cover
Filter by Year
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Articles
63
Articles
Penggunaan Stimuli Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (Tens) Dapat Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri dan Tingkat Kecemasan pada Persalinan Kala I

Yulifah, Rita ( Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekes Malang Jl. Simpang Ijen No. 37 Malang Telp. 0347 - 551265, Hp. 0816553855 ) , B.N., Moersintowarti ( Bagian Pediatri RSU Dr. Soetomo Surabaya ) , Purnomo, Windhu ( Departemen Biostatistika dan Kependudukan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Unair )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (457.486 KB)

Abstract

Labour pain can cause changes of body physiology and give psychological impact of mothers significantly. Changes of body physiology such as hyperventilation with alkalosis respiration would increased of cardiac out put, and increase of blood pressure, while psychological changes can cause post partum depression. One of the pharmaceutical labour pain management is the use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). This research is to analyse the influence of TENS used on the decrease of pain intensity and anxiety of mother inpartu 1st stage. This is an experiment study and user pre test and post test control group design. The samples were divided into two groups; fist group was intervention group that was used TENS and second group was control group who have been given standard rearing. Each group contains 10 mothers who are inpartu 1st stage physiological active phase in labour room Haji hospital Batu City. The instrument to measure pain is Bourbonnais scale and anxiety is Hamilton Rating Scale Anxiety (HAR-S). The data was analysed using Willcoxon Signed Rank, Man-Whitney Test (α = 0.05). The result found there was significant difference between mothers who given TENS and mothers who have been given standard rearing (p = 0.000). This result showed that TENS could be decreased pain intensity and anxiety level on mother inpartu 1st stage effectively. As TENS is predicted that it works to stimulate endorphin, it is suggested to do a further study to examine the influence of TENS use for endorphin degree.Key words: TENS, pain intensity, anxiety level, labour 1st stage

Efek Pemberian Entrasol dan Biskuit MP-ASI terhadap Peningkatan Berat Badan dan Panjang Badan Balita Gizi Kurang

Sujana, I Wayan ( Dinkes Kabupaten Jembrana Bali Puskesmas Pekutatan Jembrana Telp. 0365 - 40512, Hp. 08123974895 ) , Wirjatmadi, Bambang ( Departemen Gizi Kesehatan FKM Unair Surabaya ) , Kuntoro, Kuntoro ( Departemen Biostatistik dan Kependudukan FKM Unair Surabaya )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.588 KB)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of ENTRASOL and MP-ASI BISCUIT on improving body weight and height of under five children with under nutrition in Jembrana Regency. This is an experimental study was under taken for 30 days (four weeks), the first group was given ENTRASOL and the second group was given MP-ASI BISCUIT. The study subjects were under five children aged 12 until24 months with under nutrition status. Subject were devided into two groups, each group comprising 16 under five children. The two treatment groups showed average increase of body weight and height before and after treatment. The higher difference of body weight was found in group receiving ENTRASOL (0,8 ± 0,1) kg, than in group MP-ASI BISCUIT (0,6 ± 0,2) kg. And about height, the higher difference was found in group receiving ENTRASOL (0,3 ± 0,1) cm, than in group MP-ASI BISCUIT (0,2 ± 0,1) cm. The result of Paired t test for increase of body weight and height before and after treatment for ENTRASOL and MP-ASI BISCUIT groups revealed significant difference in both group. In the other hand, high significant difference was found between ENTRASOL and MP-ASI BISCUIT by using independent t test. It was concluded that, the effect of ENTRASOL was better than MP-ASI BISCUIT to improved body weight an height of under fives child with under nutrition status.Key words: ENTRASOL, MP-ASI BISCUIT, nutritional status, under fives children, body weight, height

Komparasi Hasil Uji Reliabilitas Instrumen Penelitian antara Teknik Alpha Crönbach dengan Analisis Faktor Konfirmatori

Maimuna, Siti ( Program Studi Keperawatan Poltekes Surabaya Jl. Pahlawan 107 A Sidoarjo Telp. 031 - 8921789 ) , Kuntoro, Kuntoro ( Departemen Bistatistik dan Kependudukan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya ) , Purnomo, Windhu ( Departemen Bistatistik dan Kependudukan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The objective of the research was to test the reliability of a research instrument with confirmatory factor analysis and technique of Alpha Cronbach. Both of this method have the different characteristic. This the research type represent the applied research, with the laten variable in the form of student attitude in the effort prevention and to overcome NAPZA and manifest variable in the form of 20 declaration item in questionary of measurement of student attitude based on Suprianto et al. (2007) by using Likert scale , and also sample size of sample 212 unit. Data analysis was done by using the confirmatory factor analysis and also technique of Alpha Cronbach. Result of test was compared to each technique. Result of confirmatory factor analysis was drawn from 20 statement items and 15 of thus items were valid and reliable with the value of Construct Reliability equal to 0,84935. By using technique of Alpha Cronbach, there were 12 valid item and reliabel with the value of Alpha Cronbach of equal to 0,8350. After second testing of the reliability, it found that 12 items were valid and reliabel when it ws tested by using the confirmatory factor analysis and technique of Alpha Cronbach (the Construct Reliability and coefficient Alpha of 0,8711 and 0,8350 respectively). It was concluded that although the number of valid item were equal but the coefficient values were different.Key words: confirmatory factor analysis, Alpha Crőnbach, reliability

