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Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)
ISSN : 23033045     EISSN : 2503183X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) abbreviated IJND (p-ISSN 2303-3045 and e-ISSN 2503-183X) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing updated research and non-research articles in the area of nutrition and dietetics. This journal is published three times annually (January, May, and September) by Alma Ata University Press in collaboration with Indonesian Nutrition Association (Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia).
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Search results for , issue " VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013" : 7 Documents clear
ASI eksklusif berhubungan dengan perkembangan bayi di Kecamatan Gading Cempaka Kota Bengkulu ., Kamsiah; Nurdiati, Detty Siti; Huriyati, Emy
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.717 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).39-43

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malnutrition is a major problem in Indonesia nowadays. Malnutrition will affect the quality of human resources in the future. Age of 7–12 months is a critical and golden period for the process of child development. Early complementary breastfeeding is one of causes the prevalence child development disorder.Objective: To fi nd out the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the development of infants 7–12 months old at the Health Center at Jalan Gedang, Sub District of Gading Cempaka, Bengkulu Municipality.Method: This observational study used cross sectional design. There were as many as 75 samples of infants 7–12 months old taken using cluster random sampling. Data of breastfeeding were obtained from questionnaires, data of development were obtained from questionnaires with pre-screening development format. Data analysis used chi square and logistic regression statistical test.Result: There was signifi cant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and infant development (p<0.05). There was signifi cant relationship between birth weight and infant development (p<0.05). There was no signifi cant relationship between method of childbirth, education of mothers, mothers’ occupation, family income and infant development (p>0.05). The result of multivariable analysis showed that birth weight was a predictor of infant development (OR= 5.231).Conclusion: There was signifi cant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and the development of infants of 7–12 months old. Birth weight was a dominant factor related to the development of infants of 7–12 months old.KEYWORDS:exclusive breastfeeding, infant developmentABSTRAKLatar belakang: Malnutrisi menjadi masalah utama di Indonesia yang akan berpengaruh terhadap kualitas sumber daya manusia pada masa yang akan dating. Usia 7-12 tahun merupakan masa kritis dan masa keemasan bagi perkembangan anak. Pemberian MPASI (makanan pendamping ASI) yang terlalu dini merupakan salah satu penyebab gangguan perkembangan bayi.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ASI eksklusif dengan perkembangan bayi di Puskesmas Jalan Gedang Kecamatan Gading Cempaka Kota Bengkulu.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional menggunakan rancangan cross sectional. Jumlah sampel adalah 75 bayi berusia 7-12 bulan yang dipilih menggunakan simple random sampling.Data diperoleh melalui kuesioner dan wawancara, kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi Square dan regresi logistik dengan confi dence interval (CI) 95%.Hasil: Ada hubungan bermakna antara ASI eksklusif dengan perkembangan bayi dan antara berat badan lahir dan perkembangan bayi (p<0.05), namun tidak ditemukan hubungan antara metode persalingan, pendidikan ibu, pekerjaan ibu, dan pendapatan keluarga dengan perkembangan bayi (p>0,05). Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa berat badan lahir merupakan prediktor perkembangan bayi (OR=5,231).Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan bermakna antara ASI eksklusif dengan perkembangan bayi 7-12 bulan. Berat badan lahir  merupakan faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan perkembangan bayi 7-12 bulan.KATA KUNCI: ASI eksklusif, perkembangan bayi
Suplementasi obat cacing, sirup Fe, dan vitamin C meningkatkankadar hemoglobin dan status gizi balita di Kupang Romlah, Siti; Hadi, Hamam; Juffrie, M.
