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SUSURGALUR
Published by Minda Masagi Press
ISSN : 23025808     EISSN : -     DOI : -
This journal, with ISSN 2302-5808, was firstly published on March 24, 2013, in the context to commemorate the BLA (Bandung Lautan Api or Bandung a Sea of Flames)’s Day in Indonesia. The SUSURGALUR journal has jointly been organized by the Lecturers of APB UBD (Academy of Brunei Studies, University of Brunei Darussalam) and International & History Studies FASS (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences) UBD in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, since issue of September 2013 to date; and published by Minda Masagi Press, a publishing house owned by ASPENSI (the Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The articles published in SUSURGALUR journal are able to be written in English as well as in Indonesian and Malay languages. The SUSURGALUR journal is published every March and September. The SUSURGALUR journal is devoted, but not limited to, history education, historical studies, and any new development and advancement in the field of history education and historical studies. The scope of our journal includes: (1) History Education and National Character Building; (2) Political, Social, Cultural and Educational History; (3) Education, History, and Social Awareness; (4) Economic History and Welfare State; (5) Science, Technology and Society in Historical Perspectives; (6) Religion and Philosophy in Historical Perspectives; and (7) Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Design in Historical Perspectives.
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Articles 65 Documents
Beliefs and Practices in the Life Cycle of the Agtas of Lupigue, Ilagan, Isabela, Philippines: Its Implications to Social Development Abon, Edizon B; Garcia, Judith R; Reyes, Agnes S
SUSURGALUR Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
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ABSTRACT: The Philippines is a nation blessed with several ethnic groups. This condition makes the Filipinos socially and culturally different. The Filipino character is actually a combination of the Eastern and Western cultures. The study attempted to find out the beliefs and practices in the life cycle of the Agta of Lupigue, Ilagan, Isabela, Philippines and their social implications. The ethnographic research method was used to attain the purposes of this study. Structured and unstructured interview and participant observation were conducted to confirm and validate the data gathered through field study. Documentary analysis was employed to draw vital information on the origin of the Agta and the community where they live. Findings of the study revealed that among the Agta of Lupigue, there are beliefs that are consistently practiced and observed. This study poses a great challenge to social scientist, especially in their role as agent of social transformation. The study recommends that social scientists and educators should commit to the religious implementation of the regeneration of the IPs (Indigenous Peoples) beliefs and practices that are considered beneficial and practical. KEY WORDS: Beliefs and Practices; Life Cycle; Agtas of Lupigue; Social Scientists and Educators; Social Implications. IKHTISAR: “Keyakinan dan Praktek dalam Siklus Kehidupan Suku Agtas dari Lupigue, Ilagan, Isabela, Filipina: Implikasinya untuk Pembangunan Sosial”. Filipina adalah negara yang diberkati dengan beberapa kelompok etnis. Kondisi ini membuat bangsa Filipina secara sosial dan budaya berbeda. Karakter bangsa Filipina sebenarnya merupakan kombinasi antara budaya Timur dan Barat. Penelitian ini berusaha mengetahui keyakinan dan praktek dalam siklus kehidupan suku Agta dari Lupigue, Ilagan, Isabela, Filipina dan implikasi sosialnya. Metode penelitian etnografi digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian. Wawancara terstruktur dan tidak terstruktur serta observasi partisipatif dilakukan untuk mengkonfirmasi dan memvalidasi data yang dikumpulkan melalui studi lapangan. Analisis dokumenter dikerjakan untuk menarik informasi penting tentang asal-usul suku Agta dan masyarakatnya di mana mereka tinggal. Temuan penelitian menunjukan bahwa diantara suku Agta dari Lupigue, ada keyakinan yang konsisten dipraktekkan dan dihayati. Penelitian ini merupakan tantangan besar untuk ilmuwan sosial, terutama dalam peran mereka sebagai agen transformasi sosial. Penelitian merekomendasikan bahwa ilmuwan sosial dan pendidik harus berkomitmen dalam pelaksanaan keagamaan suku asli secara regenerasi tentang keyakinan dan praktek yang dianggap menguntungkan dan bersifat praktis.KATA KUNCI: Keyakinan dan Praktek; Siklus Kehidupan; Suku Agtas dari Lupigue; Ilmuwan Sosial dan Pendidik; Implikasi Sosial.  About the Authors: Prof. Edizon B. Abon, Prof. Judith R. Garcia, and Prof. Dr. Agnes S. Reyes are the Lecturers at the PNU (Philippine Normal University), North Luzon, Alicia, Isabela, Philippines. For academic interests, the authors can be contacted via e-mail at: garcia.jr@pnu.edu.phHow to cite this article? Abon, Edizon B., Judith R. Garcia & Agnes S. Reyes. (2016). “Beliefs and Practices in the Life Cycle of the Agtas of Lupigue, Ilagan, Isabela, Philippines: Its Implications to Social Development” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.4(1) March, pp.51-64. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (November 25, 2015); Revised (January 25, 2016); and Published (March 30, 2016).
