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Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan is a peer reviewed journal that mediate the dissemination of researchers in plantation production, plantation science, plant pests or disease-plant crops, and plantation management. The journal is published by Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan (Estate Crop Department), Politeknik Negeri Lampung (State Polytechnic of Lampung). The purpose of Editorial is to provide a forum exchange and an interface between researchers and practitioners in any field of agriculture.
Articles
42
Articles
Eksistensi Bisnis Agroindustri Teh Iroet

Vidya, Dinda Vergy, Trimo, Lucyana

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

KSU Putera Mekar is the first cooperative to own a tea processing factory directly managed by smallholder tea farmers and produce dried tea products called Iroet tea. The beginning of Iroet Tea factory, they sell their products to PT Sariwangi AEA (Agricultural Estate Agency) and other small companies such as Agriwangi and Elinkindo, but it does not go long. PT Sariwangi broke his contract with the cooperative so that the cooperative did not have a large customer anymore. Cooperative members are decreasing because the cooperative is unable to absorb wet tea tops from farmers and can not afford to pay farmers with pay-weight system, but the agro-industry business still survives. This makes the cooperative requires the chronological know the main cause of bad business cooperatives and the reasons for cooperatives to survive. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results showed that the main cause of bad business cooperatives is the loss of large consumers and the absence of bailout funds. The reason for the cooperative still persists to this day because the cooperative management has a good orientation to improve the business of Iroet tea agroindustry, supported by the loyalty of cooperative members.   Keywords: agroindustry, cooperatives, loyalty, smallholder tea farmer

Respons Viabilitas Benih Kopi Arabica (Coffea arabica) terhadap Pelumuran Jamur Trichoderma viride di Pre-nursery

Sopiana, Emi, Tahir, Muhammad, Sudirman, Albertus

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producing country in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. This study aims to obtain an optimal rate of Trichoderma viride on coffee seed viability, to obtain the highest growth of Arabica coffee clones, and to obtain interaction between rate of Trichoderma viride and Arabica coffee clones on viability of coffee seeds. The research was conducted in Nursery Farm, State Polytechnic of Lampung from October to December 2016. This research use Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD). The first factor was the Arabica coffee clone i.e. Sigarar Utang clone and S 795 clone.The second factor was the rate of Trichoderma viride fungi culture i.e.O0 (without Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O1 (100 g Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O2 (200 g of Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O3 (300 g of Trichoderma viride fungi culture). The variables observed included seed growth rate, germination rate, cotyledon rupture rate, hypocotyl height, hypocotyl diameter, normal sprouts, leaf area, root dry weight, and leaf dry weight. If there is a significant difference in α 0,05, then the test is continue with the LeastSignificanceDifference test (LSD). The best treatment of Trichoderma viride fungi dosage was dosage 200 g can increase seed growth rate for 12 days, germination rate 80,28%, and hypocotyl height 7,15 cm.The highest clonal treatment in the Sigarar Debt clone can increase the height of hypocotyl of 7,15 cm and the leaf area of 14.39 cm2.   Keywords: Arabica coffee seed, Trichoderma viride fungi culture, seed growth rate

Pelanggaran Standar Operasional Prosedur Produksi Teh Iroet

Fisabilillah, Al Fattaah Muhammad Syah, Trimo, Lucyana

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Iroet Tea is a dry tea trademark owned by Koperasi Serba Usaha (KSU) Putera Mekar. Iroet tea products have been certified UTZ number two in the world and number one in Indonesia related to good plantation practices, good tea processing, environmental social issues, food safety, and quality improvement. Iroet Tea earned UTZ certificates in 2011 and 2013, but currently does not receive the certification, because there are many violations of the standard production procedures, so please note what violations that occur during the production process. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. KSU Putera Mekar has set the standard opertaion procedure since the process of picking shoots until dry tea processing process, so that if farmers and workers follow the standard procedure, then Iroet tea products produced will be good quality and get UTZ certificate. But many violations Iroet tea standard operation  procedures, from picking tea shoots, shoots at the shelter collecting the results, to the processing of dried tea is done at the factory. The results showed that there were many violations during the process of supplying raw materials to the production process, the violations committed in the form of non compliance with standard operation procedures and agreements related to raw materials needed, the process of gathering raw materials, and processing of dry tea.   Keywords: production, quality control, standard operation procedure, tea

Optimasi Pemberian Lumpur Aktif dan Dolomit dalam Pengolahan Limbah Cair Pabrik Kelapa Sawit

