INSANCITA
Published by Minda Masagi Press
ISSN : 24432776     EISSN : -
INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the anniversary of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Association of Islamic College’s Students) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Istitutions) in Indonesia, since issue of February 2016 to date; and published by Minda Masagi Press, a publishing house owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia; and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, since issue of February 2018 to date. The articles published in INSANCITA journal are able to be written in English as well as in Indonesian and Malay languages. The INSANCITA journal is published every February and August. The INSANCITA journal is devoted, but not limited to, Islamic studies and any new development and advancement in the field of Islamic society. The scope of our journal includes: (1) Language and Literature in Islam; (2) Social Science and Humanities in Islam; (3) History and Philosophy of Education in Islam; (4) Economy and Business in Islam; (5) Science, Technology and Society in Islam; (6) Political, Cultural and Social Engineering in Islam; and (7) Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Design in Islam.
Articles
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Articles
Editors and Guidelines of the INSANCITA Journal, Issue of February 2018

INSANCITA, Editor Journal

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August.Bandung, Indonesia: February 28, 2018. Sri Redjeki Rosdianti, M.M.Pd.Director of Minda Masagi Press in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

The Religious Practices of Deaf Muslims in Malaysia: A Case Study at the Special Education School

Mohad, Abd Hakim, Mokhtar, Ros Aiza Mohd, Omar, Nizaita

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: The religious practice in everyday life is part of the manifestation of religion and belief of every human being. Within the Islamic context, for example, religious practices must be one that stems from the Islamic religious laws. All Muslims, including the deaf, need to perform their religious obligations within their abilities. However, not much attention is given to people with disability, such as the deaf, with regards to observing their religious practices and in understanding the related problems that they face. This article serves to explain religious practices of the deaf Muslims through a research conducted at a Special Education School (for the Deaf) in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah and the Activity Centre, Society for the Welfare of the Deaf in Terengganu, Malaysia. This study employs the survey method, which uses the questionnaire as an instrument for data collection. Among the aspects of religious practices observed are acts of worship like prayer and fasting, as well as general practices like eating habits, and ways of dressing. The study showed that the hearing impaired also perform religious practices in their daily life, although a majority of them are unable to perform them completely. KEY WORD: Religious Practices; Deaf; Muslim in Malaysia; Ability; Special Education School. ABSTRAKSI: “Amalan Keagamaan Orang Islam Pekak di Malaysia: Kajian Kes di Sekolah Pendidikan Khas”. Amalan beragama dalam kehidupan seharian merupakan sebahagian dari manifestasi agama dan kepercayaan yang pegang oleh setiap insan. Dalam konteks Islam, misalnya, amalan beragama itu mestilah sesuatu yang  bersumberkan dari syariat Islam. Semua umat Islam, termasuklah golongan pekak, perlu melaksanakannya mengikut kadar kemampuan masing-masing. Namun, tidak ramai yang mengambil perhatian terhadap golongan OKU (Orang Kurang Upaya), seperti golongan pekak, untuk melihat amalan beragama yang mereka lakukan dan memahami masalah yang mereka hadapi. Makalah ini menjelaskan amalan beragama golongan pekak Muslim menerusi satu kajian yang dilakukan di Sekolah Pendidikan Khas (Pekak) di Kota Kinabalu, Sabah dan Pusat Aktiviti, Persatuan Kebajikan Pekak di Terengganu, Malaysia. Kajian menggunakan kaedah survey, dengan instrumen soal selidik bagi pengumpulan data. Antara aspek amalan beragama yang dilihat ialah amal ibadah khusus seperti solat dan puasa, juga amalan umum seperti kebiasaan pemakanan, dan cara berpakaian. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa golongan pekak turut melaksanakan amalan beragama dalam kehidupan mereka, walaupun sebahagian besar daripada mereka tidak dapat melaksanakan dengan sempurna. KATA KUNCI: Amalan Beragama; Pekak; Muslim di Malaysia; Keupayaan; Sekolah Pendidikan Khas.    About the Authors: Dr. Abd Hakim Mohad is a Senior Lecturer at the Sociology and Social Anthropology Center of Core Studies, Faculty of Leadership and Management USIM (Islamic Science University of Malaysia), Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Dr. Ros Aiza Mohd Mokhtar is a Senior Lecturer at the Islamic Thoughts & Civilizations Center of Core Studies, Faculty of Leadership and Management USIM, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nizaita Omar is a Lecturer at the Islamic Law Department, Fakulti Pengajian Umum dan Pendidikan Lanjutan UnisZA (University of Sultan Zainal Abidin), Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia. E-mails address: abdhakim@usim.edu.my, rosaiza@usim.edu.my, and nizaitaomar@unisza.edu.mySuggested Citation: Mohad, Abd Hakim, Ros Aiza Mohd Mokhtar & Nizaita Omar. (2018). “The Religious Practices of Deaf Muslims in Malaysia: A Case Study at the Special Education School” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.51-64. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (November 10, 2017); Revised (January 15, 2018); and Published (February 28, 2018).