Hunayn bin Ishaq dan Sejarah Penerjemahan Ilmu Pengetahuan ke dalam Bahasa Arab Lesmana, Maman
SUSURGALUR Vol 1, No 1 (2013):
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Ikhtisar: Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menelusuri tentang asal mula penerjemahan ilmu pengetahuan ke dalam bahasa Arab, siapa yang pertama kali melakukan aktivitas terjemahan, apa saja yang diterjemahkan, dan bagaimana cara menerjemahkannya. Dimulai dengan memberikan informasi secara detil tentang aktivitas penerjemahan yang dilakukan oleh orang-orang Arab dan model terjemahan dari masing-masing periode, mulai dari zaman pra Islam, Islam, Bani Ummayah, dan Bani Abbasiyyah. Dilanjutkan dengan riwayat hidup Hunayn bin Ishak, orang pertama yang berperan dalam penerjermahan ilmu pengetahuan ke dalam bahasa Arab, karya-karya dan tema-tema, serta apa saja yang pertama kali diterjemahkan. Lalu ditutup dengan keterangan mengenai adanya dua teori tentang aktivitas penerjemahan pada saat itu, yaitu teori yang berpendapat bahwa aktivitas penerjemahan merupakan hasil dari kegiatan ilmiah yang dilakukan oleh orang-orang Kristen Syria, yang mahir berbahasa Yunani. Teori kedua berpendapat bahwa aktivitas penerjemahan ditujukan kepada para penguasa yang bijaksana dan berpikiran terbuka.Kata kunci: Tokoh Hunayn bin Ishak, sejarah penerjemahan, ilmu pengetahuan, bahasa, dan budaya Arab.Abstract: This paper aims to trace the origin of translation of knowledge into Arabic, who was first to perform activities of translation, what is translated, and how to translate it. Started by providing detailed information about the activity of translation done by Arabs and translation models from each period, starting from the time of pre-Islamic, Islamic, Bani Ummayads, and Bani Abbasids. Followed by biography of Hunayn ibn Ishak, the first to play a role in translation of science into Arabic and the works or themes and models that first are translated. And conclude with a description of the existence of two theories of translation activity at the time, that is the first theory which argues that translation is the result of the activity of scientific activities undertaken by the Christians of Syria, whose fluent in Greek. The second theory found that translation activities aimed towards the wise ruler and open-minded.Key word: Figure of Hunayn bin Ishak, history of translation, science, language, and Arabic culture.===About the Author: Dr. Maman Lesmana adalah Dosen Senior di Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Arab, Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya UI (Universitas Indonesia), Kampus UI Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Alamat e-mail: malessutiasumarga@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Lesmana, Maman. (2013). “Hunayn bin Ishaq dan Sejarah Penerjemahan Ilmu Pengetahuan ke dalam Bahasa Arab” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.1(1), Maret, pp.1-10. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 15, 2013); Revised (February 15, 2013); and Published (March 24, 2013).
