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INSANCITA
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INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the anniversary of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Association of Islamic College’s Students) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Istitutions) in Indonesia, since issue of February 2016 to date; and published by Minda Masagi Press, a publishing house owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia; and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, since issue of February 2018 to date. The articles published in INSANCITA journal are able to be written in English as well as in Indonesian and Malay languages. The INSANCITA journal is published every February and August. The INSANCITA journal is devoted, but not limited to, Islamic studies and any new development and advancement in the field of Islamic society. The scope of our journal includes: (1) Language and Literature in Islam; (2) Social Science and Humanities in Islam; (3) History and Philosophy of Education in Islam; (4) Economy and Business in Islam; (5) Science, Technology and Society in Islam; (6) Political, Cultural and Social Engineering in Islam; and (7) Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Design in Islam.
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Articles 39 Documents
Editors and Guidelines of the INSANCITA Journal, Issue of February 2018 INSANCITA, Editor Journal
INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
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INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August.Bandung, Indonesia: February 28, 2018. Sri Redjeki Rosdianti, M.M.Pd.Director of Minda Masagi Press in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Ethics and Morality in Islam and Hinduism Abbas, Sarim; Jalaluddin, Mohammad
INSANCITA Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
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ABSTRACT: Hinduism and Islam are the two largest religions of the world. Hinduism is the socio-religious way of life from the Hindu people in the Indian subcontinent. Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion in which the supreme deity is Allah, and Prophet Mohammad SAW (Salallahu ‘Alaihi Wassalam or Peace Be Upon Him) is the last Prophet. The primary Islamic scripture is the Al-Qur’an, Allah’s book; and Al-Hadith, which are traditional records of the sayings and acts of Prophet Muhammad SAW. The scriptures of Hinduism are the Shrutis (the four Vedas, which comprise the original Vedic Hymns, or Samhita, and three tiers of commentaries upon the Samhita, namely the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads); these are considered authentic, authoritative divine revelation. Furthermore, Hinduism is also based on the Smritis, including the Ramayana and the Bhagavad Gita, which are considered to be of secondary authority and of human creation. Both religions, Hindu and Islam, give importance to ethics and morality. We focus our discussion in this article on ethical and moral values in Islam and Hinduism. Islamic moral is a combination of genuine acts of love and justice on the one hand, and legalistic performances on the other. Muhammad is pictured in the Al-Qur’an as a loving person, helping the poor, and slow to take revenge. Meanwhile, on Hinduism, because of the vast number of reincarnations of any given individual, it recognizes that most people’s lack of spiritual development; its means they must lead normal lives that can grow closer to the ideal of full renunciation of the personality.KEY WORD: Islam and Hinduism, socio-religious way of life, monotheistic religion, ethics and morality, Al-Qu’an and Al-Hadith, four Vedas, straight path, reincarnation, and good personality.ABSTRAKSI: “Etika dan