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Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)
ISSN : 23033045     EISSN : 2503183X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) abbreviated IJND (p-ISSN 2303-3045 and e-ISSN 2503-183X) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing updated research and non-research articles in the area of nutrition and dietetics. This journal is published three times annually (January, May, and September) by Alma Ata University Press in collaboration with Indonesian Nutrition Association (Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia).
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Riwayat KEK dan anemia pada ibu hamil tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta Warsini, Kristiana Tri; Hadi, Hamam; Nurdiati, Detty Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.024 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).29-40

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Quality of human resource was built since human being was in the womb. Pregnant mother’s health had signifi cant impact on fetus. Pregnant mother’s with anemia and CED would surely have significant impact on the fetus in their womb because it would make low birth weight. If a child with low birth weight can not catch up grow, it was highly possible that they would suffer from stunting. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between nutritional status of pregnant mother with stunting in children 6-23 age month in Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: It was observational study with case-control design. The number of samples were 252 children aged 6-23 months. All of stunting children aged 6-23 months in Sedayu subdistrict were selected as samples. Cases and controls samples were matching based on age. Data were collected using structured questionnaire to fi nd out the identity of the children aged 6-23 month, identity of respondents, the nutritional status of the children aged 6-23 month, the history of nutritional status of the pregnant mothers’ and sociodemographic. Anthropometric measurement used microtoise to fi nd out parent’s height, infantometer to find out children length, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and food models were used as instrument. The data was analyzed using univariate analysis, bivariate analysis with chisquaretest, and multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression.Results: The bivariate analysis showed that anemic history during pregnancy was the risk factor of stunting, but it was not statistically signifi cant (p=0.13, OR:1.5, 95% CI:0.85-2.73). The CED history during pregnancy was not the risk factor of the stunting incident (p=0.23, OR:0.7, 95% CI:0.37-1.31). Other factors related to the stunting incidence were mother’s height (p=0.01, OR:2.04, 95% CI:1.14-3.65), the history of low birth weight (p=0.03, OR:3.03, 95% CI:1.09-8.33), and food insecurity (p=0.04, OR:2.7, 95% CI:1.04-7.00). The multivariate analysis showed that mother’s height was correlated with the stunting incidence in Sedayu subdistrict.Conclusion: Factors that influence the incidence of stunting in children aged 6-23 month were pregnant mother with anemia, history of low birth weight, food insecurity, and stunted mother. Stunted mother was associated with the incidence of stunting. KEYWORDS: anemia, CED, growth disorder, pregnant women, risk factorsABSTRAKLatar belakang: Kualitas sumber daya manusia terbentuk sejak dalam kandungan. Kesehatan ibu saat hamil akan sangat mempengaruhi kesehatan janin yang dikandungnya. Ibu hamil yang anemia dan menderita kekurangan energi kronis (KEK) tentu akan mempengaruhi kesehatan janin yang dikandungnya, karena akan menyebabkan bayi lahir dengan berat yang rendah. Bila tidak bisa tumbuh kejar, bayi BBLR kemungkinan besar akan menderita stunting. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status gizi ibu saat hamil dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain case-control. Jumlah sampel penelitian sebanyak 252 anak berusia 6-23 bulan yang berasal dari 4 desa di Kecamatan Sedayu. Semua anak stunting usia 6-23 bulan diambil sebagai sampel, dengan matching umur kasus dan kontrol. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur untuk mengetahui identitas anak usia 6-23 bulan, identitas responden, status gizi anak usia 6-23 bulan, riwayat status gizi ibu saat hamil, dan data sosiodemografi. Pengukuran antropometri terhadap tinggi badan orang tua dengan microtoise dan panjang badan anak dengan infantometer serta untuk SQ-FFQ menggunakan food model. