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INDONESIA
Aquacultura Indonesiana
ISSN : 02160749     EISSN : 24776939     DOI : -
Aquacultura Indonesiana (AI) is publishes original and peer-reviewed, English language papers concerned with culture of aquatic plants and animals. Subjects approriate for this journal would include, but not necessarily be limited to, nutrition, diseases, genetics and breeding, physiology, environmental quality, culture system enginering. husbandry practices, and economics and marketing. Fragmentary reports will not be considered for publication; coherent research should be published in a single paper. Preliminary studies, simple case reports, baseline data, parasite host or range extentions, and other such curiosities will not be considered for publication in the journal.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 58 Documents
Effects of Sacharomyces cereviceae Incorporated Diet on Growth Performance, Apparent Digestibility Coefficient of Protein and Survival Rate of Catfish (Pangasius hypothalamus) rachmawati, diana; Samidjan, Istiyanto; Nugroho, Ristiawan Agung; Susilowati, Titik
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 20, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.585 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v20i1.136

Abstract

One of the solutions to maximize diet usage when the feeding is not in line with the growth of Catfish (Pangasius hypothalamus) is by introduction of fish new culture system.  The new culture system is by incorporating Saccharomyces cerevisiae into the feed.  It aims to increase feed efficiency; in turn it increases the growth.  The objective of the research is to study the effects of S.cereviceae incorporated diet on growth performance, apparent digestibility coefficient of protein and survival rate of catfish (P. hypothalamus).  The fish used in the study were 4.02±0.22 g per fish. The study used experimental method with completely random Design.  The experiments were in 4 (four) treatments.  Each treatment had 4 (four) repetitions.  The treatments were by feeding fish with 4 (four) different dosages of S. cerevisiae addition in the diet.  The dosages were 0 g per kg feed (A), 0.5 g per kg feed (B), 1 g per kg feed (C) and 2 g per kg feed (D).  The results show that the incorporated S. cerevisiae feed was significant (P<0.05) on the specific growth rate (SGR), apparent digestibility coefficient of protein (ADCP) and survival rate (SR) of the catfish (P. hypothalamus) fingerlings.  The best dosage was 1.0 g of S. cerevisiae per kg feed and the optimum dosage ranged from 1 to 1.12 g/kg feed for SGR, ADCP and SR of the Catfish (P. hypothalamus) fingerlings.
Utilization of Turi Leaf Flour in Feed (Sesbania grandiflora Pers.) on Growth of Black Nile Tilapia (Orechromis niloticus) Firmani, Ummul; Cahyoko, Yudi; Mustikoweni, Mustikoweni
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 16, No 2 (2015): Volume 16 Issue 2 Year 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.333 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v16i2.7

Abstract

Critical factor for successful fish farming is feed. Feed should always be available and in accordance with the needs of farmed fish both in quality and quantity. Black nile tilapia are reared intensively, requires diet crumb size with protein content is not less than 30%. Diet made by the composition and nutritional value in accordance with the age of the fish. The purpose of this study was to find the optimum percentage of leaf meal turi in artificial feed on the growth of black nile tilapia’s weight about 6 g/fish. The treatment in this study was the addition of turi leaf flour in artificial feed at 0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and 12%. Fish stocking density is maintained with 1 fish/L water for 40 days in a plastic tub volume of 15 liters and given the aerator. Measurement the amount of feed consumed was calculated to determine the feed efficiency. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and then the differences between treatments were tested using Duncans Multiple Range Test. The results showed the highest of daily specific growth rate and feed efficiency obtained in the treatment of feed containing turi leaf flour of 0-9% were respectively 1.66 to 1.57% and from 45.57 to 39.82%. Keywords : Black nile tilapia; Daily specific growth rate; Feed efficiency; Turi leaf flour
Isolation and Sequences Analysis of Tight Junction Protein Claudin Encoding Genes in Intestinal Barrier of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Syakuria, Hamdan; Steinhagen, Dieter
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 2 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 2 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.622 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i2.35

Abstract

A multiple genes family claudin encodes proteins which forms main structures of tight junction between epithelial cells. In intestinal epithelium claudin proteins are proposed to have roles in ion balances regulation and forming barrier against pathogenic invasion. In the present work, claudin genes were molecularly identified in common carp (Cyprinus carpio), one of the most important cultured fish in freshwater aquaculture. Carp claudin 1 and 2 were amplified with primers designed based on relevant known claudin genes in fish. On the basis of carp ESTs, other six carp claudin genes were amplified. The amplification products were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic and sequence analysis confirmed that the eight identified genes are claudin genes and could be designated as carp claudin 1, 2, 3b, 3c, 7, 11, 23, and 30, respectively. This finding could be used to develop further study of carp claudin especially roles of claudin during pathogen infection and strategy to modulate its expression in order to protect diseases in carp aquaculture.
DNA Profile of Pacific White Shrimp, L. vannamei Infected by Taura Syndrome Virus Using Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) Analysis Permana, Gusti Ngurah; Moria, Sari Budi; haryanti, haryanti
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 17, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (472.604 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v17i1.57

