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INDONESIA
SIPATAHOENAN
Published by Minda Masagi Press
ISSN : 24077348     EISSN : -     DOI : -
This journal, with ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015, in the context to commemorate the Kartini (Women Figure)’s Day in Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Executive Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesian Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung and supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta, since issue of April 2015 to date; and published by Minda Masagi Press, a publishing house owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The articles published in SIPATAHOENAN journal are able to be written in English as well as in Indonesian and Malay languages. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published every April and October. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is devoted, but not limited to, youth education, sports education, health education, and any new development and advancement in the field of youth, sports, and health education. The scope of our journal includes: (1) Youth and Nation-State Development; (2) Sports and National Character Building; (3) Health and Human Resources Quality; (4) Youth Education and Nation-State in the Future; (5) Sports Education and Fighting Spirit of the Nation-State; (6) Health Education and Nation-State Tenacity; and (7) Youth, Sports, and Helath Education in the Context of Welfare State Development.
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Articles 19 Documents
Faktor Berlakunya Pelacuran Berdasarkan Laporan MAIK Hasan, Haryati
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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INTISARI: Di Kelantan, Malaysia, kegiatan pelacuran telah dapat dikesan sejak suku pertama abad ke-19. Sehingga menjelang Perang Dunia II (1939-1945), kegiatan tersebut gagal dibasmi sepenuhnya, walaupun pelbagai usaha telah dilakukan oleh pihak MAIK (Majlis Agama Islam dan Istiadat Melayu Kelantan). Artikel ini menganalisis gejala pelacuran dalam kalangan wanita Melayu Kelantan dari tahun 1916 sehingga tahun 1941, yang berdasarkan laporan MAIK. Wanita yang terlibat dalam pelacuran pada waktu itu terdiri daripada mereka yang pernah berkahwin, mereka mendapat pendidikan yang tidak sempurna, jahil dalam bidang agama, kemiskinan, keinginan untuk bersuami lagi, dan penipuan. Tujuan dalam melaksanakan kajian ini adalah untuk mengumpul dan menilai maklumat tentang perceraian dalam masyarakat Melayu Kelantan, khususnya di Kota Bharu, Malaysia. Perkara ini belum pernah berlaku sebelum ini, khasnya pada zaman sebelum Perang Dunia Kedua (1939-1945). Menurut catatan MAIK, ramai wanita yang berkahwin muda, yang akhirnya berhujung pada perceraian mereka. Jawatankuasa itu juga menyatakan bahawa kebanyakan wanita menjadi pelacur, apabila mereka telah diceraikan oleh suami mereka. Ia mendedahkan bahawa bukan sahaja mereka beraksi untuk mencari nafkah supaya boleh menyokong anak-anak mereka, tetapi mereka tidak dapat dengan mudah mencari pekerjaan kerana mereka kurang pendidikan. Rekod MAIK membuktikan bahawa sejak ditubuhkan pada tahun 1915, MAIK telah membuat cubaan serius untuk menghapuskan pelacuran yang melibatkan sebahagian kecil wanita di Kelantan pada masa itu. KATA KUNCI: Perceraian; Pelacuran; Pendidikan Tidak Sempurna; Jahil dalam Bidang Agama; Kemiskinan. ABSTRACT: “Influencing Factors towards the Malay Prostitution Based on the Records of MAIK”. In Kelantan, Malaysia, prostitution has been detected since the first quarter of the 19th century. Until the World War II (1939-1945), these activities failed to fully eradicated, despite various attempts have been made by the MAIK (Majlis Agama Islam dan Istiadat Melayu Kelantan or Kelantan Council for Islamic Religion and Malay Custom). This article analyses the phenomenon of prostitution among Malay women in Kelantan from 1916 to 1941 based on the records of the MAIK. It is discovered that many of the women involved were widows and that lack of proper religious and education, poverty, the urge to remarry, and deception were among the factors which led the women into prostitution. The aim in undertaking this study was to collect and assess information about divorce in a Kelantanese Malay community, particularly in Kota Bharu, Malaysia. This has not been done before, especially on the period before the Second World War (1939-1945). According to the MAIK records, many women who married young ended up divorcing their spouses. The committee also stated that most women became prostitutes, when they were divorced by their husbands. It revealed that not only did they have to earn a living to support their children, but they could not easily find jobs because of their lack of education. The MAIK records prove that since its inception in 1915, the MAIK had made serious attempts to eliminate prostitution involving a small section of women in Kelantan during the time.KEY WORD: Divorce; Prostitution; Education Imperfect; Ignorant in Religion; Poverty.About the Author: Dr. Haryati Hasan ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan UPSI (Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris), 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi via emel di: haryatie@fsk.upsi.edu.myHow to cite this article? Hasan, Haryati. (2015). “Faktor Berlakunya Pelacuran Berdasarkan Laporan MAIK” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.189-198. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (June 15, 2015); Revised (August 17, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).
