SIPATAHOENAN
Published by Minda Masagi Press
ISSN : 24077348     EISSN : -
This journal, with ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015, in the context to commemorate the Kartini (Women Figure)’s Day in Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Executive Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesian Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung and supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta, since issue of April 2015 to date; and published by Minda Masagi Press, a publishing house owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The articles published in SIPATAHOENAN journal are able to be written in English as well as in Indonesian and Malay languages. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published every April and October. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is devoted, but not limited to, youth education, sports education, health education, and any new development and advancement in the field of youth, sports, and health education. The scope of our journal includes: (1) Youth and Nation-State Development; (2) Sports and National Character Building; (3) Health and Human Resources Quality; (4) Youth Education and Nation-State in the Future; (5) Sports Education and Fighting Spirit of the Nation-State; (6) Health Education and Nation-State Tenacity; and (7) Youth, Sports, and Helath Education in the Context of Welfare State Development.
Articles
19
Articles
Faktor Berlakunya Pelacuran Berdasarkan Laporan MAIK

Hasan, Haryati

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INTISARI: Di Kelantan, Malaysia, kegiatan pelacuran telah dapat dikesan sejak suku pertama abad ke-19. Sehingga menjelang Perang Dunia II (1939-1945), kegiatan tersebut gagal dibasmi sepenuhnya, walaupun pelbagai usaha telah dilakukan oleh pihak MAIK (Majlis Agama Islam dan Istiadat Melayu Kelantan). Artikel ini menganalisis gejala pelacuran dalam kalangan wanita Melayu Kelantan dari tahun 1916 sehingga tahun 1941, yang berdasarkan laporan MAIK. Wanita yang terlibat dalam pelacuran pada waktu itu terdiri daripada mereka yang pernah berkahwin, mereka mendapat pendidikan yang tidak sempurna, jahil dalam bidang agama, kemiskinan, keinginan untuk bersuami lagi, dan penipuan. Tujuan dalam melaksanakan kajian ini adalah untuk mengumpul dan menilai maklumat tentang perceraian dalam masyarakat Melayu Kelantan, khususnya di Kota Bharu, Malaysia. Perkara ini belum pernah berlaku sebelum ini, khasnya pada zaman sebelum Perang Dunia Kedua (1939-1945). Menurut catatan MAIK, ramai wanita yang berkahwin muda, yang akhirnya berhujung pada perceraian mereka. Jawatankuasa itu juga menyatakan bahawa kebanyakan wanita menjadi pelacur, apabila mereka telah diceraikan oleh suami mereka. Ia mendedahkan bahawa bukan sahaja mereka beraksi untuk mencari nafkah supaya boleh menyokong anak-anak mereka, tetapi mereka tidak dapat dengan mudah mencari pekerjaan kerana mereka kurang pendidikan. Rekod MAIK membuktikan bahawa sejak ditubuhkan pada tahun 1915, MAIK telah membuat cubaan serius untuk menghapuskan pelacuran yang melibatkan sebahagian kecil wanita di Kelantan pada masa itu. KATA KUNCI: Perceraian; Pelacuran; Pendidikan Tidak Sempurna; Jahil dalam Bidang Agama; Kemiskinan. ABSTRACT: “Influencing Factors towards the Malay Prostitution Based on the Records of MAIK”. In Kelantan, Malaysia, prostitution has been detected since the first quarter of the 19th century. Until the World War II (1939-1945), these activities failed to fully eradicated, despite various attempts have been made by the MAIK (Majlis Agama Islam dan Istiadat Melayu Kelantan or Kelantan Council for Islamic Religion and Malay Custom). This article analyses the phenomenon of prostitution among Malay women in Kelantan from 1916 to 1941 based on the records of the MAIK. It is discovered that many of the women involved were widows and that lack of proper religious and education, poverty, the urge to remarry, and deception were among the factors which led the women into prostitution. The aim in undertaking this study was to collect and assess information about divorce in a Kelantanese Malay community, particularly in Kota Bharu, Malaysia. This has not been done before, especially on the period before the Second World War (1939-1945). According to the MAIK records, many women who married young ended up divorcing their spouses. The committee also stated that most women became prostitutes, when they were divorced by their husbands. It revealed that not only did they have to earn a living to support their children, but they could not easily find jobs because of their lack of education. The MAIK records prove that since its inception in 1915, the MAIK had made serious attempts to eliminate prostitution involving a small section of women in Kelantan during the time.KEY WORD: Divorce; Prostitution; Education Imperfect; Ignorant in Religion; Poverty.About the Author: Dr. Haryati Hasan ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan UPSI (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris), 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi via emel di: haryatie@fsk.upsi.edu.myHow to cite this article? Hasan, Haryati. (2015). “Faktor Berlakunya Pelacuran Berdasarkan Laporan MAIK” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.189-198. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (June 15, 2015); Revised (August 17, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

