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Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering
ISSN : 25416332     EISSN : 25484281     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Scientific (JEMMME) is a scientific journal in the area of renewable energy, mechanical engineering, advanced material, dan manufacturing engineering. We are committing to invite academicians and scientiests for sharing ideas, knowledges, and experiences in our online publishing for free of charge. It would be our pleasure to accept your manuscripts submission to our journal site.
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Articles 42 Documents
Defect Prediction at The Superplastic Forming Process of The Bipolar Plate by Simulation Choirotin, Ismi; Choiron, Moch. Agus
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1036.517 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v3i1.5884

Abstract

 Improper parameter setting at the bipolar plate forming by superplastic process will outcome damage to the final workpiece. By employing computer simulation, the defect at the bipolar plate could be predicted close to the maximum thickness reduction and the effective stress data. Simulate the fabrication of bipolar plate by a number of forming temperature (350 – 450 °C) and air pressure (0.25 – 1 MPa) utilize Ansys, resulting maximum thickness reduction and effective stress occurred at 450 °C and 1 MPa. Make reference to the result, the bipolar plate didn’t expose any deficiency with 36.75% maximum thickness reduction. Have recourse to simulation will abbreviate the trial and error method as of the production process will more effective and efficient in terms of time and cost
Energy Absorption and Deformation Pattern Analysis of Initial Folded Crash Box Subjected to Frontal Test Choiron, Moch. Agus; Ida, Zumrotul; Purnowidodo, Anindito; Rivai, Ahmad
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.389 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v2i1.4689

Abstract

Crash box design as one of the passive safety components in a vehicle had been developed to enhance energy absorption. Initial fold on the crash box is set to facilitate folding during the crash. The aims of this study is to investigate the initial folded crash box with length to thickness ratio subjected to frontal test. The frontal test is modelled by using finite element analysis. Through computer simulation using 9 models, the obtained result was used to provide the better design of crash box. The variations in this study were length to thickness ratio of crash box with length of tube (L) = 115; 132.5; 150 mm and the thickness of tube (t) = 1.6; 2.0; 2.5 mm. The crash box material was assumed as bilinear isotropic hardening material. The velocity used in the simulations was 7.67 m/s with impact mass of 103 kg. Based on the results, it can be shown that 1st model to 8th model produce deformation pattern as concertina mode and 9th model has diamond mode. The 3rd model has the largest energy absorption with value 18.29 kJ.
Characteristic Study of Film Thickness on Countercurrent of Water-Air Flow in Hot-Leg Simulator of L/D = 25 by using Parallel-Wire Methods Ariawan, Radhi
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (589.269 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v2i2.5028

Abstract

In water-air counter current flow, relative movement between water and air occurred. The results of this movement interfacial instability occurred in the flow, causing the liquid film moves up and down. In this study, film thickness characteristics of water-air counter current flow in L/D=25 hot-leg simulator are identified. Film thickness measurement was carried out using parallel-wire sensor consists of parallel wires installed through the pipe’s cross sectional area with spacing of 5 mm. sensor has wire diameter of 0,51 mm made from copper coated in silver. This experimental study was carried out with water superficial velocity (JL) variation of JL=0,003 m/s, JL=0,032 m/s, and JL=0,065 m/s. From the film thickness measurement, film thickness characteristics of water-air counter current flow are identified based on the flow pattern and the position of onset of flooding. JL variation affects the occurring time of flow pattern change, hydraulic jump, and onset of flooding. Hydraulic jump and onset of flooding position occurred further from the bend as the JL increased. Onset of flooding occurrence time is faster as the JL bigger.
Effect of Mould and Melt Temperature on the Properties of Styrene Acrylonitrile Moulded Parts Budiantoro, Cahyo; Nugroho, Adi
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (225.673 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v3i1.5711

Abstract

The quality of injection moulded parts can be influenced by processing parameters. The effect of mould temperature and melt temperature on the weight and shrinkage of Styrene Acrylonitrile moulded part was observed in this research. It was found that by increasing mold temperatures at constant melt temperature and injection speed, the weight of the part decreased and the shrinkage value slightly decreased. On the other hand, by increasing melt temperature at constant mold temperature and injection speed, the part weight increased. Both mold temperature and melt temperature gave only a small effect because the temperature difference was not too large.
Comparison of Corrosion Rate on Paint Coated and Uncoated SS400 Steel Hariyadi, Eko; Jufri, Mohammad; Hasanuddin, Hasanuddin
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (392.899 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v2i1.4904

Abstract

To prevent corrosion in metal, especially carbon steel, always need efforts which considered expensive one. But, compared with costs and losts when the corrosion attack is not properly managed then the cost of efforts is much lower. The most popular method in preventing corrosion attack is by coating of metal which also has decorative objective. In this research, four coating materials were applied to the surface of low carbon steel strips (SS400) and as control uncoated SS400 steel strips were also employed. The steel strips then were dipped into electrolite solution consisted of 30% of consentration of H2SO4, and NaCl soluted in river water for 15 (fifteen) days. After the presetted time was elapsed, the steel strips then examined for lost of mass. It was found that the highest lost of mass was for unpolished uncoated one dipped in H2SO4 with corrosion rate of 4,566.06 mpy. The lowest lost was for paint coated one dipped in NaCl-river water solution with corroion rate of 0.64 mpy.
The effect of Chamfer to the Tensile Strength of Steel Jis S45cr Friction Welding Joints Aisyah, Iis Siti
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.76 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v1i1.4477