Antara Buluh dan Bubur: Integrasi Melayu Minoriti dan Cina Majoriti di Singapura dalam Domain Peribadi, Keluarga, Pekerjaan, Sosial, dan Politik Abdullah, Kamsiah
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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INTISARI: Artikel ini membentangkan suatu kajian awal mengenai isu integrasi di antara dua kaum yang terbesar di Singapura, iaitu kaum Cina yang merupakan kaum majoriti dan dominan serta kaum Melayu, kaum asal di rantau ini, yang merupakan kaum minoriti di Singapura. Para sampel kajian ini terdiri dari 88 orang mahasiswa Cina dan Melayu yang belajar di sebuah universiti terkenal. Mereka memberi sambutan kepada satu set soal-selidik berstruktur dan terbuka yang ditubuhkan oleh pengkaji, khusus untuk menarik sambut- jawapan yang bersesuaian dengan tajuk. Data yang menarik dan terpendam telah dapat digali. Respons terhadap soal-selidik telah digunakan sebagai indikator petunjuk bagi darjah integrasi yang tercapai. Berdasarkan analisis data-data empiris tersebut, yang dikumpulkan didalam domain-domain lazim seperti sekitaran peribadi, keluarga, tempat kerja, serta perhubungan sosial dan politik, dapat dilihat sama ada integrasi telahpun berhasil. Konsep “buluh”, bukan “mosaik”, telah dikemukakan untuk menerangkan jenis integrasi yang diingini oleh kedua-dua masyarakat tersebut.KATA KUNCI: Melayu, integrasi, konsep “buluh”, minoriti, majoriti, Singapura, ranah keluarga, pekerjaan, sosial, dan politik.ABSTRACT: “Between Bamboo and Porridge: Integration of Malay Minority and Chinese Majority in Singapore in the Personal, Family, Workplace, Social, and Political Domains”. This paper brings to light a preliminary study on the issue of racial integration between two major ethnic groups in Singapore – the Chinese who are the largest and the dominant community and the Malays who are native to the region and the largest minority. The sample in this study consists of 88 Chinese and Malay undergraduates in a reputable university, who responded to a structured and open-ended questionnaire designed by the author to specifically elicit appropriate responses on the topic. Interesting and revealing data was obtained. Following analyses of the empirical data collected on familiar domains, such as the personal, family, workplace, social, and political spheres; the degree of integration as indicated by responses to the questionnaire was used as indicators of whether integration of the two communities had taken place. The concept of “bamboo”, instead of “mosaic”, was advanced to describe the type of integration desired for the two communities.KEY WORD: Malays, integration, concept of “bamboo”, minority, majority, Singapore, family domain, workplace, social, and politics.About the Author: Prof. Madya Dr. Hajah Kamsiah binte Haji Abdullah ialah Pensyarah di Jabatan Malay Linguistics, Literature and Arts FASS UBD (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Brunei Darussalam), Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam, BE 1410. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi dengan alamat emel: kamsiah.abdullah@ubd.edu.bnHow to cite this article? Abdullah, Kamsiah. (2015). “Antara Buluh dan Bubur: Integrasi Melayu Minoriti dan Cina Majoriti di Singapura dalam Domain Peribadi, Keluarga, Pekerjaan, Sosial, dan Politik” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.69-84. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (December 14, 2014); Revised (February 15, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).
