this study are 160 students consisting of 80 obese high school teenagers and 80 non-obese high school teenagers. The choice for a subject of research used proportional stratified random sampling. Measurement of obesity status subject was taken by the measurement of weight and height based on the reference standard WHO / NCHS. It also involves data intake of fast food and soft drinks based on interviews with SQFFQ. Data were analyzed by chi-square test, t-test, and logistic regression.Results: The prevalence of obesity in high school teenagers in Pontianak was 9.29%. The bivariate test result showed no association  between total  energy intake of fast food and obesity (p<0.05; OR=2.27; 95% CI: 1.12-4.64). The relationship between the consumption of modern energy intake of fast food, fast food and soft drink with the local obesity was not statistically significant (p>0.05). There was a relationship between the frequency of total  fast food and of the local fast food consumption with obesity (p<0.05; OR=2.03; 95% CI: 1.03-4.00), (p<0.05; OR=2.63; 95% CI: 1.33-5.25). The relationship between the frequency of fast food consumption in total modern fast food and soft drinks and obesity was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that the total energy intake was the most dominant factor to the onset of obesity (p<0.05; OR=5.27; 95% CI: 1.64-16.97).Conclusion: Consumption of fast food was a risk factor for obesity in high school teenagers in Pontianak. On the other hand,  soft drink consumption did not become the risk factor for obesity in teens high school in Pontianak.
Obesitas, body image, dan perasaan stres pada mahasiswa di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Wardani, Dyah Ayu Kusuma; Huriyati, Emy; Mustikaningtyas, Mustikaningtyas; Hastuti, Janatin
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22649

Abstract

Background: Obesity can lead to various health problems including psychosocial problems. Obesity also relates to body image which may affect psychosocial health.Objective: To examine the relationship between obesity, body image, and perceived stress among college students in Yogyakarta Province.Method: This study is a cross-sectional design in 150 college students (75 boys and 75 girls) at Universitas Gadjah Mada and Universitas Technology Yogyakarta. Perceived stress was measured using 10 items of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), body image was evaluated using 16 items of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-16) and obesity was estimated using the percentage of body fat calculated from anthropometric measurements. Chi-square test, Spearman correlation analysis, and odds ratio were used to test the hypotheses.Results: There was significant correlation between obesity and body image in male (r= 0.32, p<0,01) and female students (r= 0.23, p<0,05). Obese male students were 7 times likely to have negative body image than non-obese male students. While no significant relationship was found between obesity and perceived stress,  non-obese students had almost two times likely to perceive stress. Similarly, body image was not significantly related to perceived stress in male and female students, however, it was likely that students with negative body image had about 1,5 times to feel stress than those with positive body image.Conclusion: Obesity was significantly associated with body image among male and female college students in Yogyakarta Province. However, no significant relationship was found between obesity and perceived stress as well as between body image and perceived stress among the students. 

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