Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Adjudication: Journal of Law for contains a research results and studies in various fields of legal science. Journal adjudication is published 2 (two) times a year in June and December. Journal adjudication has been registered at the Scientific Documentation and Information Center (Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah - PDII) of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia - LIPI) with ISSN Number 2613-9995 (print) and 2614-0179 (online). The manuscript published in the journal of adjudication will be published by Faculty of Law of Universitas Serang Raya, both printed and online through the Open Journal System (OJS) at http://e-jurnal.lppmunsera.org
Articles
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Articles
Penyelesaian Sengketa Konsumen melalui Badan Penyelesaian Sengketa Konsumen (BPSK) Kota Serang

Rahman, Arif

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Consumer Dispute Settlement Board (BPSK) , as mentioned in the Rules No. 8 Years 1999 about Consumer Protection (UUPK) which is formed by the government, is the institution that responsible for holding and resolving disputes between consumers and businesses. The basic concept of the establishment of this institution is to handle the disputes between consumers and businesses. BPSK formation is intended to overcome the vagaries of litigation that tends to have long, formal and convoluted process with the alternative dispute resolution outside the court that is based on the principle of fast, simple and low cost. This research was conducted on Consumer Dispute Settlement Board (BPSK) Kota Serang by using normative juridical approach. The author conducted a review of literature regarding consumer protection law and the settlement of consumer disputes according to consumer protection codes which were collected and classified by the record in detail, systematic and focused on literature. Furthermore, the author conducted a descriptive analysis of data, in order to obtain a complete overview of the issues regarding the settlement of consumer disputes at BPSK Kota Serang.The Results of this research conducted by the author suggest a role of BPSK Serang in solving consumer disputes according to the Law No. 8 of 1999 on Consumer Protection can be resolved in three ways, which are conciliation, mediation and arbitration on the basis of selection and consent of the parties to the dispute. Verdict forms of conciliation methods and mediation are final and binding, without having to request fiat execution to the local court, while the form of the decision taken by arbitration method has to be requested fiat execution to the local Court for the arbitration award to have the executorial power. Additionally, arbitration decision of BPSK council also still has opportunities for the objection to the District Court, counted before passing 14 (fourteen) days after the arbitration decision was notified to the parties , for the party who did not accept the decision of the BPSK’s council.

Tanggungjawab dan Kewenangan Perawat Gigi dalam Melakukan Tindakan Medik Kedokteran Gigi

Anam, Khoirul

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Salah satu tenaga kesehatan yang melakukan upaya kesehatan adalah perawat gigi. Kewenangan perawat gigi untuk melakukan pekerjaannya adalah kewenangan hukum (rechtsbevoegheid). Kewenangan hukum yaitu kewenangan yang dimiliki oleh seorang tenaga kesehatan untuk melakukan pekerjaannya, sehingga atas dasar kewenangan, inilah perawat gigi berhak melakukan pengobatan sesuai dengan bidang keahliannya. Dalam hal ini perawat gigi memiliki kewenangan yang berupa tugas pokok sebagai perawat gigi dan tugas limpah dari dokter gigi maupun dari peraturan perundang-undangan dalam keadaan tertentu, berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2016 tentang Izin dan Penyelenggaraan Praktik Terapis Gigi dan Mulut, bahwa perawat gigi masuk dalam tenaga keperawatan. Dengan demikian, perawat gigi memiliki kewenangan dalam melakukan tindakan medik atas dasar peraturan perundang-undangan dan pelimpahan sebagian kewenangan dokter gigi. Penelitian yang dilakukan yaitu menggunakan. Metode Penelitian yuridis Sosiologis (social-legal approach), penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Salatiga, Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Jenis data dalam karya tulis ilmiah ini berupa data primer dan data sekunder di dukung dengan data tersier. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah kewenangan perawat gigi dalam melakukan upaya pelayanan kesehatan keperawatan memiliki dua kewenangan yaitu kewenangan atribusi dan kewenangan delegasi. Sanksi yang bisa diberikan kepada dokter gigi maupun perawat gigi bisa berupa sanksi disiplin, administrasi, perdata dan pidana.

Kedudukan Anak dari Perkawinan Berbeda Agama menurut Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia

Agustin, Fitria

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Article 2 paragraph  (1) of Law Number 1 Year 1974 contains provisions that marriage shall be considered valid if done according to the law of their respective religion and belief. The above provision implies no marriage outside the law of each of his or her religion and belief. Intermarriages between people of different religions will obviously cause problems as a result of the law of their marriage, most of which include the rights and duties of each husband and wife, property in marriage, as well as the position of the child in a marriage relationship. Problems will arise when the child has been born starting from the pattern of upbringing until when the child is adult and ably performs legal acts such as marriage, inheritance, and so forth. This research is intended to get answers to the problems: (1) How the position of the Child from Marriage parents of different religions? 2) How does the childs relationship with her parents parent if the child chooses a religion differently from both parents? The invention of the answer to this question is pursued by the Empirical Normative Legal Research Method. The law acts as a Norm (Legislation), with due regard to social reality. The results of the study are: (1) The marriage of religious differences according to the Marriage Law is considered invalid as well as the child born of the Marriage. (2) A child born of a different religious marriage only has a nasab with his mother.

