Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Published by Universitas Tidar
Journal of Livestock Science and Production (JaLSPro) encompasses a broad range of research topics in animal sciences: Production Reproduction and physiology Feed and nutrition Livestock product and technology Breeding and genetics Health Biotechnology Socio-economic Policy Agrostology
Articles
18
Articles
Effect Subtitution Duck Manure Fermentation for Feed Juvenile Catfish (Clarias sp.)

Kusuma, Baruna

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

Pellet in the catfish can replaceable with fermented duck manure. The effect of substitute pellet feed juvenile catfish with fermented duck manure was investigated. Fermentation of duck manure with traditional food starter. Traditional food starter is tape yeast containing of genus Aspergilius, Saccharomyces, Candida, Hansenulla, dan bakteri Acetobacter. Catfish diets studies with 5% pellet/fish/day (W/W/day). Four treatment replacement in the total weight diets was substitute by fermented duck manure 45% (A), 30% (B), 15% (C) and 0% (D) levels formulated and feed to catfish juvenile (weight 2,75±0,05 g) for 30 day on controlled aquaria. Results from studies found that the best diet formulation can provide catfish juvenile growth response was diet C and D. Duck manure can reaplace feed juvenile catfish with duck manure fermentation until 15% from catfish diets.Key words: fermented duck manure, substitute pellet, catfish juvenile growth

Reproduction Performance of Magelang Duck Evaluated by Histological Preparation

Nugrahini, Yosephine Laura Raynardia Esti, Pradipta, Monica Sonia Indri

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

Abstract               This study aims to increase duck population in their origin distribution area Sempu, Ngadirojo Village, Secang, Magelang district. The increasing is evaluated by Magelang duck reproduction performance in this area. Ngadirojo was the origin area of duck Magelang distribution but unfortunately the population has begun to decline due to the presence of commercial farmers who sell this type of duck out of the region. Most of the people in Ngadirojo also maintain semi-intensive methods so that reproduction and maintenance performance is poorly controlled due to low performance including reproduction. The data evaluated includes mature age, mature sex weight, egg laying, egg production per week, egg fertility, egg hatchability, incubation time, mating method, and reproductive technology that had been applied. Data collection was grouped on intensive and semi-intensive farms in Sempu sub-village, Ngadirojo village, Secang sub-district, Magelang regency. Evaluation has been carried out through the manufacture of histological preparations for female reproductive ducks of production age (6-12 months) on intensive and semi-intensive farms. Reproductive performance data were analyzed descriptively and data on histology preparations were displayed as support. The results obtained by farms in the Sempu sub-village are semi-intensive duck breeders, ducks are carried out in to the rice fields at certain hours. No intensive breeders were found in the Sempu hamlet, therefore comparative data as intensive breeders were obtained in the Tempuran area, Magelang district. Based on the survey, Magelang duck farmers in Sempu hamlet had normal reproductive performance but when evaluated through histology preparations it was found that the reproductive organ tissue of Magelang ducks which were intensively maintained were more productive. Key words : Magelang duck, histological preparation, Secang sub-district, Reproduction.

DIGESTIBILITY EVALUATION OF FISH MEAL, RICE BRAN, SOYA BEAN MEAL, POLLARD ON ONGOLE CROSS BREED CATTLE AND FRISIEN HOLSTEIN CROSS BREED

Zakariah, Muhammad Askari, Utomo, Ristianto, Budhi, Subur Priyono Sasmitho

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

The objective this study was to evaluate feed stuff such as fish meal, rice bran, soya bean meal, and wheat pollard on Ongola and Frisien Holsten breed. Each feed stuff was replicated in 3 replication. Variable were observed in vivo, in sacco, and in vitro digestibility. Collected data were analyzed by independent t-test sample. Result showed dry matter and organic matter in vitro digestibility of soya bean meal on Ongole crossbreed cattle has lower than Frisien Holstein crossbreed cattle (84.54±1.15 vs 90.17±1.34, 82.53±1.20 vs 89.05±0.76) respectively, and for another feedstud were used on this research not showed significant. Degradation theory of some feed stuff on Ongole crossbreed cattle has lower than Frisien Holstein crossbreed cattle. Coeficient of digestibility on ongole crossbreed cattle has lower than Frisien Holstein crossbreed cattle. Concluded that concentrate such as fish meal, soya bean meal, rice bran and pollard has digestibility on ongole crossbreed cattle lower than Frisien Holstein crossbreed.