Moralitas dalam Agama Islam dan Hindu”. Hindu dan Islam adalah dua agama terbesar di dunia. Hindu adalah cara hidup sosial-keagamaan dari masyarakat Hindu di anak benua India. Islam adalah agama monotheis yang tegas dimana Tuhan tertinggi adalah Allah, dan Nabi Muhammad SAW (Salallahu ‘Alaihi Wassalam) adalah Nabi terakhir. Kitab utama agama Islam adalah Al-Qur’an, kitab Allah; dan Al-Hadith, yang mencatat tradisi dari ucapan dan tindakan Nabi Muhammad SAW. Kitab suci agama Hindu adalah Shrutis (empat Veda, yang terdiri dari Veda Nyanyian Rohani asli, atau Samhita, dan tiga tingkatan komentar pada Samhita, yaitu Brahmana, Aranyaka, dan Upanishad); ini dianggap otentik, wahyu berotoritas ilahiyah. Selanjutnya, Hindu juga berdasarkan pada Smritis, termasuk Ramayana dan Bhagavad Gita, yang dianggap sumber otoritas sekunder dan ciptaan manusia. Kedua agama, Hindu dan Islam, menekankan pentingnya etika dan moralitas. Kami memfokuskan diri dalam pembahasan artikel ini mengenai nilai-nilai etika dan moral dalam agama Islam dan Hindu. Moral Islam adalah kombinasi antara tindakan cinta sejati dengan keadilan di satu sisi, serta petunjuk legalistik di sisi lain. Muhammad digambarkan dalam Al-Qur’an sebagai manusia penuh cinta-kasih, menyayangi orang miskin, dan bersikap memaafkan daripada membalas dendam. Sementara itu, pada agama Hindu, karena banyaknya reinkarnasi bagi setiap individu bermakna bahwa kebanyakan orang kurang dalam pengembangan spiritual; artinya mereka harus menjalani kehidupan normal yang dapat tumbuh dan bersatu kembali dengan kepribadian utuh yang ideal.KATA KUNCI: Islam dan Hinduisme, cara hidup sosial-keagamaan, agama tauhid, etika dan moralitas, Al-Qur’an dan Al-Hadith, empat kitab Veda, jalan lurus, reinkarnasi, dan kepribadian yang baik.  About the Authors: Sarim Abbas and Mohammad Jalaluddin are Ph.D. Students at the Department of Philosophy and English AMU (Aligarh Muslim University) in Aligarh 202002, Uttar Pradesh, India. For academic interests, the authors are able to be contacted via their e-mails at: sarim007@gmail.com and jalalamu@gmail.comHow to cite this article? Abbas, Sarim & Mohammad Jalaluddin. (2016). “Ethics and Morality in Islam and Hinduism” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.1(1), February, pp.37-42. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2443-1776.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (July 6, 2015); Revised (October 9, 2015); and Published (February 5, 2016).
Contents and Forewords of the INSANCITA Journal, Issue of August 2017 INSANCITA, Editor Journal
INSANCITA Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
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INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August. Bandung, Indonesia: August 30, 2017.Andi Suwirta, M.Hum.A Senior Lecturer at the Department of History Education FPIPS UPI; and Chairperson of ASPENSI in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Info and Invitation Letter from Editor of INSANCITA Journal, Issue of February 2017 INSANCITA, Editor Journal
INSANCITA Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
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INSANCITA:Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August. Bandung, Indonesia: February 27, 2017.Dr. Ismail Suardi WekkeManaging Editor of INSANCITA Journal in Bandung, West Java; and a Senior Lecturer at the STAIN (State Islamic College) in Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia. 
Teknik Memegang dan Menggerakan Pensil Khat Menggunakan Kaedah Carta Pai dalam Kalangan Murid-murid Tahun Enam di Sekolah Rendah Mat, Muhamad Zahiri Awang; Husin, Abdul Jalil
INSANCITA Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