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (135.778 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).1-6

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The prevalence of having intestinal worms among malnourished children under fi ve as the cause of anemia at the Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur is still relatively high. Efforts to minimize intestinal worm infection and anemia and to increase nutrition status of malnourished children under fi ve who get recovery complementary foods are made through supply of intestinal worm drugs, Fe syrup and vitamin C.Objective: To identify the effect of the supply of intestinal worm drugs, Fe syrup, and vitamin C supplementation to the increase of haemoglobin (Hb) level and nutritional status of malnourished children under fi ve who got recovery complementary foods.Method: This was an experimental study with factorial design. Subject of the study were malnourished children under fi ve of 1–3 years of age at Kupang Municipality. There were as many as 128 samples divided into 4 experiment groups. The group got pyrantel pamoat intestinal worm drugs 125 mg (n=32), Fe syrup + vitamin C (n=32), and placebo (n=32). Hb level was measured using “Hemocue-B Hemoglobin photometer”, intestinal worm infection was observed through facces of the subject to identify the presence of worm eggs. Statistical analysis used t-test to identify the relationship before and after the supply and ANOVA to fi nd out the difference in the effect of the supply among the groups. Result: After 3 months, the supply of the intestinal worm drugs before intervention had signifi cant effect to intestinal worm infection status among the group with intestinal worm drugs and the group with intestinal worm drugs, Fe syrup + vitamin C. The highest increase of Hb level was found in the group with intestinal worm drugs, Fe syrup + Vitamin C with average increase as much as 1.2 g/dL. Average increase of weight among the groups was 0.3 kg. Increase ofZ-score signifi cantly affected index of weight/age and weight/height.Conclusion: The increase of Hb level signifi cantly affected changes of nutritional status increase among the experiment groups.KEYWORDS: intestinal worm drugs, Fe syrup, vitamin C, Hb level, nutritional status, malnourishmentABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Prevalensi kecacingan pada balita gizi buruk sebagai penyebab anemia di Provinsi NTT masih tinggi. Upaya menurunkan infeksi kecacingan dan anemia serta meningkatkan status gizi pada balita gizi buruk yang mendapat PMT-P antara lain dengan pemberian obat cacing dan suplementasi sirup Fe + vitamin C.Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh pemberian obat cacing, suplemen sirup Fe, dan vitamin C terhadap peningkatan kadar Hb dan status gizi balita gizi buruk penerima PMT-P.Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah eksperimental dengan rancangan faktorial. Sasaran penelitian adalah balita gizi buruk usia 1–3 tahun di Kota Kupang. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 128 anak dibagi dalam 4 kelompok perlakuan. Perlakuan obat cacing pirantel pamoat 125 mg (n=32), sirup Fe + vitamin C (n=32), obat cacing, sirup Fe+ vitamin C (n=32) dan plasebo (n=32). Pengukuran kadar hemoglobin dengan ”HemoCue”, infeksi cacing diperiksa melalui tinja subjek untuk melihat adanya telur cacing. Analisis menggunakan uji T-test untuk mengetahui hubungan sebelum dan sesudah suplementasi dan uji ANOVA untuk melihat perbedaan efek suplementasi antar kelompok. Hasil: Setelah 3 bulan, pemberian obat cacing sebelum intervensi berpengaruh signifi kan terhadap status infeksi kecacingan pada kelompok obat cacing dan kelompok obat cacing, sirup Fe + vitamin C. Peningkatan kadar hemoglobin antarkelompok yang tertinggi adalah pada kelompok obat cacing, sirup Fe dan vitamin C dengan ratarata kenaikan sebesar 1,2 g/dL. Rata-rata kenaikan berat badan antar kelompok sebesar 0,3 kg. Peningkatan nilai Z-score berpengaruh signifi kan terhadap indek BB/U dan BB/TB.Kesimpulan:Peningkatkan kadar hemoglobin berpengaruh signifikan terhadap perubahan peningkatan status gizi antar kelompok suplementasi.KATA KUNCI: obat cacing, sirup Fe +vitamin C, kadar hemoglobin, Z-score, status gizi