Widayanti, Erni, Subiantoro, Rijadi, Parapasan, Yonathan

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The palm oil mill effluent (POME) generally has very high of BOD and COD contents, so it must be processed before it is drained to the body water. The purpose of this research was to determine the capability of active sludge and dolomite rate and the combination both of them in reducing the palm oil industry liquid waste. This research was conducted in December 2016 until January 2017 at Chemical Analysis Laboratory, State Polytechnic of Lampung. This research consists of two factors. First factor was the use of active sludge (without active sludge and 1 kg of active sludge), and the second factor was dolomite rate (0,3%, 0,6%, and 0,9% dolomite).The results obtained were calculated bassed on average repetitions then at compared with the value of initial analysis and quality standard, but the COD value is calculated based on the percentage of the reduction value, and all the observed values are presented in the graph. The results showed that the 1 kg active sludge treatment was more effective in degrading the wastewater than with no active sludge. The increased dose of dolomite to 0.9% combined with 1 kg of active sludge will be followed by an increase in pH (6,23) and DO (0,26 mg.l-1), but decrease COD to 53,7%, TSS to 810 mg.l-1, turbidity value to 700 NTU, and potassium content to 4865 mg.l-1.                                                 Keywords: chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, palm oil mill effluent, total suspended solid, turbidity

Karakterisasi Morfofisiologi dan Hasil Minyak 10 Genotip Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.)

Wulansari, Retno, Tahir, Muhammad, Indrawati, Wiwik, Riniarti, Dewi

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Characterization of morphophysiology and oil yield of 10 patchouli genotypes (Pogostemon cablinBenth.) aims to test the morphology and physiology character of nine genotypes Aceh patchouli and one comparative clone (Lhokseumawe), obtain high yield oil clones (weight plant and essential oil content), and obtain genetic and phenotypic variabilities that can be used as a new genotype selection indicators. The research was conducted at Experimental Field and Plant Laboratory of the State Polytechnic of Lampung in April until November 2016. This research used Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 10 treatment levels and 3 replications.The LSI test results on the physiological character of the nine genotypes and one comparative clone showed that NPL 9 genotypes superior to the variables of the angle of petiole, chlorophyll content, leaf area, specific leaf area, and leaf area index. The NPL 9 genotypes resulted higher yield and rendement yields than other genotypes tested and one comparator, that was 2,36%. The character of stem production and rendement has a genetic variant value greater than the environmental variant. For genetic variability and phenotypic variability in the variables observed relatively uniform so that can not be used as an indicator of selection.   Keywords: Aceh patchouli, leaf character, selection indicator, variability of genotype, variability of phenotype

Intensitas Serangan Hama Penggerek Batang Kakao di Perkebunan Rakyat Cipadang, Gedongtataan, Pesawaran

Lestari, Puji, Purnomo, Purnomo

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Lampung is one of the Province that potential to cacao produce. Stem borer Zeuzera coffeae (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) is one of the pests that often be found, besides Conopomorpha cramerella and Helopelthis sp. Z. coffeae can bore branches and stems it caused xylem damage, plant break easily or plant growth inhibited. The research were conducted from September to October 2017. Sampling was doing at smallholder cocoa plantation in Cipadang Village, Gedongtataan Sub-district, Pesawaran District. Survey was doing to observe pest attacks characteristic, inventory of attacked host, identification of symptoms, and number of fruits. Attack intensity in young plant is higher than in older plants. In 4 years plants the intensity of attack and damage are 11,34% and 7,73%. While the intensity of attack and damage in the 9 plant years are 7,50% and 5,00%.   Keywords: attack intensity, cocoa, stem borer, Zeuzera sp.

Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit dengan Aplikasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskular dan Beberapa Dosis Pupuk Fosfat

