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Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)
ISSN : 23033045     EISSN : 2503183X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) abbreviated IJND (p-ISSN 2303-3045 and e-ISSN 2503-183X) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing updated research and non-research articles in the area of nutrition and dietetics. This journal is published three times annually (January, May, and September) by Alma Ata University Press in collaboration with Indonesian Nutrition Association (Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia).
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018" : 7 Documents clear
Effect of “Bento” preparation training on mothers knowledge, skill, and child’s picky eating Cerdasari, Carissa; Puspita, Theresia; Adelina, Rany
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.102 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).43-50

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Masalah sulit makan pada anak dapat berakibat jangka panjang pada pertumbuhan dan perkembangan, terutama dikaitkan dengan kejadian underweight. Underweight akan berdampak pada gangguan perkembangan kecerdasan dan proses belajar, lebih rentan terhadap infeksi, meningkatkan keparahan penyakit, hingga meningkatkan mortalitas. Salah satu penyebab sulit makan pada anak karena penampilan makanan yang tidak menarik. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pengetahuan ibu terkait gizi dan kesulitan makan pada anak, keterampilan ibu dalam pembuatan bekal, dan tingkat kesulitan makan pada anak sebelum dengan setelah pelatihan pembuatan “bento”. Metode: Pada penelitian one-group pretest-posttest design ini, ibu (n=20) dari anak prasekolah usia 3-6.5 tahun direkrut dari KB/TK Al-Ghoniya, Malang. Variabel yang diteliti diukur sebelum dan setelah pelatihan pembuatan Bento. Kesulitan makan pada anak ditentukan dengan menggunakan Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) versi Indonesia. Pengetahuan ibu diukur menggunakan pertanyaan pilihan ganda sebanyak 20 butir, dan keterampilan pembuatan bekal dinilai menurut 5 aspek, yaitu kesesuaian porsi, variasi menu, cita rasa, dan penampilan. Uji wilcoxon dan uji t berpasangan digunakan untuk menilai perbedaan pengetahuan dan keterampilan ibu, serta tingkat kesulitan makan pada anak sebelum dengan sesudah pelatihan.Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan dan keterampilan ibu, serta nilai kerewelan pada anak (p <0.05). Tidak ditemukan perbedaan skor peka terhadap kenyang dan lambannya makan pada anak (p>0.05).  Meskipun tidak ada perbedaan secara statistik, namun terdapat kecenderungan penurunan nilai peka terhadap kenyang dan lambannya makan sebelum dengan setelah pelatihan. Kesimpulan: peningkatan penampilan pada makanan melalui bento dapat dijadikan alternatif untuk mengatasi kesulitan makan pada anak prasekolah. KATA KUNCI: bento; kesulitan makan; anak prasekolah ABSTRACTBackground: Picky eating in children may have long-term consequences for growth and development, especially related to underweight. Underweight results on developmental disorder, increase infection susceptibility, disease severity and mortality. One of the causes of picky eating in children is the unattractive of food appearance.Objectives: To analize the effectiveness of the bento making training, including: Mother’s knowledge related to nutrition and feeding difficulty in children; mother’s skill in food preparation; and level of eating difficulty in children before and after bento making.Methods: This study used pretest-posttest design one-group study, mothers (n= 20) of preschool-aged 3-6.5 years were recruited from Al-Ghoniya Playgroup and Kindergarten School, Malang. Picky eating in children was determined by Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) Indonesian version. Studied variables were mother’s knowledge and skills, children’s satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, and fussiness. Wilcoxon test and paired t-test were used to assess differences in mother’s knowledge and skills, as well as the level of eating difficulty in children before and after the training.Results: There were differences in maternal knowlege and skills (p<0.00), and also the score of fussiness in children before and after training (p=0.04). No difference was found in satiety responsiveness (0.058) and slowness in eating in children (p=0.10).Conclusions: Bento-making training is effective to increase mother’s knowledge and skill and could be as alternative to overcome picky eating among preschool children, indicated by a decrease in the score of fussines. However, this training couldn’t improve the score of satiety responsiveness and slowness in eating.KEYWORDS: bento, picky eater, preschool children
Mother's motivation and complementary feeding practices in children aged 6-24 months Yugistyowati, Anafrin; Dianti, Siska; Fatimah, Fatma Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).75-81