Status pekerjaan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan status gizi dan perkembangan anak 1–3 tahun di Kecamatan Kadia, Kendari ., Risma; ., Adiyanti; Helmiyati, Siti
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.212 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).44-50

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The fi rst three years is a golden period or critical period for optimum growth and development process. Mothers at work will affect their role in taking care of their children resulting in limited time to feed the children.  In 2004 it was estimated that 23% of children had development disorder; abnormal growth of infants occured 80% in mothers at work. In 2007 in Indonesia the prevalence of malnourished underfi ves was 8.8% and malnourished was 19.2%. At the Province of Sulawesi Tenggara the prevalence of under nutrition is 2.7% and undernourishment is 13.6%. At Kendari Municipality the prevalence of malnutrition is 0.9% and undernourishment is 3.2%. Objective: To identify the association between occupational status of mothers and nutrition status and development of children of 1 – 3 years at Subdistrict of Kendari Municipality.Method: This observational research used a cross sectional design and was carried out at Subdistrict of Kendari Municipality. Population were all children of 1–3 years. Subjects consisted of 150 children taken with systematic random sampling technique. Research instruments were questionnaire, recall list, Denver II Scale and length measurement. Data analysis used chi square statistical test and logistic regression with confi dence interval (CI) 95%.Result: There were no signifi cant association between occupation of mothers (p=0.106; OR=1.84), education of mothers (p=0.518; OR=1.31), income percapita (p=0.934; OR=0.91) and nutritional status of children. There was signifi cant association between feeding pattern (p=0.008; OR=2.58), duration of rearing (p=0.024; OR=2.28) and nutritional status of children. There was no signifi cant association between occupation of mothers (p=0.275; OR=1.57), education of mothers (p=0.674; OR=1.23) income percapita (p=0.516; OR=0.74) and child development. There was signifi cant association between duration of rearing and child development (p=0.029; OR=2.30). There was signifi cant association between occupation of mothers and feeding pattern of children (p=0.32; OR=2.30). Factor of feeding pattern had the greatest contribution (3%) to undernourished nutrition status; and duration of rearing contributed as much as 3% to delayed child development. Conclusion: There was no association between occupational status of mothers and nutrition status and development of children of 1-3 years. There was association between occupational status of mothers and feeding pattern of children of 1 – 3 years. There was association between feeding pattern and nutrition status of children of 1- 3 years at Subdistrict of Kadia, Kendari Municipality.KEYWORDS: occupational status of mothers, nutritional status, child development ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Tiga tahun pertama merupakan periode keemasan (golden period)ataumasakritis (critical period) untuk optimalisasi proses tumbuh kembang. Ibu yang bekerja akan menghambat peran ibu dalam merawat dan mengasuh anak sehingga anak tidak mendapat waktu cukup untuk urusan makan. Pada tahun 2004 diperkirakan sekitar 23% anak mengalami gangguan perkembangan dan 80% perkembangan bayi tidak normal pada ibu yang bekerja. Pada tahun 2007, di Indonesia prevalensi balita gizi buruk 8,8% dan gizi kurang 19,2 %. Untuk daerah Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara, gizi buruk dan kurang  masing-masing sebesar 2,7% dan 13,6%, sedangkan di Kota Kendari 0,9%  dan 3,2%. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan status pekerjaan ibu dengan status gizi dan perkembangan anak usia 1–3 tahun di Kecamatan Kadia, Kota Kendari.