cover
Filter by Year
Articles
40
Articles
The Effect of Extract of Getih-Getihan (Rivina humilis L.) on Armyworm (Spodoptera litura F.) Mortality

Nurhayati, Dewi, Subchan, Wachju, Prihatin, Jekti

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Armyworm (Spodoptera litura F.) is a leaf-eating pest causes the loss of crops from 85% until causing crop failure. Alternative pest control and to reduce the negative impact of synthetic pesticides include using botanical pesticide. Getih-getihan plant (Rivina humilis L.) is one of the plants having potency as a botanical pesticide. Based on the description, this study was conducted to determine LC50 value by using probit analysis and analysis of an extract of Rivina humilis L. leaves on the mortality of Spodoptera litura F. using ANOVA test. Rivina humilis L. leaves are extracted by using ethanol solvent to get active chemical to kill Spodoptera litura F.. TLC (Thin Layer Chromatography) result test of an extract of Rivina humilis L. are positively contain an alkaloid, flavonoid, tannin, and terpenoid. The method of the research uses CRD (Complete Random Design) with five times repetition. Concentration serial being tested are 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, and 2.5%. The result of probit analysis is 1.42% of LC50 value and ANOVA test shows that extract of Rivina humilis L. leaves affects very significantly on the Spodoptera litura F. mortality (p=0.000). Keywords: Spodoptera litura F., Rivina humilis L., leaves extract.

Effectiveness of Bintaro Seeds Extract (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) on Armyworm (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Mortality

Dewi, Mery Sintia, Subchan, Wachju, Prihatin, Jekti

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Armyworm (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) often lead to decreased productivity and even crop failures by causing leaves, fruits, and vegetables to become torn, cut, and punctured. Crop insecticides are an alternative to eradicating armyworm (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). One plant that can be used as a vegetable insecticide is bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) The bintaro plant (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) has cerberin content that contribute to insect mortality. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of extract (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) on mortality of armywork (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). This study was a type of experiment using Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments and one control. The results showed that the effectiveness of seeds bintaro extract (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) could cause death to armyworm (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) on 1.5% concentration of 55% showed effective on the armyworm. Increasing the dose is to be followed by increasing the effectiveness of mortality. The LC50 value is 1.51%. Increasingly concentration of seeds bintaro extract (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) cause higher mortality of armyworm (Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). Keywords: Spodoptera litura (Fabricius), Cerbera odollam Gaertn. Seeds Extract, Mortality

Analysis of Student Ability to Develop ICT-Based Teaching Materials (Case Study in Biology Education Study Program UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta)

Susanti, Baiq Hana

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Global competitions require human resources that have competitive advantages, including in the field of education. UIN biology education program has responded by developing ICT-based lecture system. The development of the most up-to-date courses is e-learning, which is one of the learning system which use communication and information technology. Learning object becomes very important part. Students become accustomed to utilize the various learning sources available online. On the other hand, the ability to develop teaching materials is one of the required skill as professional teachers. The research purpose was to obtain more information about the ability of students to develop ICT-based teaching materials. This research used descriptive qualitative method, the assessment of teaching materials developed by students done before and after the lecture. The subject of research was the 25 students who were enrolled in Vertebrata courses. The validity of the teaching materials assessed by experts using specific instrument, students respond data also collected using questionnaire.The results showed that the average value given by the expert validators was 83 that fall into good category. While the average response of students to teaching materials fall into moderate category. Teaching materials developed by students before and after the lecture also showed significant changes. Before the lecture, all teaching materials developed by students are still in the form of power point. After attending lectures, the types of teaching materials developed by the students were varied. Those consist of wordpress (24%), wix (20%), webnode (12%), prezi (12%), android (8%), macromedia 3D Presentation, Power Point Inspiring, and Website UIN respectively by 4%. Keywords: ICT-based learning materials, learning object, e-learning.