Politik Luar Negeri Malaysia terhadap Indonesia, 1957-1976: Dari Konfrontasi Menuju Kerjasama Sunarti, Linda
SUSURGALUR Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
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IKHTISAR: Dalam perjalanan sejarahnya, hubungan Indonesia dan Malaysia memiliki ciri yang unik. Sebagai tetangga terdekat dan memiliki banyak persamaan dalam berbagai aspek, seperti warisan sejarah, agama, bahasa, dan kebudayaan, hubungan kedua negara tidak selalu berjalan mulus. Makalah ini akan melihat sejarah hubungan Indonesia dan Malaysia yang mengalami pasang-surut. Dalam melihat dinamika hubungan kedua negara, faktor kepentingan nasional dan figur pemimpin merupakan hal yang paling utama. Jika kepentingan nasional dan figur pemimpin kedua negara tersebut berbeda, maka hubungan kedua negara mengalami ketegangan, sebagaimana nampak pada masa pemerintahan Tunku Abdul Rahman di Malaysia (1957-1970) dan pemerintahan Soekarno di Indonesia (1945-1966). Sebaliknya, jika kepentingan nasional dan figur pemimpin kedua negara memiliki kesamaan, maka hubungan kedua negara terjalin dengan baik, sebagaimana nampak pada masa pemerintahan Tun Abdul Razak di Malaysia (1970-1976) dan pemerintahan Soeharto di Indonesia (1966-1998). Dengan demikian, hubungan sejarah dan faktor-faktor kesamaan lainnya tidak serta-merta menjadi pengikat yang kuat, bahkan terkadang menjadi masalah dalam hubungan kedua negara serumpun tersebut, Indonesia dan Malaysia.KATA KUNCI: Hubungan Indonesia-Malaysia, persamaan budaya, figur pemimpin, kepentingan nasional, dan keamanan bersama.ABSTRACT: This paper entitled “Malaysias Foreign Policy toward Indonesia, 1957-1976: From Confrontation toward Cooperation”. In the course of its history, the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia has unique characteristics. As the nearest neighbors and has a much similarities in various aspects, such as the legacy of history, religion, language, and culture, relations between the two countries do not always run smoothly. This paper will look at the history of relations between Indonesia and Malaysia, which have ups and downs. In looking at the dynamics of the relations between the two countries, factors of national interests and leading figure are the most important thing. If national interests and leading figure of the two countries are different, the relations between the two countries are strained, as has been seen during the reign of Tunku Abdul Rahman in Malaysia (1957-1970) and the government of Soekarno in Indonesia (1945-1966). Conversely, if the national interests and leading figure of both countries have in common, then, the relations between the two countries are good, as shown at the time of Tun Abdul Razak’s reign in Malaysia (1970-1976) and Soeharto’s government in Indonesia (1966-1998). Thus, the relationship of history and other factors in common does not necessarily become a strong bond, even sometimes to be a problem in the relations between the two brother countries, Indonesia and Malaysia.KEY WORD: Indonesia-Malaysia relations, cultural similarities, leading figure, national interests, and common security.About the Author: Dr. Linda Sunarti adalah Dosen di Program Studi Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya UI (Universitas Indonesia), Kampus UI Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis bisa dihubungi dengan alamat emel: lindsayrani@yahoo.co.ukHow to cite this article? Sunarti, Linda. (2014). “Politik Luar Negeri Malaysia terhadap Indonesia, 1957-1976: Dari Konfrontasi Menuju Kerjasama” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.2(1), Maret, pp.65-80. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 2, 2014); Revised (February 5, 2014); and Published (Maret 24, 2014).
