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EnviroScienteae
ISSN : 19788096     EISSN : 23023708     DOI : -
Scientific Journal of Management of Natural Resources and Environment, aims to disseminate research findings on environmental and natural resource management. Publication 3 (three) times a year, every April, August and November.
Articles 180 Documents
PENGGUNAAN ASAP CAIR TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT (TKKS) SEBAGAI PESTISIDA NABATI UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN HAMA PERUSAK DAUN TANAMAN SAWI (Brassica juncea L.) Sari, Yulia P.; Samharinto, Samharnto; Langai, Bambang F.
EnviroScienteae Vol 14, No 3 (2018): EnviroScienteae Volume 14 Nomor 3, November 2018
Publisher : PS S2 PSDAL PPS ULM

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.496 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/es.v14i3.5699

Abstract

The aims of this research are to identify the dominant type of pest that attack mustard plants, to identify the component of liquid smoke of oil palm empty fruit bunches, to examine the effects of interaction between concentration level and frequency of application of liquid smoke spraying to the intensity of leaf damaging pests attack on mustard plants, to examine the effects of some concentration level and frequency of application of liquid smoke spraying severally to the intensity of leaf damaging pests attack on mustard plants, and to determine effective concentration and frequency of application of liquid smoke spraying to decrease the intensity of leaf damaging pests attack mustard plants. The research results showed that leaf damaging pests found have attacked mustard plants during the research period are Plutella xylostella L., Spodoptera litura, long caterpillar (Plusia spp.), and Crocidolomia binotalis. The test result for chemical content showed that liquid smoke of oil palm empty fruit bunches contained 20 types of chemical compounds.  The compounds with the most content found are Ethylene glycol, Acetic Acid, Phenol/Benzenol & Benzene sulfonic acid/Carbamic acid, Acetone, and Butyrolactone with each successive concentration, i.e. 52,06 %, 22,67 %, 7,76 %, 4,67 %, and 2,77 %, where it is known that phenol and acetic acid are compounds that can play a role as insecticides for pests. The effect of treatments (liquid smoke concentration, spraying frequency, and their interaction) is very real different compared to without treatment spraying liquid smoke solution (control), while the effect of concentrations (2,5ml/l;5ml/l;7,5ml/l;10ml/l) of liquid smoke and spraying frequency (once, twice, and three times a week) and their interaction severally has no real effect, giving treatments (concentration and spraying frequency of liquid smoke) decrease the intensity of pests attack for 24,83%, increase the number of leaves for 8,36%, fresh weight of plants for 127,39%, and shoot-root ratio (SRR) for 44,62%. 
PENYISIHAN WARNA PADA LIMBAH CAIR SASIRANGAN DENGAN ADSORPSI ZEOLIT DALAM FIXED-BED COLUMN Mizwar, Andy
EnviroScienteae Vol 9, No 1 (2013): EnviroScienteae Volume 9 Nomor 1, April 2013
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

A natural zeolite was used to investigate its adsorption capacity for the color from sasirangan textile wastewater in this experiment. This study aims to analyze the performance of zeolite bed height and flow rate arrangements at constant pH and temperature on the effectiveness of color removal in sasirangan wastewater, and to study the adsorption kinetics system that occurs in the process. In this study, color adsorption analyzed with a continuous flow of wastewater (flow rate of 20 ml/min, 40 ml/min, and 80 ml/min) into a 2.5 inch diameter column adsorption by zeolite 10 cm, 30 cm, and 60 cm high. Treated water sampling conducted every 10 minutes until the zeolite saturated. The results showed that the performance of the flow rate setting is inversely proportional to the effectiveness of color removal, and otherwise adsorbent bed height setting is directly proportional to the effectiveness of color removal in sasirangan wastewater. The highest percentage removal amounted to 48,30% at a flow rate of 20 ml/min and 30 cm bed height of zeolite, while the lowest is 7,02% at a flow rate 40 ml / min and 10 cm bed height of zeolite. In this study, Thomas Model was fitted to describe the pattern of color adsorption by zeolite with a maximum adsorption capacity of 18,758 mg/g.