Info and Index of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal, Issue of October 2015 SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
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This journal, with ISSN ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015. Since issue of April 2015 to date, the SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesia Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung; supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta; and published by Minda Masagi Press, as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published twice a year, i.e. every April and October. Bandung, Indonesia: October 28, 2015. Dr. Haji Amung MamunVice Chief Editor of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal; and Senior Lecturer at the FPOK UPI (Faculty of Sports and Health Education, Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. 
Indonesia Mulia: Visi Dokter Soetomo tentang Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Moral Ekonomi, dan Modal Sosial Tangkilisan, Yuda B
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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INTISARI: Membicarakan cita-cita bangsa Indonesia tampaknya terasa klise dan seolah-olah berada di tengah-tengah lingkaran setan yang tidak berujung. Namun, sebagaimana amanat dan cita-cita perintis, pendiri, dan pejuang bangsa, maka semangat tidaklah boleh padam, apalagi menjadi pesimis dan apatis. Dokter Soetomo adalah seorang pemuda pendiri Budi Utomo pada tahun 1908, suatu organisasi sukarela modern yang memperjuangkan peningkatan harkat dan martabat masyarakat Jawa yang terjajah. Perjuangannya tidak hanya sebatas ranah politik dan sosial, melainkan juga merambah ke bidang ekonomi ketika beliau mendorong, menciptakan, dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan rakyat. Dari karya, kiprah, dan kinerja sosial-ekonominya tersirat visi dan gagasannya tentang pengembangan ekonomi. Visi ekonominya yang menarik dan signifikan untuk dikembangkan, dan relevan untuk keadaan masa kini, menyangkut persoalan kesejahteraan rakyat, moral ekonomi, dan modal sosial, sebagaimana yang dituangkannya dalam ungkapan “Indonesia Mulia”. Visi dokter muda Soetomo merupakan refleksi semangat dan kecenderungan perjuangan pada zamannya, yang berada di bawah belenggu kolonialisme Belanda untuk bangkit meraih dan mewujudkan cita-cita menjadi bangsa yang merdeka. KATA KUNCI: Dokter Soetomo, pemuda, visi dan gagasan, Indonesia mulia, kesejahteraan rakyat, moral ekonomi, modal sosial, dan bangsa yang merdeka.ABSTRACT: “Noble Indonesia: The Vision of Medical Doctor Soetomo on the People Welfare, Economic Moral, and Social Capital”. Talking about the ideals of the Indonesian people seem to feel cliche and as like as was in the middle of an endless vicious circle. However, as the mandate and ideals of pioneers, founders, and heroes of the nation-state, the spirit is not allowed to go out, let alone become pessimistic and apathetic. Medicine Docter Soetomo is a youth who was the founder of “Budi Utomo” (Noble Character) in 1908, a modern voluntary organization that struggled for the social emancipation of colonized Javanese people. His struggle was not restricted in political and social fields, but also in economics to encourage, create, and increase people’s welfare. From his works, activities, and achievements imply his vision and thoughts for developing economics. His interesting and important economic vision deals with social welfare, economic moral, and social capital issues, that formulated in an idea of Noble Indonesia or “Indonesia Mulia”. The vision of young medical doctor Soetomo was such a reflection of the struggle spirit and trends of its age under a colonial chains to stand up achieving and making the dream comes true as a free nation.KEY WORD: Medical doctor Soetomo, youth, vision and thought, noble Indonesia, people’s welfare, economic moral, social capital, and free nation.About the Author: Dr. Yuda B. Tangkilisan adalah Dosen Senior di Departemen Ilmu Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya UI (Universitas Indonesia), Kampus UI Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: yebete@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Tangkilisan, Yuda B. (2015). “Indonesia Mulia: Visi Dokter Soetomo tentang Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Moral Ekonomi, dan Modal Sosial” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.9-22. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 14, 2015); Revised (March 2, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).