Mengenai Sutan Akbar pada Masa Revolusi Indonesia di Ciwaru, Kuningan, Jawa Barat, Tahun 1947 – 1948 Pratama, Rinaldo Adi; Kamsori, Moch Eryk
SUSURGALUR Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
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IKHTISAR: Divisi Bambu Runcing merupakan sebuah lasykar yang dibentuk oleh Sutan Akbar, yang terdiri atas gabungan lasykar-lasykar perjuangan di Jawa Barat yang masih tersisa, setelah Divisi Siliwangi mendapatkan gempuran oleh pasukan Belanda selama Agresi Militer I pada bulan Juli 1947. Keberadaan Divisi Bambu Runcing sebenarnya mendapatkan mandat resmi dari Jenderal Sudirman, yang pada awal revolusi Indonesia memang bersikap oposisional kepada pemerintah. Karena itu, sikap Sutan Akbar juga menentang segala kebijakan yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah Republik Indonesia, khususnya dalam melakukan diplomasi dengan pihak Belanda. Sutan Akbar memilih daerah Ciwaru, Kuningan, Jawa Barat, sebagai markas utamanya, yang pada saat itu juga Ciwaru sedang dijadikan Pusat Pemerintahan Darurat Keresidenan Cirebon. Dari daerah Ciwaru inilah Sutan Akbar dapat mengendalikan pergerakan Divisi Bambu Runcing di seluruh wilayah Jawa Barat; namun di Ciwaru ini juga Divisi Bambu Runcing mengalami kehancurannya, karena harus berhadapan langsung dengan kekuatan resmi tentara Republik Indonesia, yakni Divisi Siliwangi.KATA KUNCI: Sutan Akbar; Divisi Bambu Runcing; Kemelut dalam Sejarah; Divisi Siliwangi; Ciwaru. ABSTRACT: “About the Sutan Akbar in the Time of Indonesian Revolution in Ciwaru, Kuningan, West Java, 1947-1948”. Bamboo-Spear Division was an army formed by Sutan Akbar, consisting of a combined army-paramilitary troops struggle in West Java remaining, after Siliwangi Division has gotten onslaught by Dutch troops during the first military aggression in July 1947. The existence of Bamboo-Spear Division actually obtained an official mandate from the General Sudirman, who at the beginning of the Indonesian revolution was indeed to be opposing to the government. Therefore, the political attitude of Sutan Akbar also opposed all policies implemented by the government of the Republic of Indonesia, especially in conducting diplomacy with the Netherlands. Sutan Akbar has chosen Ciwaru, Kuningan, West Java, as its main headquarters, which at that time, Ciwaru was also used as the Center of Emergency Government in Cirebon Residency. From the Ciwaru region, Sutan Akbar can control the movement of Bamboo-Spear Division in the entire region of West Java; but from this Ciwaru region, the Bamboo-Spear Division also experienced a downfall of having to deal directly with the official power of the army of the Republic of Indonesia, namely Siliwangi Division.KEY WORD: Sutan Akbar; Bamboo-Spear Division; Turmoil in History; Siliwangi Division; Ciwaru.  About the Authors: Rinaldo Adi Pratama, S.Pd. adalah Alumni Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI (Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia) Bandung, lulus tahun 2015. Moch Eryk Kamsori, S.Pd. adalah Dosen Senior di Departemen Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI Bandung. Untuk keperluan akademik, penulis dapat dihubungi dengan alamat e-mail: rinaldo_ap@outlook.comHow to cite this article? Pratama, Rinaldo Adi & Moch Eryk Kamsori. (2015). “Mengenai Sutan Akbar pada Masa Revolusi Indonesia di Ciwaru, Kuningan, Jawa Barat, Tahun 1947 – 1948” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.3(2), September, pp.217-228. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 13, 2015); Revised (June 13, 2015); and Published (September 30, 2015).
Pengaruh Persepsi dalam Pencapaian Peniaga Cina di Negara Brunei Darussalam Malai Yusof, Malai Yunus
SUSURGALUR Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
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IKHTISAR: Kejayaan peniaga Cina dalam bidang perniagaan bukanlah sesuatu perkara yang baru di merata negara. Kajian ini akan melihat mengenai persepsi orang Cina di Negara Brunei Darussalam terhadap perniagaan, serta sejauhmana persepsi akan mempengaruhi penglibatan serta pencapaian mereka dalam aktiviti niaga. Seramai sebelas orang peniaga Cina, dari pelbagai latar belakang dialek dan kepercayaan, telah dipilih sebagai informan dalam kajian ini. Oleh kerana kajian mengenai persepsi itu bersifat abstrak, maka kaedah temubual mendalam telah digunakan sebagai kaedah utama dalam merungkai beberapa persoalan mengenai persepsi serta nilai budaya bersama para informan. Kajian ini telah berhasil membuktikan bahawa terdapatnya persepsi yang sangat positif di kalangan para informan terhadap wang dan perniagaan. Manakala persepsi positif ini juga turut dikongsi oleh keseluruhan orang Cina di Negara Brunei Darussalam. Persepsi ini telah dipengaruhi oleh nilai-nilai budaya, di samping faktor struktural, termasuk kedudukan sosio-politik serta sosio-ekonomi yang turut menjadi faktor tekanan (push factor) dalam melahirkan masyarakat peniaga, yang sejumlah besarnya telah berjaya dalam aktiviti perniagaan mereka, sama ada di Negara Brunei Darussalam mahupun di seluruh dunia.KATA KUNCI: Pengaruh persepsi, orang Cina di Brunei Darussalam, pencapaian niaga, nilai-nilai budaya, serta faktor sosial, politik, dan ekonomi.  