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Wilayah penelitian di Kecamatan Kadia, Kota Kendari. Populasi adalah seluruh anak balita dengan usia 1–3 tahun di Kecamatan Kadia Kota Kendari. Sampel dalam penelitian sebanyak 156 subjek. Pengambilan sampel dengan systematic random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah kuesioner, daftar recall, Denver II Dacin dan panjang badan. Analisis data dengan uji Chi-Square dan regresi logistik dengan confi dence interval (CI) 95%.Hasil: Tidak terdapat hubungan signifi kan antara pekerjaan ibu (p=0,106; OR=1,84), pendidikan ibu (p=0,518; OR=1,31), pendapatan per kapita (p=0,934; OR=0,91) dengan status gizi anak. Terdapat hubungan yang signifi kan antara pola asuh makan (p= 0,008; OR=2,58), waktu pengasuhan (p=0,024; OR=2,28) dengan status gizi anak. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pekerjaan ibu (p=0,275; OR=1,57), pendidikan ibu (p=0,674; OR=1,23), pendapatan per kapita (p=0,516;OR=0,74) dengan perkembangan anak. Terdapat hubungan signifi kan antara waktu pengasuhan dengan perkembangan anak (p=0,029; OR=2,30). Terdapat hubungan signifi kan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan pola asuh makan anak (p=0,030; OR=2,30). Faktor yang kontribusinya paling besar terhadap status gizi kurang adalah pola asuh makan yaitu sebesar 3%, sedangkan terhadap keterlambatan perkembangan anak adalah waktu pengasuhan yaitu sebesar 3%.Kesimpulan: Status pekerjaan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan status gizi dan perkembangan anak usia 1-3 tahun, Status pekerjaan ibu berhubungan dengan pola asuh makan anak usia 1-3 tahun, Pola asuh makan berhubungan dengan status gizi anak usia 1-3 tahun di Kecamatan Kadia, Kota Kendari.KATA KUNCI: pekerjaan ibu, perkembangan anak, status gizi anak
Faktor-faktor pada kejadian GAKY ibu hamil di Tabunganen Barito Kuala, Kalimantan Selatan tri, Alfi; Widodo, Untung S.; Sudargo, Toto
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.56 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).7-14

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Iodine Defi ciency Disorder (IDD) is a health problem that affects quality of human resources. IDD happens not only due to iodine defi ciency but also other disorders such as goitrogenic substance (thiocyanate), pollutants of heavy metals (Pb) and micronutrient defi ciency (Fe) that inhibit thyroid hormone biosynthesis which cause the sweling of goitre glands.Objective: To identify the association between consumption of iodine, thiocyanate, Fe consumption, status of anemia and Pb and status of IDD in pregnant mothers at Subdistrict of Tabunganen, District of Barito Kuala, Province of Kalimantan Selatan.Method: The study was observational using case control design and quantitative method. Data were obtained through the palpation of goitre glands, measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level using ELISA method, iodine and thiocyanate consumption using food recall 2x24 hours and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), Fe consumption using FFQ, Hb level using photometric method and Pb level using AAS method. Data were analysed by using chi-square and logistic regression.Result: There was signifi cant association (p<0.05) between consumption of iodine (fi sh) based on FFQ and IDD status (goitre) with OR=3.44 and IDD status (TSH) with OR=8.00. There was no association between consumption of thiocyanate and Fe measured with food recall, FFQ and IDD status (goitre and TSH). There was signifi cant association (p<0.05) between Pb status and IDD status (TSH) with OR=9.35.Conclusion: There was association between iodine consumption based on FFQ (fi sh) and IDD status (goitre) after the control of iodine consumption status (food recall). There was association between iodine consumption status (FFQ) in fi sh together with anemia status and the prevalence of IDD disorder (TSH) after the control of Pb status. KEYWORDS: iodine defi ciency disorder, pregnant mothers, iodine, thiocyanate, Fe, anemia, PbABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Gangguan akibat kekurangan yodium (GAKY) merupakan masalah kesehatan yang dapat mempengaruhi kualitas sumber daya manusia. GAKY tidak hanya disebabkan oleh kekurangan yodium, tetapi juga dipengaruhi oleh zat goitrogen(tiosianat), logam berat Pb, dan kekurangan Fe yang menghambat biosintesis hormon dan berakibat pada pembesaran kelenjar gondok.Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat konsumsi yodium, goitrogen (golongan tiosianat), Fe, serta status anemia dan status Pb dalam darah dengan status GAKY pada ibu hamil di  Kecamatan Tabunganen Kabupaten Barito Kuala Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan case control. Data pembesaran kelenjar tiroid diperiksa denganpalpasi di daerah kelenjar tiroid, kadar TSH dengan metode ELISA, tingkat konsumsi yodium dan tingkat konsumsi tiosianat dengan metode food recall 2 x 24 jam dan food frequency questionnaire  (FFQ), tingkat konsumsi Fe dengan FFQ, kadar Hb dalam darah dengan metode fotometrik, kadar Pb darah dengan metode AAS.Data dianalisis menggunakan chi-square dan logistic regression.Hasil: Ada hubungan signifi kan (p<0,05) antara tingkat konsumsi yodium (ikan laut) berdasarkan FFQ dan status terhadap status GAKY (gondok) dengan OR=3,44 dan status GAKY (TSH) dengan OR=8,00.Tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat konsumsi tiosianat dan Fe yang diukur dengan food recall, FFQ, dan status GAKY (gondok dan TSH). Antara status Pb dan status GAKY (TSH) juga tidak ditemukan adanya hubungan dengan OR=9,35.Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan antara konsumsi yodium berdasarkan FFQ (ikan laut) dan status GAKY (gondok) dan antara konsumsi yodium (FFQ) dengan status anemia dan prevalensi GAKY (TSH).KATA KUNCI: gangguan akibat kekurangan yodium, wanita hamil, yodium, tiosianat, Fe, anemia, Pb
Faktor pada perilaku Ibu dalam pemberian MPASI anak 6–24 bulan di Puskesmas Perumnas, Kendari ., Rosnah; ., Kristiani; Pamungkasiwi, Endang Pamungkasiwi
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.094 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).51-57

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The problem of growth among underfi ves in Indonesia is related to the number of infants that are givencomplementary  feeding since the age of one month. It infl uenced the prevalence of undernourishment 3.25% andmalnutritionat District of Kadia become higher. Those nutrition problem can be affected by inability to provide foods asneeded by members of the family, knowledge and behavior of the family in food selection, cook and distribute the foodin the family. Another problem is lack of mothers attention to monitor the child growth and developmentObjective: To study the factors associated with mothers behavior in the supply of complementary breastfeeding toinfants of 6–24 months at Perumnas Health Center Subdistrict of Kadia Kendari Municipality.Method: This analytical study used a cross sectional design and quantitative and qualitative method. Subject were mothersof underfi ves who fulfi lled inclusion criteria at the working area of Perumnas Health Center District of Kadia KendariMunicipality. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. Research instruments were questionnaireand indepth interview guide. Data analysis used chi square and double logistic regression test. Qualitative data wereanalyzed manually and presented in narration.Result: Predisposition factors signifi cantly associated with mothers behavior in the supply of complementary breastfeedingwere mothers education (p=0.025; OR=3.27), family income (p=0.007; OR=4.65), knowledge of mothers (p=0.05;OR=2.75), and mothers attitude (p=0.027; OR=2.92). Another supporting factor, i.e. participation of mothers in theintegrated service post (posyandu) was signifi cantly associated with behavior in the supply of complementary breastfeeding(p=0.008; OR=3.65). Encouraging factors associated with the behavior of mother in the supply of complementarybreastfeeding were support of the health staff (p=0.005; OR=4.21) and the family (p=0.041; OR=4.22).Conclusion: The result of multivariate analysis showed that the factor most dominantly associated with the behavior inthe supply of complementary breastfeeding was education of mothers (p=0.012; OR=5,40).KEYWORDS: behavior, complementary breastfeeding, infants of 6 – 24 monthsABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Masalah gangguan pertumbuhan balita di Indonesia berkaitan dengan banyaknya bayi yang sudahdiberi makanan pendamping ASI (MPASI) sejak usia kurang dari atau 1 bulan. Hal ini mengakibatkan prevalensi gizikurang dan buruk di Kecamatan Kadia cukup tinggi. Masalah gizi ini dipengaruhi oleh tingkat kemampuan menyediakanpangan sesuai dengan kebutuhan anggota keluarga, pengetahuan dan perilaku keluarga dalam memilih, mengolah,dan membagi makanan di tingkat rumah tangga. Permasalahan lain kurangnya perhatian ibu untuk memantau tumbuhkembang balitanya.Tujuan:  Mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku ibu dalam pemberian MPASI pada anak usia6-24 bulan di Puskesmas Perumnas Kecamatan Kadia, Kota Kendari.