Meningkatkan Pendidikan Perempuan Indonesia melalui Optimalisasi Majelis Ta’lim

Helmawati, Helmawati

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRAKSI: Artikel ini, dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif dan penjelasan yang deskriptif, mengkaji tentang majelis ta’lim sebagai salah satu wahana untuk ikut mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa, khususnya pendidikan perempuan di Indonesia. Majelis ta’lim merupakan salah satu bentuk dan wadah pendidikan non-formal yang banyak terdapat di kota-kota dan pedesaan-pedesaan di Indonesia. Eksistensi dan peran majelis ta’lim tentu dapat dijadikan tempat oleh para jemaah dalam menuntut ilmu dan menambah pengetahuan. Kebanyakan jamaah adalah perempuan (ibu-ibu), yang datang ke majelis ta’lim pada umumnya untuk memperdalam ilmu pengetahuan agama. Tidak heran ketika ditemukan data bahwa mayoritas jemaah ibu-ibu mayoritas berusia di atas 40 tahun. Hal ini sesuai dengan awal didirikannya majelis ta’lim, yaitu sebagai tempat untuk menyiarkan ajaran agama Islam. Seiring dengan perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang tidak dapat dihindari, sekarang ini fungsi majelis ta’lim harus dioptimalkan bukan hanya sebagai tempat pemenuhan kebutuhan agama saja, tetapi juga harus memenuhi kebutuhan akan ilmu pengetahuan umum lainnya, keterampilan, dan kewirausahaan yang bermanfaat bagi kehidupan sosial dan ekonomi jemaah itu sendiri. Selain itu, ilmu pengetahuan yang diperoleh di majelis ta’lim bukan hanya bermanfaat bagi jemaah itu sendiri, namun juga ilmu yang diperoleh dari majelis ta’lim dapat diimplementasikan dalam keluarga, sehingga tujuan pendidikan dapat dicapai. Untuk itu, fungsi dari komponen majelis ta’lim harus direvitalisasi agar tercapai manfaat yang lebih luas lagi.KATA KUNCI: Majelis Ta’lim; Optimalisasi; Revilatilisasi; Pendidikan Non-Formal; Agama Islam. ABSTRACT: “Improving Indonesian Women Education through Optimization of Majelis Talim”. This article, using qualitative method and descriptive explanation, examines the “majelis talim”, or Islamic education assembly, as one of the rides to participate in the intellectual life of the nation, especially the education of women in Indonesia. “Majelis ta’lim” is one of the non-formal education institutions, which spread out in every towns or villages in Indonesia. The existence and role of “majelis ta’lims” are as a place to gain knowledge of the “jemaah” or people who come to gain knowledge in the “majelis ta’lim”. Most of “jemaah” are women, who come to “majelis ta’lim” to gain religious knowledge. That why most of “jemaah” age are more than 40 years old. It is accordingly to the firstly aim of “majelis ta’lim” was held, namely as place to broadcast Islamic religion values. As the growth of sciences and technology that can’t be avoided, the function of “majelis ta’lim” must be optimized, in which the function is not only as the place to gain religious knowledge but also as the place to gain others knowledge, skills, and entrepreneurship to fulfill social as well as economic domestic of “jemaah”. Beside that knowledge which is received by the “jemaah” not only must advantages for the “jemaah” own-selves, but also knowledge itself can be implemented in the family, especially to educate their children, so that the goal of education can be reached. Accordingly, the function of components of “majelis ta’lim” must be revitalized to give wider advantages.KEY WORD: Majelis Ta’lim; Optimization; Revitalization; Non-Formal Education; Islamic Religion. About the Author: Dr. Helmawati adalah Dosen Pascasarjana PAI/FAI UNINUS (Pendidikan Agama Islam/Fakultas Agama Islam, Universitas Islam Nusantara), Jalan Soekarno Hatta, No.530 Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: helmawati.dr@gmail.comSuggested Citation: Helmawati. (2018). “Meningkatkan Pendidikan Perempuan Indonesia melalui Optimalisasi Majelis Ta’lim” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.65-88. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (November 10, 2017); Revised (January 15, 2018); and Published (February 28, 2018).