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis univariat (deskriptif), bivariat (chi-square), dan multivariat (regresi logistik).Hasil: Hasil bivariat menunjukkan riwayat anemia saat hamil merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya stunting tetapi secara statistik tidak signifikan (p=0,13, OR=1,5, 95%CI=0,85-2,73). Riwayat KEK saat hamil bukan faktor risiko terhadap kejadian stunting (p=0,23, OR=0,7, 95% CI=0,37-1,31). Faktor lain yang berhubungandengan kejadian stunting adalah tinggi badan ibu (p=0,01, OR=2,04, 95% CI=1,14-3,65), riwayat BBLR (p=0,03, OR=3,03, 95% CI=1,09-8,33), dan rawan pangan (p=0,04, OR=2,7, 95% CI=1,04-7,00). Hasil analisis multivariat adalah tinggi badan ibu berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Kesimpulan: Faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian stunting adalah ibu hamil yang menderita anemia, mempunyai riwayat BBLR, rumah tangga rawan pangan dan tinggi badan ibu yang kurang. Pada analisis multivariat yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting adalah tinggi badan ibu yang kurang. KATA KUNCI: anemia, KEK, stunting, ibu hamil, faktor risiko
Pengasuh berhubungan dengan keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif pada baduta di Kecamatan Sedayu Nurunniyah, Siti; Sugesti, Dian Tri
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.843 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).1-7

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The success of exclusive breastfeeding is influenced by several factors. One of them is the care taker contacts of children and old nursing mothers with children. Many mothers who leave their children because of work. It makes contact duration of mothers with their children becomes limited.Objectives: This research aimed to determine the relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeeding in District of Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: This research was quantitative analytical approach and reinforced with qualitative approach. This study used cross sectional design. The population in this study were all mothers with the children under two years old in the District of Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta. The samples used in this study were 292 respondents that were selected by using techniques of probability proportional to size (PPS). Data were then collected using questionnaires and analyzed by using chi-square.  Results: There was significant relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeeding (p=0,019).Conclusions: There was relationship between parenting with the success of exclusive breastfeedingKEYWORDS:parenting, care taker, exclusive breastfeedingABSTRAKLatar belakang: Keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya adalah pengasuh utama anak dan lama kontak ibu menyusui dengan anak. Banyak ibu yang menitipkan anaknya karena bekerja, sehingga lama kontak ibu menyusui dengan anak menjadi terbatas.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pola asuh dengan keberhasilan pemberian ASI eksklusif di Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan diperkuat dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu yang memiliki anak di bawah umur dua tahun (baduta) di Kecamatan Sedayu.Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 292 responden menggunakan teknik probability propotional to size (PPS).Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner dan kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji statistik chi-square.Hasil: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pengasuh dengan pemberian ASI secara eksklusif (p=0,019).Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan antara pengasuh dengan pemberian ASI secara eksklusif.KATA KUNCI:pola asuh, pengasuh, ASI eksklusif
Gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Bantul, Yogyakarta Siolimbona, Asriyanti; Ridwan, Edi Sampurno; Hati, Febrina Suci
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.705 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).57-62

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Undernutrition problem could be happened in young children above 6 months old because only breastmilk intake is not suffi cient for the physiological need of baby, especially growth and developmental. Therefore, they must be given the complementary feeding that are produced according to the baby’s stomach ability to digest. Giving complementary feeding and breast milk to the baby until the age of 2 years old is very important.Objectives: To know the description of knowledge level of mothers about complementary feeding in young children 6-24 months old in Pedes, Argomulyo, Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: This was quantitative descriptive research with cross sectional design. Samples were 39 mothers having young children 6-24 months old. