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The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
Articles
63
Articles
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Factor Affecting Nutrition Status of Stunting Children

Welasasih, Bayu Dwi ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Wirjatmadi, Bambang ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Stunting is a condition of low height for age among children that indicate a linear growth failure as an impact of chronic malnutrition.There are many factors related to toddlers’ linear growth. Therefore this research was conducted to analyze factors associated with nutritionalstatus of stunted toddlers, including family characteristics, characteristics of toddlers, consumption patterns, energy consumption and proteinlevels, health status and infant health services. This is a cross sectional research conducted at district of Gresik, East Java. Study sampleswere 52 toddlers aged 12 to 60 months. The results indicates that 50% of toddlers in this study was stunting. Most of toddlers (80.77%) withhigh frequency of illness (? 3 times per month). Respiratory diseases was prevalent among them. About 63.25% attended in posyandu actively,53.85 of them eat food 3 times a day and 69.23% consumed staple food, side dishes and vegetables. Based on the Mann-Whiney U Test andChi-square test shows that there is a signifi cant relationship between stunted toddlers under fi ve with the age, the type of meal consumption,and attendance at the neighborhood health services (Posyandu), illness frequency and illness duration (p < 0.05). It’s concluded that there arefactors associated with the occurrence of stunted children under fi ve: the type of food consumption, activities to attend neighborhood healthservices, illness duration and frequency of infection suffered by toddlers.Key words: stunting, nutritional status, linear growth

Correlations between Characteristic of Built Environment, Social Support Quality and the Health Status of Elderly

Ratodi, Muhammad ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Soedirham, Oedojo ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Saenun, Saenun ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

One of social issue regarding aging people that contributed to health impact was neglected elderly. In addressing this problems the socialservices provisions such as nursing home could become a main alternative solution. The aims of this study were to analyzed correlationsbetween built environment chracteristic, social support quality and healthy behavior with health status of eldery that occupied at Budi Sejahteranursing home, South Kalimantan. This is a cross sectional study conducted during March–July 2011. The population of this study was 65 elderpeoples who meet inclusion requirement and used total population as study sample. Spearman correlations test was used for data analyzation.The result showed most of respondent have poor housing qualities (53.8%) and social support quality (40%). Bivariate analysis showed variouscorrelations between social support quality, healthy behaviors and built environment characteristics with health status of elderly. Conclusionare Housing qualities and social support qualities, especially that came from family were considered poor according respondents perception,and there are various correlations between social support qualities, healthy behaviors and built environment characteristics with respondentshealth status.Key words: built environment, social support, healthy behaviors, health status

Relationship between Life Style and Pre Eclampsia

Pramitasari, Tita Fajarwati ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Martini, Santi ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Pre eclampsia is one of the three biggest causation to maternal mortality in Indonesia. Three primary signs of pre eclampsia arehypertension, proteinuria and edema. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to fi nd out association between life style and pre eclampsia.This was an observasional and analytical study using case control study design. The sample size were 56 persons, consist of 28 pre eclampsiacases and 28 control group. Independent variables were age, dietary and physical activity. Bivariate analysis by chi square test, calculatedOR value with 95% CI value and multivariate analysis by logistic regression. Based on bivariate analysis by chi square test, the variablesassociated signifi cantly with pre eclampsia were age (p = 0.000, OR = 11.50, 95% CI = 3.24 < OR < 40.8 = 0.418, OR = 1.80, 95% CI =0.62 < OR < 5.25). Multivariate analysis by logistic regression, revealed that age (p = 0.000, OR = 11.21) and dietary (p = 0.028,OR = 4.71) were signifi cantly affect pre eclampsia. Finally, it is necessary to plan pregnancy at 20–35 years old in order to prevent preeclampsia and make sure pregnant women get adequate dietary intake.

"Desa Siaga": Community Empowerment in Health Sector through Midwives Participation

Nawalah, Hoirun ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Qomarrudin, M. Bagus ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Hargono, Rahmat

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

“Desa Siaga” is the one of government’s program for empowering community in health sector, especially to decrease maternal and infantmortality in village areas. This program actually plays as the implementation of empowerment concept. In this paper we elaborate the stephow to implementing the concepts of empowerment, and also make an explanation of the empowerment theory as a program and process whichis infl uence by the role of the midwives at village level. Some research revealed that factors infl uencing the performance of midwives are age,marital status, education level, knowledge, attitude, duration of job, motivation and also their activities in community organization.Key words: Desa Siaga, community empowerment, midwives

The Risk of Disability Among Leprosy Patients in Pamekasan District, East Java province

