cover
Filter by Year
ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia is a chemistry journal published by Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia publishes original research articles or review articles in organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry.
Articles
106
Articles
Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Silika Abu Ampas Tebu Termodifikasi Arginin sebagai Adsorben Ion Logam Cu(II)

Purnawan, Candra, Martini, Tri, Rini, Ima Puspita

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang sintesis dan karakterisasi silika dari abu ampas tebu termodifikasi arginin dengan senyawa penggandeng glisidoksipropiltrimetoksisilan (GPTMS) sebagai adsorben ion logam Cu(II). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakterisasi silika abu ampas tebu termodifikasi arginin dengan senyawa penggandeng GPTMS sebagai adsorben ion logam Cu(II). Sintesis silika termodifikasi arginin dengan senyawa penggandeng GPTMS dilakukan dengan metode sol-gel. Adsorben tersebut dikarakterisasi dengan XRD, FTIR dan SAA. Uji kemampuan adsorpsi dilakukan menggunakan metode batch dengan larutan ion logam Cu(II), variasi pH, waktu kontak dan konsentrasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan difraktogram XRD pada silika termodifikasi dan silika abu ampas tebu (silika AAT). Difraktogram menunjukkan puncak melebar pada 2θ sebesar 10-15° dan 20-25°. Analisis FTIR menunjukkan Serapan baru –CH, ̶ NH tekuk, ̶ CN berturut-turut pada daerah 2947, 1570, dan 1356 cm-1. Analisis SAA menunjukkan peningkatan luas permukaan pada silika termodifikasi arginin daripada silika dari 64,31 m2/g menjadi 382,67 m2/g. Kondisi terbaik adsorpsi ion logam Cu(II) dengan adsorben silika termodifikasi arginin terjadi pada pH 6 dengan waktu kontak 45 menit. Silika termodifikasi arginin mengalami peningkatan kapasitas adsorpsi dibandingkan silika dengan kapasitas adsorpsi yaitu dari 0,12 mg/g menjadi 0,52 mg/g. Isoterm adsorpsi ion logam Cu(II) lebih dominan mengikuti isoterm Langmuir dengan r = 0,997.Synthesis and Characterization of Arginine-Modified Silica from Baggase Ash as Cu(II) Ions Adsorbent. The synthesis and characterization of arginine modified silica from bagasse ash with crosslinker glycydoxypropyltrimethoxyxylane (GPTMS) as an adsorbent for Cu (II) ions has been studied. This research aimed to determine the characterization of arginine modified silica with crosslinker GPTMS as an adsorbent for Cu(II) ions. Synthesis arginine modified silica with crosslinker GPTMS was conducted using sol-gel method. The adsorbent was characterized by XRD, FTIR and SAA. Adsorption ability test conducted using the batch method with a solution of Cu(II) ions, variation of pH, contact time and concentration. The results showed the change in the XRD diffractogram of arginine modified silica from bagasse (silica ATT). XRD diffractogram releaved broad peaks at 2θ 10-15° and 20-25°. FTIR analysis showed a new absorption -CH, -NH bending, -C-N on area of 2947, 1570, and 1356 cm-1, respectively SAA analysis showed that the arginine-modified silica with crosslinker GPTMS has higher surface area than silica from 64.31 m2/g to 382.67 m2/g. The best conditions for copper adsorption with adsorbent arginine modified silica occured at pH 6 with a contact time of 45 minutes. Arginine modified silica has higher adsorption capacity than silica with a adsorption capacity from 0.12 mg/g to 0.52 mg/g. Adsorption of Cu (II) metal ions more dominantly follows Langmuir isotherms with r = 0.997. 

Aktivitas Sitotoksik Ekstrak Etanol, Fraksi Etil Asetat dan n-heksana Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera) Terhadap Sel Kanker Payudara T47D