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional, menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Subjek adalah ibu balita yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Perumnas KecamatanKadia, Kota Kendari. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 97 subjek. Pengambilan sampel secara simple random sampling. Datadikumpulkan dengan panduan wawancara mendalam dan dianalisis dengan Chi-Square dan uji regresi logistik berganda.Data kualitatif dianalisis secara manual dan disajikan dalam bentuk narasi.Hasil: Dari faktor-faktor predisposisi, yang mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan perilaku ibu dalam pemberian MPASIadalah pendidikan ibu (p=0,025; RP = 3,27), pendapatan per kapita keluarga (p=0,007; RP = 4,65), pengetahuan ibu(p= 0,05; RP= 2,75), dan sikap ibu (p = 0,027; RP=2,92) dengan perilaku pemberian MPASI. Dari faktor pendukung,partisipasi ibu ke posyandu mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan perilaku pemberian MPASI (p=0,008; RP=3,65),sedangkan dari faktor pendorong yang berhubungan dengan perilaku ibu dalam pemberian MPASI adalah dukunganpetugas kesehatan (p=0,005; RP=4,21) dan dukungan keluarga (p=0,041; RP=4,22). Kesimpulan: Dari hasil analisis multivariat diperoleh hasil bahwa faktor paling dominan yang berhubungan denganperilaku pemberian MPASI adalah pendidikan ibu (p=0,015; RP= 5,40).KATA KUNCI: perilaku, pemberian MPASI, anak usia 6-24 bulan.
Pengembangan sistem informasi berbasis komputer untuk efi siensi penyelenggaraan makanan di Instalasi Gizi RS Militer Malang Aroni, Hasan; Kusnanto, Hari; Fuad, Anis
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (840.254 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).22-30

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The rapid development of science and technology in the globalization era, particularly information technology enables data or information to be processed quickly and accurately. Nutrition service in the form of food provision in hospitals requires precision and accuracy  as well as speed in its process. Therefore the utilization of science and technology especially computer-based information system will be of much help. Nutrition installation of Malang Military Hospital still uses manual method in calculating the need for food stock so that it needs more time and nutrition staff to do the work.    Method: The study was a quasi experimental study (before and after) without control group to fi nd out the difference in duration of food stock need calculation before and after the implementation of computer-based information system in the food provision at Nutrition Installation of Malang Military Hospital.Result: The implementation of computer-based information system at nutrition installation improved nutrition staff and time effi ciency in the calculation of food stock needs. Only one nutrition staff was needed to operate computer, whereas in the manual calculation method two nutrition staff were needed to do the work. The time needed to calculate food stock before the implementation of computer-based information system in average was 3.5 hours and after the implementation was 1.6 hours, based on statistical test at signifi cance level 95% p<α(0.05) whereby 0.003<0.05. This meant there was difference in duration of time needed before and after the implementation of computer-based information system in food provision at Nutrition Installation of Malang Military Hospital.Conclusion: The development of computer-based information system improved nutrition staff and time effi ciency in the calculation of food stock need in food provision at Nutrition Installation of Malang Military Hospital.KEYWORDS: information system, effi ciency, food stock calculation, nutrition installation, food provisionABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Perkembangan iptek pada era globalisasi yang begitu pesat, terutama teknologi informasi akan memungkinkan proses data atau informasi dengan cepat dan akurat. Pelayanan gizi, dalam hal penyelenggaraan makanan rumah sakit dalam prosesnya memerlukan