Abstract

ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Usia 0-24 bulan merupakan masa pertumbuhan dan perkembangan yang pesat, sehingga diistilahkan sebagai periode emas bagi anak. Puncak masa emas ini terjadi sebelum anak berusia 2 tahun sehingga sangatlah penting untuk memenuhi nutrisi dan stimulasi yang optimal. Pemenuhan nutrisi dan gizi sebelum anak berusia 2 tahun salah satunya adalah pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI). Motivasi ibu sangat dibutuhkan dalam pemberian MP-ASI, dukungan keluarga dan petugas kesehatan juga sangat berpengaruh dalam praktik pemberian MP-ASI pada anak.Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan motivasi ibu dengan praktik pemberian MP-ASI pada baduta di Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul YogyakartaMetode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif korelasi dengan rancangan cross sectional, sebagai subjek penelitiannya adalah ibu-ibu yang memiliki anak usia 6-24 bulan yang berada di wilayah Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta, dengan jumlah sampel 85 responden. Pengumpulan data, peneliti menggunakan kuesioner.Hasil: Hasil penelitian uji statistik menggunakan koefisien kontingensi diperoleh data bahwa terdapat hubungan yang yang signifikan antara motivasi ibu dengan praktik pemberian MP-ASI pada baduta di Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta, dengan hasil p=0,00.Kesimpulan: Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan yang bermakna antara hubungan motivasi ibu dengan praktik pemberian MP-ASI pada baduta di Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta. KATA KUNCI: motivasi ibu, MP-ASI, anak usia 6-24 bulanABSTRACTBackground: Age 0-24 months is a period of children’s rapid growth and development, so that it could be termed not only as golden period on child. The climax of this golden period happened before 2 years old, therefore it’s important to supply nutrition and stimulation optimally. Mothers motivation is very needed in feeding practices of complementary food of breast milk (MP-ASI), family and health workers support is also have influence in feeding practices of complementary food of breast milk on child.Objectives: To identify the correlation between mother’s motivation with feeding practices of complementary food of breast milk on baduta at Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta.    Methods: This research is a correlation description research with cross sectional design, as a subject of research are mothers who is having children aged 6-24 months around Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta, with amount of samples 85 respondents. Collecting datas by giving questionnaires.Results: This result of statistical test by using contingency coefficient, data showed there is a significant relation between mothers motivation in feeding practices of complementary foot of breast milk on child at Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta with the result that p = 0.00.Conclusion: This resarch concluded that there was a significant between mother’s motivation with feeding practices of complementary food of breast milk on baduta at Puskesmas Sedayu II Bantul Yogyakarta. KEYWORDS: motivation of mother, complementary feeding, children 6-24 months  
Porang flour with keji beling maceration reduced total cholesterol levels in diabetic rats male wistar rats Nurinda, Eva; Hadi, Hamam; Lestari, Anggun Putri
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.973 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).64-69