ABSTRACT: “The Influence of Perceptions in the Achievement of Chinese Traders in Brunei Darussalam”. The success of Chinese traders in business is not a new thing in many countries. This study will examine the perceptions of the Chinese in Brunei Darussalam to the business, as well as the perception would affect their participation and achievement in business activities. A total of eleven Chinese business people, from different backgrounds of dialect and beliefs, have been selected as informants in this study. Due to the study of perception is abstract, then, depth interview method was used as the main method of unlocking some questions about perceptions and cultural values with the informants. This study has proved that there is a very positive perception among the informants on the money and business. Meanwhile, positive perception is also shared by the whole Chinese people in Brunei Darussalam. This perception has been influenced by cultural values, in addition to structural factors, including the socio-political and socio-economic factors that have contributed to the pressure (push factor) in producing the business community, the number of which has been successful in their business activities, whether in Brunei Darussalam and around the globe.KEY WORD: Perception influence, Chinese in Brunei Darussalam, business achievement, cultural values, and social, political, and economic factors. About the Author: Dr. Malai Yunus Malai Yusof ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Akademi Pengajian Brunei UBD (Universiti Brunei Darussalam), Jalan Tunku Link, Gadong, Bandar Seri Begawan, Negara Brunei Darussalam. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, alamat emel yang boleh dihubungi secara terus adalah di: yunusigs@gmail.comHow to cite this article? Malai Yusof, Malai Yunus. (2015). “Pengaruh Persepsi dalam Pencapaian Peniaga Cina di Negara Brunei Darussalam” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.2(2), Maret, pp.113-128. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808.  Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 5, 2015); Revised (February 15, 2015); and Published (March 24, 2015).
Understanding Kashmir Conflict: Looking for its Resolution Wani, Hilal Ahmad; Suwirta, Andi
SUSURGALUR Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
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ABSTRACT: The most dangerous place in the world today is the Indian sub-continent and the line of control in Kashmir. Kashmir conflict is the outcome of a process of neglect, discrimination, suppression of Kashmir identity, and the pre-eminence of power centric approach held by the successive regimes of India and Pakistan. This paper is new attempt to include ideas of different academic scholars towards a lasting solution to the Kashmir imbroglio. The problem of Kashmir conflict is mostly a constitutional problem. Therefore, this paper includes particularly the dimension of autonomy debate for the resolution of conflict. The autonomy of the Kashmiri people was always curtailed either through the massive violations of human rights or by doing several amendments in the constitution of state. The so called democratic system of India can only be successful in Kashmir when the rights of the people will be safeguarded. This is the main dimension towards a keen interest is needed. India has to understand what are the causes of alienation in Kashmir. Lasting solution to Kashmir conflict different viewpoints of various scholars has been included in this paper.KEY WORD: Kashmir conflict, violations of human rights, India and Pakistan, autonomy, fraud election, and scholars views for resolution.RESUME: Makalah ini berjudul “Memahami Konflik Kashmir: Mencari Penyelesaiannya”. Tempat paling berbahaya di dunia saat ini adalah sub-benua India dan garis kontrol di Kashmir. Konflik Kashmir adalah hasil dari suatu proses penelantaran, diskriminasi, penindasan terhadap identitas Kashmir, serta keunggulan dari pendekatan kekuasaan sentris yang dipegang oleh rezim silih berganti dari India dan Pakistan. Tulisan ini adalah upaya baru untuk memasukkan ide-ide akademik para sarjana yang beragam terhadap penyelesaian akhir untuk keruwetan Kashmir. Masalah konflik Kashmir sebagian besar adalah masalah konstitusional. Oleh karena itu, makalah ini khususnya meliputi dimensi debat otonomi untuk penyelesaian konflik. Otonomi rakyat Kashmir selalu dibatasi, baik melalui pelanggaran besar-besaran hak asasi manusia atau dengan melakukan beberapa perubahan dalam konstitusi negara. Apa yang disebut dengan sistem demokrasi di India hanya dapat berhasil di Kashmir ketika hak-hak rakyat akan terlindungi. Ini adalah dimensi utama menuju kepentingan yang diperlukan. India harus memahami apa-apa yang menjadi penyebab keterasingan di Kashmir. Penyelesaian akhir ke atas konflik Kashmir dari berbagai sudut pandang para sarjana yang beragam telah dimasukkan dalam makalah ini.KATA KUNCI: Konflik Kashmir, pelanggaran hak asasi manusia, India dan Pakistan, otonomi, pemilihan umum penipuan, dan pandangan para sarjana untuk resolusi.  