Selum, Selum ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Wahyuni, Chatarina Umbul ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Leprosy is still a major public health problem particularly in Indonesia. It caused not only medical, but also social, economical, cultural,and even political factors. Disability caused by leprosy may infl uence patient’s personality and reduce their self- confi dence. It will infl ictmedication or healing process, thus it can increase the risk of disability. The objectives of this study are to analyze the risk of disability amongleprosy patients in Pamekasan District, East Java province. This is a case control design. Data was collected using questionnaire and medicalrecord of Multiple Drug treatment (MDT). Twenty fi ve (25) leprosy patients with disabilities were taken as case group, while the unmatchedcontrol were 25 leprosy patients without disabilities. The independent variables consist of the type of leprosy, regularity of medication, age,sex, education level, knowledge, and family income, while the dependent variable was disability. Data was statistically analyzed by Chi-squaretest and multivariate logistic regression (? = 0.05). The results are that the most prevalent type of leprosy is Multi Basilar (94%). There isassociation between regular medication and disability (p = 0.005; O.R = 6.7). There is no effect of regular medication to disability (p = 0.150).No effect of sex (p = 0.069), age (p = 0.251), education level (p = 0.366), and family income (p = 1.00) to regularity of medication. There iseffect of knowledge to regularity of medication (p = 0.003; O.R = 0.2; B = 1.881). The conclusion is that the patient with low level of knowledgetends to take medicine irregularly which leads to disability.Key words: disability, type of leprosy, regularity of medication

Relationship between Type and duration of hormonal contraception utilization and the Increasing of Acceptor’s Body Weight

Efi, Sriwahyuni ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Wahyuni, Chatarina Umbul ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Hormonal contraception which is contain of estrogen or progesterone usually used in family planning program to prevent pregnancy.This contraception consists of pill, injection, and implant. Hormonal contraception used may increase the body weight. This research wasconducted to analyze the relationship between type and duration of hormonal contraception utilization and the increasing of acceptor’s bodyweight. This is a cross sectional research with 69 samples randomly selected from 415 hormonal contraception user. The variables of thisresearch were age, education level, status of job, number of children, variety and duration in utilization of hormonal contraception. The datawere statistically analyzed using chi-square test (? = 0.05) The result indicated that most of respondents were 20–35 years old, high schoolgraduates, housewives, and had no more than two children. There was, apparently, no relationship between the type of hormonal contraceptionused and the increasing of body weight (p = 0.438). However, there was signifi cant relationship between the duration of hormonal contraceptionutilization and the increasing of body weight (p = 0.016; OR = 4.250; 95% CI: 1.246-14.502). It was imply that the longer used of hormonalcontraception tend to increased the body weight.Key words: hormonal contraception, increasing of body weight, the duration of hormonal contraception utilization

Relationship between Personal Hygiene of Elementary School and Helminthiasis

Rusmanto, Dwi ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga ) , Mukono, J ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Environmental conditions and poor personal hygiene as one of the causes of the high incidence of helminthiasis in Indonesia, affectingthe status of health, nutrition, intelligence and economic productivity. This study aims to determine the relationship between personal hygieneand the incidence of helminthiasis among primary school students. A cross sectional research was conduct at Omben Regency, District ofSampang, Madura island. Study sample were 57 students at 4th, 5th, and 6th grade from Rapadaya Elementary School. The observed variableswere age and sex characteristic, personal hygiene knowledge and practice, incidence of worm investation, nutritional and anemia status amongstudents. Data was obtained by using questionnaires, laboratory test of fecal for identifi cation of worm investation. Hb level was measure byusing cyanmethemoglobin method. Nutritional status was obtained by measuring body weight and stature. All the data were analyzed by usingChi square formula. According to Chi-square analysis there are signifi cant correlation between personal hygiene with occurrence of wormy(p = 0.045); signifi cant correlation between personal hygiene with occurrence of anemia (p = 0.024), but not signifi cant between personalhygienic with nutritional status (p=0.570). Results showed that personal hygiene behavior mostly student was good and there was signifi cantrelationship between personal hygiene behavior of students with helminthiasis.Key words: personal hygiene, helminthiasis, elementary school students

Fenomena Gizi Buruk pada Keluarga dengan Status Ekonomi Baik: Sebuah Studi tentang Negative Deviance di Indonesia

Wigati, Tri Retno ( RS. Bhayangkara Surabaya )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Negative defaviance is a term as the oposite condition of â??positive devianceâ?ť that has been used to described the performance regarding health, growth and development of certain children in the community and family. From the perspective of young child nutrition, negative deviants are children who grow and develop insufficiency in good or high income families. This condition was cased by poor child care practice due to low educated mother or low exposure of health and nutrition education, and may caused by tradition and beliefs relating to food preparation, anda also feeding techniques. This paper will discuss some aspects of negative deviance such as the definition of negative defiance, epidemilogical aspect and also prevention aspects.Key words: negative defiance, undernutrition, under five years children

Correlation between Social Supports and Drug Abuse Screening Test-10 among Senior High School Students