Info and Index of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal, Issue of October 2015

SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

This journal, with ISSN ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015. Since issue of April 2015 to date, the SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesia Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung; supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta; and published by Minda Masagi Press, as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published twice a year, i.e. every April and October. Bandung, Indonesia: October 28, 2015. Dr. Haji Amung MamunVice Chief Editor of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal; and Senior Lecturer at the FPOK UPI (Faculty of Sports and Health Education, Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. 

Children’s Reading Difficulty and Their Perceived Misbehavior

Ocampo, Jr., Jose M

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: The greatest natural gift of a child as a growing and developing individual is the ability to learn. How good a child is in relation to reading and writing has been considered by many parents as a question they anticipate to encounter. The study sought to describe the 6-years-old children’s reading difficulty and their perceived misbehavior. It is worthy to note that misbehavior is a complaint not only limited to teachers or other school personnel. Sometimes, even parents or carers themselves agree that their children are exhibiting misbehaviors. For gathering of data, in this study, parents/carers and teachers of participants were interviewed focusing on the checklist. Results indicate that children’s learning difficulty in relation to reading is composed of attention, expressive reading, focusing on test, reading comprehension, and spelling. The behaviors occurring during reading sessions at home, among the respondents are grouped on four areas, such as: head, arm-hand, shoulder-waist, and waist-foot. Some carers, however, perceived these behaviors as misbehaviors. The study recommends that other areas of learning difficulty, especially concerning mathematics be explored. Aside from organizing modified group activities according to skills (for letter-sound recognition, proper blending, and reading comprehension with few words), explore and try-out some programs, which can be used as an alternative movement-based learning activity.KEY WORD: Children; Parents and Teachers; Reading Difficulty; Misbehaviour; Learning Activity. INTISARI: “Kesulitan Anak-anak dalam Membaca dan Perilaku Nakal yang Dirasakan Mereka”. Karunia alam terbesar bagi anak sebagai individu yang tumbuh dan berkembang adalah kemampuan untuk belajar. Seberapa baik anak dalam kaitannya dengan membaca dan menulis telah dianggap oleh kebanyakan orang tua sebagai pertanyaan besar untuk mengantisipasi dan menghadapinya. Penelitian ini berusaha untuk menggambarkan kesulitan membaca anak-anak berusia 6 tahun dan perilaku nakal yang dirasakan mereka. Hal ini layak untuk dicatat bahwa perilaku nakal adalah keluhan tidak hanya terbatas pada guru atau petugas sekolah lainnya. Kadang-kadang, bahkan orang tua atau wali murid sendiri setuju bahwa anak-anak mereka menunjukan perilaku nakal. Untuk mengumpulkan data, dalam penelitian ini, peserta orang tua/wali murid dan guru diwawancarai dengan fokus pada daftar nama-nama. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kesulitan belajar anak dalam kaitannya dengan membaca terdiri dari perhatian, membaca ekspresif, fokus pada tes, pemahaman bacaan, dan ejaan. Perilaku nakal yang terjadi selama sesi membaca di rumah, diantara para responden dikelompokkan pada empat bidang, seperti: kepala, lengan-tangan, bahu-pinggang, dan pinggang-kaki. Beberapa wali murid, bagaimanapun, menganggap perilaku ini sebagai kenakalan. Studi ini merekomendasikan bahwa area lain dari kesulitan belajar, terutama menyangkut matematika juga dieksplorasi. Selain menyelenggarakan kegiatan kelompok yang dimodifikasi sesuai dengan keterampilan (dengan surat pengakuan yang dibacakan, gabungan yang tepat, dan pemahaman bacaan dengan beberapa kata), mengeksplorasi dan menguji-cobakan beberapa program, yang dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif gerak berbasis aktivitas belajar.KATA KUNCI: Anak-anak; Orang Tua dan Guru; Kesulitan Membaca; Perilaku Nakal; Kegiatan Belajar.About the Author: Prof. Jose M. Ocampo, Jr., Ph.D. is a Lecturer at the PNU (Philippine Normal University) in Manila, the Philippines. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via e-mail at: juno_6970@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Ocampo, Jr., Jose M. (2015). “Children’s Reading Difficulty and Their Perceived Misbehavior” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.199-208. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (May 16, 2015); Revised (July 27, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