Abstract

The shrimp infected by Taura syndrome virus (TSV) can survive until harvesting time. At this phase, the growth of this shrimp is relatively normal but it is referred as TSV carrier. This research is expected to provide a recommendation in effort to prevent the occurrence of TSV infection. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the DNA polymorhism of Pacific white shrimp L. vannamei infected by TSV. A total of 60 samples of L. vannamei were collected from SPF (specific pathogen free)-Florida, F1-healthy, F1-tolerance (it is can life normally after infected by TSV), and F1-moribund (diying after infected by TSV). The samples were analysis using PCR with IQ-2000 KIT to determine the positive infection of samples. DNA profile of white shrimp, L. vannamei was significantly different from SPF Florida, F1-moribund, and F1-healthy shrimp. This expression may control the defense mechanism. This can be ascribed to the reason that shrimp survived from TSV infection had a higher amount of locus (3 loci) that were detected from DNA polymorphism of gene in white shrimp contributed to a gene control that was determined from allele variation. Two important alleles (200 bp and 220 bp) unique may be associated with tolerant trait. Those loci only found in F1-tolerance shrimp. However to prove that further necessary to sequences a nucleotide of three loci as responsible for resistance to TSV infection.
Growth, Total Production and Feed Efficiency of Catfish (Clarias sp.) Orally Administered with Shrimp Waste Hydrolyzate Hariyadi, Dimas Rizky; Isnansetyo, Alim; Istiqomah, Indah; Hardaningsih, Ign.; Wahyudi, Wahyudi; Kim, Sung Sam
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 19, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.821 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v19i1.116

Abstract

Shrimp Waste Hydrolyzate (SWH) /Shrimp Soluble Extract (SSE) is a product produced from the enzymatic process of shrimp waste. SWH contains essential and non-essential amino acids which useful for fish. This study aimed to determine effect of SWH on the growth and total production of catfish. The parameters observed were average growth rate, specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion ratio (FCR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), total production and length weight relationship from beginning until the end of rearing period. Growth performance was observed by calculating average growth rate and SGR of catfish. The results of this study showed that oral administration of SWH significantly increased SGR of catfish length at 4th sampling period with value 1.54% body length/day. Administration of SWH did not affect on the AGR, FCR, PER and total production. The growth pattern of catfish is negative allometric.
Oral Administration of Alginate From A Tropical Brown Seaweed, Sargassum sp. To Enhance Non-Spesific Defense In Walking Catfish (Clarias sp.) Isnansetyo, Alim; Irpani, Husni Mubarok; Wulansari, Tyas Ayu; Kasanah, Noer
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 1 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 1 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (193.095 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i1.29

Abstract

Alginate that is usually extracted from brown seaweeds, is a bioactive substance with immunomodulator activity. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of oral administration of alginate on the non-specific immune system of walking catfish (Clarias sp.). An experiment was conducted in a Completely Randomized Design with five treatments in triplicates. Alginate was supplemented in feed at doses of 0 (control treatment), 2, 4, 6 and 8 g/kg of feed. The walking catfish was fed twice daily at feeding rate of 5%. Non-specific defense parameters evaluated were Nitroblue Tetrazolium (NBT) activity, phagocytic activity (PA), phagocytic index (PI), leukocyte differentiation, hematocrit and leucocrit. The parameters were observed prior to be treated, 5th, 10th and 15th days after treatments. Oral administration of alginate at 4 g/kg of feed increased NBT and PA activities significantly (P<0.05) in 5 days, while alginate at a dose of 6 g/kg increased NBT activity and monocyte percentage significantly (P<0.05) in 5 days. These results suggested that oral administration of alginate at 4 g/kg effectively increased non-specific immune system of walking catfish.
Water Quality Assessment Using Remote Sensing and GIS for In-shore Marine Environment Suitability Ruslisan, Ruslisan; Kalam, Nur H; Dwininta, Aglis C; Habibi, Muhammad H; Rahayu, Ernawati T; Dewi, Nur khovia; Henny K, Eleonora E; Widyatmanti, Wirastuti
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 17, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.527 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v17i2.62