Determinants of Condom-Use Behavior from Studies Using the Theory of Planned Behavior: A Literature Review

Nurmala, Ira ( Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences School of Public Health, Airlangga University )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.011 KB)

Abstract

This is a review of publications addressing aspects of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in predicting condom-use behavior. Six articleswere identifi ed as the most relevant and are included in the bibliography based on the coverage of variables in theory that were studied in thearticles. There are various results from Six articles that discussed the Theory of Planned Behavior, the results suggest that the TPB providesa strong predictive power for condom-use behavior. The fi ndings suggest that the TPB predictors of Attitude towards the behavior, PerceivedBehavioral Control and Self Effi cacy proved to be the most signifi cant elements of the TPB model in explaining condom use intentions, andthat intentions is appropriate for at least partially explaining condom use behavior. Intention, however, are not necessarily implemented. Thepresent paper demonstrates that the TPB offers a rigorous empirical tool for demonstrating the validity of their argument. The TPB may be oneof the few theoretical frameworks on offer that can do justice to the dynamic relationship that exists between individual and collective levels ofexplanation in predicting condom use behavior. There are also some recommendations to be considered for future study of the theory.Key words: theory of planned behavior, condom-use

Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Bergaram Iodium Tinggi sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kekuatan Fisik Anak Perempuan SD di Desa Endemik GAKI

Lestari, Anik ( Bagian IKM Fakultas Kedokteran UNS Jl. Ir. Sutami Surakarta ) , Purwoko, Sugeng ( Bagian Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran UNS, Surakarta ) , Hartono, Rifai ( Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat (IKM) Fakultas Kedokteran UNS, Surakarta )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.147 KB)

Abstract

Gererally, the children suffering Iodine Deffi ciency Dissorder (IDD) have weak activity, caused by limited of capability of brain to dosomething, so their muscles become weak, or it is caused by disturbance on body metabolism function. The objective of this research was toevaluate the effect of food supplement high iodine content to increase nutritional and health status, also the muscle work on cretin and IDDchildren at elementary school children in IDD endemic villages. Study design was action research for measuring the nutritional interventionresult on nutritional and health status. The muscle strong and anthropometry was measured before and after food supplementation with high iodine. The assessment of intervention used Pre-Post Test method. After supplementation with high iodine food (40 mg) for twice per week, itproved that goiter prevalence (0B degree) decreased for 5.85%. From 155 children who were examined the muscle strong at pre and post testproved that it had positive relation (r = 0.734, p = 0.03). The groupe with intervention by high iodine food supplement had signifi cant differenceto control groupe. The mid upper arm circumference measure result with cut off point of 19 cm among girls in elementary school children atendemic IDD in Selo subdistrict was 59.63% who suffering mild protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and 22.36% suffering moderate PEM.Key words: food suplementation, high yodium content food supllement, physical strenght, endemic goiter

Pengaruh Komik Makanan Jajanan Sehat dan Bergizi untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Anak Sekolah Dasar

Widajanti, Laksmi ( Bagian Gizi Kesehatan Masyarakat FKM UNDIP ) , Suryawati, Chriswardani ( Bagian Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, FKM UNDIP ) , Sugihantono, Anung ( Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.055 KB)

Abstract

Many School age children consume less nutritious snacks food; that is why it is necessary to communicate, inform, and educate thechildren as early as possible. The research purpose is to know the impact of “healthy and nutritious snack comic" on increasing the schoolage children’s knowledge and the attitude. This research use experimental design. To know the impact of comics, 282 school age children areobserved. Three comics are made; 1. The sanitation of snack foods, 2. The diversity of snack foods, 3. The safety of snack foods. The pre-testand post-test student’s knowledge and attitude data were analyzed by paired difference t-test using SPSS. Most of the students have knowledgeand attitude on the sanitation of snacks and safety of snacks at the level of good, the knowledge on diversity of snacks at level of medium. It canbe concluded that there is a highly signifi cant effect of “healthy and nutritious snack comic" on increasing the school age children’s knowledgeand the attitude but there is no effect on the students’ attitude towards diversity and safety of snacks.Key words: comics, nutrition, health, food safety, school age children