Contents and Forewords of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal, Issue of October 2015

SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

This journal, with ISSN ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015. Since issue of April 2015 to date, the SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesia Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung; supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta; and published by Minda Masagi Press, as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published twice a year, i.e. every April and October. Jakarta, Indonesia: October 28, 2015. Haji Imam NahrawiHonorable Patron of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal in Bandung; and Minister of the KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta. 

Editors and Guidelines of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal, Issue of October 2015

SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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SIPATAHOENAN journal will provide a peer-reviewed forum for the publication of thought-leadership articles, briefings, discussion, applied research, case and comparative studies, expert comment and analysis on the key issues surrounding the Youth, Sports, and Health Education, and its various aspects. Analysis will be practical and rigorous in nature.Bandung, Indonesia: October 28, 2015.Andi SUWIRTAChairperson of ASPENSI; and a Senior Lecturer at the FPIPS UPI (Faculty of Social Studies Education, Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

School Motivation and Learning Strategies of Freshmen Student-Athletes of Philippine Normal University: Basis for Intervention

Vergara, Lordinio A, Aragones, Ana Katrina J

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Recruited athletes are often given an admissions advantage entering college, but with less impressive academic records. The study aimed to determine the school motivation and learning strategies, the admission scores as well as the academic profile of the freshmen student-athletes. Findings reveal that most of the student-athletes have moderately developed learning skills, average intrinsic motivation, common performance anxiety associated with testing, and do have reasonable listening and attention skills in the classroom environment. The study also showed significant difference in the Writing/Research Skills and Test-Taking Strategies between the male and female student-athletes, which means that females have better study skills than the male students. On the other hand, academic difficulty is noted as an increase in their deficiency occurred during the second semester due to incomplete, dropped, and failed ratings, while significant association is found between their PNUAT (Philippine Normal University Admission Test) scores and GPA (Grade Point Average). The above mentioned findings aid the researchers in developing an intervention program, which focuses in enhancing the student-athletes academic motivation and learning strategies essential to academic success.KEY WORD: School Motivation; Learning Strategies; Academic Performance; Student-Athletes; Intervention Program. INTISARI: “Motivasi Sekolah dan Strategi Belajar para Mahasiswa-Atlet dari Universitas Pendidikan Filipina: Basis untuk Intervensi”. Perekrutan atlet sering memberikan keuntungan untuk masuk diterima di perguruan tinggi, namun dengan catatan akademis yang kurang mengesankan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui motivasi sekolah dan strategi belajar, skor masuk, serta profil akademik para mahasiswa-atlet. Temuan mengungkapkan bahwa sebagian besar mahasiswa-atlet telah cukup mengembangkan keterampilan belajar, motivasi intrinsik rata-rata, kecemasan kinerja umum yang terkait dengan pengujian, serta harus mendengarkan dan memperhatikan keterampilan yang wajar dalam lingkungan kelas. Penelitian ini juga menunjukan perbedaan yang signifikan dalam Keterampilan Menulis/Meneliti dan Ujian Strategi antara mahasiswa-atlet pria dan wanita, yang mana bahwa mahasiswa-atlet wanita memiliki kemampuan belajar yang lebih baik daripada mahasiswa-atlet pria. Di sisi lain, kesulitan akademik terjadi peningkatan sebagai akibat kekurangan mereka selama semester kedua, karena tidak selesai, gagal, dan turun peringkat, sementara hubungan yang signifikan ditemukan antara skor PNUAT (Tes Masuk Universitas Pendidikan Filipina) dengan IPK (Indeks Prestasi Kumulatif) mereka. Temuan tersebut di atas membantu para peneliti dalam mengembangkan program intervensi, yang difokuskan untuk meningkatkan motivasi akademik dan strategi belajar yang penting bagi para mahasiswa-atlet dalam keberhasilan akademis mereka.KATA KUNCI: Motivasi Sekolah; Strategi Belajar; Prestasi Akademik; Mahasiswa-Atlet; Program Intervensi.  About the Authors: Prof. Lordinio A. Vergara is Director of the Institute of Physical Education, Health, Recreation, Dance, and Sports PNU (Philippine Normal University) in Manila, Philippines; and Ana Katrina J. Aragones is a Psychometrician at the San Beda College Alabang, Head Coach, and Volleyball Women at the PNU in Manila, Philippines. Corresponding author is: vergara.la@pnu.edu.phHow to cite this article? Vergara, Lordinio A. & Ana Katrina J. Aragones. (2015). “School Motivation and Learning Strategies of Freshmen Student-Athletes of Philippine Normal University: Basis for Intervention” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.147-164. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (July 31, 2015); Revised (September 5, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