Status of Women in Islam and the Present Indian Scenario

Siddiqa, Aisha, Ruby, Ruby

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: This paper, based on qualitative study, focuses on the status of women in Islam and the present Indian scenario. The status of women in Islam is very high, where they are considered equal to men; but the women of the minority community suffer from the dual handicap of being women and belonging to minority community in India. Muslim women are suffering, from both internal and external oppression. Muslim men practice what they themselves believe is Islamic and oppress their women, and refuse to entertain any thought of change. They degrade women and in most cases violate their rights by dictating them. Many Muslim women also believe that Islam enslaves them, because they have not listened to what is written in the Al-Qur’an. The Al-Qur’an liberates women and has given them equal status to men. Since the rural section of Indian society does not know what is written in the Al-Qur’an or Al-Hadith, they tend to follow the “imam” of their mosque, who himself comes from a poor family and in most cases has very limited knowledge of theology and Islamic “shariah” or law. The present study is concerned with four different areas of women’s life: (1) the private life, i.e. status in the family; (2) female education; (3) marriage and divorce; and (4), lastly, the practical life, i.e. employment and job opportunities. All these four areas are discussed the problems and concerns related to Muslim women in India, and what are their rights according to Islam. This study is a step in direction of eradicating misunderstanding and correcting the wrongs in prevalence. KEY WORD: Status of Women in Islam; Muslim Women in India; Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadith, Cultural Tradition; Eradicating Misunderstanding. ABSTRAKSI: “Status Perempuan dalam Islam dan Skenario dari India Sekarang”. Makalah ini, berdasarkan studi kualitatif, berfokus pada status perempuan dalam Islam dan skenario dari India sekarang. Status perempuan dalam Islam sangat tinggi, di mana mereka dianggap setara dengan laki-laki; namun perempuan dari komunitas minoritas menderita kegagalan ganda, karena menjadi perempuan dan termasuk dalam komunitas minoritas di India. Wanita Muslim menderita, baik oleh penindasan internal maupun eksternal. Pria Muslim mempraktekan apa yang mereka percayai sendiri tentang Islam dan menindas wanita, serta menolak untuk memikirkan perubahan apapun terhadap wanita. Mereka menurunkan derajat perempuan dan dalam kebanyakan kasus melanggar hak mereka dengan mendikte para wanita. Banyak wanita Muslim juga percaya bahwa Islam memperbudak mereka, karena mereka tidak mendengarkan apa yang tertulis dalam Al-Quran. Al-Quran membebaskan wanita dan memberi mereka status yang setara dengan pria. Karena sebagian masyarakat pedesaan India tidak tahu apa yang tertulis dalam Al-Quran atau Al-Hadits, mereka cenderung mengikuti “imam” masjid, yang berasal dari keluarga miskin dan dalam kebanyakan kasus sangat terbatas pengetahuan tentang teologi dan syariah Islam. Kajian ini berkaitan dengan empat bidang kehidupan perempuan yang berbeda: (1) kehidupan pribadi, yaitu status dalam keluarga; (2) pendidikan perempuan; (3) pernikahan dan perceraian; dan (4), terakhir, kehidupan praktis, yaitu pekerjaan dan peluang kerja. Semua empat bidang tersebut dibahas masalah dan hal-hal yang terkait dengan wanita Muslim di India, serta apa hak mereka menurut Islam. Penelitian ini merupakan langkah menuju pemberantasan kesalahpahaman dan koreksi terhadap kesalahan dalam kelaziman. KATA KUNCI: Status Perempuan dalam Islam; Wanita Muslim di India; Al-Quran dan Al-Hadits, Tradisi Budaya; Memberantas Kesalahpahaman.  About the Authors: Aisha Siddiqa and Ruby are the Research Scholars at the Department of Education AMU (Aligarh Muslim University) in Uttar Pradesh, India. For academic interests, the authors are able to be contacted via e-mail at: aisha.siddiqa1@gmail.comSuggested Citation: Siddiqa, Aisha & Ruby. (2018). “Status of Women in Islam and the Present Indian Scenario” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.1-12. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (March 15, 2017); Revised (October 9, 2017); and Published (February 28, 2018).