Gaffar, Shabarni, Apriani, Riza, Herlina, Tati

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang berpotensi memiliki aktivitas antikanker. Beberapa penelitian telah melaporkan bahwa daun M. oleifera mengandung sejumlah senyawa bioaktif yang memiliki potensi sebagai antikanker. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas sitotoksik esktrak etanol, fraksi etil asetat dan fraksi n-heksana daun M. oleifera terhadap sel kanker payudara T47D. Daun M. oleifera dimaserasi dengan pelarut etanol 90%. Ekstrak yang diperoleh dipartisi dengan menggunakan pelarut n-heksana dan etil asetat. Masing-masing ekstrak etanol, fraksi etil asetat dan fraksi n-heksana diuji aktivitas sitotoksiknya terhadap sel kanker payudara T47D menggunakan metode MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium). Konsentrasi ekstrak dan fraksi yang digunakan adalah berturut-turut: 1500, 750, 375, 187, 93, 46, 50 dan 23 μg/mL dengan waktu inkubasi selama 48 jam. Nilai IC50 ekstrak etanol, fraksi etil asetat dan fraksi n-heksana daun M. oleifera berturut-turut yaitu sebesar 51,31; 20,17; 223,67 μg/mL. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, terlihat bahwa fraksi etil asetat daun M. oleifera memiliki aktivitas sitotoksik yang paling tinggi terhadap sel kanker payudara T47D.Cytotoxic Activity of the Ethanol Extract, Ethyl Acetate and n-hexane Fractions of Kelor Leaves (Moringa oleifera) against Breast Cancer Cell T74D. Moringa oleifera is one plant that has the potential anticancer activity. Several studies have been reported that M. oleifera leaves contain bioactives compounds that are potential as anticancer. This study was aimed to determine the cytotoxic activity of the ethanol extract, ethyl acetate and n-hexane fraction of M. oleifera leaf against breast cancer cell T47D. M. oleifera leaves were extracted by maceration with ethanol solvent. The extracts that have been obtained were partitioned by using n-hexane and ethyl acetate solvents. Each ethanol extract, ethyl acetate fraction and n-hexane fraction were tested for their cytotoxic activity against T47D breast cancer cells using MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) method. The applied concentration of extract and fraction were 1500, 750, 375, 187, 93, 46, 50 and 23 μg/mL with an incubation time of 48 hours. IC50 value of ethanol extract, ethyl acetate and n-hexane fractions of M. oleifera leaves were 51.31; 20.17; 223.67 μg/mL. Based on these results, it shows that the ethyl acetate fractions of M. oleiferaleaves are highly toxic against T47D breast cancer cells. 

Persamaan Empiris Sederhana untuk Memprediksikan Ukuran Partikel dari Enkapsulasi Oleoresin Jahe Merah

Jayanudin, Jayanudin, Rochmadi, Rochmadi, Fahrurrozi, Moh., Wirawan, Sang Kompiang

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan persamaan empiris dari bilangan tak berdimensi untuk memprediksikan ukuran mikrokapsul oleoresin jahe merah. Metode enkapsulasi yang digunakan adalah crosslink emulsi dengan kitosan sebagai penyalut dan glutaraldehyde saturated toluene (GST) sebagai agen crosslink. Oleoresin jahe merah dan kitosan dengan konsentrasi 1, 2, 3 dan 4% (w/v) diaduk dengan kecepatan 10.000 rpm untuk membentuk emulsi, kemudian dimasukan dalam minyak jagung dan diaduk kembali untuk membentuk emulsi kedua. Sebanyak 10 mL glutaraldehyde saturated toluene (GST) sebagai agen crosslink ditambahkan secara bertahap. Setelah itu, ditambahkan larutan glutaraldehida 25% dan terus diaduk selama 2 jam. Mikrokapsul dipisahkan dan dicuci dengan petroleum eter dan heksan, kemudian dikeringkan dalam oven dengan suhu 70 °C. Dengan cara yang sama digunakan untuk membuat mikrokapsul pada kecepatan pengadukan 5.000, 8.000 dan 15.000 rpm. Ukuran diameter mikrokapsul dianalisis menggunakan mikroskop digital. Persamaan empiris dari bilangan tak berdimensi Reynolds (Re) dan Ohnesorge (Oh) dibuat untuk memprediksikan diameter mikrokapsul. Data dari variabel perubahan konsentrasi kitosan dan kecepatan pengadukan dapat menghasilkan persamaan empiris dari bilangan Reynolds (Re) dan Ohnesorge (Oh). Konstanta yang dihasilkan adalah  = 422,06,  = 0,37 dan  = -0,18. Berdasarkan perbandingan antara data diameter penelitian dan hasil perhitungan didapat % kesalahan sebesar 8,05% untuk pengaruh konsentrasi kitosan dan 7,52% untuk pengaruh kecepatan pengadukan.A Simple Empirical Equation for Predicting Particle Size from Encapsulation of Red Ginger Oleoresin. This study aims to determine the empirical equations of the dimensionless number to predict the diameter size of red ginger oleoresin microcapsules. The encapsulation method used is crosslinking emulsion with chitosan as coating and glutaraldehyde saturated toluene (GST) as a crosslinking agent. Red ginger oleoresin and chitosan with concentrations of 1, 2, 3 and 4% (w/v) were stirred at 10,000 rpm to form emulsions, and then added to the corn oil and stirred again to form a second emulsion. The 10 mL of glutaraldehyde saturated toluene (GST) as a crosslinking agent was added gradually. After that, a 25% glutaraldehyde solution was added and stirred for 2 hour. Microcapsules were separated and washed with petroleum ether and hexane, then dried in an oven at a temperature 70 °C. The same step, the microcapsules were made at stirring speed of 5,000; 8,000; and 15,000 rpm. The size of the microcapsule diameter was analyzed using a digital microscope. The empirical equations of the dimensionless numbers Reynolds (Re) and Ohnesorge (Oh) are made to predict the microcapsule diameter. The data from the chitosan concentration change and stirring speeds could produce the empirical equations of the Reynolds and Ohnesorge numbers. The resulting constants were  = 422.06,  = 0.37 dan  = -0.18. By comparing the data diameter of the research and calculation results obtained % error of 8.05% for the influence of chitosan concentration and 7.52% for the effect of stirring speed. 