Diversity of Shrub Plants in Kapas Biru Waterfall Lumajang District of East Java

Firdausy, Barid, ., Pujiastuti, Murdiyah, Siti

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

The high diversity of plant species makes the Kapas Biru Waterfall a suitable area of tourism, research and other related activities. The plant species in this area are mostly seed plants and shrub. The shrub is a tree-like plant but with shorter and smaller main stem. The woody stems alsobranching near the surface of the soil. The aim of this research was to find out the species of shrub plants in the area of Kapas Biru Waterfall. This descriptive explorative research was conducted to systematically, factually and accurately describe and interpret the data of shrub seed plants in the area of Kapas Biru Waterfall. The study was conducted from April to May 2017. The research design included the selection of research sites, sampling and drawing, and plant identification stages.Samples were collected using total explore sampling method. Research result showed that there are 562 shrub plants in Kapas Biru Waterfall. They consist of 19 species incorporated in 11 families. Those family are Asparagaceae, Rutaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Oleaceae, Arecaceae, Verbenaceae, Rubiaceae, Melastomataceae, Solanaceae, and Araliaceae. Keywords: Identifying, Kapas Biru, Shrub plants

Development of Biology Interactive Digital Flipbook on the Subject of Animal Growth and Development

Abadiyah, Rifda, Prihatin, Jekti, Murdiyah, Siti

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Flipbook is organization of learning materials containing text, sound, animation, and video. This research aimed to produce a learning materials in the form of flipbook, especially on subject of animal’s growth and development for science class grade XII. The flipbook produced should be valid, effective and practical for use in learning process. Flipbook is a 2 dimensional application that is reliable and lightweight. This study used 3 stages from 4 dimensional model which are define, design and develop. The implementation of the developed product was planned by 2 different tests, the first was limited testing and second was field trial. All tests implemented in 44 students of 12 IPA SMA Budi Utomo Sidoarjo. The results showed that 1) an average score of 81.43 gained from 3 different experts which falls into a very valid category, 2) field trial got an average score of 88.46 also falls into very valid category, 3) pre-test, post-test 1 and post-test 2 got normalized gain score at 0.78 which meant that the improvement of learning outcomes after using Flipbook was very high, 4) the effeciency based on the students response was 97.72% which was interpreted in very good category. It can be concluded that the developed Flipbook was easy and feasible to use in learning. Keywords: Flipbook, validity, effectiveness, practicality result, research and development

Analyzing Science Test Items and Higher Order Thinking Skills of Fifth Graders

., Mardi

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Indonesian students got low achievement in many international studies of evaluation, such as in Trend in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). It is because they unfamiliar with higher order thinking skill questions. Generally, assessment in Indonesia contains less of higher order thinking questions and do not fit with the international standard of evaluation. The purposes of this study were to identify the test items of Test of Standarisasi Hasil Belajar (SHB) and to examine the capability of students of fifth grade to answer higher order thinking skills (HOTS) questions. The method uses was mix method (qualitative and quantitative). Test Standarisasi Hasil Belajar (SHB) Year 2017/2018 of Banyuwangi Regency for fifth grade was used. Twenty-seven fifth graders were participated in paper test. The result showed that the test contains of cognitive domain of knowing, applying, and reasoning of 48.9%, 40% and 11.1%, respectively. The test of capability of students to answer HOTS questions revealed low achievement of 80% and high achievement of 5%. In summary, the reasoning domain of the test should be more developed to encourage students’ capability in answering HOTS questions. Keywords: science test items, TIMSS, HOTS, fifth grade.

Improving Students and Community Participation in Preserving Mangrove Forest Bangkala Jeneponto South Sulawesi with a Constructivism based Booklet

Amin, Astuti Muh.

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Knowledge dominantly affects community attitudes and participation in mangrove forest conservation. One of the effective ways to solve issues related to preserving mangrove forest in Jeneponto regency is to distribute a constructivism based booklet which introduces the functions, impacts, and management of the forest. This study was conducted in Bangkala District, Jeneponto regency, South Sulawesi from 11 August 2016 to 25 December 2016. Purposive sampling was employed to determine the research sample based on certain consideration. Data was collected using: (1) a questionnaire to elicit responses from some students and community members in Bangkala Jeneponto South Sulawesi towards a booklet developed on the constructivist theory; (2) another questionnaire and interview schedule to obtain community perception on the forest conservation activities; (3) socialization activities at schools and community centers related to the importance of sustainable mangrove forest development. Research findings indicate that: (1) the students and the community members of Bangkala, Jeneponto, South Sulawesi have provided positive and supportive responses towards the development of the constructivism booklet; (2) the society members have realized the significance of mangrove forest development; (3) overall, the students and the community members in Bangkala, Jeneponto, South Sulawesi have been highly involved in preserving the mangrove forest. Assistance to sustain this participation; however, is still necessary. Keywords: Booklet, Mangrove Conservation, Students, Participation, Community.