Children’s Reading Difficulty and Their Perceived Misbehavior Ocampo, Jr., Jose M
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
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ABSTRACT: The greatest natural gift of a child as a growing and developing individual is the ability to learn. How good a child is in relation to reading and writing has been considered by many parents as a question they anticipate to encounter. The study sought to describe the 6-years-old children’s reading difficulty and their perceived misbehavior. It is worthy to note that misbehavior is a complaint not only limited to teachers or other school personnel. Sometimes, even parents or carers themselves agree that their children are exhibiting misbehaviors. For gathering of data, in this study, parents/carers and teachers of participants were interviewed focusing on the checklist. Results indicate that children’s learning difficulty in relation to reading is composed of attention, expressive reading, focusing on test, reading comprehension, and spelling. The behaviors occurring during reading sessions at home, among the respondents are grouped on four areas, such as: head, arm-hand, shoulder-waist, and waist-foot. Some carers, however, perceived these behaviors as misbehaviors. The study recommends that other areas of learning difficulty, especially concerning mathematics be explored. Aside from organizing modified group activities according to skills (for letter-sound recognition, proper blending, and reading comprehension with few words), explore and try-out some programs, which can be used as an alternative movement-based learning activity.KEY WORD: Children; Parents and Teachers; Reading Difficulty; Misbehaviour; Learning Activity. INTISARI: “Kesulitan Anak-anak dalam Membaca dan Perilaku Nakal yang Dirasakan Mereka”. Karunia alam terbesar bagi anak sebagai individu yang tumbuh dan berkembang adalah kemampuan untuk belajar. Seberapa baik anak dalam kaitannya dengan membaca dan menulis telah dianggap oleh kebanyakan orang tua sebagai pertanyaan besar untuk mengantisipasi dan menghadapinya. Penelitian ini berusaha untuk menggambarkan kesulitan membaca anak-anak berusia 6 tahun dan perilaku nakal yang dirasakan mereka. Hal ini layak untuk dicatat bahwa perilaku nakal adalah keluhan tidak hanya terbatas pada guru atau petugas sekolah lainnya. Kadang-kadang, bahkan orang tua atau wali murid sendiri setuju bahwa anak-anak mereka menunjukan perilaku nakal. Untuk mengumpulkan data, dalam penelitian ini, peserta orang tua/wali murid dan guru diwawancarai dengan fokus pada daftar nama-nama. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kesulitan belajar anak dalam kaitannya dengan membaca terdiri dari perhatian, membaca ekspresif, fokus pada tes, pemahaman bacaan, dan ejaan. Perilaku nakal yang terjadi selama sesi membaca di rumah, diantara para responden dikelompokkan pada empat bidang, seperti: kepala, lengan-tangan, bahu-pinggang, dan pinggang-kaki. Beberapa wali murid, bagaimanapun, menganggap perilaku ini sebagai kenakalan. Studi ini merekomendasikan bahwa area lain dari kesulitan belajar, terutama menyangkut matematika juga dieksplorasi. Selain menyelenggarakan kegiatan kelompok yang dimodifikasi sesuai dengan keterampilan (dengan surat pengakuan yang dibacakan, gabungan yang tepat, dan pemahaman bacaan dengan beberapa kata), mengeksplorasi dan menguji-cobakan beberapa program, yang dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif gerak berbasis aktivitas belajar.KATA KUNCI: Anak-anak; Orang Tua dan Guru; Kesulitan Membaca; Perilaku Nakal; Kegiatan Belajar.About the Author: Prof. Jose M. Ocampo, Jr., Ph.D. is a Lecturer at the PNU (Philippine Normal University) in Manila, the Philippines. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via e-mail at: juno_6970@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Ocampo, Jr., Jose M. (2015). “Children’s Reading Difficulty and Their Perceived Misbehavior” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(2) October, pp.199-208. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (May 16, 2015); Revised (July 27, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).