Abstract

Friction welding is a joining process that utilizes the force of pressure and heat from the friction to melt the tip of the workpiece in order to be connected The research has been conducted to measure the influence of the length of one side chamfer to the characteristic of the tensile strength of steel JIS45Cr friction welding joints.The research was conducted by experimental method with rotation speed 1800 rpm, time kept at 50 seconds, load used was 3.5 kg, chamfer angle was 30º and the length chamfer were 3 mm, 5 mm, 7 mm, 9 mm and 11 mm. The tensile test conducted to find the effect of the chamfer length.The result of the research concluded that the highest tensile test on length variant of 7 mm, it was 97.3505 kN/mm2 and the lowest on 3 mm was 92.9868 kN/mm2. It is proved that the chamfer length effect to thee tensile strength of friction welding.
Thermal Characteristic of Fire Resistance Electrical Cable for Residential Wiring Installation Sari, Yunita
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (780.207 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v3i1.5882

Abstract

The objective of the research was to investigate thermal characteristic of electrical cable for residential wiring installation in order to acquire the initial data for fire protection study especially connected to short circuit. The research methods were testing the characteristic of cable by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), fire resistant test, and current injection test according to International Standard IEC 60332-1-1. The results of the test were: differential scanning calorimetry gave the flame temperature of the cable was 3100C, fire resistant test shown the length of charred/melted cable was 65 mm and fire was extinguished in 10 s after the source of flame was cut, the current injection test showed that for current of 60 A, the cable started to melted and produce smoke after 270 s. The result showed that the cable comply with the specification, i.e. flame retardant cable or fire resistance cable as proved by test results and can be concluded that the cable gives adequate protection to the fire. Also, it can concluded that whenever short circuits occur, the cable able to withstand the high current and temperature for prolonged time and may only resulted in charred or melted only and doesnt make the cable came into flame/fire. Even if the fire is occurred in the cable as results of short circuit, the propagation is relatively not existed.
A Method to Extract P300 EEG Signal Feature Using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) for Lie Detection Caesarendra, Wahyu
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.376 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v2i1.4796

Abstract

The progress of todays technology is growing very quickly. This becomes the motivation for the community to be able to continue and provide innovations. One technology to be developed is the application of brain signals or called with electroencephalograph (EEG). EEG is a non-invasive measurement method that represents electrical signals from brain activity obtained by placement of multiple electrodes on the scalp in the area of the brain, thus obtaining information on electrical brain signals to be processed and analyzed. Lie is an act of covering up something so that only the person who is lying knows the truth of the statement. The hidden information from lying subjects will elicit an EEG-P300 signal response using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) in different shapes of amplitude that tends to be larger around 300 ms after stimulation. The method used in the experiment is to invite subject in a card game so that the process can be done naturally and the subject can well stimulated. After the trials there are several results almost all subjects have the same frequency on the frequency of 24-27 Hz. This is a classification of beta waves that have a frequency of 13-30 Hz where the beta wave is closely related to active thinking and attention, focusing on the outside world or solving concrete problems.
The Influence of Flooding Phenomenon to Pressure Drop on Hotleg Simulator with L/D=25 Sindhu, Marcellinus
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.098 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v2i2.5027

Abstract

Cooling system in nuclear reactor is much influenced by counter-current flow. When a leakage is occured, coolant in primary circuit of hotleg and hot steam from reactor will flows in counter-current condition. An experimental investigation has been performed to examine the effect of flooding phenomenon on the pressure drop. It was observed using acrylic complex pipe as hotleg simulator consisting of three parts: horizontal, bend and inclined pipe. Geometrical sizes of pipes was in scale of 1/30 of the actual hotleg geometrical size in the PWR with inner diameter=25.4 mm, the horizontal pipe length L=635 mm, and inclined pipe length was 20 mm with an angle of 50o. Pressure drop was meassured by using differential pressure sensor installed in the lower-tank (RPV simulator) dan upper-tank (SG simulator). Pressure drop was observed before, during and after flooding. Based on the observation, it was found that the change of flow pattern is followed by the change of pressure drop. The results of this study were also compared with some correlations using the dimensionless superficial velocity parameter by Wallis correlation. Wallis correlation can be written as JG*1/2 + 0,3974 JL*1/2 = 0,4832 .
Design, Fabrication, and Testing of Prototype of Total Lumbar Disc Replacement Himarosa, Rela Adi; Suyitno, Suyitno
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (479.807 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jemmme.v3i1.5618

Abstract

Total Disc Replacement (TDR) implant is part of the prosthesis to treat degenerative disease by retaining the maneuverability of the disk itself. The TDR implant allows to repair the movement of the spines, absorbs the friction of intervertebral discs, and restore the height of the vertebrae. In this study, we constructed a new model of TDR implant, which is feasible to be mass-produced in Indonesia and performed static test to examine the mechanical properties of the new model. Before starting the prototype production, the finite element simulation is necessary. Simulation using Abaqus 6.14 software show that our design is safe from mechanical failure. The simulation test was performed using the static general model, non linear by considering the plasticity of UHMWPE material. Manufactured using CNC 3 Axis and the prototype was tested with ASTM 2077 standards, using two calibration model on horizontal position and tilted position of 27° to measure the compressive strength and shear strength respectively.