Info-edu-tainment of INSANCITA Journal, Issue of February 2018

INSANCITA, Editor Journal

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1084.345 KB)

Abstract

INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August.Bandung, Indonesia: February 28, 2018.Dr. Haji Berliana KartakusumahEditor-in-Chief of INSANCITA Journal in Bandung; and a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training UNIDA (Djuanda University) in Ciawi, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.

Bacaan Intertekstual terhadap Sumber Al-Isra’iliyyat dalam Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan

Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh bin Sheh

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRAKSI: “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” merupakan tafsir kedua selepas “Tarjuman al-Mustafid”, yang ditulis dalam bahasa Melayu pada abad ke-19 Masihi oleh Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id Umar. Objektif utama kajian ini dilakukan adalah untuk mengesan dan memperlihatkan pengaruh sumber teks luar yang terdapat di dalam teks “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” mengenai sumber “Al-Isra’iliyyat”. Proses menganalisis “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” akan menggunakan kaedah bacaan intertekstual yang diasaskan oleh Mikhail Mikhaelovic Bakhtin (1981), serta dikembangkan huraian dan penganalisaannya oleh Julia Krestiva (1980). Dari sudut kaedah penyelidikan, kajian ini berbentuk kajian kepustakaan dan juga lapangan yang menggunakan pendekatan subjektif bagi melihat data secara deskriptif dan kualitatif. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa terdapat tujuh buah karya yang telah mempengaruhi intipati teks “Al-Isra’iliyyat”, iaitu: “Tafsir al-Jalalyn” karya Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti & Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli (1337/1919); “Tafsir al-Jamal” karya Sulayman bin ‘Umar al-‘Ujjayli al-Jamal (t.th.); “Tafsir al-Baydawi” karya Nasir al-Din Abu Sa’id ‘Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad al-Shayrazi al-Baydawi (1416/1996); “Tafsir al-Khazin” karya ‘Ala al-Din ‘Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Baghdadi al-Khazin (1339/1979); “Tafsir al-Baghawi” karya Muhy al-Sunnah Abu Muhammad al-Husayn bin Mas’ud al-Baghawi (1409/1988); “Al-Jami’ al-Ahkam al-Qur’an” karya Abu ‘Abdillah Muhamad bin Ahmad al-Ansari al-Qurtubi (1423/2003); serta “Al-Kashf wa al-Bayan ‘an Tafsir al-Qur’an” karya Abu Ishaq Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Naysaburi al-Tha’labi (1422/2002). Dapatan analisis juga membuktikan bahawa karya yang mendominasi teks “Al-Isra’iliyyat” di dalam “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” ialah “Tafsir al-Jamal”.KATA KUNCI: Sejarah; Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan; Al-Isra’iliyyat; Bacaan Intertekstual; Prinsip Intertekstual. ABSTRACT: “Intertextual Reading towards Al-Isra’iliyyat in the Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan”. “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” is the second interpretation after “Tarjuman al-Mustafid” written in the Malay language in the 19th century by Sheikh Muhammad Said Umar. The main objective of this study is to identify the influence of the external source in the text of “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” about the “Al-Isra’iliyyat”. Intertextual reading method is used in the process of analyzing “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” founded by Mikhail Mikhaelovic Bakhtin (1981), and descriptions developed and analyzed by Julia Krestiva (1980). From the research method, this study is a literature review and field work using the subjective approach which are descriptive and qualitative data. The study found seven works which have influenced the essence of “Al-Isra’iliyyat”, they are: “Tafsir al-Jalalyn” by Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti & Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli (1337/1919); “Tafsir al-Jamal” by Sulayman bin ‘Umar al-‘Ujjayli al-Jamal (n.y.); “Tafsir al-Baydawi” by Nasir al-Din Abu Sa’id ‘Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad al-Shayrazi al-Baydawi (1416/1996); “Tafsir al-Khazin” by ‘Ala al-Din ‘Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Baghdadi al-Khazin (1339/1979); “Tafsir al-Baghawi” by Muhy al-Sunnah Abu Muhammad al-Husayn bin Mas’ud al-Baghawi (1409/1988); “Al-Jami’ al-Ahkam al-Qur’an” by Abu ‘Abdillah Muhamad bin Ahmad al-Ansari al-Qurtubi (1423/2003); and “Al-Kashf wa al-Bayan ‘an Tafsir al-Qur’an” by Abu Ishaq Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Naysaburi al-Tha’labi (1422/2002). The finding analysis also shows that “Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” is mostly influenced by “Tafsir al-Jamal”.KEY WORD: History; Nur al-Ihsan Interpretation; Al-Isra’iliyyat; Intertextual Reading; Intertextual Principle.About the Author: Dr. Mohd Sholeh bin Sheh Yusuff ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Kulliyyah Al-Qur’an dan Al-Sunnah KUI (Kolej Universiti Insaniah), 09300 Kuala Ketil, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia. Alamat emel: mohdsholeh@insaniah.edu.mySuggested Citation: Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh bin Sheh. (2018). “Bacaan Intertekstual terhadap Sumber Al-Isra’iliyyat dalam Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.13-28. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (March 10, 2017); Revised (October 28, 2017); and Published (February 28, 2018).

Contents and Forewords of the INSANCITA Journal, Issue of February 2018

INSANCITA, Editor Journal

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.  This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and BRIMAN (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia Academic Network) Institute in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August.Bandung, Indonesia: February 28, 2018.Andi Suwirta, M.Hum.Chairperson of ASPENSI in Bandung for Period 2013-2018; and a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Social Studies Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun sebagai Sejarawan Islam Agung dan Relevansinya dengan Historiografi Kontemporer