PENINGKATAN KUALITAS EFLUEN SISTEM LUMPUR AKTIF LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI TAHU DENGAN VARIASI BERAT ARANG AKTIF TERHADAP VOLUME EFLUEN MENGGUNAKAN ARANG AKTIF KAYU ULIN (Eusideroxylon zwageri) Handayani, Handayani; Biyatmoko, Danang; Abdullah, Abdullah; Hadie, Jamzuri
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Enviroscienteae Volume 12 Nomor 3, November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the effect of the activation of iron wood charcoal towards improving the quality of activated charcoal based on moisture content, ash content and adsorption I2, (2) analyze the effect of weight variation activated iron wood charcoal in the activated sludge effluent to temperature parameter, TSS, pH, BOD5, COD and Ammonia, as well as getting the weight ratio of optimum active iron wood charcoal toward activated sludge effluent.  The research design used a completely randomized design. The variation of weight variation of active charcoal from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 g with 3 (three) repetitions. This Research was done at the laboratory of Badan Lingkungan Hidup Banjarbaru. The conclusion of this study was that the effect of the activation of ironwood charcoal towards improvement of the quality of activated charcoal were moisture content, ash content and adsorption I2 obtained before activation was 3,02%; 2,41% and 609 mg/g, while moisture content, ash contents and adsorption I2 after being activated were 2,88%; 2,02 % and 685 mg/g. The moisture content and ash contents had reached the quality standard of SNI 06–3730-1995, but the adsorption I2 not yet. The eEffect of weight variation activated charcoal ironwood in the effluent sludge to the temperature, TSS, pH, BOD5, COD and ammonia parameter based on F-test results were highly significant (p<0,01). The parameter of temperature and pH increased as the weight of activated charcoal ironwood increased. The parameter of TSS, BOD5, COD and ammonia decreased as the weight of activated ironwood charcoal. The Parameter that did not reach the quality standard were COD and Ammonia. Optimum weight activated charcoal ironwood active against effluent activated sludge of 6 g. Optimum weight activated ironwood charcoal obtained temperature, TSS, pH, BOD5, COD and ammonia. The values of each were  27,7 0C; 35,7 mg/L; 9,01; 44,2 mg/L; 108 mg/L and 15,2 mg/L.
INOKULASI BAKTERI PEREDUKSI KROMIUM HEKSAVALEN SEBAGAI UPAYA BIOREMEDIASI LAHAN PASCA TAMBANG Akhmad, Fakhriza; Yusran, Fadly H.; Mariana, Zuraida Titin; Badruzsaufari, Badruzsaufari
EnviroScienteae Vol 7, No 1 (2011): EnviroScienteae Volume 7 Nomor 1, April 2011
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to find out the best combination between the bacteria origin, lime, and organic matter for Cr(VI) reduction.  The other objective was to look out the change pattern from Cr(VI) concentration on several period, with hypothesis that bioremediation technology on bacteria, lime, and organic matter combination reduces more Cr(VI) effectively. The results showed that the combination of P.MA origin bacteria with six day period of incubation reduced Cr(IV) for  61,59%.  Other, the combination of I.AB origin bacteria with period of 10, 17 and 24 day incubation, reduced Cr(VI) for 76,67, 73,10, and 80,64%, respectively.  Analysis of variance for all incubation periods showed significant differences with six and 24 day period were the best treatments. However, a field experiment is needed in order to find the best interaction possible between the origin of the bacteria, lime, and organic matter combination, so that optimum recommendation can be determined for the best possible treatments.