Palasta, Rio, Rini, Maria Viva

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 5 No. 2, Oktober 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Farmer dependence on inorganic fertilizers drives the inclination of the fertilizer price which in turn influence the production cost. Therefore, it is necessary to find alternative way to reduce the consumption of inorganic fertilizers. This study aims to determine the most suitable arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) for oil palm seedlings, determining the best dosage of phosphate fertilizer for the growth of oil palm seedlings, and determine whether the growth response of oil palm seedlings to AMF inoculation is influenced by the dosage of P fertilizer given. Research had been conducted in the greenhouse and Plantation Production Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung from June 2012 until August 2013. The treatment design used was a factorial design and the experimental design used was a completely randomized block design. The first factor was AMF treatment i.e. control, Entrophospora sp. mv 3 isolate, Glomus sp. mv 9 isolate, Glomus sp. mv 10 isolate, and Glomus sp. mv 15 isolate. The second factor was the dosage of P fertilizer i.e. 23,32 g, 15,66 g, and 11,66 g per plant. Each treatment was repeated 4 times. The results showed that Glomus sp. mv 15 isolate was the most suitable type of AMF for oil palm seedlings. All dosages of P fertilizer tested showed no growth effect on oil palm seedlings and the growth response of oil palm seedlings to inoculation of AMF was not affected by dosage of P fertilizer. Keywords: Entrophospora, Glomus, mycorrhiza, oil palm, phosphate

Pengaruh Ekstrak Rimpang Alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica L.) pada Bobot Kering dan Persen Penutupan Gulma

Tamin, Argi Zhafran, Supriyatdi, Dedi, Syofian, Mirodi

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 5 No. 2, Oktober 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The use of herbicides has a negative impact on the environment so an environmentally friendly herbicide is needed. Alang-alang that are available in almost every area has a content of tannins in the form of allelopathy potential for weed control. The objective of the research is to know the percent of weed coverage due to the application of alang-alang bioherbicide.Concentration levels were tested in this research are: 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%. The research was arranged in a randomized block design that has five replication. Variables observed were the dry weight of weeds and percent of weed coverage. The results of this research showed that all various concentrations have not affected in controlling weeds and percent of weed coverage. Keywords: allelopathy, bioherbicide, weed control

Upaya Mengatasi Cekaman Kekeringan pada Tanaman Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) dengan Memanfaatkan Kompos Kiambang

Gusta, Adryade Reshi, Kusumastuti, Any

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 5 No. 2, Oktober 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Productivity and quality of patchouli is influenced by environmental factors especially drought stress. This study aim is to determine application of giant salvinia compost for resolving drought stress on patchouli. This study used a randomized block design and experiment with three replication arranged in factorial 3x4. The first factor is percentage of drought stress 0% (L0), 40% (L1), and 80% (L2). The second factor is application of giant salvinia compost, topsoil 100% (G0), topsoil and giant salvinia compost 1:1 (G1), topsoil and giant salvinia compost 2:1 (G2), and topsoil and giant salvinia compost 3:1 (G3). The result showed that giant salvinia affected increasing on plant height, number of branch, the ratio of root-shoot dry weight, and patchouli oil content.   Keywords: growth medium, patchouli oil content, soil moisture

Respons Pertumbuhan Lada Perdu terhadap Pemberian Dosis Pupuk Kandang Sapi dan Mikoriza

Ali, Fahri, Subechan, Mochammad Arif, Prasetia, Bagus

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 5 No. 2, Oktober 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Shrub pepper is a potential commodity to be cultivated under coconut trees of coastal sand. The problems are coastal sand generally not support plant to grow well, because of low of nutrition, organic matter, water holding capacity, soil fertility and high salinity. The aims of the research were to study the effect of mycorrhiza and cow manure doses on vegetatif growth of shrub pepper, and to study interaction between mycorrhiza and cow manure doses effect on vegetatif growth of shrub pepper. This experiment used Factorial Randomized Complete Blocks Design (RCBD) which consist 2 factors, first factor was doses of cow manure (P1= 5 kg.crop-1), (P2= 10 kg.crop-1) and (P3= 15 kg.crop-1). Second factor was doses of mycorrhiza (M0= without mycorrhiza/control), (M1= mycorrhiza 10 spore.crop-1) and (M2= mycorrhiza 20 spore.crop-1). Data obtained were analyzed with F test, and were continued with DMRT at 5 percent when significant. Results showed that mycorrhiza doses not affected the addition  number of leaves, internodes and laterals, this can be explained there was endogenous mycorrhiza in the soil used based on colonization of mycorrhiza test (M0 21,07%; M1 23,84% and M2 16, 73%). The effect of cow manure doses to addition number of leaves, internodes and laterals gave the same response, it’s caused all cow manure doses can supply nutrition for vegetative growth of shrub pepper based on the content of chlorophyl (P1 89,20; P2 77,76 and P3 80,94 mg.l-1). There was no interaction between mycorrhiza and cow manure doses on  all of observed variables.   Keywords: Coastal sand, coconut, colonization, pepper, vegetative