Penglibatan Remaja dalam Pekerjaan

Ishak, Rosnah binti

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INTISARI: Sektor pekerjaan di Malaysia berkembang dengan sangat pesat. Perkembangan ini menarik minat banyak pihak untuk turut terlibat dalam kerancakan perkembangan ekonomi tersebut, termasuklah golongan remaja. Penglibatan remaja sebagai tenaga kerja selalu diambil tidak endah oleh sebahagian besar masyarakat, kerana mereka dianggap bekerja secara sambilan sahaja. Remaja dianggap sebagai golongan yang tidak serius dalam pekerjaan dan mudah bertukar pekerjaan. Oleh kerana remaja adalah golongan dalam peringkat umur yang selalu dinisbahkan dengan pelbagai masalah, persepsi negatif tersebut juga turut dilemparkan kepada remaja yang bekerja. Justeru, remaja bekerja juga dianggap sebagai remaja bermasalah. Mereka dilabel sebagai remaja yang kurang pendidikan, malas belajar, dan tiada daya usaha untuk memajukan diri dengan pendidikan. Sangat kurang kajian yang dapat menerobos dan memperincikan kenapa remaja memilih untuk bekerja. Masyarakat umumnya beranggapan, remaja yang terlibat sebagai tenaga kerja atau melibatkan diri dalam sektor pekerjaan sangat kecil bilangannya. Namun, statistik dalam Laporan Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh 2013, yang dikeluarkan oleh Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia, menunjukan bahawa seramai hampir dua juta tenaga kerja warganegara Malaysia berumur antara 15-24 tahun. Ini bermakna bahawa lebih daripada enambelas peratus (16.8%) tenaga kerja Malaysia adalah dalam kategori umur remaja, yang terlibat dalam pelbagai sektor pekerjaan. Angka ini bukan kecil. Justeru, artikel ini membincangkan dan mengupas senario tersebut serta implikasinya berdasarkan data yang dikeluarkan oleh Jabatan Perangkaan, iaitu Laporan Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh Malaysia 2013.KATA KUNCI: Remaja; Pekerjaan; Remaja Bekerja; Laporan Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh; Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. ABSTRACT: “Teenagers Involvement in the Workforce”. Job sectors in Malaysia have developed rapidly. It is of interest to many parties to participate in the economic development boom, including the teenagers. The involvement of teenagers as the workforce is not always taken serious by most of the community, because they are considered as part-time workers. Teenagers are portrayed as those who are not serious about the job and easily change the jobs. Due to the teenagers is the age group that is always attributed to a variety of problems, so the negative perceptions were also thrown at working teenagers. Accordingly, working teenagers are also regarded as troubled teens. They are labelled as uneducated, lazy learners, and have no effort to advance theirs through education. Not many studies done to find out and analyze why adolescents choose to work. Many of us generally think that the teenagers involved as employees or engaged in the employment sector were very small. However, statistics of Labour Force Survey Report 2013 released by the Department of Statistics showed that a total of nearly two million workforce aged between 15-24 years. This means that more than sixteen percents (16.8%) of Malaysia’s workforce is in the age category of teenagers involved in various employment sectors. This figure is not small in number. Therefore, this article discusses and analyzes these scenario based on data in Labour Force Survey Report 2013 released by the Department of Statistics in Malaysia.KEY WORD: Adolescent; Employment; Working Teenagers; Labour Force Survey Report; Department of Malaysia’ Statistics.About the Author: Dr. Rosnah binti Ishak ialah Pensyarah Kanan Hubungan Industri di Fakulti Kemanusiaan, Seni, dan Warisan UMS (Universiti Malaysia Sabah), Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi secara terus di: rosnery.rosnah@gmail.com dan drrosnah@ums.edu.myHow to cite this article? Ishak, Rosnah binti. (2015). “Penglibatan Remaja dalam Pekerjaan” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.219-228. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (June 25, 2015); Revised (August 17, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