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data were then analyzed in univariate.Results: Most of mothers had good category knowledge level about definition, function, role, the way and the risk of complementary feeding. The percentage of these knowledge levels were 92.3% (36 mothers), 87.1% (34 mothers), 61.5% (24 mothers), 74.3% (29 mothers), and 43.5% (17 mothers), respectively.Conclusions: Knowledge level of mothers about complementary feeding in young children 6-24 months old in Pedes, Argomulyo, Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta were categorized as good. KEYWORDS: knowledge level, complementary feeding, young children 6-24 months old, mother ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Masalah gizi kurang pada bayi dapat terjadi setelah bayi berumur di atas 6 bulan akibat air susu ibu (ASI) yang diberikan tidak lagi mencukupi kebutuhan fisiologi bayi untuk tumbuh dan berkembang. Selain ASI, bayi pada umur 6 bulan juga perlu diberi makanan tambahan yang disesuaikan dengan kemampuan lambung bayi untuk mencerna makanan. Pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) dan ASI hingga bayi berumur 2 tahun sangat penting bagi bayi.Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Desa Argomulyo, Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini deskriptif kuantitatif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Sampel diambil dengan teknik total sampling yaitu seluruh ibu yang mempunyai anak umur 6-24 bulan yang berjumlah 39 orang. Instrumen penelitian adalah kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan univariat.Hasil: Secara keseluruhan, tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI sebagian besar baik yaitu 71,7% (28 orang). Secara parsial, tingkat pengetahuan ibu sebagian besar tentang pengertian, manfaat, peranan, cara pemberian, dan risiko pemberian MP-ASI tergolong baik berturut-turut dengan persentase 92,3% (36 orang), 87,1% (34 orang), 61,5% (24 orang), 74,3% (29 orang), dan 43,5% (17 orang). Kesimpulan: Tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Desa Argomulyo, Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta termasuk dalam kategori baik.KATA KUNCI: tingkat pengetahuan, makanan pendamping ASI, bayi usia 6-24 bulan, ibu
Asupan kalium-natrium dan status obesitas sebagai faktor risiko kejadian hipertensi pasien rawat jalan di RS Panembahan Senopati Bantul Yogyakarta Afifah, Effatul
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.213 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).41-48

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Hypertension is one of the problems in the medical and public health area. Based on National Health Research Association in 2013, hypertension is the third leading cause of death of all ages patterns, after stroke and TB, with the proportion of deaths was 6.8%. The prevalence of hypertension in DIY was 25.7%. The risk factors of diet containing high fat, high sodium, and low potassium to elevate blood pressure.Objectives: To know the effect of the intake of sodium-potassium and the status of obesity as a risk factor for hypertension.Methods: This study used analytic observational study design with control-case design. Samples were 104 and divided into 52 cases and 52 controls. Data were collected using a questionnaire include: name, age, gender, address, education level, the type of work, and form of food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to inquire patterns of food intake (intake of sodium-potassium) for 3 months with food models. Obesity status was measured using body mass index (BMI), and merqurial sphygmomanometer hypertension wasused to measure blood pressure. Analysis of data used statistical test independent t-test, chi-square.Results: No significant correlation between age and the incidence of hypertension (OR=2.448), neither did sodium intake with hypertension, potassium intake with hypertension, and nutritional status (obesity) associated with the incidence of hypertension.Conclusions: Age was the risk factor for hypertension, while the intake of sodium-potassium and status of obesity were not.KEYWORDS: hypertension, sodium intake, potassium intake, obesityABSTRAKLatar belakang: Hipertensi merupakan salah satu masalah dalam dunia medis dan kesehatan masyarakat. Dalam riset kesehatan dasar nasional tahun 2013, hipertensi merupakan penyebab kematian semua umur yang ketiga, setelah stroke dan tuberculosis (TB), dengan proporsi kematian sebesar 6,8%. Prevalensi hipertensi untuk wilayah DIY 25,7% termasuk angka yang tinggi. Faktor risiko pola makan yang mengandung tinggi lemak, tinggi natrium dan rendah kalium memiliki kontribusi terhadap peningkatantekanan darah.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh asupan natrium, kalium, dan status obesitas sebagai faktor risiko hipertensi.