Mail, Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji, Suwirta, Andi

INSANCITA Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRAKSI: Makalah ini, dengan mengguna-pakai kaedah kualitatif dan pendekatan sejarah, mencuba membicarakan tentang pemikiran historiografi atau pensejarahan Ibn Khaldun. Idea pensejarahan beliau yang didasari dengan penekanan perlunya ahli sejarah bersifat analitikal dan kritis, baik terhadap kandungan penulisan sejarah mahupun sumber sejarah. Sejarah yang lari daripada unsur-unsur kritis dianggap sebagai pensejarahan deskriptif, kerana sejarah kritis mempunyai ciri-ciri mencari kebenaran dengan membahas sebab dan musabab sesuatu peristiwa itu berlaku. Sejarawan juga perlu mengutamakan penulisan yang tidak berat sebelah kepada mana-mana pihak, supaya penulisan sejarahnya lebih jujur dan mengarah ke arah kebenaran. Menurut Ibn Khaldun (1993) lagi pemahaman ke atas sejarah itu penting agar masyarakat manusia boleh mengambil iktibar dan dapat menghindarkan daripada melakukan kesilapan. Beliau berpendapat bahawa ruang lingkup pengajian sejarah bukan hanya menumpukan kepada golongan berpengaruh dan peristiwa-peristiwa besar sahaja, tetapi juga perlu melibatkan golongan bawahan. Dengan demikian, aliran pemikiran pensejarahan Ibn Khaldun, yang lahir pada abad ke-14 Masihi, telah diguna-pakai dan diakui oleh para sejarawan kontemporari. Bagaimanapun, kertas ini hanya menumpukan perbincangan kepada pensejarahan analitikal dan kritis dengan melihat contoh pentafsiran ke atas kandungan munasabah penulisan sejarah dan sumber sejarah, samada dalam pensejarahan moden di Barat mahupun di alam Melayu.KATA KUNCI: Historiografi; Ibn Khaldun; Sejarah Analitikal dan Kritis; Ruang Lingkup Sejarah; Sumber Sejarah. ABSTRACT: “Ibn Khalduns Thoughts as Great Islamic Historian and its Relevance with Contemporary Historiography”. This paper, by adopting qualitative methods and historical approaches, tries to discuss about Ibn Khalduns historiography. His idea of historiography based on the emphasis on the necessity of historians is analytical and critical, both against historical writing and historical sources. The history that escapes critical elements is considered a descriptive hierarchy, as critical history has the character of seeking truth by discussing the causes and affects of such events. The historian should also prioritize the writing of impartiality to any party, so that the writing of history is more honest and leads to the truth. According to Ibn Khaldun (1993), understanding of history is important, so that human beings can learn and avoid mistakes. He thinks that the scope of history studies not only focuses on influential groups and major events, but also involves subordinates. Thus, the flow of thought of Ibn Khaldun, born in the 14th century, has been adopted and recognized by contemporary historians. However, this paper focuses only on analytical and critical historiography by looking at an example of the interpretation of the reasonable content of historical writing and historical sources, whether in modern historiography in the West or in the Malay world.KEY WORD: Historiography; Ibn Khaldun; Analytical and Critical History; History Scope; History Resources.  About the Authors: Prof. Madya Dr. Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji Mail ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Pengajian Sejarah dan Antarabangsa FASS UBD (Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Brunei Darussalam) di Bandar Seri Begawan, Negara Brunei Darussalam. Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. adalah Pensyarah Kanan di Jabatan Pendidikan Sejarah UPI (Universiti Pendidikan Indonesia) di Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Alamat emel penulis: asbol.mail@ubd.edu.bn dan suciandi@upi.eduSuggested Citation: Mail, Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji & Andi Suwirta. (2018). “Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun sebagai Sejarawan Islam Agung dan Relevansinya dengan Historiografi Kontemporer” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(1), February, pp.29-50. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 2443-1776.Article Timeline: Accepted (January 5, 2018); Revised (February 2, 2018); and Published (February 28, 2018). 

