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INDONESIA
Aquacultura Indonesiana
ISSN : 02160749     EISSN : 24776939     DOI : -
Aquacultura Indonesiana (AI) is publishes original and peer-reviewed, English language papers concerned with culture of aquatic plants and animals. Subjects approriate for this journal would include, but not necessarily be limited to, nutrition, diseases, genetics and breeding, physiology, environmental quality, culture system enginering. husbandry practices, and economics and marketing. Fragmentary reports will not be considered for publication; coherent research should be published in a single paper. Preliminary studies, simple case reports, baseline data, parasite host or range extentions, and other such curiosities will not be considered for publication in the journal.
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Articles 76 Documents
The Use of Carotene Materials as the Source of Red Color Pigmentation on Leopard Grouper Larvae (Plectropomus leopardus) Kusumawati, Daniar; Setiawati, Ketut Maha
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 17, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v17i2.50

Abstract

Carotenoid is one of nutrition factors which can improve red color pigmentation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the best type of carotene which can increase red pigment performance and to evaluate how long the effect should be retaining in order to maintain red color performance on leopard grouper seeds. This study consisted of 2 experiments; those were the effect of various kinds of carotene materials in feed addition and the effect of the termination of the addition of carotene materials in the feed toward red color performance on leopard grouper  seed. The treatments given to the first experiment were the provision of various kinds of carotene materials which were type of A. Haematococcus pluvialis, B. Phaffiarhodozyma, C. Astax Oil, D. Control (without carotene materials) and the treatments to the second experiment are A. Leopard grouper  seed – phaffia was still given additional Phaffia rodhozyma, B. Leopard grouper  seed – haematococcus was still given additional Haematococcus pluvialis, C. leopard grouper seed (from larvae - phaffia / haematococcus) was terminated from carotene materials addition. The first experiment was applied from larva up to D60 seed and for the second experiment was the follow-up response from the first experiment conducted on D60 seed up to D150. Based on the study result, it indicates that carotene materials of Haematococcus pluvialis type gave the best color performance improvement (P value 4.71 x 10-7 < 0.05). The provision of carotene materials intake decreases color performance both visually and total contain of carotene (P value 5.97 x 10-5< 0.05) (Tabel 1). Carotenenoids should be continuously given as trigger to maintain red color performance on leopard grouper  seed. There was protein band in the range of 82.1 – 84.2 kDa which was assumed as protein expression of astaxanthin
Free Radicals Scavenging Activities of Low Molecular Weight Sodium Alginate (LMWSA) from Sargassum polycystum, Produced by Thermal Treatment Yudiati, Ervia; Pringgenies, Delianis; Djunaedi, Ali; Arifin, Zaenal; Sudaryono, Agung
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 19, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v19i1.121

Abstract

In this study, the effects of alginate from Sargassum polycystum molecular reduction by thermal heating on DPPH anti radical scavenging activity were investigated. Raw alginate as the control treatment was heated at 140oC in a laboratory oven for different time courses 1.5, 4.5, and 7.5 hours. The assessment of molecular weight, UV-visible and FT-IR spectroscopic studies were applied. By heat treatment, molecular weight of polymer was decreased in a time-dependent manner, though there is no significant difference between 4.5 h and 7.5 h samples. The UV-visible spectroscopic studies pointed that there was a new absorption band between 250 and 290 nm in alginate heated treatments. The higher antiradical scavenging activity were reached from 1.5 h and 4.5 h treatments (19.83% and 20.07%). Interestingly, the antiradical scavenging activity of the longest heating treatment (7.5 h) was reduced (16.85%), similar to the raw alginate (17.89%). Prolonged heat treatments influenced the antioxidant activity and reduced the ability of donate electrons or hydrogen atoms to inactivate this radical action.
The Intracellular Cryoprotectant Effects in Preserving Goramy Spermatozoa after Two Days Sub-Zero Freezing Abinawanto, Abinawanto; Fitrianingrum, Nisa; Lestari, Retno; Sudaryono, Agung; Rostika, Rita; Fujaya, Yushinta
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 16, No 1 (2015): Volume 16 Issue 1 Year 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v16i1.2

Abstract

The spermatozoa quality of goramy two days after sub-zero freezing was examined. The quality of spermatozoa examined included motility, viability, and abnormality. We aimed to determine the optimum concentration of glycerol protecting spermatozoa during preservation. We used 0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, 7%, and 9% of glycerol, respectively.  Sperms were diluted by the combination of glycerol and fish ringer (1 part of sperm + 3 part of solvent). The dilute sperms were then equiliberated at 4°C for 45 min, and were freezed at -34°C for two days. Thawing was then carried out at 30°C for 2 min. Based on Dunnet test, 5% of glycerol was the optimum concentration maintaining spermatozoa motility (75.95±4.76)%.Keywords: glycerol; Osphronemus goramy; spermatozoa motility, viability, and abnormality; sub-zero freezing
Analysis of Microsatellite Allele That potential as Resistance Marker of Giant Gouramy (Osphronemus gouramy Lac.) to Aeromonas hydrophila Kusumawardhani, Meirina Kartika; Kusumawaty, Diah; Suhandono, Sony
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 1 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 1 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i1.30