KARAKTERISASI ENZIM PHYTASE MIKROBA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS BAHAN PAKAN UNGGAS

Purnamasari, Listya

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

Asam phytat merupakan salah satu faktor antinutrisi yang terdapat dalam pakan ternak yang berasal dari serealia yang dapat menurunkan kecernaan nutrien bahan pakan sehingga mengganggu produktivitas ternak utamanya ternak monogastrik. Penurunan produktivitas disebabkan karena keterbatasan enzim yang mampu menguraikan asam phytat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui aktivitas enzim phytase yang berasal dari mikroba yang ditumbuhkan pada media padat. Media padat yang digunakan ada 4 macam yaitu jagung, dedak padi, dedak jagung dan beras merah. Mikroba yang digunakan yaitu bakteri Basillus subtilis. Pengamatan dilakukan pada rentang pH 4-7 dengan masa inkubasi selama 5 hari pada suhu ruang 25OC di atas shaker. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas fitase dari Basillus subtilis memiliki rentang pH yang panjang yaitu 4-7. Aktivitas dari media padat yang digunakan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang nyata sehingga semua media dapat digunakan sebagai media pertumbuhan bakteri yang memproduksi enzim phytase. Enzim fitase yang dihasilkan pada media jagung yaitu 0,313 µg/ml media dedak padi yaitu 0,317 µg/ml media dedak jagung yaitu 0,313 µg/ml dan media beras merah yaitu.0,315 µg /ml. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu bakteri Basillus subtilis dapat digunakan untuk memproduksi enzim phytase dan mampu menurunkan kandungan asam fitat pada bahan pakan.Kata kunci : Asam fitat, biji-bijian, enzim phytase, fermentasi media padat

IN VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF CARBOHYDRATE AND TOTAL GAS PRODUCTION OF GOAT MILK REPLACER BASED ON SURIMI WASTE POWDER AND KETCHUP DREGS POWDER

Waldi, Lastriana

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

This research was aimed to evaluate the use of surimi waste powder and ketchup dregs powder as main material of milk replacer for dairy goat based on carbohydrate digestibility and total gas production. The research was held experimentally using in vitro method. Material used in the research was rumen fuilds taken from abbatoir Sokaraja, immediatelly after slaughter. Experimental design used completely randomized design (CRD) for carbohydrate digestibility with 4 treatments and replicate 5  times each. The results showed that the  milk replacer has a significant effect on carbohydrate digestibility and total gas production (P <0.01). The research concludes that milk-based replacer of surimi waste powder and ketchup dregs powder has not been able to replace pure goat milk, because its carbohydrate digestibility is low and total gas production is unstable at the beginning and end of observation.Key words : dairy goat, milk replacer, surimi waste powder, ketchupdregs powder

SORTING TECHNIC OF TRADITIONAL MARKET WASTE IN MAGELANG CITY

Rahayu, Ayu, Perdana, Adhi Surya

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

AbstractThe city of Magelang is a city that has a large population. Due to the automatic density of the population, there will be many shopping places, one of which is the market to meet the daily needs of the community. Magelang city is able to produce market waste up to 300 tons per day. The waste has not been used properly. This can cause environmental pollution. Market waste in the city of Magelang is a homework that must be immediately completed because all this time it has not been fully processed. The research objective is to sort out organic and inorganic waste at the Koa Market in Magelang. The sample of research includes five markets namely Rejowinangun, Gotong Royong, Kebonpolo, Cacaban and Sidomukti. The research method used survey method with questionnaire research tool aimed at market traders to know the characteristics of market traders, merchant waste, average amount of waste and its utilization, and other supporting components. Presentation of data analysis result obtained by descriptive analysis approach. Field findings of the average amount of market waste volume that can be utilized as livestock feed per m3/day based on market location that is Rejowinangun Market (9,2 m3), Gotong Royong (5,2 m3), Kebonpolo (3,3 m3) Cacaban (1.8 m3), and Sidomukti (2.1 m3), it is expected that this research can be used as a reference for market waste treatment in determining the policy of the local Industry and Trade Office. Keywords: Sorting technique, Waste Traditional Market, Magelang

KAJIAN PALATABILITAS BAKSO BERBAHAN DAGING SAPI SEGAR DAN DAGING SAPI BEKU IMPOR DENGAN LEVEL PENGGUNAAN SODIUM TRIPOLIFOSFAT YANG BERBEDA

Hendrarti, Etty Nuri, Adiwinarto, Gatot

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

This research was conducted to study palatability of meatball with fresh and imported frozen beef as base material with varians level of sodium tripolyphosphates. This research used randomized block design with 6 treatments and 3 groups of time production periods.The treatments were 0,2% (A), 0,3% (B); 0,4% (C) of sodium tripolyphosphates addition  into fresh beef mixture and 0,2% (D), 0,3% (E); 0,4% (F) of sodium tripolyphosphates addition into thawed of imported beef mixture.  Data from hedonic method of organoleptic test in color, texture, aroma, hardness, elasticity and taste variable  analized by Kruskal-Wallis-non parametric method and continued by multiple comparison test when significant result  (P<0,05). The result showed that panelists prefered 0,2% (D) of sodium tripolyphosphates addition into thawed of import beef mixture and 0,2% (A), 0,3% (B); 0,4% (C) of sodium tripolyphosphates addition  into fresh beef mixture to 0,3% (E) and 0,4% (F) of sodium tripolyphosphates addition into thawed of imported  beef mixture (P<0,05)  in color, texture, hardness, elasticity and taste of meatball,  excep for aroma  was similar preferance (P>0,05) in aroma. The level  0,2%  of sodium tripolyphosphates addition into thawed of imported beef mixture for meatballs can improve the product functional properties effectively and recommended.Keywords: meatball, fresh beef, imported frozen beef, palatability, sodium tripolyphosphates