Hubungan Pola Asuh, Asih, Asah dengan Tumbuh Kembang Balita Usia 1–3 Tahun

Maria, Fitria Nur ( Departemen Gizi Kesehatan FKM Unair ) , Adriani, Merryana ( Departemen Gizi Kesehatan FKM Unair )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.24 KB)

Abstract

In the first 3 years childhood is rapid growth and development period. Parents have big role for children growth and development. The basicneed for child growth and development are education, love, care pattern. This research is to fi nd the revolution between education, love, carepattern with children growth and development. This research purpose was fi nd the revolution of education pattern consist of nutrition, basichealth treatment, housing, body health, love pattern consist of love, safety, care pattern consist of stimulation with growth and development. The research was analytically observational and data was collected by cross sectional. Population was all of children under fi ve years old in CermeLor Village, Cerme Sub District, Gresik Regency. The sample of this research was children that age 1-3 years and her mother, using samplerandom sampling method and sample were 60 children. Collecting data was carried out by using questionnaire such as family characteristic;children characteristic which age 1-3 years. Education, love, care with using questionnaire, for the growth was measured by using weight perage with WHO-NCHS standard and the development using Pre Screening Questionnaire Test. Data were analyze by Spearman test correlationChi Square. The result showed that were correlation between education pattern, such as nutrition, basic health treatment, housing with growth(p < 0.05) and there were no relation in body health with growth (p > 0.05). There were relation in love pattern with stimulation that can inhunched the growth (p < 0.05). There were no relation in love pattern like love and safety with growth (p > 0.05). The conclusion that can bedraw is there are relation between education, love and care pattern with children growth and development which age 1-3 years. There for itneeded to emphasize the importance of parent role to take education, love, care their son in order to the problem of growth and developmentcan be reduce.Key words: education, love, care pattern, growth and development, children which age 1–3 years

Penilaian GMP dan SSOP pada Bagian Pengolahan Makanan di Katering X Surabaya dengan Metode Skoring sebagai Prasyarat Penerapan HACCP

Soeprapto, Farhan ( Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Kampus C Jl. Mulyorejo Surabaya ) , Adriyani, Retno ( Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Kampus C Jl. Mulyorejo Surabaya )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.902 KB)

Abstract

This was descriptive observasional with cross sectional study. The subject of research to judgement were variables in this research.Variables in this research is a GMP practice (Good Manufacturing Practices) and SSOP (Standard Sanitation Operating Procedures hadsettled management, environment of refi neries and control facility, condition building of space food refi neries, entirety refi neries facility, water source, storeroom of food material, cook kit and food vessel, system of storage food material and foo be in use, food worker, presentation of food, and distribution of food. The result of the research showed that aspect environment of refi neries and control facility, condition building of space food refi neries, storeroom of food material, system of storage food material and foo be in use, food worker, and presentation of food including category of good. It is suggested, implemented the requirements program HACCP such as GMP and SSOP before implementedHACCP system in Katering X Surabaya so that implemented HACCP system can be function of good.Key words: GMP, SSOP, HACCP

Faktor Risiko Karakteristik dan Perilaku Seksual terhadap Kejadian Kanker Serviks

Syarifah Has, Dwi Faqihatus ( Departemen Epidemiologi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Surabaya Kampus C Unair Jl. Mulyorejo-60115 ) , Hendrati, Lucia Yovita ( Departemen Epidemiologi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Surabaya Kampus C Unair Jl. Mulyorejo-60115 )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.061 KB)

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the major cancer disease which suffered by women in developing country, such as Indonesia and increasing rapidlyeveryday. The objectives of this study were to analyze the correlation between characteristic and sexual behavior and the incidence of cervicalcancer. The study was an observational study which case control design. The number of cases sample were 29 women (pap smear patient whohas positive cervical cancer) and control sample were 33 women (pap smear patient who has negative cervical cancer) with total populationsampling which collected during March-April 2009 at RSAB Muhammadiyah Gresik. Independent variables in this study were characteristic(age, education, occupation, and family income) and sexual behavior were age of fi rst sexual intercourse, parity, multi partner sex, frequency ofintercourse per week, partner’s circumcision, duration and type of contraceptives used, and perineal hygiene. Data were taken by questionnaire. Based on the study using coeffi cient contingency/phi cramers method, it showed that characteristic have related with cervical cancer, age related with cervical cancer was Φ = 0.083 (OR = 0.603), education was Φ 0.542 (OR lower education 74,603), occupation was Φ 0.350 (OR 18.931), and family income was Φ 0.315 (OR family income < Rp1,000,000.00 was 10.424). Sexual behavior related with cervical cancer, included age of first sexual intercourse was Φ 0.183 (OR 0.592), parity was Φ 0,331 (OR 13,647), multi partner sex was Φ 0.195 (OR 4403832.3), frequency of intercourse per week was Φ 0.563, (OR 85.969), perineal hygiene with cervical cancer was Φ 0.499,(OR 38.965), partner’s circumcision was Φ 0.137(OR 0.000), during and type of contraceptives used was Φ 0,196 (OR 5.445). Multivariate analysis showed that frequency of intercourse ≥ 3–4 per week and perineal hygiene had probability 99.9% to become cervical cancer. The conclusions were multi partner sex, frequency of intercourse ≥ 3–4 per week and inadequate perineal hygiene has strong correlation with cervical cancer. Health education, especially about perineal hygiene and healthy sexual behavior is one of important way to prevent cervical cancer.Key words: characteristic, sexual behavior, cervical cancer, risk factor

