Al-Albab
ISSN : 02166143     EISSN : 25028340
Al-Albab ISSN 0216-6143 (print) and ISSN: 2502-8340 (online) is an interdisciplinary journal published twice a year in print and online (e-journal) by the Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies, Pontianak. The journal was offline and started to be online in 2012. The e-ISSN was issued in 2016. Review processing started to be online in 2016 by using available tolls provided by the OJS. Reviewers may choose to use Review Form provided by the OJS or doing review process on the manuscript using Tracking Changes menu provided by Microsoft Word.
Articles 145 Documents
ISLAM AND LOCAL CULTURE IN INDONESIA

Hermansyah, Hermansyah

Al-Albab Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.567 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v3i1.94

Abstract

Muslims believe that their religion is universal, suitable to all places and time. Consequently, in practice, Islam can be adapted to various situations and conditions. Therefore, the diversity in Islam is inevitable. Diversity is especially related to aspects of interpretation and religious branches, not things that are principle. This article is about the relationship between Islam and local culture. As recognized by many experts, Islam in Indonesia was spread by peaceful means. Local elements were used in the process of Islamization. As a result, Islam could be accepted by most of society of Indonesia. Islam expressed here shows a distinctive face. Islam can live hand in hand with local culture, especially the culture that is not incompatible with Islam. Keywords: Islam, Islamization, local culture, diversity.

WHEN GOD TALKS BACK. UNDERSTANDING THE AMERICAN ENGANGELICAL RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD. ALFRED A KNOPF, NEW YORK.

Luhrmann, Tanya, Hatib Abdul Kadir, Reviewed by:

Al-Albab Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (54.693 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v1i1.16

Abstract

This book is started with the main question, how come some people in the USA believe in an invisible being, that is God. How has belief in God come to influence people’s lives? How has God come to be really present in human life? Almost 100 percent people in the US, believe in God according to a Gallup Poll (Luhrmann, 2012: xi). In addition, religious enthusiasm for American has grown increasingly rapidly. Throughout the 20th century, American churches and congregations have developed remarkably (Luhrmann, 14). Even Luhrmann gives an example about the paradoxical things. Many people thought that the hippie vision would bring radical revolutionaries movement that threated the right wing. As a contrary, Christian Hippies play significant roles in making religion to be able publicly accepted (even though there were on drugs) (Luhrmann 16-17)

Trans-Religious Identity from the Edge? Promoting Interfaith Dialogue among Transgender Community in Yogyakarta

Fawaid, Achmad

Al-Albab Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.654 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i1.676

Abstract

Transgender issues, including those who have been called as ‘waria’, are diverse, complex, and evolving, particularly in Indonesia where the most inhabited people are Muslims commonly bringing with them any sexual and, sadly, religious stereotype to waria as marginal(ized) individuals. This paper aims to raise a question of our primordial understanding and religious experience on the existence of the transgender community. It focused on an empirical study of Kebaya (Keluarga Besar Komunitas Waria Yogyakarta), Yogyakarta’s Center for Transgendered, which is an NGO developed by transvestites in Yogyakarta to struggle against prejudice, acceptance, and HIV Aids. This study is not specifically to analyze their social relation, but importantly how the NGO became a shared space of interfaith dialogue and a representation of religios life among transgender people in Yogyakarta, including the ways they build socio-cultural-religious relation with other people and religious figures. It would be analyzed under socio-anthropological approach to religion by which this study reflect them as a part of the certain community who had special position in terms of interreligious dialogue. The implication of this study suggests that interfaith dialogue is possible, not only among the inner-circle of mainstream religious believers, but also among and from the edge community: from those who often feel ostracized within today’s trans-population in Indonesia.

He Dynamics of Relation between the State and Local Religions in Indonesia: Between Idealism and Reality

Fasya, Adib ‘Aunillah, Ahmad, Alif Al Hilal, Arifianto, Muhammad Lukman, Zainurrakhmah, Zainurrakhmah

Al-Albab Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1845.522 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v4i2.292

Abstract

This paper, in general, discusses the relation between the state and local religions in Indonesia. There is no doubt that Indonesia is one of the countries which has local religions or beliefs with a considerable number of followers, so that the state needs to protect of the followers of these religions. However, after the passing of the government regulation on the recognition of particular official religions in the country, various issues related to formally unrecognized religions began to emerge, including discrimination by the government, especially in administrative matters, as well as social discrimination by the community that denies their existence. Various methods are used by the state to minimize the discriminatory attitudes by issuing multiple regulations and policies, but still it is not considered satisfactory to satisfy all parties, especially those who have been discriminated.