About the Authors: Dr. Hilal Ahmad Wani is a Post Doctoral Fellow at the Centre for Peace and Strategic Studies UoI (University of Ilorin) in Nigeria; and Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Social Studies Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung. The authors’ e-mails are: wanihilal@gmail.com and andisuwirta@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Wani, Hilal Ahmad & Andi Suwirta. (2013). “Understanding Kashmir Conflict: Looking for its Resolution” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.1(2), September, pp.179-192. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (June 1, 2013); Revised (August 17, 2013); and Published (September 30, 2013).
The Historical Development of Japanese Investment in Malaysia, 1971 – 1980 Iqbal, Uqbah; Hussin, Nordin; Seman, Ahmad Ali
SUSURGALUR Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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ABSTRACT: Malaysia-Japan economic relations continued during the administration of Tun Abdul Razak (1970-1975); and Malaysia-Japan economic relations strengthened during the administration of Tun Hussein Onn (1976-1980). This study discusses the historical development of Japanese investment in Malaysia between 1971 and 1980. The research is based on the examination method of the resources available in the library and the National Archives of Malaysia. The objective of the study is to see the patterns on the Japanese investment in Malaysia after the implementation of the NEP (New Economic Policy) in 1971. It is also the period of Tun Abdul Razak and Tun Hussein Onn administration. After 1970, Japanese investors began investing through joint venture with government organizations, such as the National Corporation Limited (PERNAS), Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), and the Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA). This is in line with the NEP policy that emphasizes the participation of Bumiputera (Malay citizen). These agencies represent Bumiputera participation. Japanese investment in this period was in labour-intensive industries that involve cheap labour, raw material processing, and trade-related investment.KEY WORD: Investment, Japan, Malaysia, New Economic Policy, economic relations, joint ventures, and Bumiputera participation.IKHTISAR: “Sejarah Perkembangan Pelaburan Jepun di Malaysia, 1971 – 1980”. Hubungan ekonomi Malaysia dan Jepun diteruskan semasa zaman pentadbiran Tun Abdul Razak (1970-1975); dan hubungan ekonomi Malaysia dan Jepun diperkukuhkan lagi semasa zaman pentadbiran Tun Hussein Onn (1976-1980). Kajian ini membincangkan sejarah perkembangan pelaburan Jepun di Malaysia antara tahun 1971 hingga 1980. Kaedah kajian yang digunakan adalah berdasarkan kaedah penelitian terhadap sumber-sumber yang diperolehi di perpustakaan dan Arkib Negara Malaysia. Objektif kajian ialah melihat corak pelaburan Jepun di Malaysia selepas perlaksanaan DEB (Dasar Ekonomi Baru) pada tahun 1971. Ia juga merupakan tempoh pentadbiran Tun Abdul Razak dan Tun Hussein Onn. Selepas tahun 1970, pelabur Jepun mula melabur melalui usahasama dengan organisasi kerajaan, seperti Perbadanan Nasional Bhd (PERNAS), Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), dan Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan (FELDA). Ini selaras dengan dasar DEB yang menekankan kepada penglibatan golongan Bumiputera. Agensi-agensi ini mewakili penyertaan Bumiputera. Pelaburan Jepun dalam tempoh ini adalah dalam industri berintensif buruh yang mengambil tenaga buruh murah, pemrosesan bahan mentah, dan pelaburan berkaitan perdagangan.KATA KUNCI: Pelaburan, Jepun, Malaysia, Dasar Ekonomi Baru, hubungan ekonomi, usahasama, dan penyertaan Bumiputera.    About the Authors: Uqbah Iqbal is a Ph.D. Student at the School of History, Politics and Strategy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities UKM (National University of Malaysia), 43650 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia; and Prof. Dr. Nordin Hussin & Dr. Ahmad Ali Seman are Lecturers at the School of History, Politics and Strategy UKM Bangi, Malaysia. Their e-mails address are: uqbah@siswa.ukm.edu.my, nordin@ukm.edu.my, and aasw@ukm.edu.myHow to cite this article? Iqbal, Uqbah, Nordin Hussin & Ahmad Ali Seman. (2014). “The Historical Development of Japanese Investment in Malaysia, 1971 – 1980” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.2(2), September, pp.233-250. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (August 13, 2014); Revised (September 5, 2014); and Published (September 24, 2014).
