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Yan Sukmawan
Contact Email
ysukmawan@polinela.ac.id
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Lampung
INDONESIA
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan
ISSN : 23379944     EISSN : 25489259     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan is a peer reviewed journal that mediate the dissemination of researchers in plantation production, plantation science, plant pests or disease-plant crops, and plantation management. The journal is published by Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan (Estate Crop Department), Politeknik Negeri Lampung (State Polytechnic of Lampung). The purpose of Editorial is to provide a forum exchange and an interface between researchers and practitioners in any field of agriculture.
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018" : 12 Documents clear
Pengaruh Persentase Enzim Papain dan Bawang Putih pada Rendemen dan Kualitas VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) Prayugo, Munir Putro; Ersan, Ersan; Delvitasari, Febrina
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1098.957 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.817

Abstract

VCO is an oil produced from coconuts that are treated with no heating, one of them using papain enzyme. Vegetable oil is a compound that is easily hydrolyzed and oxidized to make the quality of oil decline. Garlic is a natural antioxidant that can inhibit the oxidation process. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the effect of papain and garlic enzymes on the rendement and storage duration of VCO. This study used a factorial randomized block design with the first factor was percentage of papain enzyme (0%, 0,15%, 0,20%, and 0,25% and the second factor was percentage of garlic (0%, 0,5%, and 1 %) with 3 replications. The data of the research were analyzed by variance, followed by LSD test at 5% level. The results showed that the highest VCO rendement was obtained from the treatment of 0,25% papain enzyme. One percent (1%) garlic can maintain the quality of water content, FFA, density, and color of VCO at 3 months storage duration, except aroma. The combination of papain and garlic enzymes resulted in negative effect on rendement and cannot maintain VCO quality at 3 months storage duration. Keywords: enzyme papain, garlic, VCO storage
Produktivitas Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) Asal Bibit Bud Chips (Ujung, Tengah, Pangkal) Akibat Aplikasi Mulsa Bagasse Andeva, Nalendra; Indrawati, Wiwik; Kusumastuti, Any
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.071 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.815

Abstract

The use of bud chip seeds in meeting the needs of quality seeds in an effort to increase the production and yield of sugar cane. The use of bagasse will be a source of nutrients for plants, so that the optimum cane growth and increase sugar cane production. The objective of this study was to obtain the highest yield between bud chip position, bagasse mulch dose, and to know the interaction between bud chip budding treatment with bagasse mulch treatment on sugar cane rendement.. This research was conducted in teaching farm of Politeknik Negeri Lampung from June 2016 until February 2017. The experiments were performed using Randomized Block Design (RBD) in factorial pattern consisting of two factors. The first factor is the position of bud chips consisting of 3 levels i.e. top, middle, and base. The second factor is bagasse mulch dosage consisting of 4 levels i.e. 0 ton.ha-1, 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1. The result of this research showed that the position of bud chips on the top stem has an effect on the number of stem and the productivity of sugarcane compared to the midle and base stem position. The position of bud chips treatment result showed no effect on the yield of sugarcane. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1 showed no effect on the stem diameter, the number of stem, and the rendement of sugarcane, but affected by the dose mulch of bagasse 0 ton. ha-1. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1 showed the best effect on the number of stem per row and the productivity of sugarcane compared to all bagasse mulch treatments. There was no interaction between the treatment of sugarcane bud chips and mulch bagasse on all observation variables. Keywords: bud chips, bagasse mulch, sugarcane yield
Studi Kasus: Aksesbilitas Petani Kopi terhadap Kredit dari Lembaga Keuangan Bank Sartika, Sheila Ruth; Karyani, Tuti
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.534 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.954

Abstract

The development of coffee plants in Indonesia shows a rapid growth to fulfill domestic and foreign needs. However, there are still farmers who have not been able to maximize their market potential by using post-harvest technology to increase value added caused by the low accessibility of farmers to farming capital.This research aims to identify accessibility of coffee farmers to financial institution and analyze the factors of credit accessibility towards bank as financial institution of coffee farmers at Kubangsari 2 Farmers Group. The research design used quantitative design with survey research technique. The research sampling used simple random sampling with 31 sample of farmers picked. The data analysis used logit regression method with SPSS 21as a statistical tools. The results show that the coffee farmers take credit accessibility to bank (41,94%), non-bank (3,23%), and non-formal financial institution (51,61%). Besides that, there is 3,23% respondents did not access credit. The result of logit regression shows the factors that effect to credit accessibility of coffee farmers is age, formal education, farming experience, number of coffee trees, and coffee farming income.   Keywords: credit accesibility, farming income, logit regression
Analisis Faktor Internal dan Eksternal pada Unit Pengolahan Teh Rakyat Kelompok Tani Barokah, Bandung Tammah, Siti Utami; Trimo, Lucyana
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.503 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.778