Cakupan Kunjungan Ibu Hamil (K4) dan Pertolongan Persalinan oleh Tenaga Kesehatan Hubungannya dengan Angka Kematian Ibu

Darmastuti, Tina ( Departemen Biostatistika dan Kependudukan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Kampus C Unair Jl. Mulyorejo surabaya 60115 ) , Wibowo, Arief ( Departemen Biostatistika dan Kependudukan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga Kampus C Unair Jl. Mulyorejo surabaya 60115 )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.032 KB)

Abstract

Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is the number of deaths of women during pregnancy or during 42 days of termination of pregnancyregardless of time and place of birth, which is caused by pregnancy or its management, and not other causes, per 100,000 live births. MMR inIndonesia is among the highest in ASEAN. Background of the problems above do research on the relationship between the coverage of pregnantwomen visit K4 and scope of aid delivery by health providers with MMR Nganjuk district in 2003–2008. The aim of this research was to studythe relationship between the coverage of pregnant women visit K4 and scope of aid delivery by health providers with Maternal Mortality Rate.In this study uses secondary data from Nganjuk District Offi ce of Healthy Indonesia indicator data and minimum service standards. Researchdata were take at Nganjuk District Offi ce in March 2009. The research results obtained from the years 2003–2008 a negative correlation in2003 (r = –0.483(*)) and 2007 (r = –0.445(*)) which means a connection between the high coverage of pregnant women visit K4 a decreasein MMR. And in 2005 obtained a positive correlation (r = +0.504 (*)) which means there is a relationship between the high coverage of aiddelivery by health providers with high MMR. Can thus be concluded that the coverage of pregnant women visit K4 and aid delivery by healthproviders the District Nganjuk year 2003–2008 only a small part of a relationship. It needs to be studied in detail other factors that infl uencethe occurrence of MMR.Key words: coverage K4, delivery by health providers, MMR

Issues
All Issue Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Penilaian GMP dan SSOP pada Bagian Pengolahan Makanan di Katering X Surabaya de Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Pengaruh Komik Makanan Jajanan Sehat dan Bergizi untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Bergaram Iodium Tinggi sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kek Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Hubungan Pola Asuh, Asih, Asah dengan Tumbuh Kembang Balita Usia 1–3 Tahun Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Faktor Risiko Karakteristik dan Perilaku Seksual terhadap Kejadian Kanker Servi Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Determinants of Condom-Use Behavior from Studies Using the Theory of Planned Be Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Cakupan Kunjungan Ibu Hamil (K4) dan Pertolongan Persalinan oleh Tenaga Kesehat Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Three Months of Positive Deviance Approach Integrated with Posyandu TKA Increas Vol 4, No 3 (2008): System Dynamics Using Stella A Case Study of Population Dynamics in City of Sur Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Pengaruh Penyuluhan tentang Koyo Nikotin terhadap Perubahan Pengetahuan dan Sik Vol 4, No 3 (2008): INDIKATOR PREDIKSI KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB) CAMPAK DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Global Climate Change and Infectious Disease Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Faktor Risiko yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Dismenore Primer Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Stress Akibat Kerja pada Tenaga Kerja yang Terpapar Bising Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Perbandingan Metode Brass dengan Metode Trussell dalam Menghasilkan Angka Harap Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Hubungan Tingkat Sosial-Ekonomi dengan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak pada Masyarakat P Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Effect of Circardian Rhythm Changes on Innate Immunity Response Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Do Social Sciences Have Little to Contribute to Public Health Investigation and Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Aplikasi Uji Hotelling’s T2 untuk Mengkaji Perbedaan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Vol 4, No 1 (2007): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 3 (2007): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 2 (2006): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 1 (2006): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health