ANALISIS DAMPAK PERMEN KP RI NOMOR 1/PERMEN-KP/2015 TERHADAP PERDAGANGAN DOMESTIK ANTAR PROVINSI KOMODITI LOBSTER (Panulirus spp), KEPITING (Scylla serrata) DAN RAJUNGAN (Portunus pelagicus) DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Machmud, Ichi Langlang Buana; Mahyudin, Idiannor; Lilimantik, Emmy
EnviroScienteae Vol 13, No 1 (2017): EnviroScienteae Volume 13 Nomor 1, April 2017
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

This study aims to (1) analyze the impact of Permen KP RI No. 1/PERMEN-KP/2015 against the decrease/increase of the amount of volume, frequency and value of interprovincial domestic trade of lobster (Panulirus spp), crab (Scylla serrata) and small crab (Portunus pelagicus) commodities; (2) to analyze the causes of the offense of smuggling attempts by large inter-provincial traders of lobster (Panulirus spp), crab (Scylla serrata) and small crab (Portunus pelagicus) commodities; and (3) to analyze the impact of Permen KP RI No.1/PERMEN-KP/2015 against the marketing channels of trade of lobster (Panulirus spp), crab (Scylla serrata) and small crab (Portunus pelagicus) commodities and trade organizations involved in domestic trade of the three commodities.  This thesis study activities were carried out in the province of South Kalimantan. The data collected were data sourced directly from the observation in the study site, and other supporting data relating to the object of study.  The results of this study: (1) Impact of Permen KP RI No. 1/PERMEN-KP/2015 are as follows: (a) it has an effect of significantly reducing the volume, frequency and value of inter-provincial domestic trade of live crab (Scylla serrata) and small fresh crab (Portunus pelagicus) commodities, (b) it has an effect of significantly reducing the volume and value of trade and has no significant effect on the frequency of inter-provincial domestic trade of soft-shelled crab commodity (Scylla serrata); (c) it has no impact on inter-provincial domestic trade of fresh/frozen lobster commodities (Panulirus spp); (d) it has no significant effect on the volume, frequency and value of inter-provincial domestic trade of crab meat (Scylla serrata), small crab meat (Portunus pelagicus), fresh/boiled crab (Scylla serrata) and live lobsters (Panulirus spp) commodities. (2) The occurrence of repeated violations in the form of an attempt smuggling by entrepreneurs (wholesalers) of inter-provincial domestic sender of crab (Scylla serrata) and small crab (Portunus pelagicus) in South Kalimantan caused by less strict actions and sanctions in accordance with applicable laws and regulations as well as the background of route system purchase (overall purchase) in the marketing chain. (3) Permen KP RI No. 1/PERMEN-KP/2015 affects on the forming of a new pattern of marketing chart and new institution in commodities trading of live crab (Scylla serrata), soft-shelled crabs (Scylla serrata) and small fresh crab (Portunus pelagicus) after the application of these rules.
PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN DARI ASPEK PENANGANAN SAMPAH DAN PEMANTAUAN LINGKUNGAN DENGAN BIOINDIKATOR SERANGGA LALAT DI KAWASAN WISATA PANTAI GEDAMBAAN KOTABARU Satriansyah, Satriansyah; Mahreda, Emmy Sri; Ghofur, Abdul; Jumar, Jumar
EnviroScienteae Vol 7, No 3 (2011): EnviroScienteae Volume 7 Nomor 3, November 2011
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

GedambaanBeachlocated on Jl. Berangas Km. 14 Kabupaten Kotabaru is one of coastal tourism objects in South Kalimantan.  Which is rich of coastal potential as tourism attraction. Based on experience and pre-observation on environment management activity in several coastal tourism object the result appeared differently, especialy in waste treatment becauase there were waste production rising in some particular spots that occurred in less good management system. Considering the importance of mangrove ecosystem existence in coastal area and inclination of polution cases in the area that mostly caused by the waste, it is needed to get describtion about waste treatment methode in tourism object that included in coastal resources use. Therefore the objective of this research is to know the factors that influence the waste management around the tourism object which are 1) Supporting factors, 2) Number of waste Production and waste volume, 3) Waste sort and waste compocition,      4) Waste reduction and waste treatment, 5) To know the environment condition around the tourism object by measuring the fly density. The observation (during May until July 2011) on environment management that related to waste management and environment observation by measuring the fly density in the area should that 1) Supporting factors consist of organization, personal, tools, and budged, 2) Waste production number and waste volume are depend on the number of visitors (128 – 342 individuals perday) and climated change.  The measurement of waste volume in sevent days stretched obout 1.2 – 3.2 m3 perday or 2.1 m3 perday in average, 3) Waste sort and waste compocition ; organic waste such as dry leafes and coconut shells in more frekuently found (8.7 m3) than non-organic waste such as plastics, allumunium cans, bottles and mixed waste from the sea (4.4 m3), 4) Waste reduction and waste treatment ; they were no effort to reduce waste and doing waste treatment.  The waste sorting were done only on coconut shell, and the last step would be burning down the waste. The conclusion of environment observation with fly as bioindacator are 1) There is relation beetwen fly density and the waste treatment.  Chi-square statistic test result should that X2 measurment (9.97) is higher than X2 table (3.84), thus rejected Ho. That stated that “There are no relation beetwen fly density and waste treatment”, 2) The fly density (3.4 – 5.2) interpreted as moderate density, 3) The fly density index ( 3.4 – 5.2 ≤ 6 ) is considered as low therefore the environment management is consider good.
