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Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan
ISSN : 02169959     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan merupakan publikasi yang memuat makalah ilmiah primer hasil penelitian tanaman pangan (padi dan palawija). Redaksi menerima makalah dari peneliti Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP), maupun perguruan tinggi. Makalah yang dikirimkan hendaknya sudah mendapat persetujuan dari pimpinan instansi masing-masing. Ketentuan penulisan makalah untuk dapat dimuat di jurnal ini tertera dalam "Author Guidelines/Petunjuk bagi Penulis" di halaman terakhir Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 217 Documents
Ultrafine bubble water Pengaruhnya dalam Pematahan Dormansi Benih Padi Iswara, Vidya; Setiawan, Asep; Setiawan, Asep; Palupi, Endah R.; Palupi, Endah R.; Purwanto, Y. Aris; Purwanto, Y. Aris
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p137-143

Abstract

The method for dormancy breaking could be developed by the usefull of nano bubbles technology, like ultrafine bubble water (UFB). The research aims to identify the effectivity of UFB water for dormancy breaking of rice seed. This research was arranged in a Completely Randomyzed Design with four replications and nine level treatments, i.e. control, aquadest, KNO3, UFB, and UFB 20 soaking for 24 and 48 hour, respectively. Rice seed without soaking showed the ABA content was 14.3%, aquadest, KNO3, UFB soaking for 24 hour about 10.1-11.5%, while for 48 hour about 8.9-9.9%. The maximum growth potential (MGP), more than 80% was obtained on dormancy breaking by KNO3, UFB, and UFB20 soaking for 48 hour, and UFB20 soaking for 24 hour. Aquadest soaking showed there is a increasing of MGP (less than 60%), however did not significant, as well as by 24 or 48 hour. KNO3 soaking, its dormancy breaking showed the MGP less than 80%, if the soaking less than 48 hour. The chemical scarification for dormancy breaking by KNO3, UFB, and UFB20 for 48 hour showed the radicle emergence more than 80%. The lowest radicle emergence was obtained on aquadest soaking for 24 hour, and followed by without soaking, KNO3 soaking, UFB soaking, and UFB20 soaking for 24 hour.
Kesesuaian Ketinggian Tempat terhadap Penerapan Sistem Tanam Legowo untuk Peningkatan Produksi Padi Agustiani, Nurwulan; Sujinah, Sujinah; Sujinah, Sujinah; Hikmah, Zaqia M.; Hikmah, Zaqia M.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p145-153

Abstract

This research was to obtain information of rice planting system technology based on altitude and type of varieties that correlated with high productivity. The experiment was conducted at dry season 2016 in three districts, Bandung, Subang, and Indramayu representing the high, mid and low altitudes. Experiment was arranged in split plot with 6 replications. The main plot was variety representing 2 type of variety, i.e (1) Inbred Inpari 32 and (2) Hybrid Hipa 18. The sub plot was planting system : (1) tegel (25x25 cm), (2) legowo 2:1 (25x12,5x50 cm), and (3) legowo 4:1 type 2 (25x12,5x50 cm). The result showed that growth and yield were very specific to pattern of planting system and type of variety. The interaction between location and planting system significantly to tiller number, leaf area, biomass, growth rate, and nett assimilation. In general, application of legowo planting system provided a higher yield than square planting system (tegel). In addition, increased production with application of legowo planting system suitable in upland for both Inpari 32 and Hipa 18. Otherwise, its application in midle and lowland not significant increased yield.
Ketersediaan Kedelai Berdasarkan Peramalan Produksinya dan Beberapa Kendala serta Permasalahannya di Indonesia Nugraha, Dedi; Wardana, I Putu; Wardana, I Putu; Adnyana, Made Oka; Adnyana, Made Oka
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p155-163