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi observasional analitik dengan rancangan kasus kontrol dengan jumlah total sampel 104 yang terbagi dalam 52 kasus dan 52 kontrol. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner meliputi: nama, umur, jenis kelamin, alamat, tingkat pendidikan, dan jenis pekerjaan dan formulir food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) untuk menanyakan pola asupan makanan (asupan natrium, kalium) selama 3 bulan menggunakan food model. Status obesitas diukur dengan menggunakan indek massa tubuh (IMT) dan hipertensi diukur menggunakan merqurial sphygmomanometer. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik independent t-test, chi-square.Hasil: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara usia dengan kejadian hipertensi (OR=2,448). Asupan natrium tidak berhubungan signifi kan dengan hipertensi. Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan kalium dengan hipertensi dan status gizi (obesitas) tidak berhubungan secara signifikan dengan kejadian hipertensi.Kesimpulan: Usia merupakan faktor risiko kejadian hipertensi, sedangkan asupan natrium, kalium, dan status obesitas bukan merupakan faktor risiko hipertensi.KATA KUNCI: hipertensi, asupan natrium, asupan kalium, obesitas
Ketepatan porsi berhubungan dengan asupan makan pada lanjut usia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Budi Luhur, Bantul, Yogyakarta Cendanawangi, Dessy Natalia; Tjaronosari, Tjaronosari; Palupi, Ika Ratna
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.937 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).8-18

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: There is a challenge to overcome nutrition problems as the number of older adults increases, including the older adults who live in nursing home. Food service in nursing home often get less attention, such as in the portion size of meals that is served to the older adult. In PSTW Budi Luhur, portion size is served by one representation of the older adults in each group or “pramurukti”, and it is still unknown whether the portion size is served accurately. Portion size infl uenced food and energy intake in adults.Objectives: To investigate the association between portion accuracy with food intake of older adults in PSTW Budi Luhur, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: Forty four older adults were recruited in the observational, cross sectional study in PSTW Budi Luhur, Bantul, Yogyakarta from May to June 2015. Portion in distribution unit, portion accuracy, and food intake were measured by food weighing and observation for 15 days at lunch. Spearman rank correlation formula were used to analyze the association between portion accuracy and food intake.Results: Most of the portion sizes of grains, meat, poultry and fi sh, beans and bean products, fruits, and vegetables were served inaccurately. Food intakes from grains, meat, poultry and fi sh, and vegetables were mainly defi cient, while intakes from beans and bean products, and fruits were largely good. There was signifi cant association between portion accuracy and food intake in all food groups (p-value<0.05) with medium strength of correlation (r=0.4-<0.6).Conclusion: There was association between food accuracy and food intake in elderly, in which larger food portion leads to higher food intake, and vice versa.KEYWORDS: portion, portion accuracy, food intake, older adults, nursing homeABSTRAKLatar belakang: Peningkatan jumlah lansia memberikan tantangan untuk dilakukannya upaya-upaya mengatasi atau menanggulangi permasalahan gizi yang sering muncul pada lansia termasuk lansia yang tinggal di panti wreda. Pelayanan makan di panti wreda kurang mendapat perhatian termasuk porsi makanan yang disajikan ke lansia. Di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Budi Luhur, pembagian porsi dilakukan oleh salah satu lansia pada tiap wisma atau pramurukti, dan tidak diketahui ketepatan porsi yang disajikan ke tiap lansia. Pada orang dewasa, besar porsi mempengaruhi asupan makan dan energi. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ketepatan porsi dan asupan makan, gambaran ketepatan porsi dan gambaran asupan makan lansia di PSTW Budi Luhur. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan studi cross sectional. Penelitian berlangsung pada bulan Mei-Juni 2015 dengan jumlah subjek 44 lansia. Porsi di unit distribusi, ketepatan porsi dan asupan makan diukur menggunakan metode penimbangan makanan dan observasi selama 15 hari pada saat makan siang. Uji yang digunakan adalah uji korelasi Spearman rank correlation.Hasil: Sebagian besar porsi makanan pokok, lauk hewani, lauk nabati, sayur dan buah yang disajikan tidak tepat. Sebagian besar asupan makanan pokok, lauk hewani dan sayur termasuk kurang, sedangkan lauk nabati dan buah termasuk baik. Hasil uji korelasi menunjukkan hubungan yang bermakna antara ketepatan porsi dan asupan makan makanan pokok, lauk hewani, lauk nabati, sayur dan buah (p<0,05) dengan kekuatan korelasi yang sedang (r=0,4-<0,6).Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara ketepatan porsi dan asupan makan pada lansia, semakin besar porsi yang diberikan maka semakin besar asupannya dan sebaliknya.KATA KUNCI: porsi, ketepatan porsi, asupan makan, lansia, panti wreda