Mentalitas Pemuda pada Masa Pergerakan dan Masa Reformasi di Indonesia: Dari Berani Berpengetahuan hingga Takut Berpengetahuan Wijaya, Daya Negri
SUSURGALUR Vol 1, No 1 (2013):
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Ikhtisar: Pemuda adalah pondasi negara yang memberikan banyak solusi untuk menanggulangi berbagai masalah yang ada di negeri ini, tetapi secara tidak langsung masalah tersebut juga muncul dari mereka sendiri. Pendidikan adalah salah satu faktor penting yang membuat pemuda menjadi pembuat masalah atau menjadi penyelesai masalah tersebut. Perbedaan itu terjadi karena perbedaan tingkat pengetahuan yang dimilikinya sehingga juga menciptakan mentalitas yang berbeda-beda. Mentalitas terdiri dari gagasan-gagasan dan karakter yang mengontrol perilaku manusia. Artikel ini akan berfokus pada perkembangan mentalitas pemuda yang selalu ingin tahu atau belajar di masa pergerakan nasional Indonesia (1908-1945) dan mentalitas pemuda yang takut berpengetahuan di era Reformasi (1998 – sekarang). Secara singkat, pemuda memiliki kesadaran untuk bangkit hanya karena adanya bahaya dalam kolonialisme secara fisik, tetapi mereka tidak menyadari lebih berbahayanya penjajahan pengetahuan daripada penjajahan secara fisik.Kata kunci: Generasi muda, mentalitas, pendidikan, kekuasaan, gerakan nasional, era reformasi, dan Indonesia.Abstract: Young men/women as a root of nation have given many solutions to solve problems in this country, but indirectly the problems that appear are occurring because of their selves. Education is the main factor creating the young man/women to be a problem maker for the nation and a solve maker for the nation. The distinction exists because the differences level of knowledge between one and another in order to make someone has different mentality. Mentality consists of ideas and character that control their action. This paper will focus on young men/women mentality that really want to learn everything in the Indonesian national movement era (1908-1945) and the young men/women mentality that is fear to learn many knowledges in the Reform era (1998 – recently). In brief, young men/women have awareness to awake because of the dangerous sign in term of physically colonialism, but they do not realize the more dangerous of colonialiasm in term of knowledge than it.   Key word: Young men/women, mentality, education, power, national movement, reform era, and Indonesia.===About the Author: Daya Negri Wijaya adalah Mahasiswa pada Program M.A. (Master of Arts) dalam bidang Sejarah di UOS (University of Sunderland) di Inggris. Untuk kepentingan akademis, penulis dapat dihubungi dengan alamat e-mail: dayawijaya15@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Wijaya, Daya Negri. (2013). “Mentalitas Pemuda pada Masa Pergerakan dan Masa Reformasi di Indonesia: Dari Berani Berpengetahuan hingga Takut Berpengetahuan” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.1(1), Maret, pp.75-84. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2302-5808. Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 17, 2013); Revised (February 17, 2013); and Published (March 24, 2013).