Kuersetin, Penghambat Uridin 5-Monofosfat Sintase Sebagai Kandidat Anti-kanker

Ruswanto, Ruswanto, Garna, Imam Mustaqim, Tuslinah, Lilis, Mardianingrum, Richa, Lestari, Tresna, Nofianti, Tita

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Kanker adalah pembentukan jaringan baru yang abnormal dan bersifat ganas. Efek toksisitas yang ditimbulkan pada setiap senyawa obat antikanker selalu menjadi problem dalam pengobatan kanker dengan cara kemoterapi, maka dari itu perlu dicari alternatife lain untuk mengatasi kanker. Kuersetin telah diketahui mempunyai aktivitas sitotoksik pada sel kanker tapi belum diketahui mekanisme kerjanya. Pada penelitian ini telah dilakukan penelitiaan in silico untuk mengetahui target reseptor dari senyawa kuersetin melalui identifikasi target reseptor melalui http://lilab.ecust.edu.cn/pharmmapper/ dan studi interaksi melalui metode docking. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa kuersetin memiliki aktivitas pada target reseptor proto-onkogen protein-tirosin kinase dan uridin 5-monofosfat sintase. Berdasarkan nilai energi bebas (∆G) dari hasil docking dapat disimpulkan kuersetin memiliki aktivitas terbaik pada protein target uridin 5-monofosfat sintase dengan nilai energi binding affinity sebesar -8,28617 kkal/mol dan berinteraksi dengan residu asam amino yang sesuai dengan active site dari protein target reseptor uridin 5-monofosfat sintase yaitu membentuk 2 ikatan hidrogen dengan residu Tyr 432 dan Gly 450 dan kontak bagian hidrofobik dengan residu Asn 312, Met 371, pro 417.Quersetine: Uridine 5-Monophosphate Synthase Inhibitor as Anticancer Candidate. Cancer is the abnormal formation of new tissue and malignant. Toxicity effects inflicted on any anti-cancer drug compounds has always been a problem in the treatment of cancer by chemotherapy, therefore it is necessary to find other alternatives to treat cancer. Quercetin has been known to have cytotoxic activity on cancer cells but unknown mechanism of action. This study has been conducted in silico to determine the receptor target of the quercetin compound through the identification of target receptors by http://lilab.ecust.edu.cn/pharmmapper/ and interaction studies through docking methods. The results showed that the quercetin has activity on the receptor target proto-oncogene protein-tyrosine kinase and uridine 5- monophosphate synthase. Based on free energy value (ΔG) of the docking results we can conclude the quercetin has the best activity of the receptor target uridine 5- monophosphate synthase with a binding affinity energy value of -8.28617 kcal/mol and interacts with the amino acid residues to the active site of the receptor target 5-uridine monophosphate synthase which form two hydrogen bonds with Tyr 432 and Gly 450 and the hydrophobic contact with Asn 312, Met 371, and pro 417.