Analisis Dimensi dan Indikator Indeks Pembangunan Kepemudaan di Indonesia

Sukmawijaya, Esa

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INTISARI: Secara legal-formal, pembangunan kepemudaan di Indonesia merujuk pada Undang-Undang Nomor 40 Tahun 2009 tentang Kepemudaan. Segera setelah undang-undang ini lahir, Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional melakukan kajian pada tahun 2009, yang antara lain menyimpulkan kenyataan tentang masih tumpang-tindihnya program kepemudaan di beberapa Kementerian dan/atau Lembaga di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dimensi dan indikator pembangunan kepemudaan di Indonesia dalam kaitannya dengan perumusan Indeks Pembangunan Kepemudaan. Merujuk pada referensi indikator pembangunan kepemudaan dari PBB (Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa), direkomendasikan 6 dimensi dan 64 indikator pembangunan kepemudaan. Selanjutnya, dalam studi ini diperoleh 4 dimensi inti dan 8 indikator inti yang dirumuskan kedalam Indeks Pembangunan Kepemudaan sebagai alat ukur keberhasilan pembangunan kepemudaan di Indonesia. Pengukuran indeks dilakukan secara nasional untuk menganalisis implementasi kebijakan pembangunan. Selain itu, melalui pengukuran indeks dapat diketahui pula peran dimensi dan indikator terhadap tingkat keberhasilan pembangunan, sehingga menjadi bahan evaluasi yang spesifik dan terarah dalam menata pembangunan kepemudaan selanjutnya. Pembangunan di sini bukan hanya bermakna bagi optimalisasi peningkatan peran atau partisipasi pemuda dalam pembangunan berdasarkan potensi yang dimiliki, namun juga bermakna dalam konteks penyiapan masa depan bangsa Indonesia yang cerah.KATA KUNCI: Indikator Pembangunan; Pemuda Indonesia; Pembangunan Kepemudaan; Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga; Indeks Pembangunan Manusia. ABSTRACT: “An Analysis on Youth Development Index and its Dimensions in Indonesia”. Legally formal, the youth development in Indonesia refers to Law No.40 of 2009 on Youth. Soon after the birth of this law, the National Development Planning Agency conducted a study in 2009, which among other things concluded still overlapping realities of youth programs in some Ministries and/or Institutions in Indonesia. The aim of this study is to identify the dimensions and indicators of youth development in Indonesia related to formulate the Youth Development Index. Based on the indicator reference of youth development from the UN (United Nations), recommended items are 6 dimensions and 64 indicators of youth development outcomes. Furthermore, from this study was gained 4 core dimensions and 8 core indicators that have been formulated to contribute the Youth Development Index successfully in Indonesia. Measurements of index were conducted nationwide to analyze the implementation of development policies. In addition, through measuring index can be determined also the role of dimensions and indicators towards the success rate of development, so that it becomes the subject of specific evaluation and direction in managing the development of youth next. The development in this context is not only meaning to optimizing or increasing the role of youth participation in development based on their potentials, but also meaning in the context of preparing the bright future of Indonesia.KEY WORD: Development Indicator; Indonesian Youth; Youth Development; Ministry of Youth and Sports; Human Development Index.About the Author: Esa Sukmawijaya, M.Si. adalah Kepala Bidang Pengembangan pada ASDEP (Asisten Deputi) Peningkatan Sumber Daya Pemuda, Deputi Bidang Pemberdayaan Pemuda KEMENPORA RI (Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga Republik Indonesia), Jalan Gerbang Pemuda No.3 Senayan, Jakarta 10270, Indonesia. Alamat emel: esajaya@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Sukmawijaya, Esa. (2015). “Analisis Dimensi dan Indikator Indeks Pembangunan Kepemudaan di Indonesia” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.165-188. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (September 12, 2015); Revised (October 15, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