ketelitian dan ketepatan serta kecepatan waktu yang digunakan. Untuk itu, pemanfaatan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknolgi dalam hal ini sistem informasi berbasis komputer akan sangat membantu. Instalasi Gizi Rumah Sakit Militer Malang (RSMM), dalam kegiatan perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan masih menggunakan penghitungan secara manual sehingga memerlukan waktu dan tenaga kerja gizi yang lebih untuk menyelesaikannya.Tujuan: Mengembangkan sistem informasi berbasis komputer untuk meningkatkan efi siensi waktu dan tenaga kerja gizi dalam perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan pada penyelenggaraan makanan di Instalasi Gizi RSMM.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi experimental (before-after) tanpa kelompok kontrol untuk mengetahui perbedaan durasi waktu yang digunakan dalam perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan sebelum dan sesudah menerapkan sistem informasi berbasis komputer pada penyelenggaraan makanan di Instalasi Gizi RSMM.Hasil: Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dengan penerapan sistem informasi berbasis komputer pada instalasi gizi akan meningkatkan efi siensi tenaga kerja gizi dan waktu dalam perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan. Satu tenaga kerja gizi cukup digunakan untuk operasional computer yangsebelumnya 2 tenaga kerja gizi untuk perhitungan secara manual. Waktu yang diperlukan untuk perhitungan bahan makanan sebelum dan sesudah menerapkan sistem informasi berbasis komputer berbeda nyata dengan rata-rata adalah 3,5 jam dan 1,6 jam(p<0,05).Kesimpulan: Pengembangan sistem informasi berbasis komputer akan meningkatkan efi siensi tenaga kerja gizi dan waktu dalam perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan pada penyelenggaraan makanan di Instalasi Gizi RSMM.KATA KUNCI: sistem Informasi, komputer, efi siensi tenaga kerja gizi dan waktu, perhitungan kebutuhan bahan makanan
Perilaku sadar gizi dan ketahanan pangan keluarga serta hubungannya dengan status gizi balita di Kabupaten Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Selatan ., Rahmadi; Sudargo, Toto; Wijanarka, Agus
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 1, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2013
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (160.841 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2013.1(1).31-38

Abstract

Background: Act No. 25/2000 about National Development Program and Vision Healthy Indonesia 2010 specifi ed that 80% of Indonesian families become nutrition aware families. The result of survey on nutrition aware families in indicated that in 2006 as much as 52.7% and in 2007 as much as 27.2% of families were not yet nutrition aware. The result of nutritional status monitoring of underfi ves (Z-score) showed undernourishment increased from 5.1% in 2004 to 10.1% in 2005.Objective: To analyze association between nutrition aware behavior and food security of the family and nutrition status of underfi ves at District of Tanah Laut, Province of Kalimantan Selatan.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. The dependentvariable was nutritional status of underfi ves (z-score for weight/length); the independent variables were nutrition aware behavior and food security of the family; and the confounding variables were characteristics of the family (parents’ education, number of the family members, knowledge of mothers about nutrition and family income). Subject consisted of underfi ves of 6–24 months with as many as 198 underfi ves. Data analysis used chi square and double logistic regression (multiple logistic regression) and qualitative analysis with indepth interview for families that were not yet nutrition aware.Result: There were 145 families (73.2%) that were nutrition aware and 53 (26.8%) that were not yet nutrition aware; based on energy consumption 51.1% of families had enough food and 48.9% were undernourished; based on protein consumption 52.5% of families had enough food and 47.5% were undernourished; and children with good nutrition status were 72.6% for boys and 72.8% or girls. There was signifi cant association between nutrition aware behavior and nutrition status of underfi ves (p=0.010). The result of logistic regression test showed