The Roles of Kinesthetic Perception, Adaptation, and Agility in the Football Skills of Football School Students in Bandung City Hendrayana, Yudy
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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ABSTRACT: Great attention to football is not only paid by adults, but also children. For children, football has even been their part of life; in other words, their world is incomplete without football. This condition shows that football, as a sport game, has been an important aspect among children. Children’s great interest in football has encouraged football lovers to help channel the interest by founding the Football Schools, or famous by the abbreviation of SSB (Sekolah Sepak Bola) in Indonesian context. The purpose of this research is to study the contribution of kinesthetic perception, adaptation, and agility to football skills. This research was conducted at the Football Schools in Bandung with a sample of 40 students selected randomly. The research has found that there were positive correlations between: (1) kinesthetic perception and football skills; (2) adaptation and football skills; (3) agility and football skills; and (4) kinesthetic perception, adaptation, and agility with football skills. The findings give an implication that football skills can be increased by improving kinesthetic perception, adaptation, and agility.KEY WORD: Football schools in Bandung, students, kinesthetic perception, adaptation, agility, football skills, and positive correlations.INTISARI: “Peranan Persepsi Kinestetik, Adaptasi, dan Kelincahan terhadap Keterampilan Sepakbola pada Siswa-siwa Sekolah Sepakbola di Kota Bandung”. Besarnya perhatian terhadap sepakbola tidak hanya dimiliki oleh orang-orang dewasa, tetapi juga anak-anak.  Bahkan bagi anak-anak, sepakbola telah menjadi bagian dari hidupnya; dengan kata lain, tidak ada dunia lain tanpa melakukan sepakbola. Keadaan ini menunjukkan bahwa sepakbola, sebagai olahraga permainan, telah menjadi agenda penting bagi kalangan anak-anak. Besarnya perhatian anak-anak terhadap sepakbola mendorong pencinta sepakbola untuk membantu menyalurkan keinginan tersebut dengan cara mendirikan Sekolah-sekolah Sepakbola, atau yang terkenal dengan singkatan SSB (Sekolah Sepak Bola) dalam konteks Indonesia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari kontribusi persepsi kinestetik, adaptasi, dan kelincahan untuk keterampilan sepakbola. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Sekolah-sekolah Sepakbola di Bandung dengan sampel 40 siswa yang dipilih secara acak. Penelitian telah menemukan bahwa ada korelasi positif antara: (1) persepsi kinestetik dan keterampilan bermain sepakbola; (2) adaptasi dan keterampilan bermain sepakbola; (3) kelincahan dan keterampilan bermain sepakbola; serta (4) persepsi kinestetik, adaptasi, dan kelincahan dengan keterampilan bermain sepakbola. Temuan memberikan implikasi bahwa keterampilan bermain sepakbola dapat ditingkatkan dengan memperbaiki persepsi kinestetik, adaptasi, dan kelincahan.KATA KUNCI: Sekolah sepakbola di Bandung, siswa-siswa, persepsi kinestetik, adaptasi, kelincahan, keterampilan sepakbola, dan korelasi positif.About the Author: Dr. Yudy Hendrayana is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Sports and Health Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the author is able to be searched at: yudy_h2000@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Hendrayana, Yudy. (2015). “The Roles of Kinesthetic Perception, Adaptation, and Agility in the Football Skills of Football School Students in Bandung City” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.85-98. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348.  Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 2, 2015); Revised (March 24, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).
Contents and Forewords of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal, Issue of October 2015 SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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This journal, with ISSN ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015. Since issue of April 2015 to date, the SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesia Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung; supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta; and published by Minda Masagi Press, as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published twice a year, i.e. every April and October. Jakarta, Indonesia: October 28, 2015. Haji Imam NahrawiHonorable Patron of the SIPATAHOENAN Journal in Bandung; and Minister of the KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta. 