Abstract

The tea plantation area in Indonesia is still dominated by tea smallholder estate of 45,17%. This is accompanied also by the growing number of tea agroindustry which increased by 0,83% based on data from the ministry of industry period 2007 to 2013. One of the tea  agroindustry that still survive is tea  smallholder processing unit of Barokah Farmer Group in Lebak Muncang Village, District Ciwidey Regency Bandung. This study aims to analyze the internal and external factors of the tea  smallholder processing units of Barokah Farmer Group. The technique used in this research is case study with the informants include the management of the in tea smallholder processing units in Barokah Farmer Group, the government agency of Bandung Plantation Office. The technique of data collection is done by observation, in-depth interview and documentation. The analysis tools used are IFE Analysis (internal factors evaluation) and EFE (external factor evaluation). The results showed that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group has a strong internal position where the strengths that have been able to cover the weakness well but have not been able to exploit the opportunities optimally and become very vulnerable to the threat of competition so that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group is weak in facing the dynamics of the external environment.   Keywords: agroindustry, tea smallholder, tea processing unit
Pengaturan Dosis Asap Cair Berbahan Baku Tempurung Kelapa Sebagai Bahan Penggumpal Lateks Sarbaini, Andrevil; Edison, Rachmad; Delvitasari, Febrina
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (127.132 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.791

Abstract

In the processing of solid rubber, such as the manufacture of crumb rubber and rubber smoke sheet, one of the most important stages is the coagulation process using coagulant. The coagulation process is instrumental in determining for quality the rubber produced. Low quality of bokar is caused by farmers using coagulant which are not recommended. Because of that, it’s necessary to found the alternative coagulant that does not damage the quality and the price is relatively cheap. The purpose of this research is gets the best dosage of coconut shell liquid smoke for latex coagulation and to evaluate quality crepe rubber coagulum using coconut shell liquid smoke. The quality observed is dirt content, ash content, volatile matter, PRI, Mooney viscosity, and color index was implemented at PTPN VII, Way Berulu, Pesawaran District. The doses used were 0,1%, 1,5%, 2%, 2,5%, and 3%. The result showed that the most effective dose used in this research was 1% with quality approaching formic acid treatment. Keywords: coconut shell, formic acid, latex coagulant, liquid smoke
Kajian Kitosan Sebagai Agens Pengendali Penyakit Busuk Buah Kakao (Phytophthora megakarya L.) Septiana, Septiana; Dirmawati, Suskandini Ratih; Evizal, Rusdi
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.36 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.977

Abstract

Indonesia is a cocoa producing country with production of 425 thousand tons per year. However, production continues to decline, among others, caused by Phytopthora megakarya cause of fruit rot disease of cocoa, therefore it is necessary effective control of cacao fruit rot disease. This study aims to determine the effect of chitosan concentration on the growth of P. megakarya cause of fruit rot disease in vitro. The research was conducted at Plant Disease Laboratory, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, from November 2012 to January 2013. V8 media research as a medium of growing P. megakarya.  The workshops are arranged in a complete randomized design (CRD) consisting of (1) V8 media without chitosan (2) V8 media 0,2%, (3) V8 media 0,4%, (4) V8 media 0,6%, (5) ) V8 media 0,8% (6) medium V8 fungicided copper oxide 56%, and replicated six times. The results showed that the colonies growth of P. megakarya 6 days after incubation in V8 media 0,4%, 0,6%, 0,8% more depressed than growth on the V8 without chitosan media.   Keywords: concentration, disease control, in vitro, V8 media
Produktivitas Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) Asal Bibit Bud Chips (Ujung, Tengah, Pangkal) Akibat Aplikasi Mulsa Bagasse Andeva, Nalendra; Indrawati, Wiwik; Kusumastuti, Any
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.071 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.815