Asupan energi dan protein pasien tidak berbeda menurut tingkat kepercayaan diri dan kinerja ahli gizi dalam menerapkan proses asuhan gizi terstandar Silvia, Merryna Nia; BR Purba, Martalena; Parjanto, Endy
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.479 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).19-28

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The incidence of hospital malnutrition is still high. Prevalence of malnutrition was 56.9% at three hospital in Indonesia, such as Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta, Jamil Hospital Padang, and Sanglah Hospital Bali. Diet therapy might improve nutritional intake. Standardized nutrition care process (SNCP) helps dietitian to make a decision with critical thinking to improve the quality of nutritional care, i.e. safe and effective. Dietitians need self-confi dence in applying their knowledge to accomplish their works. Several studies showed that higher self-confi dence correlated with higher performance. That would have positive impact on patients outcomes.Objectives: To fi nd out the differences in patient energy and protein intake based on dietitians selfconfidence in implementing SNCP.Methods: An observational study was used in this study with cross sectional design involving dietitians and hospitalized patients in Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. Data were analyzed using independence t test, chi-square, and Anova.Results: There was no significant difference in percentage average of patients energy intake of high self confidence compared to low self confi dence (lower 6.3%, p=0.13), as well as in protein intake (higher 1.8%, p=0.73). The percentage average of energy in nutritional intake, which energy intake was 3.0% (p=0.49) lower in good performance and protein intake was 7.1% (p=0.20) higher in good performance, had no statistical difference with dietitians performance. There was also no statistical difference between dietitians performance and dietitians self-confi dence(p=0.23). Conclusions: There were no differences between average percentage of energy and protein intake with dietitians self-confidence and dietitians performance. There was also no difference between dietitians performance and their self-confidence.KEYWORDS: self-confidence, dietitians performance, energy and protein intake ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Kejadian hospital malnutrition masih tinggi. Prevalensi malnutrisi di tiga rumah sakit di Indonesia, yaitu RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta, RSUP Jamil Padang, dan RSUD Sanglah Bali sebesar 56,9%. Terapi diet dapat meningkatkan asupan gizi proses asuhan gizi terstandar (PAGT) membantu ahli gizi membuat keputusan dengan berpikir kritis dalam upaya meningkatkan kualitas asuhan gizi yang aman dan efektif. Ahli gizi memerlukan kepercayaan diri dalam melaksanakan tugasnya. Beberapa penelitian medis menunjukkan bahwa kepercayaan diri yang tinggi berhubungan dengan kinerja yang lebih baik. Hal tersebut dapat berdampak positif terhadap outcome pasien. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui perbedaan asupan energi dan protein pasien menurut tingkat kepercayaan diri dan kinerja ahli gizi dalam menerapkan PAGT.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Subjek penelitian adalah ahli gizi dan pasien rawat inap RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta, dengan masing-masing berjumlah 12 subjek dan 90 subjek, menggunakan teknik convenience sampling dan quota sampling. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Desember 2013 sampai Maret 2014. Analisis data secara bivariat dilakukan dengan uji t, chi-square, dan anova. Hasil: Asupan energi pasien pada kepercayaan diri ahli gizi baik tidak berbeda dengan kepercayaan diri ahli gizi yang tidak baik (lebih rendah 6,3%, p=0,13), demikian juga dengan asupan protein (lebih tinggi 1,8%, p=0,73). Tidak ada perbedaan rerata persentase asupan energi, yaitu selisih 3,0% (p=0,49) lebih rendah pada kinerja baik dan protein 7,1% (p=0,20) lebih tinggi pada kinerja baik. Tidak ada perbedaan kinerja ahli gizi menurut tingkat kepercayaan dirinya (p=0,23). Kesimpulan: Tidak ada perbedaan asupan energi dan protein menurut tingkat kepercayaan diri dan kinerja ahli gizi, serta kinerja menurut tingkat kepercayaan diri ahli gizi.KATA KUNCI: kepercayaan diri, kinerja ahli gizi, asupan energi dan protein