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN DAN SENSITIVITAS HARGA INPUT PADA USAHA BUDIDAYA IKAN LELE DALAM KOLAM TERPAL DI KOTA BANJARBARU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN Mahyudin, Idiannor; Mahreda, Emmy Sri; Mustika, Rina; Febrianty, Irma
EnviroScienteae Vol 10, No 1 (2014): EnviroScienteae Volume 10 Nomor 1, April 2014
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Salah satu kegiatan ekonomi berbasis sumberdaya hayati pada sektor perikanan adalah kegiatan budidaya ikan.  Tetapi dengan keterbatasan lahan yang dimiliki dan untuk memanfaatkan lahan pekarangan supaya bernilai produktif maka masyarakat Banjarbaru banyak mengusahakan budidaya ikan lele di kolam terpal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) menganalisis layak atau tidaknya usaha budidaya ikan lele di kolam terpal; (2) menganalisis pengaruh perubahan harga input terhadap usaha budidaya ikan lele di kolam terpal; (3) mengetahui permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh pelaku usaha budidaya  ikan lele di kolam terpal di Kotamadya Banjarbaru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dan wawancara. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data primer dan data sekunder. Lokasi sampel ditentukan secara sengaja (purposive), yakni Kotamadya Banjarbaru. Wawancara dilakukan terhadap petani ikan  yang aktif mengelola kegiatan usaha budidaya  ikan lele di kolam terpal, yakni sebanyak 200 petani ikan.  Penetapan jumlah sampel dilakukan secara random mengingat populasi yang homogen. Analisis data untuk menjawab tujuan pertama, yakni menganalisis kelayakan investasi usaha budidaya ikan lele di kolam terpal , digunakan perhitungan pada kriteria investasi yang meliputi Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net BCR), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) dan Payback Period.   Untuk menjawab tujuan kedua dilakukan pengujian terhadap hasil kelayakan usaha pada metode di atas dengan mempertimbangkan adanya kenaikan harga pakan. Selanjutnya untuk menjawab tujuan ketiga, yakni mengetahui permasalahan yang dihadapi pelaku usaha budidaya ikan lele di kolam terpal, digunakan analisis deskriptif dengan cara mengkaji data-data primer/sekunder dan selanjutnya memaparkannya secara tertulis. Hasil analisis kelayakan usaha diperoleh nilai NPV 12% sebesar Rp 96.600,081 > 0, nilai B/C 12% = 2,089 > 1 dan nilai IRR = ~ (tidak terhingga)  > dari tingkat bunga berlaku. Dari hasil kelayakan usaha menunjukkan usaha budidaya ikan lele dalam kolam terpal layak untuk diusahakan lebih lanjut.  Hasil analisis sensitifitas terhadap kenaikan harga input dalam hal ini pakan ikan meningkat 20%, diperoleh nilai NPV 12% sebesar Rp 87.611,919 > 0, nilai B/C 12% = 1,86 > 1 dan nilai IRR = ~ (tidak terhingga)  > dari tingkat bunga berlaku. Dari hasil analisis sensitifitas menunjukkan walaupun ada kenaikan pakan sebesar 20% usaha budidaya ikan dalam kolam terpal tetap layak untuk diusahakan.  Permasalahan yang ada pada petani ikan lele dalam kolam terpal adalah: mahalnya harga pakan ikan, rendahnya harga jual ikan, terbatasnya modal usaha, sifat kanibal dari ikan lele dan biaya pergantian terpal  yang dilakukan setiap tahun.  Struktur  pasar ikan lele adalah struktur pasar persaingan tidak sempurna (struktur pasar oligopoli).