Identification of 4-4’-(1-methylethylidene)-bisphenol from an Endophytic Fungus Cladosporium oxysporum derived from Aglaia odorata

Setyaningrum, Armila Fatma, Pratiwi, Risma, Suciati, Suciati, Sugijanto, Noor Erma Nasution, Indrayanto, Gunawan

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Endophytic fungi has an economic potential as raw material for biologically active compounds. Cladosporium oxysporum is one of the endophytic fungi isolated from Indonesian medicinal plant Aglaia odorata Lour (Local name: Pacarcina). This planth has been used for fever, cough, diarrhea, inflammation and injury. In our previous study, the ethyl acetate extract and several fractions of the extract of C. oxysporum showed antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus. The objective of the currents study is to investigate the chemical constituent of the active fraction. Purification of the metabolite was achieved by using column chromatography followed by preparative thin layer chromatography. Identification of the metabolite was conducted by using TLC densitometry, GC-FID and GC-MS. Compound 1 was isolated from fraction 12. The purity of this compound was determined by 2D-TLC and GC-FID. The UV-Vis profile of compound 1 indicates a phenolic compound. Further analysis by using GC-MS shows one peak at a retention time (Rt) of 23.80 minutes, predicted as 4-4’-(1-methylethylidene)-bisphenol. The chemical constituent of the sub fraction 12.2.7 (fraction a) is identified as 4-4’-(1-methylethylidene)-bisphenol.

Deteksi Kurkumin dan Bisdemetoksikurkumin dengan Teknik Voltammetri Menggunakan Elektrode Boron-Doped Diamond

Wahyuni, Wulan Tri, Darusman, Latifah Kosim, Diksy, Yuris

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Pada penelitian ini metode deteksi kurkumin dan bisdemetoksikurkumin dikembangkan dengan teknik voltammetri siklik menggunakan elektrode boron-doped diamond. Voltammogram siklik kurkumin dan bisdemetoksikurkumin dalam larutan elektrolit tetrabutilamonium heksafluorofosfat (TBAPF6)-asetonitril masing-masing menunjukkan 2 puncak oksidasi, yaitu pada potensial +0,4 V dan +1,9 V vs. Ag/AgCl untuk kurkumin, serta +0,6 V dan +2,0 V vs. Ag/AgCl untuk bisdemetoksikurkumin. Hubungan linear diperoleh antara konsentrasi kurkumin maupun bisdemetoksikurkumin dengan arus puncak oksidasinya. Hubungan linear  yang diperoleh adalah I(µA) = 8619,9C (M) + 0,7285 (R2=0,9995) dan I(µA) = 14658C (M) + 16,388 (R2=0,9299) berturut-turut untuk kurkumin puncak pertama dan kedua, serta I(µA) = 7953,2C (M) + 5,3977 (R2=0,9871) dan I(µA) = 5807,7 C (M) + 7,7616 (R2=0,9981) untuk bisdemetoksikurkumin puncak pertama dan kedua. Aplikasi metode yang dikembangkan terhadap sampel buatan yang mengandung campuran kurkumin dan bisdemetoksikurkumin menghasilkan 3 puncak oksidasi pada potensial +0,3 V, +1,2 V, dan +2,0 V vs Ag/AgCl mengindikasikan terjadinya tumpang tindih antara puncak kurkumin dan BDMC serta pergeseran puncak oksidasi. Nilai presisi pengukuran dengan metode yang dikembangkan ialah 15,86 dan 15,15% untuk kurkumin, serta 9,85 dan 31,47% untuk bisdemetoksikurkumin. Sementara nilai akurasi pengukuran ialah sebesar 96,69 dan 125,36% untuk kurkumin, serta 97,95 dan 127,54% untuk bisdemetoksikurkumin masing-masing berdasarkan puncak 1 dan 2. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan performa analitik metode yang dikembangkan masih perlu ditingkatkan sebelum diaplikasikan untuk analisis kuantitatif.Detection of Curcumin and Bisdemetoxycurcumin by Voltammetric Technique using a Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode.  This study develops a cyclic voltammetry method for simultaneous detection of curcuminoid by using boron-doped diamond electrode. Curcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) in tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate (TBAPF6)-acetonitrile as electrolyte solution showed two oxidation peaks at +0.4 V and +1.9 V for curcumin, while those for BDMC appeared at +0.6 V and +2.0 V. Reduction peaks of both standards were not observed. In the optimum conditions, this method showed linear correlation between concentration of curcumin and BDMC with it’s oxidation peak current. The equations of I(µA) = 8619.9(C) (M) + 0.7285 (R2=0,9995) and I(µA) = 14658(C) (M) + 16.388 (R2=0.9299) were obtained for curcumin, I(µA) = 7953.2(C) (M) + 5.3977 (R2=0,9871) and I(µA) = 5807.7(C) (M) + 7.7616 (R2=0.9981) for BDMC. Meanwhile, the measurement of the artificial samples containing a mixture of curcumin and BDMC showed three oxidation peaks at +0.3 V, +1.2 V, and +2.0 V. This result indicated an overlapping between curcumin and BDMC peaks and peak shifting. Precision of the developed method was expressed as percent RSD, giving value of 15.86 and 15.15% for curcumin, and 9.85 and 31.47% for BDMC. The accuracy was 96.69 and 125.36% for curcumin, meanwhile for BDMC was 97.95 and 127.54% for peak 1 and 2. The result indicated that the method required further improvement before applied for quantitative analysis.

Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Sarang Lebah Hutan (Apis dorsata) terhadap Pertumbuhan Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli dan Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Prestianti, Ika, Baharuddin, Maswati, Sappewali, Sappewali

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Penyakit infeksi akibat bakteri merupakan masalah serius dalam kesehatan. Antibakteri alami yang dapat digunakan untuk menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri yaitu sarang lebah hutan (Apis dorsata) terdiri propolis, kantong madu, kantong telur dan kantong pollen yang mengandung senyawa metabolit sekunder seperti flavonoid, tanin dan asam fenolat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah megetahui aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak sarang lebah hutan dari setiap pelarut yang digunakan dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak sarang lebah hutan terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli dan Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Pengujian antibakteri dilakukan dengan metode difusi kertas cakram dengan lama perendaman 1 jam kemudian diinkubasi selama 3 x 24 jam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak metanol sarang lebah memiliki aktivitas tertinggi pada bakteri  E. coli yaitu 3,8 mm pada konsentrasi 8%, ekstrak etil asetat sarang lebah pada bakteri S. aureus yaitu 3,72 mm pada konsentrasi 8% dan ekstrak n-heksan sarang lebah pada bakteri E. coli yaitu 16,1 mm pada konsentrasi 8%. Pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak yaitu semakin tinggi konsentrasi maka semakin besar pula daya hambat ekstrak terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri S. aureus, E. coli dan P. aeruginosa.Antibacterial Evaluation of Extract Beehive (Apis dorsata) against Growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacterial infectious diseases are serious health problems. A natural antibacterial that can be used to inhibit bacterial growth of honeycomb (propolis, honey bag, egg bag and pollen bag) containing secondary metabolite compounds such as flavonoids, tannins and phenolic acids. The purpose of this research is to know the antibacterial activity of honeycomb extract from each solvent used and to know the effect of honeycomb extract concentration against the bacteria growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antibacterial testing was performed by the method of paper disc diffusion with soaking time 1 hour followed by incubation for 3 x 24 hours. The results show that antibacterial activity of methanol honeycomb extract had the highest activity in E. coli bacteria of 3.8 mm at 8% concentration, followed by those of ethyl acetate honeycomb extract and n-hexan honeycomb extract which have antibacterial activity of 3.72 mm and 16,1 mm at 8% concentration against S. aureus and E. coli, respectively. The effect of extract concentration is the higher the concentration the greater the inhibitory power of extract against the bacteria growth of S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa.

Karakterisasi dan Uji Efektivitas Allophane-Like untuk Adsorpsi Ion Logam Tembaga (Cu)

