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Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature
Ethical Lingua is an online academic journal published in February and August by Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo and managed by the English Language Education study program. The journal publish scholarly articles on the scope of Language Teaching, Learning, and Assessment; Language Curriculum and Material Development; Linguistics and Applied Linguistics; Cultural Issues in Language Education; and Modern and Classic Literature Studies. The content includes studies, analysis, theories application, research report, and reviews.
Articles
17
Articles
The Influence of the Economic Students’ Motivations and Language Learning Strategies towards Their English Achievement in STIE Muhammadiyah Palopo

Iksan, Muhammad ( Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Muhammadiyah Palopo ) , Dirham, Dirham ( Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Muhammadiyah Palopo )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

The aims of this research were: (1) to investigate the students’ motivations, (2) to investigate the language learning strategies (LLSs) that are used by the students, (3) to investigate the level of students’ LLSs usage, and (4) to investigate the influence of the students’ motivations and the level of students’ LLSs usage towards their English competence. This research gave descriptions about the students’ motivations, LLSs that are used by the students, and the level of students’ LLSs usage. The sample of this research was 111 students that were taken from three classes of the first year students from three study programs, i.e. Ilmu Ekonomi, Manajemen, and Akuntansi. This research revealed that the students were categorized into high motivated to learn English where 70 students (63%) had high motivation, 25 students (23%) had very high motivation, 13 students (12%) had medium motivation, and 3 students (3%) had low motivation. This research also found that the students were dominantly used metacognitive strategies (44%), followed by compensation strategies (18%), affective strategies (14%), social strategies (10%), cognitive strategies (8%), and the least used strategies were memory strategies (6%). For the level of the students’ language learning strategies usage, the researcher found that the students level were categorized into medium, where 78 students (70%) mediumly used the LLSs, 30 students (27%) highly used the LLSs, 2 students (2%) lowly used the LLSs, and 1 student (1%) very highly used the LLSs.

Anglicism in Indonesian

Azizah, Nurul ( Universitas Udayana )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

This article discusses a language phenomenon currently occurring in Indonesia, which is related to borrowing English words with the addition of a prefix ng-/nge in the Indonesian. The purpose of this article is to show how some English words are borrowed in Indonesian and what changes occur within this borrowing process which will be seen on two linguistic levels (phonological and semantic). The data were collected through an observation either in writing forms found in social media as well as oral form used in daily conversations. The interim results show that phonologically, in general the loan words follow the Indonesian phonological rules with little divergence in certain cases. From the semantic analysis it was found that these Anglicism words can be divided into three categories based on their meanings: restriction, expansion and static.

The Correlation between Students L2 Motivation and Their EFL Proficiency

Cahya, Purnama ( Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

This study is intended to find the correlation between students L2 motivation and their EFL proficiency. The Instruments used in this current study involved questionnaire and test. The questionnaire is used to measure the students’ motivation and the test was used to reveal student’s EFL proficiency score. The current study involves 195 college students from four universities in Malang. The result of analysis shows that there is a significant correlation between L2 motivation and the students’ EFL proficiency. It is proved by the test of hypothesis in which P Value (0.002) is lower than Alfa (α = 0.01). The result implies the increase in students’ motivation can be a prediction of the increase of students’ EFL proficiency. The students who are strongly motivated in learning English are most probably achieve better in their EFL proficiency.

A Preliminary Exposé of Systemic Functional Theory Fundamentals

Dalamu, Taofeek Olaiwola ( University of Lagos )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

The study attempted to explain fundamentals of Systemic Functional Theory as textual analytical instruments. The basis was to demonstrate the applications of Ideational, Interpersonal and Textual Metafunctions as alternative semiotic resources that provide composite meaning potential to the structure of the clause. For illustration, six clauses in the advert of Premium Pension Limited were used as textual elements which the three metafunctions were applied. The study revealed conditionality, sensitizationality, judgmentality as well as integrity as the nuggets of the message. In addition, the ad tends to propound solutions to the financial security of the future of the people. The solution is for the recipients to negotiate and begin savings with Premium Pension Limited whose concern is how to care for the people in their old age. Above all, the study concluded that Halliday’s theory is a very practicable tool of textual analysis for researchers.

Using Noddy Cartoon to Improve the Writing Skill of the First Year Students of SMK Terpadu Mega Rezky Makassar

Tanasy, Novalia ( Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Yapim Maros )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

This research is conducted to find out: (1) whether or not the use of Noddy cartoon is effective in improving the writing skill of the first year students of SMK Terpadu Mega Rezky Makassar and (2) the attitude of the first year students of SMK Terpadu Mega Rezky Makassar toward the use of Noddy cartoon in improving their writing skill. The research employs quasi-experimental method with two groups namely control and experimental groups. Each group consists of 30 students. The sample is chosen by applying cluster random sampling technique. The writer uses a test of writing and questionnaire in experimental group. The data obtained through the test is analyzed by using inferential statistic through SPSS version 22.0 program. The Likert-scale is used to analyze data of the student’s response to the questionnaire. In conducting the research, the writer applies Noddy cartoon episodes as the medium in improving the students’ writing skill. The result of this research shows that the use of Noddy cartoon is effective in improving the writing skill achievements of the first year students of SMK Terpadu Mega Rezky Makassar. It is indicated by the significant difference between the result of post-test in the experimental and control groups. The mean score of post-test in the experimental group is 76.77, which is higher than the mean score of post-test in the control group which is only 65.97. Furthermore, the data that are collected from the questionnaire show that the students have positive attitude towards the use of Noddy cartoon in learning writing, which is in scale of 83.20 or categorized as positive.