Abstract

Soybean take importance role as source of legumes protein for Indonesian people’s because has lower price compared with other source of protein. Soybean demand contiunously increase because population growth and development of foodindustry’s, while production growth is slowly declining (leveling off) campared to it’s demand. Soybean production’s in 2013 only 0,78 million ton, while it’s demand is 2,9 millions ton, so need import about 2.12 million tons to meet the demand. This study aims to establish a model for predicting soybean production in relationship with constraint and it’s problem as a factor of its boundary. This study used the technique of forecasting with using time series data. Best model selected will be used to estimate soybeanproduction’s. Selection of the best model using criteria Mean Absolute Percent Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and Akaike Information Criteria (AIC). Best model selected is ARIMA (1,1,1). Based on result of forcasting, number of soybean production’s on 2022 is 0,994 million tons. Though has productivity with increasing trend, but it’s not significant, so the production still low compared to it’s demand. Generally, decline of production caused by reduction of harvest area as one of less competitive crop compared with other secondary crops (palawija), and high biotic and abiotic pressure.
Indeks Toleran dan Evaluasi Karakter Seleksi Jagung Hibrida terhadap Pemupukan N Rendah HERAWATI, HERAWATI; Efendi, Roy; Azrai, M.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p173-180

Abstract

The hybrid maize that  tolerant low N is one of technology to resolve of N limitation for growth and production of maize. Therefore, tolerance index analysis and evaluation of the hybrid maize’s character which tolerant low N need to be done. This study aimed to know the genotype of hybrid maize that are tolerant low N and characters that can be used as selection indicator to low N.  Research conducted at the Experimental Farm of ICERI, Maros from June until November 2014. This research was arranged in split plot design with three replication. The main plot was nitrogen fertilizer which consists three levels ie 0 kg N/ha, 100 kg N/ha (low N fertilization dosage) dan 200 kg N/ha (dosage of normal N fertilization). The subplot were 56 hybrid maize genotypes. There are four check varieties ie P-27, NK-33,  Bisi-2, and Bima-3. The results showed that HLN 32 had the highest grain yield on low N (10,02t/ha). Genotypes of hybrid maize that tolerant low N were HLN03, HLN17, HLN18, HLN24, HLN25,  HLN32, HLN35, HLN39, HLN46, and HLN47. The plant height, ear height position, steam diameter, leaf width, leaf area, age of male flowering, age of female flowering, leaf chlorophyll at age 80 after planting, leaf senescence, percentage of normal cobs, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, number of kernels per row, number of kernels per cob, and shelling percentage. Characters that have direct influence to grain yield were shelling percentage, percentage of abnormal cobs, ear height, ear diameter, and leaf area.
Karakteristik Fisiko-kimia Varietas Beras Khusus untuk Pangan Inovatif Purwani, Endang Yuli; Wardana, I Putu
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p165-172

Abstract

Beberapa varietas padi telah dibudidayakan di Indonesia tetapi beberapa diimpor untuk memenuhi permintaan khusus konsumen. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi karakteristik beras khusus untuk permintaan tertentu. Butir padi diperoleh dari petani di dataran rendah irigasi Cianjur. Ciri-ciri gabah adalah: kandungan amilosa tinggi (Cisokan, Inpari 17, Inpara 4), aromatik (Basmati), japonica (Tarabas), dan ketan (Lusi dan Grendel). Butir dianalisis dengan tingkat penggilingan, fisikokimia, dan karakteristik glikemik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua varietas padi dimasukkan ke dalam ukuran sedang dengan permukaan 8,30-10,35 mm2. Tingkat penggilingan bervariasi seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh kadar beras kepala berkisar 49-96%. Karakteristik pastining berbeda sangat nyata antar varietas. Cisokan dan Basmati dengan kandungan amilosa yang sebanding memiliki perbedaan signifikan dari karakteristik pasta dan termal. Indeks glikemik Inpara 4 lebih rendah dari standar glukosa. Butir beras dengan tingkat penggilingan yang lebih rendah berpotensi lebih baik untuk diproses lebih lanjut untuk menghasilkan makanan yang inovatif.
Tingkat Adopsi Teknologi Budi Daya Jagung Hibrida Pada Agroekosistem Lahan Kering Saptana, Saptana; Purwantini, Tri Bastuti; Purwantini, Tri Bastuti; Rachmita, Annisa Rika; Rachmita, Annisa Rika
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p181-190