The Unraveling of K-12 Program as an Education Reform in the Philippines

Abulencia, Arthur S

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Education is big social investment for families or parents as well as the entire nation. We cannot afford to have a good or quality education, even at least the basic level. Although the true aim of education is to nurture human being to become truly human being, however because of global competition, we need to educate and train our students to be at par with their counterparts in other parts of the world. And, of course, we need them to be parts or contributors to develop our national economy. In the context of the Philippines, it is relevance to note here that more than two years ago, the incumbent President Aquino signed into law the Basic Education Act of 2013 (Republic Act 10533), or most commonly referred to as K-12 Program. The K-12 Program mandates that all pupils entering Grade 1 should have compulsory undergone kindergarten or pre-school, and the secondary level will add two more years, that is the senior high school. Accordingly, everybody has stake or concern about education, and, consequently, we should listen to all the voices who are uttering their piece regarding the K-12 Program. There are beneficiaries of the K-12 Program, but some sectors will be drastically affected and dislodged. We should have an open eye and listening ear to consider and integrate the ideas and suggestions of people.KEY WORD: K-12 Program; Education Reform; Quality Education; Global Competition; Ideas and Suggestions of people. INTISARI: “Mengurai Program K-12 sebagai Reformasi Pendidikan di Filipina”. Pendidikan adalah investasi sosial yang besar untuk keluarga atau orang tua serta seluruh bangsa. Kita tidak mampu untuk memiliki pendidikan yang baik atau kualitas, bahkan setidaknya pada tingkat pendidikan dasar. Meskipun tujuan sebenarnya dari pendidikan adalah untuk membina manusia menjadi makhluk yang benar-benar manusiawi, namun karena persaingan global, kita perlu mendidik dan melatih para siswa agar menjadi setara dengan rekan-rekan mereka di bagian lain dunia. Dan, tentu saja, kita membutuhkan mereka untuk menjadi bagian atau kontributor untuk mengembangkan perekonomian nasional kita. Dalam konteks Filipina, adalah relevan untuk dicatat di sini bahwa lebih dari dua tahun yang lalu, Presiden petahana Aquino telah menandatangani Undang-Undang Pendidikan Dasar 2013 (Republic Act 10533), atau sering disebut sebagai Program K-12. Program K-12 mengamanatkan bahwa semua murid yang masuk Kelas I wajib menjalani pendidikan TK (Taman Kanak-Kanak) atau pendidikan pra-sekolah, dan sekolah menengah akan ditambah dua tahun lagi, yaitu hingga SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas). Dengan demikian, setiap orang memiliki modal atau perhatian terhadap pendidikan, dan, akibatnya, kita harus mendengarkan semua suara mereka yang disampaikan secara tidak utuh mengenai Program K-12. Ada manfaat dari Program K-12 ini, namun beberapa sektor kehidupan akan secara drastik dipengaruhi dan dipreteli. Kita harus memiliki mata dan telinga untuk mendengarkan secara terbuka dalam mempertimbangkan dan mengintegrasikan semua ide dan saran dari masyarakat.KATA KUNCI: Program K-12; Reformasi Pendidikan; Pendidikan Berkualitas; Persaingan Global; Gagasan dan Saran dari Masyarakat.About the Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arthur S. Abulencia is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences PNU (Philippine Normal University), Taft Avenue, Manila 1000, the Philippines. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via his e-mails at: arthurpnu@yahoo.com and abulencia.as@pnu.edu.phHow to cite this article? Abulencia, Arthur S. (2015). “The Unraveling of K-12 Program as an Education Reform in the Philippines” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.229-240. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (June 14, 2015); Revised (August 30, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).