Afandi, Dedi ( Department of Forensic Medicine & Medicolegal FK UNRI Jl. Diponegoro 1, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia. Phone: +62-761-839265, Fax: +62-761-839264 or +62-761-839265 Mobile Phone: +62811751976 ) , Chandra, Fifia ( Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia ) , Novitasari, Dwi ( Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia ) , Widjaja, Ivan R. ( Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia ) , Kurniawan, Lilik ( Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Drug abuse is common among adolescent, and its consequences pose important public health problem. Family, friend, school and other member of community should give support to adolescents so that they are emotionally and mentally ready to fight against drug. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate correlation between social support with Drug Abuse Screening Test-10 (DAST-10) and association of social support with treatment evaluation. Subjects included 210 senior high school students in Pekanbaru, Riau. Data obtained from Adolescents Social Support (ASS) questionnaire included social supports, and from DAST-10 included severity and treatment evaluation of drug abuse. This study showed family support, school environment and peer group support were significantly associated and significantly correlation to DAST-10 with strong correlation (0.718, 0.720 and 0.727, respectively) in negative direction. In conclusion, social supports could be a protective factor for adolescents related drug abuse.Key words: social support, DAST-10, drug abuse, senior high school student

Sumber Daya Keluarga Miskin Sadar Gizi dan Pola Hidup Bersih Sehat di Colomadu, Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah

Hanim, Diffah ( Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat-Fakultas Kedokteran UNS Surakarta ) , Abidin, Zainal ( Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat-Fakultas Kedokteran UNS Surakarta ) , Pamungkasari, E.P. ( Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat-Fakultas Kedokteran UNS Surakarta ) , Sulaiman, E. Sutisna ( Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat-Fakultas Kedokteran UNS Surakarta )

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

This research was an analytical and cross sectional design which conducted in Colomadu Subdistrict, Karanganyar, Central Java. Samples were choosen with purposive and cluster random sampling from poor family who had undernutrition children. Sample size were 260 mothers. The intervention were done by giving education/short course about nutrition awareness and clean and healthy living pattern which were done at posyandu. Education for cadre were done at house of villages at every cadre meeting and short course were done to increase the nutritional knowledge and comprehensive management for sick toddler (MTBS) for four days a week. Data collecting were about feeding custom, food consumption three times per day in aspect of family nutrition awareness level. Two aspects of dependent variables were family nutrition knowledge and clean and healthy living pattern (PHBS). Data were collected by questionnaire and interview then they were analized with Chi-Square and logistic regretion model by SPSS version of 12 software. Result determined that there were negative relation between three times per day feeding custom in aspect of nutrition awareness level and clean and healthy living pattern. Family with low nutrition awareness level had less probability to have clean and healthy living pattern than family with high nutrition awareness level. This relation was statistically significant (p<0.05). In Conclution that there were negative relation between three times per day feeding custom in aspect of family nutrition awareness and family control to clean and healthy living pattern. It need an effort for empowering family nutrition awareness resource to develop the value of family economic contribution.Key words: three times per day feeding custom, nutrition awareness level, clean and healthy living pattern

Issues
All Issue Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Penilaian GMP dan SSOP pada Bagian Pengolahan Makanan di Katering X Surabaya de Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Pengaruh Komik Makanan Jajanan Sehat dan Bergizi untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Bergaram Iodium Tinggi sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kek Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Hubungan Pola Asuh, Asih, Asah dengan Tumbuh Kembang Balita Usia 1–3 Tahun Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Faktor Risiko Karakteristik dan Perilaku Seksual terhadap Kejadian Kanker Servi Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Determinants of Condom-Use Behavior from Studies Using the Theory of Planned Be Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Cakupan Kunjungan Ibu Hamil (K4) dan Pertolongan Persalinan oleh Tenaga Kesehat Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Three Months of Positive Deviance Approach Integrated with Posyandu TKA Increas Vol 4, No 3 (2008): System Dynamics Using Stella A Case Study of Population Dynamics in City of Sur Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Pengaruh Penyuluhan tentang Koyo Nikotin terhadap Perubahan Pengetahuan dan Sik Vol 4, No 3 (2008): INDIKATOR PREDIKSI KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB) CAMPAK DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Global Climate Change and Infectious Disease Vol 4, No 3 (2008): Faktor Risiko yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Dismenore Primer Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Stress Akibat Kerja pada Tenaga Kerja yang Terpapar Bising Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Perbandingan Metode Brass dengan Metode Trussell dalam Menghasilkan Angka Harap Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Hubungan Tingkat Sosial-Ekonomi dengan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak pada Masyarakat P Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Effect of Circardian Rhythm Changes on Innate Immunity Response Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Do Social Sciences Have Little to Contribute to Public Health Investigation and Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Aplikasi Uji Hotelling’s T2 untuk Mengkaji Perbedaan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Vol 4, No 1 (2007): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 3 (2007): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 2 (2006): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 1 (2006): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health