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Hiperkolesterolemia merupakan komplikasi pada DM yang ditandai dengan meningkatnya kadar kolesterol total. Prevalensi hiperkolesterolemia pada DM mencapai 20%-90%. Beberapa penelitian menyebutkan bahwa glukomanan dalam tepung porang yang merupakan serat dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol.Tujuan: Mengetahui efek tepung porang (Amorphophallus oncophyllus) dengan maserasi keji beling (Strobilanthes crispa) terhadap kadar kolesterol total pada tikus wistar jantan (Rattus norvegicus) DM tipeMetode: Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimen murni dengan rancangan pre post with control group design. Subjek penelitian adalah 35 ekor tikus yang dibagi dalam 5 kelompok yaitu kontrol negatif, kontrol positif, pembanding, tepung porang murni, dan porang dengan ekstrak Strobilanthes crispa. Serum darah semua tikus diambil setelah 14 hari perlakuan untuk diukur kadar kolesterol total. Kemudian hasil dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA yang dilanjutkan dengan uji beda nyata (Duncan). Hasil : Pemberian tepung porang ekstrak Strobilanthes crispa dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol total lebih baik sebesar 28,76% dibandingkan tepung porang murni yang dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol total sebesar 15,35% (p=0,05). Kadar air feses hari ke-1 dan hari ke-14 tidak berbeda nyapada semua kelompok. Kesimpulan : Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian tepung porang dengan maserasi ekstrak Strobilanthes crispa dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol total lebih baik dibandingkan tepung porang murni. KATA KUNCI: diabetes melitus, keji beling, Strobilanthes crispa, kolesterol total, tepung porang,ABSTRACTBackground: Hypercholesterolemia is a complication in DM characterized by increased of total cholesterol levels. Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in DM reached 20% -90%. Several studies stated that glucomannan in porang flour which is a fiber may lower cholesterol levels. Objective: To understand the effect of porang flour (Amorphophallus oncophyllus) with keji beling (Strobilanthes crispa) maceration of total cholesterol levels in male wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) DM type 2. Methods: This study used on experimental with pre post with control group design. The subjects were 35 rats divided into 5 groups: negative control, positive control, comparison, pure porang intervention, and porang flour with Strobilanthes crispa extract. The blood serum of all rats was taken after 14 days of treatment to measure total cholesterol levels. Then the results were analyzed using ANOVA followed by real difference test (Duncan). Results: Porang flour with Strobilanthes crispa maceration decreased total cholesterol level by 28.76% compared to pure porang flour which only reduced total cholesterol level equal to 15.35% (p=0.05).Conclusions: From the results of this study it can be concluded that the provision porang flour with Strobilanthes crispa maceration can lower total cholesterol level better than pure porang flour. KEYWORDS: diabetes mellitus, keji beling, Strobilanthes crispa, total cholesterol, porang flour
Nutrition status as dominant factors related to the age of menarche in teenagers Wahyuningsih, Wahyuningsih; Setyaningtyas, Nimas Arum
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.81 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).58-63

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Menarche adalah periode menstruasi pertama pada seseorang yang terjadi sekitar usia 11-13 tahun. Rata-rata usia menarche kini menurun mendekati usia normal. Hal ini disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor seperti, menarche ibu, aktivitas olahraga, paparan media massa dewasa, status gizi, dan pendapatan orang tua. Ini akan berdampak pada kehidupan selanjutnya.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan usia menarche pada remaja putri di SMPN 01 Jumapolo Kabupaten Karanganyar tahun 2016.Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional, dengan 97 remaja putri sebagai sampel menggunakan teknik total sampling. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner dan dianalisis menggunakan uji korelasi rank spearman dan uji regresi linier.Hasil: Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara usia menarche remaja putri dan status gizi (BMI) (p-value 0,032) dan usia menarche remaja putri dan dengan pendapatan orang tua (p-value 0,018) .Usia menarche ibu, kebiasaan olahraga dan frekuensi menonton program favorit tidak memiliki hubungan dengan usia menarche remaja perempuan. Analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa faktor status gizi (BMI) merupakan faktor yang paling dominan terkait dengan kekuatan hubungan (B) -0,94.Kesimpulan: Status gizi merupakan faktor yang paling dominan yang terkait dengan usia menarke, oleh karena itu diharapkan dapat memberikan pendidikan kesehatan bagi remaja putri untuk meningkatkan gizi pada rentang usia 9-13 tahun.KATA KUNCI: usia menarche, status nutrisi, remajaABSTRACTBackground: Menarche is the first period of menstruation in a person occuring around the age of 11-13 years.The average age of menarche is now decreasing approaching normal age. This is due to several factors such as, maternal menarche, sports activity, adult mass media exposure, nutritional status, andparent income. This will have an impact on the next life. Objectives:To determine the dominant factors associated with the age of  enarche in female teenager in SMPN 01 JumapoloKaranganyarRegency in 2016.Methods: The type of research used was quantitative study method with cross sectional approach, with 97 female teenagers as samples using total sampling technique.Data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed using Spearman rank correlation test and linear regression test. Results:This research showed that there is a relationship between age of menarche of female teenagers and nutritional status (BMI) (p-value 0.032) and age of menarche of female teenagers and with parent income (p-value 0,018).The age of maternal menarche, exercise habits and frequency of  favourite programme watching has no relationship with the age of menarche of female teenagers. Multivariate analysis showed that nutritional status factor (BMI) was the most dominant factor related to strength of relationship (B) -0.94. Conclusion: Nutrition status is the most dominant factor associated with age of menarche, therefore, it is expected to provide health education for female teenagers on to improve nutrition in the 9-13 year of age range.KEYWORDS: age of menarche, nutritional status, teenagers
The correlation between intake of energy, protein, fat of underweight and CD4+ count for children with HIV Maragareth, Waisaktini; Hadisaputro, Soeharyo; Margawati, Ani
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.647 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).70-75