Contents and Forewords of the INSANCITA Journal, Issue of August 2017

INSANCITA, Editor Journal

INSANCITA Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. This journal, with ISSN 2443-2776, was firstly published on February 5, 2016, in the context to commemorate the Dies Natalies of HMI (Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam or Islamic Students Association) in Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal has been organized by the Alumni of HMI who work as Lecturers at the HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) in Indonesia; and published by Minda Masagi Press as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The INSANCITA journal is published twice a year i.e. every February and August. Bandung, Indonesia: August 30, 2017.Andi Suwirta, M.Hum.A Senior Lecturer at the Department of History Education FPIPS UPI; and Chairperson of ASPENSI in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

Pers dan Kritik Sosial pada Masa Orde Baru: Kasus Peristiwa Tanjung Priok Tahun 1984 dalam Pandangan Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta

Suwirta, Andi

INSANCITA Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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ABSTRAKSI: Artikel ini, dengan menggunakan metode sejarah dan analisis yang deskriptif-kualitatif, mengkaji peristiwa Tanjung Priok tahun 1984 dalam pemberitaan dan pandangan surat kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta. Hasil kajian menunjukan bahwa pemberitaan dan pandangan pers biasanya tercermin dalam tajuk rencana, cacatan pojok, sajian berita utama, dan analisis terhadap beritanya. Dalam konteks ini, surat kabar Merdeka dan Kompas, dalam pemberitaan dan pandangannya, secara umum menyatakan dukungan kepada pemerintah dalam menyelesaikan kasus Tanjung Priok. Dukungan kedua surat kabar tersebut mengingat bahwa rejim Orde Baru mengawasi secara ketat pemberitaan pers. Surat kabar Kompas bahkan secara terang-terangan meyatakan dukungannya pada pemerintah Orde Baru, yang telah melindungi dan memberi dukungan pada surat kabar milik golongan Katholik di tengah-tengah para pembaca yang kebanyakan beragama Islam. Sementara itu, meskipun surat kabar Merdeka mendukung tindakan pemerintah Orde Baru, namun secara tersirat surat kabar ini menyalahkan pemerintah Orde Baru yang mengajukan RUU (Rancangan Undang-Undang) Pancasila sebagai asas tunggal dan berbagai kebijakan lain, yang pada akhirnya menyebabkan terjadinya peristiwa berdarah tersebut.KATA KUNCI: Pers dan Pemerintah; Kritik Sosial; Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas; Peristiwa Tanjung Priok; Berita dan Pandangan. ABSTRACT: “Press and Social Criticism in the New Order Period: The Case of Tanjung Priok Event of 1984 in the Views of Merdeka and Kompas Newspapers in Jakarta”. This article, using method of history and descriptive-qualitative analysis, examines the events of Tanjung Priok in 1984 in news and views of Merdeka and Kompas newspapers in Jakarta. The results of the study show that the news and views of press are usually reflected in editorials, corner notes, news headlines, and analysis of the news. In this context, newspapers of Merdeka and Kompas, in their news and views, generally support the government to resolve the Tanjung Priok case. The support of both newspapers was due to the New Order regime was closely watching the press coverage. Kompas newspaper even openly expressed its support for the New Order government, which has protected and supported the newspaper owned by Catholic minority in the midst of the mostly Muslim readers. Meanwhile, even though the Merdeka newspaper supported the New Order government, but this newspaper implicitly blamed the New Order government for proposing the Pancasila Bill as a single principle and various other policies, which eventually led to the occurrence of bloody events.KEY WORD: Press and Government; Social Criticism; Merdeka and Kompas Newspapers; Tanjung Priok Event; News and Views.About the Author: Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. adalah Dosen Senior di Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI (Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: atriwusidna@gmail.com Suggested Citation: Suwirta, Andi. (2017). “Pers dan Kritik Sosial pada Masa Orde Baru: Kasus Peristiwa Tanjung Priok Tahun 1984 dalam Pandangan Surat Kabar Merdeka dan Kompas di Jakarta” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 2(2), August, pp.101-122. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2443-1776. Article Timeline: Accepted (October 9, 2016); Revised (March 2, 2017); and Published (August 30, 2017).