Abstract

Giant gouramy is one of economical important freshwater fish. However, the production of the fish was declined because of a Motile Aeromonas Septicemia (MAS) disease. Giant gouramy with MAS disease caused an ulcer on their skin, and the worst case infection may cause death. The symptoms is vary widely depends on fish resistance to the disease. The aim of this study is to analyze microsatellite alleles that potential as a resistance marker against Aeromonas hydrophila. In previous studies, eleven microsatellite loci were isolated from giant gouramy genome. These loci were tested on DNA from resistant and susceptible giant gouramy that had been treated with Aeromonas hydrophila. Resistant giant gouramy was the gouramy that survived at least 50 days post-infection and ssusceptible giant gouramy was the gouramy that died before 50 days post- infection. Three of eleven microsatellite loci were found with unique alleles that appeared only in resistant giant gouramy and potential as resistance marker, which is the 342 bp allele at GE 1.9 locus with (GCA)10 (ACA) 6 motif, the 262 bp allele at GE 2.4 locus with (GCA) 6 (GGA)10 motif, and the 244 bp allele at GE 1.4 locus with (GCT) 9 (TA) 6 motif. All three loci were used to scan 48 giant gouramy broodstock from Tasikmalaya, Singaparna, and Sukabumi. Amplification of the microsatellite loci was performed by PCR with M13 tail sequence in forward primer and fluorescence dye. Successfully amplified alleles were analyzed with GeneAlEx 6.5 software. As a result, fragment 262 bp and 244 bp that contained in 43.75% of 48 gouramy broodstock predicted have a potency as resistance marker to Aeromonas hydrophila. For further study, microsatellite motifs have to be screened in gouramy progeny, because microsatellites are inhereted in Mendelian traits.
Evaluation on the Application of Stratified Double Net Cages for Freshwater Fish Aquaculture: Macrobenthic Assemblages as Bioindicator P. Putro, Sapto; Sudaryono, Agung; Widowati, Widowati; Suhartana, Suhartana
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 1 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 1 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i1.31

Abstract

Various designs of floating fish cages have been developed by the fishermen, both for applications on the rivers, reservoirs, coastal areas, offshore and lakes. In order to optimise the ecological use of Lake Rawapening as fish farming area, it is necessary to change the design of cages as well as farming practice. The development of design of floating net cage has been done using Stratified Double Net Cages (SDNC), and it is considered to be one of the best alternatives to solve the problem.  The aims of this study were to evaluate the application of Stratified Double Net Cages (SDNC) based on macrobenthic assemblages to assess the potential environmental impact caused by farming activities using SDNC. The results were compared to the reference areas, which were 1 (one) km away from the farming zones.This study was carried out at the ficinity areas of two SDNC. The cages were operated by fisherman groups of  Ngudi Makmur and Rukun Santosa, located on the water column of Lake Rawapening, close to Asinan District, Central Java. The results showed that the composition of species macrobenthic assemblages between farming sites and control sites were different both in number and compotition, indicating the initial stage of disturbance caused by organic enrichment due to farming actitivites. The study provides important implications for the arrangement of Stratified Double Net Cage (SDNC)  activities at Lake Rawapening, both in density and ordinate position in order to maintain the ecological function of this lake.
Effect of Different Stocking Densities on Growth and Survival Rates of Sea Cucumber Holothuria scabra Seedlings Serang, Abdul Malik; Tua Rahantoknam, Santi Penina; Tomatala, Pitjont
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 17, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v17i1.44

Abstract

As sea cucumber, Holothuria scabra is one of the fishery commodities which have high economic value, this species now is under overexploited. Sea cucumber aquaculture should be developed urgently. This research was conducted to evaluate the effects of stocking densities on the growth and survival rates of sea cucumber. This research was carried out  by using pen culture with 5 – 9 cm in length or 30 – 50 g of seedlings. The sea cucumber was reared with stocking densities of 15 (treatment A), 20 (treatment B) and 25 individual/m2 (treatment C) in triplicates. The observation of growth and survival rates were done every two week. The water quality was measured every three day. The result indicated that the growth and survival rates was higher in treatment A than treatments B and C.
Detection of Antibiotic Residues from Shrimp Pond and Their Environment in East Java Province Indonesia Suprapto, Hari; Sulmartiwi, L.; Sudarno, Sudarno
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 16, No 1 (2015): Volume 16 Issue 1 Year 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v16i1.12