Contents and Forewords SIPATAHOENAN, Editor Journal
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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This journal, with ISSN ISSN 2407-7348, was firstly published on April 21, 2015. Since issue of April 2015 to date, the SIPATAHOENAN journal has been organized by the Central Board of APAKSI (Association of All Indonesia Sports’ Experts and Practitioners) in Bandung; supported by KEMENPORA RI (Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta; and published by Minda Masagi Press, as a publisher owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The SIPATAHOENAN journal is published twice a year, i.e. every April and October. 
Respon Hormon Kortisol terhadap Kecemasan dan Konsentrasi: Studi Kasus pada Siswa SMA yang Tidak Berolahraga, Olahraga Beregu, dan Olahraga Individu Nuryadi, Nuryadi; Kusumah Negara, Jajat Darajat; Roring, Lucky Angkawidjaja
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
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INTISARI: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh bukti empiris dan fakta di lapangan berupa keterkaitan antara respon hormonal stress, dalam hal ini Kortisol Saliva, terhadap kecemasan dan konsentrasi berdasarkan kelompok siswa (tidak atau jarang berolahraga, olahraga beregu, dan olahraga individu). Dalam penelitian ini, populasi dan sampelnya adalah siswa SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) yang mempunyai potensi dan lengkap dari berbagai kegiatan ekstra-kurikuler, serta terpilih sekitar 80 orang siswa. Sampel kortisol saliva diambil sesuai dengan “protocol test” dari Elisa kit, yang bekerja sama dengan Laboratorium Prodia. Metode yang digunakan adalah “one shot case study”. Analisis yang digunakan adalah uji F-ANOVA dan Analisis Regresi pada p-value < 0.05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan, hubungan, dan kontribusi, serta prediksi yang akurat dan signifikan antara respon kortisol, kecemasan, dan konsentrasi pada seluruh kelompok siswa yang jarang/tidak berolahraga, olahraga beregu, dan olahraga individu, dengan p-value yang berbeda-beda. Namun, bagi kelompok siswa yang berolahraga individu, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan hal yang berlainan. KATA KUNCI: Kortisol saliva, kegiatan ekstra-kurikuler, tingkat kecemasan, konsentrasi, siswa sekolah menengah atas, dan antisipasi tindakan.ABSTRACT: “Cortisol Hormone Response toward Anxiety and Concentration: A Case Study on High School Students Who were Not Exercise, Team Sports, and Individual Sports”. This study aimed to obtain empirical evidence and real facts in the form of a link between hormonal response of stress, in this case is Saliva Cortisol, toward anxiety and concentration based on the groups of students (not or rarely exercise, team sports, and individual sports). In this study, the population and the sample are Senior High School students who have the potential and complete from various extra-curricular activities, and selected 80 students. Salivary cortisol samples were taken in accordance with the "protocol test" of Elisa kits, in cooperation with the Laboratory of Prodia. The method used is “one shot case study”. The analysis used was ANOVA F-test and Regression Analysis on the p-value < 0.05. The results showed that there are differences, relationships, and contributions, as well as the accurate prediction and significant correlation between cortisol response, anxiety, and concentration on the entire group of students who rarely/no exercise, team sports, and individual sports, with a p-value of different. However, for groups of students who individual exercise, the results of this study indicate different things.KEY WORD: Salivary cortisol, extra-curricular activities, the level of anxiety, concentration, senior high school students, and the anticipation of action.    About the Authors: Dr. Nuryadi, Jajat Darajat Kusumah Negara, M.Kes., dan dr. Lucky Angkawidjaja Roring, M.Pd. adalah Dosen di Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan UPI (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademis, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: nuryadi_fpok_upi@yahoo.co.idHow to cite this article? Nuryadi, Jajat Darajat Kusumah Negara & Lucky Angkawidjaja Roring. (2015). “Respon Hormon Kortisol terhadap Kecemasan dan Konsentrasi: Studi Kasus pada Siswa SMA yang Tidak Berolahraga, Olahraga Beregu, dan Olahraga Individu” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.23-44. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (February 7, 2015); Revised (March 17, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).