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ABSTRAKSI: Seni khat merupakan salah satu khazanah Islam yang amat berharga dan mempunyai kedudukan istimewa dalam masyarakat Islam. Oleh itu, seni yang mengagungkan agama Islam ini harus diteruskan dan dituntut, serta tidak boleh dipersia-siakan. Objektif kajian ini ialah untuk menjelaskan cara memegang dan menggerakan pensil khat dengan menggunakan teknik “carta pai”, dengan dan kesannya terhadap penulisan khat yang betul. Pengkaji menggunakan kaedah latih tubi secara berulang kepada enam orang murid, melalui pemerhatian, dalam mengaplikasikan teknik “carta pai” semasa proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran di peringkat Sekolah Rendah di Malaysia. Dapatan kajian menunjukan bahawa dua orang murid boleh menguasai empat teknik yang dipelajari dengan baik, tetapi belum mahir dalam teknik menggerakan pensil khat melengkung dari arah atas ke bawah dan dari bawah ke atas. Manakala, seorang murid menguasai tiga teknik asas dan memerlukan penambahbaikan dalam teknik membuat garisan mendatar dan melengkung sisi. Seterusnya, tiga orang murid menunjukan prestasi yang baik, iaitu dapat menguasai ke semua teknik yang diajar secara ansur maju dan latih tubi berdasarkan kaedah “carta pai” yang diperkenalkan. Bagi menghasilkan tulisan khat yang betul, pengkaji menyarankan bahawa guru mesti memastikan murid dapat menguasai 5 teknik yang dicadangkan, dan dipantau setiap kali latih tubi dilakukan, agar murid menjadi kebiasaan dalam menulis seni khat.KATA KUNCI: Seni Khat; Pendidikan Islam; Teknik Pembelajaran; Murid Tahun 6 Sekolah Rendah; Kaedah Latih Tubi. ABSTRACT: “The Technique of Holding and Moving the Calligraphy Pencil Using the Method of Pie Chart by Pupils in Grade Six Year Primary School”. The art of calligraphy is one of the most precious treasures of Islam and has a special position in the Muslim community. Thus, art that glorify the Islamic religion should be pursued and prosecuted, and not be wasted. The objective of this study is to explain how to hold and move the calligraphy pencil by using “pie chart”, with and its impact on the right in handwriting. The method of repetitive drills to six pupils, through observations in applying the technique of “pie chart” during the process of teaching and learning in Primary School in Malaysia. The findings showed that two students can master the four techniques learned well, but not well versed in the technique of moving the calligraphy pencil for curve from the top down and from the bottom up. Meanwhile, a student mastered the three basic techniques and requires improvements in techniques to create horizontal lines and curved sides. Next, three pupils showed a good performance, which is able to master all the techniques that are taught through progression and drills based on a “pie chart” is introduced. To produce calligraphy that is correct, the researchers suggest that the teacher must ensure that students can master the 5 proposed techniques, and monitored each time the drill is done, so that the student becomes a habit in writing the calligraphy.KEY WORD: The Art of Calligraphy; Islamic Studies; Learning Techniques; Pupils in Year 6 Primary School; Method of Drills.About the Authors: Muhamad Zahiri Awang Mat dan Abdul Jalil Husin ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Kulliyah of Education IIUM (International Islamic University of Malaysia), Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi secara terus melalui emel di: zahiri@iium.edu.myHow to cite this article? Mat, Muhamad Zahiri Awang & Abdul Jalil Husin. (2016). “Teknik Memegang dan Menggerakan Pensil Khat Menggunakan Kaedah Carta Pai dalam Kalangan Murid-murid Tahun Enam di Sekolah Rendah” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.1(2), August, pp.199-206. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2443-1776. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 30, 2016); Revised (June 1, 2016); and Published (August 30, 2016).