Abstract

In-shore marine environment and its adjoining estuary has a potential susceptibility to water pollution due to the continuous discharge of its unhealthy catchment. Seawater quality studies commonly require a very detailed water sampling and analysis, leading to high expenditures on time and energy. This study aims to examine the water quality of the Dodokan Estuary using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) approaches, and to determine the most appropriate water environment mapping unit for marine environment suitability studies. Landsat 8 and QuickBird® were used to extract water quality parameters using related spectral transformations. Field surveys were conducted concurrently to the Landsat 8 acquisition time on the study area, to collect water samples for laboratory analysis including sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), and Total Suspended Solid (TSS). Mapping units were generated based on visual interpretation on QuickBird® for estuarine plumes, to identify the possible distribution of suspended material from its catchment. The statistical analyses present that the parameter extracted from the satellite imagery and from laboratory analysis produces R values of 0.7 in average, despite its low value on chlorophyll-a. By utilizing assorted sea-water marine suitability criteria, it can be concluded that the inshore marine environment in the Dodokan Estuary and its surrounding area are suitable for various biota conservation e.g. coral, sea-grass, and mangrove, and in contrast, marine aquaculture. The knowledgeable uses of remote sensing and GIS also assist the sea-water qualities assessment mapping in term of providing boarder understanding of a water environment condition to effectively minimize the cost of sampling.
Water Quality and Productivity of Dryland Catfish Pond Based on Existing Technology and Land Priority in Gunungkidul Septriani, Nur Indah; Rustadi, Rustadi
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 16, No 2 (2015): Volume 16 Issue 2 Year 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.711 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v16i2.8

Abstract

This research is aimed to examine the water quality and productivity of dryland catfish pond based on the existing technology and land priority in Gunungkidul and to determine the suitable technology based on the land priority. Samples from the ponds employing intensive, extensive, and semi-intensive technology were analysed to find out the water quality such as the ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite contents; pH; DO; temperature and turbidity; land productivity; and profit. Existing analysis used scoring of sample ponds which included water quality, productivity and profit analysis. The highest score of the sample ponds becomes the sample of technology applied in the certain area. The highest score in high priority land was PTI (79%), medium priority land was PSS (72%), and non-priority land was NPE (68%). The water quality, productivity and profit in high priority land reached optimal result when it used intensive technology. The water quality, productivity and profit in medium priority land reached optimal result when it used semi-intensive technology. The water quality, productivity and profit in non-priority land reached optimal result when it used extensive technology.Keywords: Water quality; productivity; scoring; dryland catfish pond; existing technology; land priority
A Tale of Two Urchins - Implications for In-Situ Breeding of the Endangered Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) Ndobe, Samliok; Jompa, Jamaluddin; Moore, Abigail
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 19, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.045 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v19i2.110

Abstract

The endangered Banggai cardinalfish Pterapogon kauderni, endemic to the Banggai Archipelago in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, is a national and global priority conservation species. To support stock recovery based on in-situ breeding, using the symbiosis between the Banggai cardinalfish and its microhabitat (especially urchins of Genus Diadema), specific research objectives were: (i) identify the Diadema species associated with Banggai cardinalfish in the wild; (ii) investigate Banggai cardinalfish preference between these Diadema species. Belt transect data (5 sites) found wild Banggai cardinalfish of all size classes associated with Diadema setosum and Diadema savignyi. Preference trials were conducted in a controlled environment (concrete tanks) with three replicates. Nine sub-adult Banggai cardinalfish (35-42 mm SL), 12 D. setosum and 12 D. savignyi were placed in each tank. Banggai cardinalfish association (D. savignyi, D. setosum, none) was recorded hourly (06:00-18:00) for three days and results analysed in RStudio-1.0.143. Banggai cardinalfish did not show significant preference for either D. savignyi or D. setosum. These results indicate that D. savignyi and D. setosum can be used impartially in further research on in-situ breeding to facilitate recovery of Banggai cardinalfish stocks. However stock recovery measures should consider genetic connectivity and the natural balance between the two urchin species.
Aquaculture Carrying Capacity and Water Quality In Indonesian Lakes and Reservoirs - A New Project A. Bengtson, David
Aquacultura Indonesiana Vol 15, No 2 (2014): Volume 15 Issue 2 Year 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Aquaculture Society (MAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.051 KB) | DOI: 10.21534/ai.v15i2.25

Abstract

Aquaculture is growing rapidly in Southeast Asia (SEA) and five of the top ten aquaculture producers in the world are countries in SEA. The need to manage aquaculture responsibly is critical. Calculation of aquaculture carrying capacity (ACC) for shared water bodies is necessary for proper management. I review my observations of the needs and capabilities of SEA governments for ACC and then describe a new project in which teams of U.S., U.K. and Indonesian scientists will work on ACC for three Indonesian water bodies – Lake Cirata, Lake Toba and Lake Jatigede.