Penglibatan Belia dalam Pertanian Komersial dan Perkembangan Industri Pertanian di Malaysia Abiddin, Norhasni Zainal; Anuar, Mohd Ashraff Mohd; Abdullah, Anzar
SIPATAHOENAN Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI

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Abstract

INTISARI: Sektor pertanian komersial sehingga kini masih kekurangan penglibatan golongan muda, terutamanya belia berpelajaran tinggi. Golongan muda ini diperlukan oleh negara untuk menaiktarafkan indusrti pertanian, memodenkan industri asas tani, dan memperbanyakkan lagi pekerja berkemahiran yang terlibat dalam sektor pertanian komersial. Persepsi negatif masyarakat terhadap sektor pertanian telah memberi kesan terhadap penglibatan belia dalam pertanian komersial. Persepsi negatif yang dimaksudkan ini adalah seperti kurangnya galakan daripada keluarga; kurang prosedur yang lengkap dalam membantu belia yang ingin melibatkan diri dalam sektor pertanian; serta kesukaran dalam mendapatkan bantuan, termasuklah sumber bantuan kewangan. Kesemua aspek ini menyumbang kepada kurangnya penglibatan belia dalam perniagaan pertanian secara komersial. Justeru, artikel ini mengupas sejarah industri pertanian di Malaysia dan penglibatan belia dalam industri ini. Pembangunan pertanian komersial di Malaysia dalam 50 tahun ini menampakkan kurangnya penglibatan belia, walaupun industri pertanian berupaya membuka prospek yang luas dalam ekonomi Malaysia. KATA KUNCI: Pertanian, usahawan, belia, perniagaan, industri, persepsi negatif, sejarah industri pertanian, dan ekonomi Malaysia.ABSTRACT: “Youth Involvement in Commercial Agriculture and the Development of Agriculture Industries in Malaysia”. Commercial agricultural sector in Malaysia until these days is still lack of young people, especially educated youth. This young workforce is needed by the Malaysian government in the process of improving the agricultural industry, modernizing agro-based industries, and developing skilled workers of the commercial agricultural sectors.  Negative perception towards agriculture sector has brought significant impact on the involvement of youths in commercial agriculture. The negative perceptions include lack of family and community encouragement; lack of complete procedure for the young people joining the industry; and difficulties to get technical assistance and financial supports. All these aspects contribute to the lack of youth involvement in commercial agriculture business. Hence, this article explores the history of commercial agriculture in Malaysia and youth involvement in the industry. The development of commercial agriculture in Malaysia in 50 years clearly shows that there is less involvement among youth, even though the agriculture industry could bring broader prospects of the Malaysian economic.KEY WORD: Agriculture, entrepreneur, youth, business, industry, negative perception, history of commercial agriculture, and Malaysian economic.    About the Authors: Prof. Madya Dr. Norhasni Zainal Abiddin dan Mohd Ashraff Mohd Anuar ialah Pensyarah dan Tutor di Jabatan Pemajuan Profesional dan Pendidikan Lanjutan, Fakulti Pengajian Pendidikan UPM (Universiti Putra Malaysia) Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Dr. Anzar Abdullah ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Fakulti Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan UVRI (Universiti Veteran Republik Indonesia) Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Alamat emel penulis adalah: nonie@upm.edu.my, mohdashraf@upm.edu.my, dan anzarabdullah91@yahoo.co.idHow to cite this article? Zainal Abiddin, Norhasni, Mohd Ashraff Mohd Anuar & Anzar Abdullah. (2015). “Penglibatan Belia dalam Pertanian Komersial dan Perkembangan Industri Pertanian di Malaysia” in SIPATAHOENAN: South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education, Vol.1(1) April, pp.99-108. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, APAKSI Bandung, and KEMENPORA RI Jakarta, ISSN 2407-7348. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 8, 2015); Revised (March 6, 2015); and Published (April 21, 2015).

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