IDENTIFIKASI KERAGAMAN JENIS BAKTERI PADA PROSES PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI MINUMAN DENGAN LUMPUR AKTIF LIMBAH TAHU Megasari, Ritni; Biyatmoko, Danang; Ilham, Wahyuni; Hadie, Jamzuri
EnviroScienteae Vol 8, No 2 (2012): EnviroScienteae Volume 8 Nomor 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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The method of activated sludge is a wastewater treatment method that utilizes microbial growth processes are suspended.  One of the microbes that play a role in wastewater treatment systems with activated sludge are bacteria. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of sampling time and the combination of retention time on levels of pH, BOD, TSS, H2S and turbidity effluent of beverage industry with waste activated sludge of tofu and identify the bacterial isolates obtained from the beverage industry wastewater treatment with activated sludge waste of tofu and to know the diversity of types of bacteria that play a role in it.  The diversity of bacteria identified in the beverage industry wastewater treatment by activated sludge are five types of Bacillus sp, Acinetobacter sp, Staphylococcos sp, Cardiobacterium sp, and Mycoplasma sp.  These bacteria are most likely a bacterium that plays a role in the degradation of the beverage industry wastewater. Activated sludge method, it is also able to improve water quality, especially for TSS parameter (<200 mg/l) and H2S (<0.05 mg/l).  Sampling time in the morning better than afternoon in the improvement of water quality parameters; for the retention time of 8 hours of sample treatment is better than 6 hours.  Thus, the retrieval time (morning, afternoon) and the retention time of wastewater samples generate all test parameters better than the control.
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH KOTORAN SAPI DAN JERAMI KACANG TANAH SEBAGAI BOKASHI CAIR BAGI PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN SAWI (Brassica juncea L.) Artiana, Artiana; Hartati, Lilis; Sulaiman, Abrani; Hadie, Jamzuri
EnviroScienteae Vol 12, No 3 (2016): Enviroscienteae Volume 12 Nomor 3, November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Has conducted a study entitled " Cow Manure Waste Utilization and Straw Peanut For Liquid Bokashi For Plant Growth mustard (Brassica juncea L.)". This study aimed to analyze the nutrient content in the liquid Bokashi is derived from cow dung and straw peanuts, and study the effect of dosing Bokashi different liquid to the growth of the mustard plant (Brassica juncea L.). Methods using a completely randomized design with one factor at a dose of 125 ml, 250 ml, 375 ml and 500 ml, and as control using Bokashi solid. This research was conducted with four replications. Bokashi liquid nutrient content of C of 0,1045%, 0,0461% of N, P and K amounted to 0.0172% at 0.2500%. The content of nutrient dense Bokashi C of 6,0874%, 2,0169% of N, P and K amounted to 0,0218% at 5,7802%. Bokashi dosing different liquid to the growth of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) significant effect on the growth of mustard, but still lower than the solid Bokashi. Dose liquid Bokashi most optimal for growing mustard (Brassica juncea L.) is at 375 ml.
INVENTARISASI JENIS IKAN YANG TERTANGKAP DI BEBERAPA PERAIRAN DANAU DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN KAMIPANG KABUPATEN KATINGAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH Mardani, Mardani; Mangalik, Arthur; Jagau, Yusurum; Hadie, Jamzuri
EnviroScienteae Vol 9, No 2 (2013): EnviroScienteae Volume 9 Nomor 2, Agustus 2013
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Danau Purun, Danau Jalan Pangen and Danau Kamipang are some of lakes located in Kamipang Sub-district, Katingan Regency, Central Kalimantan. Those lakes are the places to make a living for local people in fulfilling their needs, especially of fish, which is still conducted effectively. However, the people generally tend to desire the business pattern directly giving the yield like capturing fish by using electricity and potassium. The excessive fish capturing business results in the decline of fish population. The objectives of the inventory were to find out the description of how many species of fish population which were alive or survived, and to analyze the water quality and aquatic plants as the supporting capacity of lake waters. The sample collections employed sampling methods on each lake, which were conducted in the morning and afternoon. The instruments and media were gill nets, fishing nets, lalangit, bubu and ancau. The fish sample and alcohol were 70% and 95%. The fish was identified and processed in tabulation. The water quality was measured by applying Horiba Water Checker U-10, Secchi dish and Laboratory Test.

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