Abstract

The use of bud chip seeds in meeting the needs of quality seeds in an effort to increase the production and yield of sugar cane. The use of bagasse will be a source of nutrients for plants, so that the optimum cane growth and increase sugar cane production. The objective of this study was to obtain the highest yield between bud chip position, bagasse mulch dose, and to know the interaction between bud chip budding treatment with bagasse mulch treatment on sugar cane rendement.. This research was conducted in teaching farm of Politeknik Negeri Lampung from June 2016 until February 2017. The experiments were performed using Randomized Block Design (RBD) in factorial pattern consisting of two factors. The first factor is the position of bud chips consisting of 3 levels i.e. top, middle, and base. The second factor is bagasse mulch dosage consisting of 4 levels i.e. 0 ton.ha-1, 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1. The result of this research showed that the position of bud chips on the top stem has an effect on the number of stem and the productivity of sugarcane compared to the midle and base stem position. The position of bud chips treatment result showed no effect on the yield of sugarcane. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1 showed no effect on the stem diameter, the number of stem, and the rendement of sugarcane, but affected by the dose mulch of bagasse 0 ton. ha-1. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1 showed the best effect on the number of stem per row and the productivity of sugarcane compared to all bagasse mulch treatments. There was no interaction between the treatment of sugarcane bud chips and mulch bagasse on all observation variables. Keywords: bud chips, bagasse mulch, sugarcane yield
Pengaruh Persentase Enzim Papain dan Bawang Putih pada Rendemen dan Kualitas VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) Prayugo, Munir Putro; Ersan, Ersan; Delvitasari, Febrina
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1098.957 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.817

Abstract

VCO is an oil produced from coconuts that are treated with no heating, one of them using papain enzyme. Vegetable oil is a compound that is easily hydrolyzed and oxidized to make the quality of oil decline. Garlic is a natural antioxidant that can inhibit the oxidation process. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the effect of papain and garlic enzymes on the rendement and storage duration of VCO. This study used a factorial randomized block design with the first factor was percentage of papain enzyme (0%, 0,15%, 0,20%, and 0,25% and the second factor was percentage of garlic (0%, 0,5%, and 1 %) with 3 replications. The data of the research were analyzed by variance, followed by LSD test at 5% level. The results showed that the highest VCO rendement was obtained from the treatment of 0,25% papain enzyme. One percent (1%) garlic can maintain the quality of water content, FFA, density, and color of VCO at 3 months storage duration, except aroma. The combination of papain and garlic enzymes resulted in negative effect on rendement and cannot maintain VCO quality at 3 months storage duration. Keywords: enzyme papain, garlic, VCO storage 
Kajian Kitosan Sebagai Agens Pengendali Penyakit Busuk Buah Kakao (Phytophthora megakarya L.) Septiana, Septiana; Dirmawati, Suskandini Ratih; Evizal, Rusdi
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.36 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.977

Abstract

Indonesia is a cocoa producing country with production of 425 thousand tons per year. However, production continues to decline, among others, caused by Phytopthora megakarya cause of fruit rot disease of cocoa, therefore it is necessary effective control of cacao fruit rot disease. This study aims to determine the effect of chitosan concentration on the growth of P. megakarya cause of fruit rot disease in vitro. The research was conducted at Plant Disease Laboratory, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, from November 2012 to January 2013. V8 media research as a medium of growing P. megakarya.  The workshops are arranged in a complete randomized design (CRD) consisting of (1) V8 media without chitosan (2) V8 media 0,2%, (3) V8 media 0,4%, (4) V8 media 0,6%, (5) ) V8 media 0,8% (6) medium V8 fungicided copper oxide 56%, and replicated six times. The results showed that the colonies growth of P. megakarya 6 days after incubation in V8 media 0,4%, 0,6%, 0,8% more depressed than growth on the V8 without chitosan media.   Keywords: concentration, disease control, in vitro, V8 media
Pengaturan Dosis Asap Cair Berbahan Baku Tempurung Kelapa Sebagai Bahan Penggumpal Lateks Sarbaini, Andrevil; Edison, Rachmad; Delvitasari, Febrina
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (127.132 KB) | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.791

Abstract

In the processing of solid rubber, such as the manufacture of crumb rubber and rubber smoke sheet, one of the most important stages is the coagulation process using coagulant. The coagulation process is instrumental in determining for quality the rubber produced. Low quality of bokar is caused by farmers using coagulant which are not recommended. Because of that, it’s necessary to found the alternative coagulant that does not damage the quality and the price is relatively cheap. The purpose of this research is gets the best dosage of coconut shell liquid smoke for latex coagulation and to evaluate quality crepe rubber coagulum using coconut shell liquid smoke. The quality observed is dirt content, ash content, volatile matter, PRI, Mooney viscosity, and color index was implemented at PTPN VII, Way Berulu, Pesawaran District. The doses used were 0,1%, 1,5%, 2%, 2,5%, and 3%. The result showed that the most effective dose used in this research was 1% with quality approaching formic acid treatment.Keywords: coconut shell, formic acid, latex coagulant, liquid smoke

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