Abstract

Indonesia shrimp products are often rejected by foreign countries due to high antibiotic content, whereas a few years ago Japan and European countries are set 0.05 ppb permitted to consume by the people, but now the restriction will be smaller is 0.01 ppb. Some farmer was stopped to use antibiotics but the residues still found in fish flesh. Possible origins antibiotics are environment because are antibiotic residues still exist in the mud, water organism which lived in pond. Samples originating from shrimp, mud, water and other biota will be examined according to the method of Thomson (1966) of the Pfizer Corporation and the Association of Official Analytical Chemist (Horwitz, 1980). The purpose of this study was to determine the origin of antibiotic present in the cultivation or farming system that does not use antibiotics in shrimp production.: a. Antibiotics obtained from ponds in the Tuban area is 1.8 ppm (mud), 0.8 ppm (water) and 2.1 (biota). b. a. Antibiotics obtained from ponds in Gresik were 0.6 ppm (mud), 0.3 ppm (water) and 1.2 (biota). c. Antibiotics obtained from ponds in the area of Situbondo are 0.3 ppm (mud), 0.1 ppm (water) and 0.6 (biota). d. a. Antibiotics obtained from ponds in the area are 0.3 ppm Probolinggo (mud), 0.2 ppm (water) and 0.6 ppm (biota).
The Efficacy of Organic Zinc Amino Acid Complex(AvailaZn®) on Growth Performance and Immunity of Pangasius Catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) Jintasataporn, Orapint; Ward, Terry; Kattakdad, Supalug
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 2 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 2 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i2.38

Abstract

The efficacy of organic zinc amino acid complex(AvailaZn®) on growth performance and immunity of Pangasius catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) was assigned in CRD with  4 treatments and 5 replicates. The treatments  were control with inorganic zinc 100 ppm (T1) and the other two treatments of zinc 100 ppm at different proportion of inorganic zinc : organic zinc  70:30 (T2) and 40:60(T3) and the treatment of only organic zinc 50 ppm (T4; 50% of control). Pangasius catfish with average weight of  209  g. were stocked in 1,000 liter fiber tanks at the density of 15 fishes per tank and fed treatment diets 3% of  body  weight  twice daily for three months. The results indicated that there were statistical difference (p<0.05) on growth performance in term of body weigh and specific growth rate of  Pangasius catfish fed diet supplemental organic zinc at different levels were higher (P<0.05) than group of inorganic control(T1). The specific growth rate were 0.89, 1.20, 1.16 and 1.27 %/ in T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. Feed  conversion ratio were not significantly different(p=0.08) and protein efficiency ratio also were not significantly different(p=0.09). White blood cell count, serum protein, immunoglobulin (IgM), hemoglobin, and super oxide anion in group of zinc amino acid complex were better (p<0.05) than group of inorganic control(T1).  Therefore, using zinc amino acid complex(AvailaZn®) in Pangasius catfish diet can enhance catfish growth performance (p<0.05) and decrease zinc level in the catfish diet by 50% of using inorganic zinc. Supplementation zinc amino acid complex(AvailaZn®) in Pangasius catfish diet is recommended at the level of 50 ppm for organic mineral and 100 ppm for the proportion of organic and inorganic 70:30 ppm.
Growth and Carrageenan Yield of Cultivated Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) in Deep Seawater Area of Saparua Bay, Central Maluku Wenno, Petrus A; Latumahina, Matheus Ch.A; Loupatty, Sven R.; Soumokil, Agustina W.; Jamal, Endang
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 19, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v19i1.104

Abstract

Cultivation of Kappaphycus alvarezii has been carried out by inverted pyramid method in the deep water of  Saparua Bay. This study aims to analyze the daily growth rates, biomass productions and carrageenan yields of the green and brown strain of K. alvarezii with different depth of water by inverted pyramid method in deep seawaters. K. alvarezii with an initial weight of 100 g were planted successively at the depths of 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 m during four growing seasons that last for 49 days in every season. The results showed that the highest growth rate and biomass production were on green strain at 1 m depth and brown strain at 3 m depth which were 4.18% and 749.29 g/m2 then 4.19% and 754.51 g/m2, respectively. While the highest carrageenan yield was on the green and brown strain at 9 m depth which were 16.53% and 14.85%, respectively. The carrageenan yields gradually increase with the increasing of water depths which contradict to growth rate and biomass production that showed the better results at lower depths (1 and 3 m). In conclusion, seaweed cultivation in deep waters has a positive impact on carrageenan yields in line with the increasing depths while the growth rate and the biomass production can be achieved higher at the lower depth.
A STELLA Model for Evaluating the Efficiency of Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture System (IMTA) Kambey, Cicilia; Chung, Ik Kyo
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 16, No 2 (2015): Volume 16 Issue 2 Year 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v16i2.4

Abstract

There has been ever increasing interest in Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture System (IMTA) to encourage developing environmentally friendly aquaculture, which combines fed aquaculture with extractive aquaculture in proximity. IMTA can minimize the environmental impacts of conventional monoculture aquaculture farms while expanding their economic base. To evaluate the efficiency of IMTA system, we applied the dynamic STELLA modeling in terms of nitrogen content of each component. Consequently we may develop potential strategic guidelines of IMTA implementation which may increase the managing and predictive capability and the social acceptability of the system.Keywords: STELLA modeling; IMTA; Nitrogen; Fish; Bivalve; Seaweed; Sea Cucumber