Kandungan bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya pada makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Bantul Paratmanitya, Yhona; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.377 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).49-55

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM) showed that in 2012, consuming of food is the highest caused of poisoning incidence (66.7%) among others (drug, cosmetics, etc). One of factors influence it was chemical contamination in food, such as borax (sodium tetraborate), formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B. Based on this data, there were 2.93% of borax, 1.34% of formaldehyde, and 1.02% of rhodamine-B detected in the snack foods of elementary school children. Their accumulation may have negative impact on body health.Objectives: To know the content of food additive substances contamination (borax, formaldehyde, rhodamin-B) in the snack food of elementary school children in Bantul. Methods: This was an observational research with survey design. The research was done in 68 of elementary schools in District of Bantul. All suspected snack food samples inside and outside the school were analyzed for their chemical contaminations. Qualitative analysis of borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamin-B were done by using curcumin, KMnO4, and test kit methods, respectively. Results: There were 107 samples collected from 68 elementary schools in Bantul. The most sold sample suspecting of chemical contamination was meatball (22.4%). Among 98 analyzed samples, there were 15 (15.3%) and 25 (25.5%) samples that were proven to have borax and formaldehyde. Meanwhile, there were 7 (46.7%) samples of 15 samples were proven to have rhodamine-B. From the data, there were 34 elementary schools (50%) that have no harmful chemical contamination in their snack food.Conclusions: The percentage of snack food containing borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B in elementary school in Bantul was still high enough.KEYWORDS: snack food, borax, formaldehyde, rhodamine-BABSTRAKLatar belakang: Data Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) menunjukkan bahwa sepanjang tahun 2012, insiden keracunan akibat mengkonsumsi makanan menduduki posisi paling tinggi, yaitu 66,7%, dibandingkan dengan keracunan akibat penyebab lain, misalnya obat, kosmetika, dan lain-lain. Salah satu penyebab keracunan makanan adalah adanya cemaran kimia dalam makanan tersebut, seperti boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Dalam data tersebut, diketahui 2,93% sampel makanan jajanan pada anak sekolah mengandung boraks, 1,34% mengandung formalin, dan 1,02% mengandung rhodamin-B. Akumulasi bahan-bahan tersebut di dalam tubuh dapat berdampak negatif bagi kesehatan.Tujuan: Mengetahui persentase makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar (SD) yang tercemar bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya (boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B) di Kabupaten Bantul. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan survei. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan melibatkan 68 SD di Kabupaten Bantul sebagai sampel. Seluruh makanan jajanan yang dijajakan baik di luar maupun di kantin sekolah dan diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya diuji kandungan cemaran kimianya yaitu kandungan boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Pengujian kualitatif kandungan boraks menggunakan kurkumin, formalin menggunakan KMnO4, dan rhodamin-B menggunakan test kit Rhodamin-B. Hasil: Terdapat 107 sampel makanan dari 68 SD yang diuji. Jenis makanan jajanan yang diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya yang paling banyak dijajakan di SD adalah jenis bakso (bakso, bakso tusuk, bakso goreng) yaitu sejumlah 22,4% dari seluruh sampel jajanan. Di antara 98 sampel yang diuji kandungan boraks dan formalinnya, 15 sampel (15,3%) positif mengandung boraks dan 25 sampel (25,5%) positif mengandung formalin. Di antara 15 sampel yang diuji kandungan rhodamin-B-nya,7 sampel (46,7%) positif mengandung rhodamin-B. Terdapat 34 SD (50%) yang tidak terdapat jajanan yang tercemar bahan kimia berbahaya. Kesimpulan: Persentase makanan jajanan anak SD yang mengandung boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B masih cukup tinggi.KATA KUNCI: makanan jajanan, boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B

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