Abstract

The commodity of corn is an important of food crop that have a strategic role in the agricultural development of Indonesia. In the last two decade the national corn demand had continued increasing, especially using main materials of feed industries. The program of hybrid corn development should be increasing by to achieve self sufficient continue of corn. Beside that adoption of technology innovation of farmers level became important factors of farming successful in the increasing productivity and farmer income. The research was conducted at three location of Patanas village, there are Paccarammengan (South Sulawesi), Sindang Mekar (West Java) and Resongo (East Java) in 2017 with using the survey method. Primary data was collected through interview with 66 farmers as the respondents by giving a structured questionnares. The data were arranged in a cross tabulation and analyzed to measure the feasibility of the farming based on the gross B/C ratio, profitability and BEP (Break Even Point) production. The result showed that corn farming in the research area was profitable with gross value of B/C 3.06 - 3.18 without rent land and 1.77 - 1.98 with rent land.
KERAGAMAN GENETIK, HERITABILITAS DAN KEMAJUAN GENETIK KARAKTER AGRONOMI PADA POPULASI GALUR F2 HASIL PERSILANGAN Hakim, Lukman; Suyamto, Suyamto; Suyamto, Suyamto
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p199-204

Abstract

Genetic variability, heritability estimate and expected genetic advance may be useful to provide the basis for planning of more efficient in selection program. The objectives of this study were to determine genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of agronomic characters that could be realized through selection of segregation progenies. The F2 soybean progenies derived from two cross combinations and their three parent varieties were evaluated for their genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance of agronomic traits at Muneng Experimental Station, Probolinggo, East Java, during dry season of 2016. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design, with three replications. Seeds of each F2 progenies and their parents were sown in four rows of 4 m length of plots. Plant spacing was 40 cm x 20 cm, with one plant per hill. Plant population of each F2 progenies and their parents were 80 plants in each replication. Among the character observed, number of pods per plant, seed yield per plant and days to maturity had the highest coefficient of variability, with the means of 53.1%, 48.2% and 42,5% respectively. Plant height and seed size had a moderate coefficient of variability, with the means of 33.5% and 35.7%. While the days to flowering, number of branches and number of nodes per plant had the lowest coefficient of variability, and the means were only 19.9%, 14.1% and 15.8% respectively. The heritability estimate of the eight agronomic traits ranged from 18.9%-53.6%. Number of pods per plant and plant height had the highest heritability estimates for the two crosses, and the means were 53.6% and 41.5% respectively. The days to maturity, seed size and days to flowering were also had high heritability estimate of 38.8%, 36.8% and 36.6%. The mean heritability estimates for seed yield per plant, number of nodes and number of branches per plant were the lowest of only 20.6%, 19.7% and 18.9% respectively. Based on the F2 data, selection on the number of pods per plant had the highest expected genetic advance of 44.7%, followed by the days to maturity (41.0%) and the plant height (40.4%). Seed yield per plant, seed size and the days to flowering had a moderate expected genetic advance of 34.8%, 33.4% and 26.8%. The means of expected genetic advance for number of branches and number of nodes per plant were the lowest of 13.8% and 13.9% respectively. In relation to grain yield, the mean heritability estimate for seed yield per plant was low, of only 20.8%. However, considerable high genetic heritability (48.2%) and genetic advance (34.8%) was present on the seed yield per plant.
Uji Keefektifan Formulasi Bacillus subtilis untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit Busuk Batang Fusarium pada Tanaman Jagung In Vivo Suriani, Suriani; Djaenuddin, Nurasiah; Muis, Amran
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v2n3.2018.p191-197