TEKNOLOGI PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH PADAT PENGOLAHAN KERIPIK SINGKONG MENJADI PAKAN PELET AYAM PEDAGING DI DESA BARATAN KABUPATEN JEMBER

Purnamasari, Listya, Pratiwi, Nurul, Siswoyo, Tri Agus

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

      Baratan Village, Patrang Sub-district, Jember District has a high potential production of cassava chips by Home Industry (IRT). Solid waste of cassava (cassava husk) from cassava processing into cassava chips has not been utilized properly. Cassava husk can be used as raw material for animal feed. The purpose of this program is the empowerment of the community of Baratan IRT in the processing of cassava husk into broiler feed and to increase the value of the waste and can improve the economic of the IRT in Baratan Village. Cassava husk has a deficiency because of the antinutrient content (Cyanide Acid) and dangerous when consumed. The methods used in this program are counseling and chipping of cassava with chipping tools, counseling and training of utilitation of cassava waste, counseling and training of broiler feed formulation, pelet making, mentoring, monitoring and evaluation. The result of this program is the IRT Baratan Village Jember Regency is able to process the solid waste from processing of cassava chips into broiler feed (pelet). Guidebooks can be used by IRT well so they can treat the waste into feed independently. IRT cassava chips as a partner of this program can implement and apply the technology that has been given and strive to always continuous in the manufacture of feed and pellet product development in an effort to improve the welfare and sustainability of the program.Keywords: cassava waste, pelet feed, Baratan Village

PENGARUH MIKROENKAPSULASI PROBIOTIK BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT INDIGENOUS UNGGAS MENGGUNAKAN BAHAN PENYALUT MALTODEKSTRIN TERHADAP VIABILITAS SELAMA PEMANASAN

Pradipta, Monica Sonia Indri

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh bahan penyalut maltodekstrin yang digunakan pada  mikroenkapsulasi  probiotik  bakteri  asam  laktat  (BAL)  dengan  metode  spray  drying  terhadap viabilitas  sel  BAL  selama  pengeringan.  Probiotik  BAL  yang  digunakan  adalah Streptococcus thermophilus  (Kp-2),  Lactobacillus  murinus  (Ar-3),  Pediococcus  acidilactici (Kd-6).  Mikrokapsul probiotik  Lactobacillus  murinus  menunjukkan  ketahanan  terhadap temperatur  80-85°C  selama  15 detik, akan tetapi Lactobacillus murinus tidak mampu mempertahankan viabilitasnya pada detik ke-30 dan  45.  Di  sisi  lain,  Streptococcus thermophilus  dan  Pediococcus  acidilactici  menunjukkan kemampuan  menghadapi  paparan panas  selama  15,  30  dan  45  detik.  Kadar  air  semua  sampel mikrokapsul probiotik berada pada standar normal kadar air dari produk hasil spray drying (di bawah 6%),  sementara aktivitas  air  berada  pada  kisaran  0,08  hingga  0,19.  Kesimpulan  yang  diperoleh adalah viabilitas  seluruh  probiotik  menurun  seiring  bertambahnya  lama  waktu  pemanasan  yang digunakan.  Sementara  persentase  viabilitas  Streptococcus  thermophilus  (Kp-2), Pediococcus acidilactici (Kd-6), dan probiotik campuran (MIX) pada detik ke-30 dan ke-45 tidak berbeda nyata  Kata kunci: Mikroenkapsulasi, probiotik unggas, viabilitas, pemanasan, spray drying 

PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI BETAIN DALAM RANSUM RENDAH METIONIN TERHADAP KECERNAAN NUTRIEN PADA PUYUH (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Gumilar, Gebby Citra Vasthu

Journal of Livestock Science and Production Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Journal of Livestock Science and Production
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

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Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the effect and optimum level of betaine suplementation in low methionine diet on nutrient digestibility of quail. This research used 340 quails aged in four weeks with a mean initial body weight 98.31± 8.67 g with CV 8.82%.  The experimental diets were formulated with 0,3% methionine. The design of the experiment used completely randomized design with four treatments, each treatment was repeated five times. The treatments given were betaine supplementation as 0 (control), 0.07; 0.14 and 0.21%. In vivo digestibility was measured by total collection method, when the quails was at the age of 13 weeks. Two quails was randomly chosen from each replication. Nutrient digestibility data were analyzed using analysis of variance and if there was the effect of treatment, then it was followed orthogonal polymonial test. The results of analysis of variance showed that the highest level of betain in feed increased the digestibility of crude protein with the regresion equation y =16.7717 + 69.7569x (R2=0.37) and optimum level of betaine supplementation on crude ash digestibility used the regression equation y = 6.7546x + 132.624 -500.806x2 (R2=0.21) was 0.13%. The conclusion of this research was that betaine supplementation in low methionine diet increased digestibility of crude protein and crude ash. Keywords: betaine, methionine, nutrient digestibility, quail