that there was signifi cant association between the number of family members and food security of the family (p<0.05) with OR=5.516 (95%CI=2.584–11.775). There was signifi cant association between knowledge of mothers about nutrition and food security of the family (p<0.05) with OR=0.486 (95%CI=0.25–0.914).Conclusion: There was no association between nutrition aware behavior and food security of the family based on level of energy and protein consumption. There was signifi cant association (p<0.05) between number of family members and food security of the family based on level of energy and protein consumption. There was signifi cant association between knowledge of mothers about nutrition and food security of the family based on energy consumption. There was no association between parents’ education and family income based on level of energy and protein consumption. There was signifi cant association between nutrition aware behavior of the family and nutrition status of underfi ves; however there was no association between food security of the family and nutrition status of underfi ves.KEYWORDS: nutrition aware, family characteristics, food security, nutritional status of underfi vesABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Undang-undang nomor 25 tahun 2000 tentang Program Pembangunan Nasional dan Visi Indonesia Sehat 2010 menetapkan  80% keluarga menjadi keluarga sadar gizi (kadarzi). Hasil data survei kadarzi pada tahun 2006 dan 2007 didapatkan keluarga yang belum kadarzi 52,7% dan 27,2%. Hasil pemantauan status gizi balita (z-ScoreBB/U) didapatkan status gizi kurang menunjukkan adanya peningkatan, yaitu  tahun 2004 sebesar (5,1%),  tahun 2005 (9,8%)dan tahun 2006 (10,1%) Tujuan: Untuk  menganalisis hubungan antara perilaku sadar gizi  dan ketahanan pangan keluarga dengan status gizi balita di Kabupaten Tanah Laut  Provinsi  Kalimantan Selatan.Metode: Jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Variabel terikat: status gizi balita (z-score BB/TB) dan variabel bebas:  perilaku sadar gizi, ketahanan pangan keluarga serta variabel pengganggu: pendidikan orang tua, jumlah anggota keluarga, pengetahuan gizi ibu dan pendapatan keluarga. Subjek penelitian balita usia 6-24 bulan,  jumlah 198 balita. Analisis yang digunakan adalah uji chi-square dan regresi logistik  berganda  (multiple logistic regression)  dan didukung  analisis kualitatitf  dengan indepth interview  bagi keluarga belum kadarzi.Hasil: Keluarga sudah kadarzi 145 (73,2%) dan belum kadarzi 53 (26,8%). Indikator kadarzi tentang dukungan keluarga memberikan ASI eksklusif 0-6 bulan paling banyak tidak dilaksanakan. Alasannya adalah setelah melahirkan ASI tidak keluar, susu ibu bengkak dan mengeluarkan  darah, hamil lagi, dan alasan pekerjaan. Semua keluarga menggunakan garam beryodium dalam memasak makanan. Keluarga tahan pangan dan tidak tahan pangan berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi energi masing-masing sebesar 47,5% dan 52,5%, keluarga yang tahan pangan dan tidak tahan pangan berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi protein masing-masing sebesar 52,5% dan 47,5% dan status gizi balita hasil z-score BB/TB didapatkan  balita gizi baik 72,7% dan gizi kurang 27,3%.  Perilaku sadar gizi berhubungan signifi kan dengan ketahanan pangan keluarga berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi energi (p<0,05). Perilaku sadar gizi dan ketahanan pangan keluargaberdasarkan tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein tidak berhubungan signifi kan dengan status gizi balita  (p>0,05).Kesimpulan: Perilaku sadar gizi, jumlah anggota keluarga, pengetahuan gizi ibu dan pendapatan per kapita berhubungan signifikan dengan ketahanan pangan keluarga berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi energi, sedangan pengetahuan gizi ibu dan pendapatan per kapita berhubungan signifi kan dengan ketahanan pangan keluarga berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi protein. Perilaku sadar gizi keluarga dan ketahanan pangan keluarga berdasarkan tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein tidak berhubungan dengan status gizi balita (z-score BB/TB).KATA KUNCI: keluarga sadar gizi, karakteritik keluarga, ketahanan pangan, status gizi balita

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