Pengambilan Harta Wakaf Perpektif Hukum Islam dan Undang-Undang No. 41 Tahun 2004 (Studi Kasus di Desa Karang Anyar Kec. Jati Agung Kab. Lam-Sel Tahun 2016)

Mukhlishin, Ahmad, Arifin, Teguh, Dimyati, Muhammad

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

According to Islamic Law, Wakaf is to give up land or other objects that can be utilized by the Islamic Ummah without damaging the Wakaf objects and to grant the Wakaf objects to someone or to a legal entity to be utilized for the benefit of Islamic Ummah. Based on Agrarian Law, wakaf is an eternal transfer of right. The consequence is that the land becomes institutionalized forever and the right to land can no longer be transfered to the other partie either by means of trading, exchanging, granting and so on unless there is a legal reason allowing it.his analytical descriptive study with sociological juridical approach described the fact found in the community of Percut Jati Agung subdistrict. The result of this study showed that the problematic of wakaf land registrationin in karang anyar Percut jati agung  subdistrict, lampung selatan District were 1) the community members living in Percut jati agung Subdistrict did not understand much especially about wakaf land registration and certification, 2) the wakif (the one donates the wakaf object) could not issue the certificate for the donated land, while the declaration of wakaf (donation) had been made at KUA by PPAIW, and 3) the personnel working of KUA or BPN was very minimal that many declarations of donated land at KUA or Registrations of the donated land at BPN have not been handled. In the process of donated land registration.The related parties are suggested to handle the wakaf cases more maximally and to socialize the land registration and land donation that it can create a legal awareness in the community members and they understand the importance of land registration

Restorative Justice Bagi Anak Pelaku Tindak Pidana Pembunuhan dalam Perspektif Pidana Islam

Hasuri, Hasuri

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

The settlement of criminal cases by using the punishment method for the perpetrators (retributive) is not effective enaough and it is not become deterrent for the perpetrators but they more expert in doing criminal acts, moreover the perpetrators are children under the age that they are unstable in psychiatric and very easy to imitate the negative behavior gained in jail. Many methods of punishment offered by experts to change conventional punishment methods one of them is using the Restorative Justice, the  concept of punishment is by involving the victims family efforts not only focus on giving suffering to the perpetrator but also healing the injuries suffered by the victim and the victims family. This study focuses on the concept of Restorative Justice for children involved in criminal acts of murder in Islamic criminal studies, and find the differences in the application of Restorative Justice in the provision of a positive legal system in Indonesia with Islamic criminal law.

Efektivitas dan Efisiensi Penyelesaian Sengketa Kekayaan Intelektual melalui Arbitrase dan Mediasi berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 1999

Sudjana, Sudjana

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

This review discusses the effectiveness and efficiency of dispute resolution of intellectual property through Arbitration compared to Mediation under Law Number 30 of 1999.Approach method used is normative juridical, that is studying national legislation. Specific descriptive analytical research in the sense of describing the issues discussed and analyzed. The research stage is done through literature study to examine the primary law material such as Law Number 30 of  1999 Concerning Arbitration and Alternative Dispute  Resolution. Furthermore, secondary law material is done through expert opinion, and tertiary legal material is digital source (internet). Data collection techniques are conducted through document studies, which are conducted by reviewing documents on intellectual property dispute resolution. Then the method of data analysis is done through normative qualitative, it means to study the problem do not use statistic formula, but starting from the principles of law.The results of the study show that the settlement of intellectual property disputes through Arbitration and  Mediation each has advantages and disadvantages. Mediation is more effective and efficient than Arbitration relating to stakeholder relations, atmosphere, results achieved, and costs. However, in terms of legal certainty, arbitration is more effective because the decision is final and binding. Keywords: Dispute Resolution, Intellectual Property, Arbitration, Mediation.

Penerapan Undang-Undang Kepailitan dalam Menciptakan Iklim Berusaha Yang Sehat Bagi Seluruh Pelaku Usaha

Makmur, Syafrudin

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Law Number 37 Year 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligation (PKPU) is enacted in good faith to protect the rights of creditors who have receivables on the insolvent party, since in general the assets left by the insolvent party is less than the amount of the debt . So that the condition is very potential to cause chaos if the number of creditors more than one, because they each will fight each other to control the assets left behind as compensation for the settlement of receivables, and eventually among the creditors will apply: "who fast/strong he can, and who is slow / weak he bit the finger". With the stipulation of bankruptcy provisions in this law, congruent lenders will no longer fight each other because each will get the compensation of debt repayment proportionally according to the principle of "pari pasu pro rata parte".