Antara Buluh dan Bubur: Integrasi Melayu Minoriti dan Cina Majoriti di Singapura dalam Domain Peribadi, Keluarga, Pekerjaan, Sosial, dan Politik

Abdullah, Kamsiah

SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INTISARI: Artikel ini membentangkan suatu kajian awal mengenai isu integrasi di antara dua kaum yang terbesar di Singapura, iaitu kaum Cina yang merupakan kaum majoriti dan dominan serta kaum Melayu, kaum asal di rantau ini, yang merupakan kaum minoriti di Singapura. Para sampel kajian ini terdiri dari 88 orang mahasiswa Cina dan Melayu yang belajar di sebuah universiti terkenal. Mereka memberi sambutan kepada satu set soal-selidik berstruktur dan terbuka yang ditubuhkan oleh pengkaji, khusus untuk menarik sambut- jawapan yang bersesuaian dengan tajuk. Data yang menarik dan terpendam telah dapat digali. Respons terhadap soal-selidik telah digunakan sebagai indikator petunjuk bagi darjah integrasi yang tercapai. Berdasarkan analisis data-data empiris tersebut, yang dikumpulkan didalam domain-domain lazim seperti sekitaran peribadi, keluarga, tempat kerja, serta perhubungan sosial dan politik, dapat dilihat sama ada integrasi telahpun berhasil. Konsep “buluh”, bukan “mosaik”, telah dikemukakan untuk menerangkan jenis integrasi yang diingini oleh kedua-dua masyarakat tersebut.KATA KUNCI: Melayu, integrasi, konsep “buluh”, minoriti, majoriti, Singapura, ranah keluarga, pekerjaan, sosial, dan politik.ABSTRACT: “Between Bamboo and Porridge: Integration of Malay Minority and Chinese Majority in Singapore in the Personal, Family, Workplace, Social, and Political Domains”. This paper brings to light a preliminary study on the issue of racial integration between two major ethnic groups in Singapore – the Chinese who are the largest and the dominant community and the Malays who are native to the region and the largest minority. The sample in this study consists of 88 Chinese and Malay undergraduates in a reputable university, who responded to a structured and open-ended questionnaire designed by the author to specifically elicit appropriate responses on the topic. Interesting and revealing data was obtained. Following analyses of the empirical data collected on familiar domains, such as the personal, family, workplace, social, and political spheres; the degree of integration as indicated by responses to the questionnaire was used as indicators of whether integration of the two communities had taken place. The concept of “bamboo”, instead of “mosaic”, was advanced to describe the type of integration desired for the two communities.KEY WORD: Malays, integration, concept of “bamboo”, minority, majority, Singapore, family domain, workplace, social, and politics.About the Author: Prof. Madya Dr. Hajah Kamsiah binte Haji Abdullah ialah Pensyarah di Jabatan Malay Linguistics, Literature and Arts FASS UBD (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Brunei Darussalam), Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam, BE 1410. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi dengan alamat emel: kamsiah.abdullah@ubd.edu.bnHow to cite this article? Abdullah, Kamsiah. (2015). “Antara Buluh dan Bubur: Integrasi Melayu Minoriti dan Cina Majoriti di Singapura dalam Domain Peribadi, Keluarga, Pekerjaan, Sosial, dan Politik” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.69-84. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (December 14, 2014); Revised (February 15, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).