Abstract

Stalk rot diseases in corn caused by the fungus Fusarium verticilloides is one of the problems of increasing maize productivity. This pathogen can be transmitted through seed and soil. The method of control through seedtreatment with biological control is one of an effective control method of the soilborne pathogen. This research aimed to study the effectiveness B. subtilis formulation in controlling stalk rot disease.  The experiment was conducted in the plant Pathology Laboratory and in the greenhouse of Indonesia Cereals Research Institute (ICERI) from April 2017 to January 2018. The treatment used 8 formulation of B. subtilis of ICERI collection, synthetic fungicide and positive control. In vitro test was inhibition 8 formulation of B. subtilis to F. verticilloides growth by dual culture method. While activity in the green house is to test of effectiviness 8 formulation of B. subtilis in controlling the stalk rot. Seedtreatment of B. subtilis formulation TLB1, BS-BJ6, BS-M3, BS-TM4, BS-BNt4, BS-BNt5, BS-BNt6, BS-BNt8 and two controls (K1 with the use of synthetic fungicides and K2 with steril destiled water). Data collected were percentage inhibition of the growth of F. verticilloides miselia, disease incidence, and plant height. The results showed that formulation of B. subtilis BNt4 performed the best to inhibited growh of  the F. verticilloides in vitro test. Application of  B. subtilis  formulations BNt4 and TM3 by means of seed treatment can suppress stalk rot attack. The all of B. subtilis  formulations can stimulate plant growth.
Karakteristik Flavor Beras Varietas Padi Aromatik dari Ketinggian Lokasi yang Berbeda Tarigan, Elsera; Jumali, Jumali; Kusbiantoro, B.
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 33, No 1 (2014): April 2014
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v33n1.2014.p27-35

Abstract

To express its optimum flavor, aromatic rice variety should be planted at a specific location. Elevation and soil types are generally considered as the main influencing factors. In this research, three sites, representing low, medium and high elevation, were used to test aromatic rice varieties for its flavor expression. The sites of research were Garut (over 1000 m above sea level/asl), Sumedang (over 500 m asl), and Subang (less then 500 m asl). The flavor components were measured using Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer, GCMS. The data were analyzed using principle component method. Elevation of the sites greatly affected the flavor components of Gilirang, Cimelati, and Sintanur varieties. Among the volatile compounds constituting the rice flavor, hydro carbon aromatic and aldehyde were the most influential ones. Based on the principle component analysis, there were five components contributing to the flavor, namely: butyric acid, benzaldehyde, 2-nonen-1-ol, toluene, and hepthl alcohol. The 2AP (2-Acetyl-1-pyrroline) which gives the pandanus flavor in aromatic rice, was found only from the aromatic rice variety planted at high elevation of Garut. The volatile compounds influencing the taste preference, based on hedonic test, was detected most on Cimelati rice variety as a strong flavor aroma. The general responses of panelist with regard to the aroma, showed moderate aroma to all varieties tested. But for taste, texture, and preferences, most panelists chose Sintanur variety planted at medium elevations (Sumedang).
Perbaikan Kesuburan dan Kualitas Tanah Bekas Ubikayu Melalui Pengembalian Biomassa Kacang Tanah dan Jagung Wijanarko, Andy; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Shiddieq, Dja’far; Indradewa, Didik
Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Agustus 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v1n2.2017.p153-163

Abstract

Continuous planting of cassava can reduce soil fertility and yield of cassava. Returns of plant biomass can reduce the rate of decline in soil fertility. This study aims to determine the effect of the return of groundnut biomass in improving soil fertility and soil quality at cassava land. Laboratory and greenhouse studies have been conducted in Iletri Malang. Laboratory studies to determine the mineralization of N, experiment using a completely randomized design with three replications. The treatment consists of : the first factor (origin biomass): groundnut, maize, groundnut, maize 1: 1 (w/w), groundnut - maize 2: 1 (w/w), groundnut - maize 1: 2 (w/w) and without biomass, while the second factor (duration of land utilization for cassava): less than 10 years and more than 30 years. N mineralization estimated using first order equations. Greenhouse experiment using a randomized block design with treatment as same as with laboratory experiments. Parameter observations greenhouse experiment was pH, N and C in total, NH4+, NO3-, N labile fractions, C labile fractions and uptake of N, P, K. The results showed that application of groundnut : maize biomass ( 2: 1), increase the rate of mineralization (K) by 43% -56% and increase the amount of N mineralized (N0) by 171-222% as compared with no biomass application. Application of groundnut : maize biomass (1: 1) or groundnut : maize biomass (2: 1) is able to improve soil fertility as reflected by the increasing availability of total N, C-organic, NH4 + and NO3, improve the soil quality  with increase in the soil quality parameters ( N and C labile fractions), and  increases of the uptake of N, P and K by cassava. Returns biomass either groundnut mixed with maize or not, has the potential to restore soil fertility.

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