The Religious Practices of Deaf Muslims in Malaysia: A Case Study at the Special Education School Mohad, Abd Hakim; Mokhtar, Ros Aiza Mohd; Omar, Nizaita
INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
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ABSTRACT: The religious practice in everyday life is part of the manifestation of religion and belief of every human being. Within the Islamic context, for example, religious practices must be one that stems from the Islamic religious laws. All Muslims, including the deaf, need to perform their religious obligations within their abilities. However, not much attention is given to people with disability, such as the deaf, with regards to observing their religious practices and in understanding the related problems that they face. This article serves to explain religious practices of the deaf Muslims through a research conducted at a Special Education School (for the Deaf) in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah and the Activity Centre, Society for the Welfare of the Deaf in Terengganu, Malaysia. This study employs the survey method, which uses the questionnaire as an instrument for data collection. Among the aspects of religious practices observed are acts of worship like prayer and fasting, as well as general practices like eating habits, and ways of dressing. The study showed that the hearing impaired also perform religious practices in their daily life, although a majority of them are unable to perform them completely. KEY WORD: Religious Practices; Deaf; Muslim in Malaysia; Ability; Special Education School. ABSTRAKSI: “Amalan Keagamaan Orang Islam Pekak di Malaysia: Kajian Kes di Sekolah Pendidikan Khas”. Amalan beragama dalam kehidupan seharian merupakan sebahagian dari manifestasi agama dan kepercayaan yang pegang oleh setiap insan. Dalam konteks Islam, misalnya, amalan beragama itu mestilah sesuatu yang  bersumberkan dari syariat Islam. Semua umat Islam, termasuklah golongan pekak, perlu melaksanakannya mengikut kadar kemampuan masing-masing. Namun, tidak ramai yang mengambil perhatian terhadap golongan OKU (Orang Kurang Upaya), seperti golongan pekak, untuk melihat amalan beragama yang mereka lakukan dan memahami masalah yang mereka hadapi. Makalah ini menjelaskan amalan beragama golongan pekak Muslim menerusi satu kajian yang dilakukan di Sekolah Pendidikan Khas (Pekak) di Kota Kinabalu, Sabah dan Pusat Aktiviti, Persatuan Kebajikan Pekak di Terengganu, Malaysia. Kajian menggunakan kaedah survey, dengan instrumen soal selidik bagi pengumpulan data. Antara aspek amalan beragama yang dilihat ialah amal ibadah khusus seperti solat dan puasa, juga amalan umum seperti kebiasaan pemakanan, dan cara berpakaian. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa golongan pekak turut melaksanakan amalan beragama dalam kehidupan mereka, walaupun sebahagian besar daripada mereka tidak dapat melaksanakan dengan sempurna. KATA KUNCI: Amalan Beragama; Pekak; Muslim di Malaysia; Keupayaan; Sekolah Pendidikan Khas.    About the Authors: Dr. Abd Hakim Mohad is a Senior Lecturer at the Sociology and Social Anthropology Center of Core Studies, Faculty of Leadership and Management USIM (Islamic Science University of Malaysia), Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Dr. Ros Aiza Mohd Mokhtar is a Senior Lecturer at the Islamic Thoughts & Civilizations Center of Core Studies, Faculty of Leadership and Management USIM, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nizaita Omar is a Lecturer at the Islamic Law Department, Fakulti Pengajian Umum dan Pendidikan Lanjutan UnisZA (University of Sultan Zainal Abidin), Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia. E-mails address: abdhakim@usim.edu.my, rosaiza@usim.edu.my, and nizaitaomar@unisza.edu.mySuggested Citation: Mohad, Abd Hakim, Ros Aiza Mohd Mokhtar & Nizaita Omar. (2018). “The Religious Practices of Deaf Muslims in Malaysia: A Case Study at the Special Education School” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.51-64. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (November 10, 2017); Revised (January 15, 2018); and Published (February 28, 2018).