Toxicity of Granules of Bintaro Leaf Extract (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) on Armyworm (Spodoptera litura Fab.)

Sholahuddin, Ahmad Habib, Subchan, Wachju, Prihatin, Jekti

BIOEDUKASI Vol 16 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Grayak caterpillar is insect pests that become pests of various food crops. Grayak caterpillars cause a decrease in crop productivity and even crop failure if they are not controlled. Pest control using chemical pesticides has many adverse effects on the environment. To minimize the occurrence of environmental damage, then it is used pest control using vegetable insecticides. Bintaro Leaf (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) is potential as a vegetable insecticide. The purpose of this study was to examine the toxicity of granule from Bintaro leaf extract (C. odollam Gaertn.) on armyworms (S. litura Fab.). This research was a laboratory experimental research using Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Serial concentrations used in this study were 0% (control), 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, and 2.5%. The results of this study showed that the granules of Bintaro leaf extract (C. odollam Gaertn.) were effective in causing mortality of armyworms (S. litura Fab.) at 1.5% concentration by 60% and included in toxic category. The value of LC50-48 hour granule from Bintaro leaf extract (C. odollam Gaertn) was 1.41%. Keywords: Spodoptera litura Fab. , Granula extract of Cerbera odollam Gaertn., Vegetable Insecticide.

The Development of Practical Work Instruction on Material of Regeneration and Pigmentation

Setiawan, Dwi Candra, Arifin, As’ad Syamsul

BIOEDUKASI Vol 15 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Practical work instruction is one of important teaching materials in the learning process, especially in the course that requires laboratory work. The existence of practical work instruction will really assist the students in carrying the lab work activity out. In addition, practical work instruction can also help lecturers in giving guidance during the practical activities so that the process of carrying the practical work out runs well. Based on the results of observation and personal experience of teaching teaching, some courses which include practical work do not have appropriate practical work instruction. This is why we need to develop practical work instruction on the observation process of regeneration and pigmentation of caudal fin of Zebrafish or Zebra Danio. The purpose of this research is to produce a goodpractical work instruction that is appropriate to be used by students especially in the course of animal development structure. The development of this practical work instruction used the development method of Thiagarajan which consists of define, design, develop and disseminate. However, in this research, we only proceeded until the develop stage. The object of this research was the students of IKIP Budi Utomo Malang, Biology Education Department who took the course of animal development structure. Based on the results of data analysis, we obtained that the practice manual was valid and appropriate to be used in practical work activities based on the evaluation criteria from the expert validation.   Keywords: Practical Work Instruction, Thiagarajan

Toxicity of Granule from Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa. L) Fruit Extract on The Mortality Aedes aegypti Larvae

Aisyafahmi, Dini, Wahyuni, Dwi

BIOEDUKASI Vol 15 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Aedes aegypti L. is mosquito belong to the order diptera that widely distributed in the tropics. Female Aedes aegypti L. is the primary vector for the spread of dengue fever. Dengue fever has increased from year to year. Efforts to eradicate the disease done by government mainly using chemical insecticides which their residues can endanger non-target organisms. Eco-friendly Aedes aegypti L. larvaes control is needed to suppress the populations. One that can be achieve using natural larvacide from sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.). The aim of this research was to find out the LC 50 and toxicty effect of granule from sugar apple extract (Annona squamosa L.) on Aedes aegypti L. larvae’s mortality. The concentration used in this research were 1, 5, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150 ppm, control 0 In the form of tween 80, positive control abate and negative control aquades. The result shows that LC 50 granule extract of apple sugar (Annona squamosa L.) was 8.25 ppm.   Keywords: Aedes aegypti L., Annona squamosa L., granule, toxicity, LC 50