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Peningkatan infeksi HIV anak di Indonesia searah dengan peningkatan presentase penularan AIDS dari ibu ke anaknya dari 3% (2013) menjadi 4,6% (2015). HIV anak menjalani terapi antiretroviral (ARV) untuk meningkatkan jumlah sel T-CD4+. Stadium klinis berat pada HIV anak menurunkan jumlah CD4+. Pemberian suplementasi zat gizi makro dan mikro dapat meningkatkan status gizi HIV anak yang menjalani ARV.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan asupan energi, protein, dan lemak terhadap status gizi berdasarkan berat badan dan jumlah CD4+ pada HIV anak di Kota dan Kabupaten Semarang. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Subjek yaitu anak usia 1-14 tahun sebanyak 31 subjek. Data dikumpulkan meliputi tinggi badan (TB), berat badan (BB), asupan zat gizi diperoleh dengan metode food recall 2x24 jam. Jumlah CD4+ melalui pemeriksaan darah subjek. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi-square dan Regresi Logistik untuk menghitung Prevalence Rasio (PR). Hasil: Asupan protein memberikan risiko bermakna terhadap rendahnya jumlah CD4+ (PR=2,8; p=0,018; CI=1,331-5,891). Kesimpulan: Asupan gizi (energi, protein, lemak) tidak terkait dengan berat badan rendah (BB/U) dan stunting (TB/U). Asupan zat gizi yang berhubungan bermakna dengan jumlah CD4+ yang rendah (<500 sel/mm3) hanya asupan protein.  Asupan protein yang kurang pada HIV anak berisiko mengalami suppresi berat (jumlah CD4+ <500 sel/mm3) sebesar 3,036 kali KATA KUNCI: asupan gizi, HIV anak , jumlah CD4 +, stunting ABSTRACTBackground: The increase in HIV-infected children in Indonesia in line with the increase percentage of HIV positive children from mother to child transmission from 3% (2013) to 4.6% (2015). HIV-infected children using antiretroviral therapy (ARV) to increase the T-cells CD4+ count in HIV-infected children patients. Clinical stage heavily on lowering the CD4+ count for HIV-infected children. Supplementation of macro and micronutrients can improve the nutritional status of children using antiretroviral HIV. Objectives. The study aimed to analyze the relationship of intake of energy, protein, fat and clinical stage of  nutritional status and CD4 counts for HIV-infected children in the regional district and the city of Semarang.Methods: A cross-sectional study in The Regional District and the City of  Semarang. The subject of 31 HIV-infected children aged 1-14 years. Data collected included height, body weight, nutrient intake obtained by the method of Food Recall 2x24 hours. The number of CD4+ through blood test subjects. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test. Results: The intake of protein significantly increase the of low CD4+ count (PR = 3.036; p = 0.021; CI = 1.211 to 7.608 and PR = 2.8; p = 0.018; CI = 1.331 to 5.891). Conclusions: Nutrient intake (energy, protein, fat) is not associated with low body weight (WAZ), stunting (HAZ) and nutrient intake (energy, protein, fat) is not associated with low CD4 + incidence (<500 cells/mm3). KEYWORDS: CD4+ count, HIV-infected children, nutrient intake, stunting 
The evaluation of formula 100 utilization program towards the nutrtitional status of malnourished children after treatment Mayangsari, Riska; Julia, Madarina; Julia, Madarina; Susetyowati, Susetyowati; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.654 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).51-57

Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Persentase balita kurus di Kabupaten Muna sebesar 11,8% dan balita sangat kurus sebanyak 6,3%. Sesuai rekomendasi World Health Organization (WHO), perbaikan status gizi balita gizi buruk dilakukan dengan memperbaiki asupan zat gizi dengan memberikan formula terapi berupa pemberian Formula 100 (F-100), dimana F-100 merupakan makanan yang berbahan dasar susu yang diberikan pada fase transisi dan fase rehabilitasi Tujuan:Mengetahui daya terima F-100 oleh balita gizi buruk dan mengetahui hubungan daya terima F-100 balita gizi buruk dengan perubahan status gizi.Metode:Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional yang menggunakan rancangan kohort prospektif. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh balita umur 12-24 bulan yang mengalami gizi buruk berjumlah 73 balita yang telah memenuhi criteria inklusi dan eksklusi.Sampel penelitian mendapatkan F-100 selama 5 minggu.Analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariat dan bivariat. Hasil:Sebagian besar subjek (63,08%) termasuk dalam kategori daya terima baik dengan menghabiskan F-100 yang diberikan dan sisanya (36,92%) termasuk dalam kategori daya terima kurang dengan tidak menghabiskan F-100 yang diberikan. Hasil uji Chi Square menunjukan ada hubungan antara daya terima F-100 dengan perubahan status gizi (p=0,02) (RR=2,7, 95% CI=1,07-7,21). Kesimpulan :Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara daya terima F-100 denganperubahan status gizibalita (p<0,05). KATA KUNCI: evaluasi, status gizi, F-100ABSTRACTBackground: The total percentage of underweight children in Muna District was 11.8% and the percentage of severe wasted children was 6.3%. As recommended by World Health Organization (WHO),improvement in nutritional status of malnourished children is conductedby improving food supplementation. Giving therapeutic formula 100 (F-100), where F-100 is the food made from dairy products which given in transition and rehabilitation phase. Objectives:To figure out the admission of F-100 by malnourished children and to find out the correlation between F-100 admission from malnourished children and the changing of nutritional status. Methods: This research is an observational study using the design of prospective cohort study. The sample were the whole children aged 12-24 months who suffered malnutrition with the total number up to 73 children who have fulfilled the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The study sample had received F-100 for 5 weeks. The data analysis used is univariate and bivariate.Results: Most of the subjects are included in the category of well admission (63.08%) by spending given F-100 and the rests are included in the category of less admission (36.92%) by not spending the given F-100. The result of Chi Square Test shows that there is correlation between the admission of F-100 andthe changing of nutritional status (p=0.02) (RR=2.7, 95% CI=1.07-2).Conclusions: There is significant correlation between the admission of F-100 and the changing of children’s nutritional status (p<0.05)KEYWORDS: evaluation, status, nutrition, F-100
The effect of neonatal visit to exclusive breastfeeding Elsera, Chori
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 6, ISSUE 2, 2018
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.035 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2018.6(2).76-82

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: The infant mortality rate in Indonesia is still very high at around 32 per 1,000 live births. This number is still very far from the MDGs by 2015 that is 23 per 1,000 live births. Indonesia ranks 10 out of 18 countries in ASEAN. Coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia is still low and decreasing every year.  It is inversely proportional to the scope of neonates visits to 90% more. Activities carried out during the visit of neonates among other vital signs checks, counseling and exclusive breastfeeding infant care, vaccination, treatment and referral of cases.Objectives: To determine the influence of neonatal visits to exclusive breastfeeding, evaluate the relationship of education, knowledge, work, place and birth attendants, gestational age and birth weight, family support exclusive breastfeeding.Methods: An observational study and case-control design were used with a quantitative approach. The samples in this study were mothers with babies aged 6 to 9 months at the time of the study that met the inclusion criteria. The total sample were 158 respondents, that were divided into 2 groups, 79 in the case group and 79 in the control group. The sampling technique with simple random sampling. Data was collected by was conducted interviews with questionnaires and secondary data. Analysis of the data used univariate analysis with frequency distribution table, with Chi-square bivariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results: The result of this study showed 76.6% of respondents were worker, 90.5%, 63.95 had higher education history. There was a significant relationship between neonatal visit with exclusive breastfeeding with p = 0.026 (OR 0.488, 95% CI 0.259 to 0.92). External variables that most influence on exclusive breastfeeding was working with a value of p = 0.016 (OR 2.878, 95% CI 1.217 to 6.805).Conclusions:  Visits neonates influencedexclusive breastfeeding in Klaten. Employment is the most influential factor for exclusive breastfeeding.KEYWORDS: exclusive breastfeeding, neonates, visits neonates

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