Pers dan Kritik Sosial pada Masa Orde Baru: Kasus Peristiwa Tanjung Priok Tahun 1984 dalam Pandangan Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta Suwirta, Andi
INSANCITA Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
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ABSTRAKSI: Artikel ini, dengan menggunakan metode sejarah dan analisis yang deskriptif-kualitatif, mengkaji peristiwa Tanjung Priok tahun 1984 dalam pemberitaan dan pandangan surat kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta. Hasil kajian menunjukan bahwa pemberitaan dan pandangan pers biasanya tercermin dalam tajuk rencana, cacatan pojok, sajian berita utama, dan analisis terhadap beritanya. Dalam konteks ini, surat kabar Merdeka dan Kompas, dalam pemberitaan dan pandangannya, secara umum menyatakan dukungan kepada pemerintah dalam menyelesaikan kasus Tanjung Priok. Dukungan kedua surat kabar tersebut mengingat bahwa rejim Orde Baru mengawasi secara ketat pemberitaan pers. Surat kabar Kompas bahkan secara terang-terangan meyatakan dukungannya pada pemerintah Orde Baru, yang telah melindungi dan memberi dukungan pada surat kabar milik golongan Katholik di tengah-tengah para pembaca yang kebanyakan beragama Islam. Sementara itu, meskipun surat kabar Merdeka mendukung tindakan pemerintah Orde Baru, namun secara tersirat surat kabar ini menyalahkan pemerintah Orde Baru yang mengajukan RUU (Rancangan Undang-Undang) Pancasila sebagai asas tunggal dan berbagai kebijakan lain, yang pada akhirnya menyebabkan terjadinya peristiwa berdarah tersebut.KATA KUNCI: Pers dan Pemerintah; Kritik Sosial; Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas; Peristiwa Tanjung Priok; Berita dan Pandangan. ABSTRACT: “Press and Social Criticism in the New Order Period: The Case of Tanjung Priok Event of 1984 in the Views of Merdeka and Kompas Newspapers in Jakarta”. This article, using method of history and descriptive-qualitative analysis, examines the events of Tanjung Priok in 1984 in news and views of Merdeka and Kompas newspapers in Jakarta. The results of the study show that the news and views of press are usually reflected in editorials, corner notes, news headlines, and analysis of the news. In this context, newspapers of Merdeka and Kompas, in their news and views, generally support the government to resolve the Tanjung Priok case. The support of both newspapers was due to the New Order regime was closely watching the press coverage. Kompas newspaper even openly expressed its support for the New Order government, which has protected and supported the newspaper owned by Catholic minority in the midst of the mostly Muslim readers. Meanwhile, even though the Merdeka newspaper supported the New Order government, but this newspaper implicitly blamed the New Order government for proposing the Pancasila Bill as a single principle and various other policies, which eventually led to the occurrence of bloody events.KEY WORD: Press and Government; Social Criticism; Merdeka and Kompas Newspapers; Tanjung Priok Event; News and Views.About the Author: Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. adalah Dosen Senior di Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI (Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: atriwusidna@gmail.com Suggested Citation: Suwirta, Andi. (2017). “Pers dan Kritik Sosial pada Masa Orde Baru: Kasus Peristiwa Tanjung Priok Tahun 1984 dalam Pandangan Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 2(2), August, pp.101-122. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (October 9, 2016); Revised (March 2, 2017); and Published (August 30, 2017).
Suleiman the Magnificent, Sang Penakluk Timur dan Barat: Kajian Politik Ekspansi Turki Utsmani, 1520-1566 Masehi Hafiez, Muhammad Ryan; Suwirta, Andi; Iriyadi, Achmad
INSANCITA Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