Jurnalisme Kuning, ‘Lampu Kuning’ Etika Komunikasi Massa

Malik, Abdul

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Praktik jurnalisme kuning (yellow journalism) di Indonesia telah berlangsung sejak era Demokrasi Liberal dan berlanjut di era Orde Baru seiring dengan kemunculan koran Pos Kota dengan trilogi informasi yang disajikan: kriminalitas, kekerasan dan seksualitas. Pasca diberlakukannya Undang-Undang Pers No. 40 Tahun 1999, praktik jurnalisme demikian semakin memperlihatkan peningkatan dengan munculnya berbagai media serupa dengan Pos Kota. Pemberitaan yang bombastis penuh sensasi, vulgar, bahkan cenderung sadistis menjadi trend di banyak media. Kondisi yang kemudian juga berlangsung pada media berita online di era milenial saat ini.  Kebebasan pers yang didedikasikan untuk mencapai kemerdekaan pers guna mewujudkan kedaulatan rakyat yang berasaskan demokrasi, keadilan, dan supremasi hukum, sesuai semangat Undang-Undang No. 40 Tahun 1999, pada sebagian media dan wartawan lebih bermakna kebebasan tanpa batas dan cenderung keluar dari koridor etis-profetis, sehingga menimbulkan dampak negatif yang tidak kecil bagi masyarakat.

Analisis Formulasi Instrumen Simplifikasi Regulasi menuju Tatanan Hukum yang Terintegrasi Dan Harmonis

Sururi, Ahmad

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Problem regulasi di Indonesia seperti kualitas yang masih buruk dari segi konten dan substansi, kuantitas regulasi yang tidak terkontrol, tidak adanya kewenangan atau otoritas tunggal pengelola regulasi dan kurangnya pemahaman menjadi penyebab terjadinya disharmonisasi regulasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskipsikan dan menganalisis bagaimana formulasi Instrumen Simplikasi Regulasi (ISR) menuju tatanan hukum yang terintegrasi dan harmonis. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik yang digunakan adalah survei literatur akademis guna memperoleh konsep-konsep dan teori dengan kajian peraturan perundang-undangan. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui penelusuran berbagai sumber dan literatur yang relevan dengan penelitian yaitu dokumen resmi yang dikeluarkan oleh pemerintah seperti peraturan perundang-undangan, pemberitaan media massa cetak dan elektronik, jurnal dengan pendekatan hukum normatif dan buku-buku atau referensi yang terkait dengan regulasi. Proses analisis dilakukan secara komprehensif dengan tujuan agar hasil intrepretatif dan analisis tersebut bersifat deskriptif analitis. Hasil penelitian dan pembahasan diperoleh bahwa reformasi regulasi melalui instrumen simplifikasi regulasi merupakan salah satu opsi yang tepat dalam rangka menciptakan tatanan regulasi yang tertib dan harmonis. Capaian simplifikasi regulasi sejalan dengan arah kebijakan pembangunan bidang regulasi 2015-2019 yaitu mewujudkan sinergitas antara kebijakan dan regulasi agar tercipta sistem regulasi nasional yang sederhana dan tertib dalam rangka mendukung  pembangunan keunggulan komparatif perekonomian yang berbasis sumber daya alam yang tersedia, sumber daya manusia yang berkualitas serta kemampuan Iptek sehingga simplifikasi regulasi sebagai instrumen reformasi regulasi dapat terwujud secara ideal dalam mendukung proses pembangunan bidang regulasi secara nasional.

Pengisian Jabatan Presiden dan Presidential Threshold dalam Demokrasi Konstitusional di Indonesia

Fuqoha, Fuqoha

Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Serang Raya

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Abstract

Pengisian jabatan Presiden dan wakil Presiden merupakan salah satu unsur penting penyelenggaraan negara. Dalam konstitusi dijelaskan bahwa pemegang kekuasaan pemerintahan adalah Presiden dan dibantu oleh seorang wakil Presiden. Berdasarkan konstitusi negara Indonesia telah diatur mengenai mekanisme pengisian jabatan Presiden dan wakil Presiden. Prinsip konstitusi negara Indonesia atau undang-undang dasar negara Republik Indonesia mengandung prinsip demokrasi. Prinsip demokrasi memungkinkan setiap orang memiliki hak dan kesempatan yang sama dalam membangun masyarakat, bangsa dan negara yang menjadi hak konstitusional. Pasca amandemen UUD, mekanisme pengisian jabatan Presiden dan wakil Presiden diatur dalam Pasal 6A UUD 1945 yang mengharuskan calon Presiden dan wakil Presiden diusulkan oleh partai politik. Pengaturan lebih lanjut mengenai pengisian jabatan Presiden diatur melalui Undang-Undang No. 7 Tahun 2017 dimana ketentuan pencalonan Presiden dan wakil Presiden oleh partai politik diharuskan memenuhi presidential threshold. Adanya ketentuan tersebut bertentangan dengan prinsip demokrasi konstitusional. Dalam Pasal 6A UUD 1945 bertentangan dengan hak konstitusional setiap orang untuk menggunakan hak mencalonkan diri (the right to be candidate) sebagai Presiden dan/atau wakil Presiden. Melalui Pasal 222 UU. No.7 Tahun 2017 mengkebiri hak konstitusional partai politik dalam hak mengajukan calon (the right to propose candidate).