Brunei and the British Decolonisation Policy, 1950 – 1966 Haji Abu Bakar, Nani Suryani
SUSURGALUR Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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ABSTRACT: This article is about Britain’s long-term plan to decolonize Brunei between 1950 and 1966. The Sultan was concerned of the British plan as it would affect Brunei’s security and survival. This led him to promulgate the 1959 Constitution as he wanted to defend the position of the monarch and the monarchy. Since the Sultan was not attracted in the British plan to associate Brunei with the two Northern Borneo territories, the plan met with failure. Later, there was the Malaysian plan which was announced by Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Prime Minister of Malaya, which was aimed at establishing a federation of Malaysia that would consist of Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak, and Brunei. The Sultan was careful towards the plan. The Brunei’s People Party, however, was contrary to the plan from its beginning. The Sultan did also not agree the Malaysian plan straightaway. The Sultan abandoned the plan mainly because he wanted to secure the position of the monarch and the monarchy. Nonetheless, after Brunei’s rejection of Malaysia in 1963, Britain was enduring its effort to bring Brunei within the federation of Malaysia at least by 1965. KEY WORD: Britain, Sultan of Brunei, decolonize, Northern Borneo territories, Malaysian plan, and Brunei’s People Party.IKHTISAR: “Brunei dan Dasar Dekolonisasi British, 1950 – 1966”. Artikel ini adalah mengenai rancangan jangka panjang British untuk melepaskan negeri yang berada dibawah perlindungannya, iaitu Brunei diantara tahun 1950 dan 1966. Sultan Brunei bimbang rancangan Britain ini akan memberi kesan kepada keselamatan dan survival Brunei. Ini membuatkan Sultan Brunei menggubal Perlembagaan Brunei pada tahun 1959, kerana baginda mahu melindungi kedudukan raja dan kesultanan Brunei. Oleh kerana Sultan Brunei tidak berminat dengan rancangan British, rancangan itu telah mengalami kegagalan. Kemudian disusuli pula dengan Rancangan Malaysia yang telah diumumkan oleh Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perdana Menteri Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, yang bertujuan untuk menubuhkan Persekutuan Malaysia yang terdiri daripada Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, Singapura, Sabah, Sarawak, and Brunei. Sultan Brunei mengambil langkah berhati-hati terhadap rancangan ini. Akan tetapi Parti Rakyat Brunei tidak bersetuju dengan rancangan itu daripada mula lagi. Sultan Brunei pun tidak bersetuju menerima Rancangan Malaysia sertamerta. Sultan Brunei menolak Rancangan Malaysia kerana ia mahu menjaga kedudukan Sultan dan juga kesultanan Brunei. Namun, selepas penolakan Brunei terhadap Malaysia pada tahun 1963, British tetap berusaha untuk memasukkan Brunei ke dalam federasi Malaysia, sekurang-kurangnya pada tahun 1965. KATA KUNCI: British, Sultan Brunei, melepaskan negeri di bawah perlindungan, wilayah Utara Borneo, rancangan Malaysia, dan Parti Rakyat Brunei.About the Author: Dr. Nani Suryani Haji Abu Bakar is a Lecturer at the International and Historical Studies Programme, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences UBD (University of Brunei Darussalam), Jalan Tunku Link, Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam. For academic interest, the author can be contacted via e-mail at: nani.bakar@ubd.edu.bnHow to cite this article? Suryani Haji Abu Bakar, Nani. (2014). “Brunei and the British Decolonisation Policy, 1950 – 1966” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.2(2), September, pp.123-140. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808.   Chronicle of the article: Accepted (July 13, 2014); Revised (August 19, 2014); and Published (September 24, 2014). 
Editors and Guidelines, SUSURGALUR Journal, issue of September 2015 SUSURGALUR, Editor Journal
SUSURGALUR Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
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SUSURGALUR journal will provide a peer-reviewed forum for the publication of thought-leadership articles, briefings, discussion, applied research, case and comparative studies, expert comment and analysis on the key issues surrounding the history education and historical studies, and its various aspects. Analysis will be practical and rigorous in nature.Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: September 30, 2015. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji MailVice Chief Editor of the SUSURGALUR Journal in Bandung, Indonesia; and Senior Lecturer at the Department of History FASS UBD (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Brunei Darussalam) in Bandar Seri Begawan, Negara Brunei Darussalam.