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ABSTRAKSI: Sultan Suleiman I dikenal juga dalam dunia Islam dengan gelar “Al-Qanuni”, yang artinya “pembuat undang-undang”; sedangkan dalam dunia Eropa, ia dijuluki dengan gelar “Suleiman the Magnificent” atau “Solomon the Great”, yang bermakna “hebat”, karena luas kekuasaannya menyaingi Alexander the Great. Artikel ini mengkaji proses ekspansi yang dilakukan oleh kesultanan Turki Utsmani di bawah kepemimpinan Sultan Suleiman I. Metode penelitian sejarah yang digunakan meliputi heuristik, kritik sumber, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Suleiman I merupakan Sultan Turki Utsmani ke-10, yang berkuasa dari tahun 1520-1566 Masehi. Di bawah kepemimpinannya, Turki Utsmani telah melakukan ekspansi ke wilayah Barat (Eropa Timur), wilayah Selatan (Mediterania dan Afrika Utara), serta wilayah Timur (Asia Barat). Ekspansi tersebut dilatarbelakangi oleh faktor-faktor geopolitik, ekonomi, dan keagamaan, yang kemudian berkembang menjadi peperangan. Di wilayah Barat, Turki Utsmani harus menghadapi kerajaan Hongaria dan Habsburg dalam memperebutkan daerah Belgrade dan Buda. Di wilayah Selatan, Turki Utsmani harus menghadapi kerajaan Spanyol dalam memperebutkan daerah Tunisia, Aljir, dan Mesir. Sedangkan di wilayah Timur, Turki Utsmani harus menghadapi Persia-Safavid dalam memperebutkan daerah Baghdad. Penaklukan Sultan Suleiman I telah memperluas wilayah Turki Utsmani dari 576,900 mil persegi pada tahun 1520 menjadi 877,888 mil persegi pada tahun 1566.KATA KUNCI: Ekspansi; Geopolitik; Ekonomi; Suleiman the Magnificent; Turki Utsmani. ABSTRACT: “Suleiman the Magnificent, the Conqueror of East and West: Study on Political Expansion of Ottoman Empire, 1520-1566 AD”. Sultan Suleiman I was known in the Islamic world with the title of “Al-Qanuni”, which means “legislators”; whereas in the European world, he is known by the title of “Suleiman the Magnificent” or “Solomon the Great”, because his vast power to rival Alexander the Great. This article examines the expansion process carried out by the Ottoman empire under the leadership of Sultan Suleiman I. The historical method used includes heuristics, criticism of sources, interpretation, and historiography. Suleiman I was the Sultan of the 10th Ottoman empire, which ruled from 1520 to 1566 AD (Anno Domini). Under his leadership, the Ottoman empire had expanded to West region (Eastern Europe), South region (Mediterranean and North Africa), and East region (West Asia). The expansion is motivated by geopolitics, economics, and religion factors, which later evolved into the war. In the West region, the Ottoman empire had to conpront with Habsburg and Hungarian kingdoms in the fight over Belgrade and Buda areas. In the South region, the Ottoman empire had to face the Spanish kingdom in the fight areas of Tunisia, Algiers, and Egypt. While in the East region, the Ottoman empire must face the Persia-Safavid kingdom in fighting the Baghdad area. The conquest of Sultan Suleiman I have expanded the territory of the Ottoman empire of 576,900 square miles in 1520 became 877,888 square miles in 1566.KEY WORD: Expansion; Geopolitics; Economics; Suleiman the Magnificent; Ottoman Empire.    About the Authors: Muhammad Ryan Hafiez, S.Pd. adalah Alumni Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI (Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. dan Drs. R.H. (Raden Haji) Achmad Iriyadi adalah Dosen Senior di Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI di Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Alamat emel penulis: suwirta.sahaja@upi.eduHow to cite this article? Hafiez, Muhammad Ryan, Andi Suwirta & Achmad Iriyadi. (2017). “Suleiman the Magnificent, Sang Penakluk Timur dan Barat: Kajian Politik Ekspansi Turki Utsmani, 1520-1566 Masehi” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.2(1), February, pp.17-30. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2443-1776. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 15, 2017); Revised (January 29, 2017); and Published (February 27, 2017).