Woman’s Suppression in Azab dan Sengsara: A Feminist Perspective

Hafsah, Siti ( Universitas Balikpapan )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

Azab dan Sengsara is an Indonesian novel written by Merari Siregar (1921), one of the famous roman novelists in Indonesia in Balai Pustaka era. The novel is a material object of the present study. The study aims at revealing oppression, violence, exploitation of woman and all varieties of injustice to woman, revealing social symptoms ideological forms containing in the novel as a manifestation of a company condition in old era. This research uses a qualitative method and approaches of literary feminist and literary sociology as its support. This research succeeds in answering the problems of woman life, as manifestation of real life which reflects kinds of woman’s life in society of Indonesian, for example: marriage, custom, violence, etc. for the hero “Mariamin” (a woman). She is the manifestation of the authority life, besides talking on oppression of woman images of its community lives. The author succeeded offering solutions with various contradictions, conflicts, handling down the novel as manifestation in real life.

Factors Contributing to the Maintenance of Konjo Language in Heterogeneous Area of Bulukumba Regency (in the Perspective of Ethnolinguistic Vitality)

Ningsih, Sri ( Akademi Kebidanan Tahirah Al Baeti )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

The use of an ethnic language depends on the strength of the language and the efforts of the community to maintain its language. The study aims to describe the factors contributing to the survival of the language viewed from ethno-linguistic vitality and its vitality degree. The study was carried out in Ujung Bulu as the city of Bulukumba regency which is inhabited by various ethnic people (heterogeneous region). It is a descriptive quantitative-qualitative study applying observation, questionnaire distribution, and interview to collect data from a sample of 30 subjects selected based on age groups by means of multi-stage sampling technique. The study indicates that in the heterogeneous area proves that demography factors have insignificant contribution to the maintenance of Konjo language in the regency as indicated by regression value of demography factors p = 0.741. The statuses and institutional factors however have a significant contribution to the maintenance of the language with the values of p = 0.010 and p = 0.002 respectively. Based on the quantitative data analysis and interview as well as observation, the vitality of Konjo language in Bulukumba regency is high as indicated by the use of the language.

Encouraging Students to Have Positive Attitudes toward Learning English

Syukur, Abdullah ( Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

A positive attitude is a powerful tool that fosters enthusiasm, promotes self-esteem, and creates an atmosphere conducive to learning. Achievement in a target language relies not only on intellectual capacity, but also on the learner’s attitudes towards language learning. Attitudes could be viewed as a tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain thing, idea, person, situation etc. The attitudes that the students should have are attitude towards the language, attitude towards learning the language, attitude towards the language teacher, and attitude towards school in general. This study focuses on discussing about encouraging students to have positive attitudes toward learning English.

Fitzgerald’s Critiques on American Capitalism in His “The Great Gatsby”

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

The research aims to describe Fitzgerald’s criticism presented through the novel, and to identify the capitalism concept portrayed in the novel. The research reveals the existence of the capitalism in the form of literary work. Method in the research is the qualitative descriptive method with the literary sociological approach. Data in the research are the characters and narrator’s expressions performed and uttered throughout the work. The expression are situated in several fragments in the work and they are analyzed continually. The research result indicates that capitalism is portrayed through the attitudes of the charachters in the novel. They represents the materialism and capitalism which has certainly created the gaps in the social life by indicating the different places of the West Egg and East Egg. The other gap is the different status that the characters belong to. The capitalism is repeatable in our current life because morally the community nowadays has also been corrupted as has been presented in newspapers everyday, as the examples murder, rape, divorce, and abuse. Moral decadence is the result of lack of spiritual values, the impact of money or materialism, lack of performing religious duties, and like violating the social rules.

The Use of Persuassive Approach in Classroom Interaction

Lisanty, Fibri Indira ( Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo )

Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Cokroaminoto Palopo

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Abstract

In interaction between teachers and students, there are some approaches that the teachers usually apply in teaching process in the classroom but the case here is what kinds of approaches that the students can appropriate. The approach which is not appropriate in the teaching and learning process will have an impact on development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor students themselves. One of the existing approaches in teaching is persuasive approach, in which this approach can convince the students to adopt the material. This research is qualitative research which uses discourse analysis to analyze the data that the researcher has found. The samples of this research are three classes of sixth grade of Elementary school. The quantities of this class is 25 people for every class and it has been taken in one of course in Makassar, namely JILC. Having done the research, the researcher found that the negative persuasive appeals that to be used in classes and it makes the negative impacts of the students’ motivation in teaching and learning process.