CONVERTING TO ISLAM

Atio, Segu

Al-Albab Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.221 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v1i1.8

Abstract

Despite the fact that early Chinese expeditions to this country were led by a Muslim Chinese named Zheng He (Cheng Ho), the overwhelming majority of Chinese Indonesians currently embrace religions other than Islam. This article aims to give a first-hand account of a Chinese woman who converted to Islam and the stereotypical opinion commonly held among Chinese Indonesians, particularly those living in Pontianak, about it. This article also looks at why a conversion to Islam is always seen with a puzzled frown. Keyword: Convert, Islam, Chinesse

Multicultural Education Practices at Religiously-Based Schools in Malang

Mujib, Ibnu

Al-Albab Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.017 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v5i2.425

Abstract

This study began with an assumption that multicultural education model is practiced in schools in a very limited scope. Therefore, through the subject of PPKN (Civics Education) in schools, multicultural education can be developed. In addition, the school as a laboratory of diversity at the scope of educational institutions is an important medium in the discourse of multicultural education. As a conceptual formulation that was built through the 2013curriculum, the instructional model of Civics education-based on multiculturalism was found to be able to stimulate students’ character building in a more effective, quick and strategic manner. The school, in addition to being an important laboratory of diversity, should also provide multicultural instruction in Civics education with the materials that aid the vision of Civics education instruction with a content of multicultural education in a productive, creative, innovative, and affective way as well as having an effect on the students so as to contribute to the social, civic life and more importantly to the process of building the character and attitude of tolerance among students in schools. Through multicultural education in schools, students learn to accept and understand the cultural differences that affect the differences in usage (how people behave); folkways (habits in the community), mores (code of conduct in the community), and customs (tradition of a community). With multicultural education, learners will be able to accept differences, criticism, and have a sense of empathy, tolerance for others regardless of class, status, gender, ehnic, religion and academic skills.

The Crescent Moon on the Island of Gods, Traces of Muslim Village Kusamba-Bali

Ari Dwipayana, Edited by AAGN, Farninda Aditya, Reviewed by:

Al-Albab Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.783 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v4i1.283

Abstract

Who does not know Bali, a beautiful island that fascinates many tourists from around the world, with a religious identity as it is commonly referred to as the Island of Gods. Despite being well-known as the Land of the Hindus, Bali has a Muslim village, where Muslim residents live side by side with the Hindu Balinese. When one recalls the Bali bombing incident in 2002 and 2005 in Kuta, Jimbaran, certainly they will express an opinion on the social and religious tension between these two religious groups. The tragedy has in fact left a change in attitudes i.e. the strengthening of the Balinese identity, which is presented in the book entitled Bulan Sabit di Pulau Dewata: Jejak Kampung Islam Kusamba-Bali (The Crescent Moon on the Island of Gods, Traces of Muslim Village Kusamba-Bali).

THE DISCOURSE OF EID 1429AH/2011AD GREETINGS ON THE BANNERS AND BILLBOARDS IN PADANG CITY

Nasrullah, Nasrullah, Mardhiah, Desy

Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.522 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.40

Abstract

Eid al-Fitr is special compared to other holy days of Muslims. In addition to the celebration of victory for Muslims after a month-long fasting, there is a national phenomenon that occurs ahead of the Eid al-Fitr: the flow of urban people returning to their home towns and villlages. Millions of Muslims in Indonesia return home ahead of the holy day. Padang city or Ranah Minang as the capital of West Sumatra Province is one of the destinations for those homeward-bound travelers since the city and other areas in West Sumatra are the hometowns of the Minang people. Simultaneously, in every public space in the city, banners are installed by the head of the local government, political parties, or community leaders to deliver Eid greetings. This article examines the discourse of the message on the banners in the city of Padang in relation to the reality around the place where the banners were installed, the social context, as well as the relationship between the discourses on the banners. Keywords: Discourse, Eid Greetings

Religious Conflicts: Opportunity Structures, Group Dynamics, and Framing

Lindgren, Tomas

Al-Albab Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.236 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v7i1.961

Abstract

Explanations of violent religious conflicts usually focus on preconditions, facilitator causes or precipitating events at micro, meso or macro levels of analysis. As social psychology is the scientific study of the ways in which thoughts, feelings, perceptions, motives, and behaviors are influenced by interactions and transactions between groups and individuals, it can increase our understanding of the dynamics of religious conflicts at micro and meso levels. In this paper, I illustrate this point with a discussion of the utility of social movement theory for understanding the dynamics of religious conflicts. Social movement theory locates religious conflicts within broader contexts and complex processes by focusing on the interplay between micro and meso factors and the ways in which people perceive macro factors. Given certain conditions, religion can and often do contribute to collective violence. Religion is rarely, if ever, the main cause of intergroup conflicts, but is often used as an instrument for the mobilization of human and non-human resources. Appeal to religion may help conflicting parties overcome the collective action problem associated with intergroup conflicts. This does not necessarily mean that religious conflicts have unique characteristics or a logic of their own that sets them apart from other types of intergroup conflicts.

Inter-Religious Relations in the Period of Prophet Muhammad

Patmawati, Patmawati

Al-Albab Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.471 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v5i2.354

Abstract

Inter-religious relations in the period of Prophet Muhammad were running in harmony. Although there were theological differences between some religious faiths, these differences do not detract good relations. One of the written evidence of the condition of inter-religious harmony in this period was the agreement to live in peace as outlined in a treaty to respect and protect. The Madina Charter is proof that Prophet Muhammad was a religious leader as well as a political leader. The Madina Charter was born ahead of its time and can be used as a source of inspiration for building a plural society. Through the Medina Charter, the Prophet successfully organized all ethnic and religious groups in Medina, uniting them as brothers, despite different religious and ethnic backgrounds, all having the same duty to defend the State of Medina should there be an attack from outside. As a work which is based on literature research project, this article shows that the discussion of inter-religious relations in the period of Prophet Muhammad were not only supported by the works of schoolars in the fields of history and other related fields but also by the religiously based texts.

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