Prophetic Approach: Initiating an Alternative Pedagogic Theory Syihabuddin, Syihabuddin
INSANCITA Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
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ABSTRACT: Allah is the ultimate educator of this world (rabbu al-‘alamin), including human beings. The results of His theistic education are in the forms of knowledge and various resources contained in humans’ souls. Then, He sent the Prophet to externalize the knowledge and resources into behaviors through Prophetic approach (al-Nubuwwah). This approach involves the following stages: tilawah, tazkiyah, and ta’lim. “Tilawah” is practiced through reading, examining, and studying the verses of Allah revealed in this world, as summarized in “Sunnatullah”, thus producing conclusions, theories, and knowledge. The process and results of the data (the verses) are then developed, internalized, and corrected through “tazkiyah”. This second stage prepares human beings to be ready to study life by combining dogmatic knowledge (al-Kitab) and the abstraction of their lives (al-Hikmah). This is the result of the third stage of the Prophetic approach, namely “ta’limu al-kitabi wa al-hikmah”. This article examines on those Prophetic approaches. Although the Prophetic approach is still in a conceptual stage, however, I invite teachers and educators to present this idea in the classrooms. We do not have to wait until this idea is elaborated in an operational lesson plan, but we can start from ourselves and from now. If we start learning activities, for example, we should present the intent only for worshipping Allah SWT. If we want to educate in that way, in fact, we have commenced a Prophetic approach.KEY WORD: Prophetic Approach; Tilawah; Tazkiyah; Ta’lim; Theory and Implementation. ABSTRAKSI: “Pendekatan Profetik: Perbincangan Awal Ihwal Teori Pedagogik Alternatif”. Allah SWT (Subhanahu Wa-Ta’ala) adalah pendidik hakiki atas alam semesta (rabbu al-‘alamin), termasuk manusia. Hasil pendidikan theistik ini ialah tersimpannya ilmu pengetahuan pada berbagai makhluk dan pada jiwa manusia. Kemudian Allah SWT mengirimkan Rasul untuk mengeksternalisasi ilmu pengetahuan tersebut, menjelaskannya dalam berbagai konteks, dan mencontohkannya dalam kehidupan nyata. Inilah yang disebut pendekatan Profetik, yang berlangsung dalam tiga tahap: tilawah, tazkiyah, and ta’lim. “Tilawah” dilakukan melalui kegiatan membaca, menelaah, dan mempelajari ayat-ayat yang dibentangkan Allah SWT pada alam semesta. Ayat-ayat tersebut disimpulkan dalam konsep Sunnatullah, yang merupakan serangkaian rumusan kesimpulan, teori, dan ilmu pengetahuan. Selanjutnya, hasil pengolahan data berupa ayat-ayat Tuhan itu dikembangkan, diinternalisasikan, dan dikoreksi melalui proses “tazkiyah”. Tahap Profetik yang kedua ini bertujuan menyiapkan manusia agar dia berkesiapan untuk mempelajari kehidupan dengan memadukan antara pengetahuan dogmatik (al-Kitab) dengan nilai-nilai dan pengalaman kehidupan (al-Hikmah). Ini adalah hasil ketiga dari pendekatan Profetik, yaitu “ta’limu al-kitabi wa al-hikmah”. Artikel ini mengkaji tentang pendekatan Profetik. Walaupun pendekatan Profetik ini masih dalam tahapan konseptual, walau bagaimanapun, saya mengajak para guru dan pendidik untuk menyajikan gagasan ini didalam kelas. Kita tidak harus menunggu sampai gagasan ini dielaborasi dalam bentuk rencana pembelajaran yang operasional, namun kita dapat melalui diri kita sendiri dan memulainya sekarang. Jika kita memulai kegiatan pembelajaran, misalnya, kita hendaknya bertujuan semata-mata untuk beribadah kepada Allah SWT. Jika kita mau mendidik dengan cara seperti itu, pada kenyataannya, kita telah memulai pendekatan Profetik ini.KATA KUNCI: Pendekatan Profetik; Tilawah; Tazkiyah; Ta’lim; Teori dan Implementasi.About the Author: Prof. Dr. Syihabuddin is Full Professor at the Department of Arabic Language Education, Faculty of Language and Literature Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. Corresponding author is: syihab_upi@yahoo.co.idHow to cite this article? Syihabuddin. (2016). “Prophetic Approach: Initiating an Alternative Pedagogic Theory” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.1(2), August, pp.137-150. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2443-1776. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 16, 2016); Revised (June 1, 2016); and Published (August 30, 2016).
Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam dan Kesejahteraan: Konteks Indonesia Azis, Harry Azhar
INSANCITA Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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ABSTRAKSI: Tujuan didirikannya HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam) pada tanggal 5 Februari 1947 adalah ikut mempertahankan kemerdekaan Indonesia. Di alam Indonesia merdeka, Islam dapat berkembang dan menjadi wadah perkembangannya. Indonesia dan Islam menyatu di organisasi ini sejak berdiri. Tema ke-Indonesi-an dan ke-Islam-an selalu menjadi sifat dan karakternya. Diimbuhi semangat muda mahasiswa, Indonesia dan Islam menjadi bergairah. Di HMI, Islam dan Indonesia tidak seharusnya dipisahkan, tidak ada split atau dikotomi, dan diajarkan dalam setiap perkaderan. Dalam sejarah organisasi ini, Islam dan Indonesia tidak pernah pecah sampai di era 1980-an, dalam kasus asas tunggal Pancasila, dan dua tema itu berkontraksi di kalangan para pendukungnya, termasuk di HMI, sampai rejim Orde Baru tenggelam pada akhir tahun 1990-an. Di era kebebasan informasi dan demokrasi sekarang ini, justru tema kemahasiswaan, ke-Indonesia-an dan ke-Islam-an seperti memperoleh tempatnya kembali di HMI. Tetapi, jauh lebih penting lagi sekarang ini, dalam momentum 68 tahun HMI berdiri dan ikut mengawal perjalanan pencapaian tujuan berbangsa dan bernegara sesuai tujuan HMI, sejauh mana tujuan itu telah tercapai. HMI telah berhasil ikut serta dalam mempertahankan kemerdekaan, serta meluruskan pelaksanaan ideologi dan konstitusi negara Indonesia. Kini, HMI ditantang untuk terus mengawal kebijakan negara agar menguntungkan semua penduduk Indonesia menjadi lebih beriman dan berilmu, maju dan modern, serta adil dan sejahtera.KATA KUNCI: Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam, negara Indonesia, proses kaderisasi, tantangan dan peluang, refleksi dan aksi, serta kesejahteraan masyarakat Indonesia.ABSTRACT: “Muslim Students Association and Welfare: An Indonesian Context”. The establishment of HMI (Muslim Students Association) on 5th February 1947 was to participate in maintaining the independence of Indonesia. In the realm of Indonesian independent, Islam can flourish and Indonesia became an umbrella for the development of Islam. Indonesia and Islam are together in the body of the HMI since its inception. Themes of “Indonesia” and “Islam” have always been the nature and character of HMI. Imbued with the spirit of a young student, Indonesia and Islam became excited. In the HMI, Islam and Indonesia should not be separated, there is no split or dichotomy, and taught in every training of HMI’s cadres. In the history of HMI, Islam and Indonesia has never broken up in the 1980s, in the case of “Pancasila”, and two themes were contracted among his supporters, including in the HMI, until the New Order regime step down in the late 1990s. In the era of freedom of information and democracy today, precisely the theme of the “student”, “Indonesian”, and “Islam” like obtaining its place again in the HMI. But, more importantly now is after 68 years of HMI stands and participate to guard the achievement journey of the goals of nation-state, in accordance with the goals of the HMI, how far the objectives have been achieved. HMI has managed successfully to defend the Indonesian independence, and HMI has also successfully participated to straighten the implementation of the ideology and constitution of Indonesia’s nation-state. Now, HMI is challenged to continue in guarding the nation-state policies in order to benefit all Indonesian people to become more faithful and knowledgeable, advanced and modern, as well as fair and prosperous.KEY WORD: Muslim Students Association, Indonesian nation-state, regeneration process, challenges and opportunities, reflection and action, and fair and prosperous of Indonesian society.About the Author: Dr. Harry Azhar Azis adalah mantan Ketua Umum PB HMI (Pengurus Besar Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam) periode 1983-1986; dan sekarang menjabat sebagai Ketua BPK RI (Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia) di Jakarta. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis dapat dihubungi dengan alamat emel: ha_azis@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Azhar Azis, Harry. (2016). “Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam dan Kesejahteraan: Konteks Indonesia” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.1(1), February, pp.43-54. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2443-1776. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (August 3, 2015); Revised (December 5, 2015); and Published (February 5, 2016).

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