Pranoto, Pranoto, Martini, Tri, Rachmawati, Deta Agustin

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Telah dilakukan penelitian karakterisasi dan uji efektivitas allophane-like untuk adsorpsi ion logam tembaga (Cu). Allophane-like dibuat dengan mencampurkan larutan Tetraethyl Orthosilicate (TEOS) dan Aluminum Nitrate Nonahydrate [Al(NO3)3.9H2O] dengan perbandingan 0,5; 0,75; 1; 1,25 dan 1,5. Proses pencampuran dilakukan penambahan NaOH secara bertahap dan dilakukan pengadukan serta pemanasan. Penambahan NaOH dilakukan dengan membuat perbandingan NaOH dan Campuran TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O 3:1. pH campuran larutan yang diperoleh diukur dan pH larutan dibuat menjadi asam (pH 3-4). Allophane-like dikarakterisasi dengan spektroskopi infra merah (FTIR), XRD, keasaman, dan luas permukaan. Uji adsorpsi terhadap ion logam tembaga (Cu) dilakukan pada variasi perbandingan TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O 0,5; 0,75; 1; 1,25 dan 1,5, pH larutan tembaga (Cu) 3-7 serta waktu kontak 30-120 menit dengan sistem batch. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa allophane-like memiliki gugus fungsi yang sama dengan allophane-alam yang ditunjukkan dengan data FTIR yaitu memiliki puncak yang sama pada 3431-3252; 1631; 1071; 785; dan 562-457 cm-1. Hasil analisa XRD, keasaman dan luas permukaan menunjukkan karakteristik yang berbeda. Kondisi adsorpsi ion logam tembaga (Cu) terjadi pada variasi perbandingan TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O 1,5, pH 6, waktu kontak 120 menit, persentase penyerapan 41,79% dan kapasitas adsorpsi 0,97865 mg/g.Characterization and Effectivity of Allophane-Like in the Adsorption of Metal Ion of Copper (Cu). The characterization and effectivity testing of allophane-like for adsorption copper (Cu) metal ion has been studied. Allophane-like was prepared by mixing a solution of Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and Aluminum Nitrate nonahydrate [Al(NO3)3.9H2O] using ratio of 0.5; 0.75; 1; 1.25 and 1.5. The mixing process was done gradually adding NaOH and stirring and heating. The addition of NaOH was done by making a comparison between NaOH and mixture of TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O in 3:1. The pH of the mixture solution was measured and made acidic solution (pH 3-4). Allophane-like was characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), XRD, acidity, and surface area. The adsorption evaluation of copper (Cu) metal ion was done on the variation of the composition of TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O in 0.5; 0.75; 1; 1.25 and 1.5, the pH of a solution of copper (Cu) 3-7 and contact time of 30-120 minutes in batch system. The results revealed that the allophane-like has the same functional group with nature allophane indicated by the FTIR data that has the same peak at 3431-3252; 1631; 1071; 785; and 562-457 cm-1. XRD analysis results, acidity and surface area showed different characteristics. The best conditions adsorption of copper (Cu) metal ion occured at the composition of TEOS dan Al(NO3)3.9H2O in 1.5, pH 6, the contact time of 120 minutes, the absorption percentage of 41.79% and adsorption capacity of 0.97865 mg/g.

Isolation of Silica-Lignin Composites from Rice Husk and Their Adsorption to Cr(VI)

Yuliyati, Yati B., Listiani, Seli, Solihudin, Solihudin, Noviyanti, Atiek Rostika

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Rice husk is the most abundant agricultural waste in Indonesia. It can be used as a precursor for multifunctional materials such as silica-lignin composite for adsorbents. Silica-lignin can reduce heavy metal content in an industrial waste, such as the content of Cr(VI). This study aims to isolate and characterize silica-lignin composite, and determines the isotherm type of silica-lignin for hexavalent chromium adsorption. The isolation from rice husk used an alkali extraction method. Confirmation of typical functional groups in the silica-lignin composite was characterized by FTIR, while the morphology was characterized by SEM, respectively. The results reveal that the silica-lignin isolation was successfully performed.  FTIR spectra indicate a typical wavenumber of the silica-lignin.  The SEM image of the composite showed homogeneous morphology. The silica-lignin adsorption process on hexavalent chromium followed a Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) isotherm type indicated by multilayer adsorption with a surface area of 948.8421 mg. g-1.

Optimization of Rhodamine B Decolorization by Adsorption and Photoelectrodegradation Combination System

Wahyuningsih, Sayekti, Anjani, Velina, Munawaroh, Hanik, Purnawan, Candra

ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

A combination of adsorption and photoelectrodegradation system was performed to reduce the concentration of Rhodamine B dye in water. The adsorption was conducted using silica and alumina activated by acid and base under various predetermined pH of Rhodamine B. The photoelectrodegradation process was performed using Ti/TiO2 electrode as a cathode and Ti/TiO2-NiO as an anode. TiO2 was synthesized from titanium tetra-isopropoxide precursor (TTiP) by sol-gel method. TiO2-NiO composite was synthesized with the same precursor with the addition of Ni(NO3)2.6H2O. The result shows that the activation changes the amount of OH total in the adsorbent. The acid-activated adsorbent showed an optimum adsorption activity when Rhodamine B was in base condition caused by zwitter ionic structure. It reversely occured to base-activated adsorbent where an optimum absorption activity reached at acid condition. The application of base-activated silica in adsorption and photoelectrodegradation combination system decreased the concentration of Rhodamine B dye up to 98.79% using photoanode Ti/TiO2-NiO under pH 2 at bias potential 6 V.