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Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan is a peer reviewed journal that mediate the dissemination of researchers in plantation production, plantation science, plant pests or disease-plant crops, and plantation management. The journal is published by Jurusan Budidaya Tanaman Perkebunan (Estate Crop Department), Politeknik Negeri Lampung (State Polytechnic of Lampung). The purpose of Editorial is to provide a forum exchange and an interface between researchers and practitioners in any field of agriculture.
Articles
48
Articles
Produktivitas Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) Asal Bibit Bud Chips (Ujung, Tengah, Pangkal) Akibat Aplikasi Mulsa Bagasse

Andeva, Nalendra, Indrawati, Wiwik, Kusumastuti, Any

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The use of bud chip seeds in meeting the needs of quality seeds in an effort to increase the production and yield of sugar cane. The use of bagasse will be a source of nutrients for plants, so that the optimum cane growth and increase sugar cane production. The objective of this study was to obtain the highest yield between bud chip position, bagasse mulch dose, and to know the interaction between bud chip budding treatment with bagasse mulch treatment on sugar cane rendement.. This research was conducted in teaching farm of Politeknik Negeri Lampung from June 2016 until February 2017. The experiments were performed using Randomized Block Design (RBD) in factorial pattern consisting of two factors. The first factor is the position of bud chips consisting of 3 levels i.e. top, middle, and base. The second factor is bagasse mulch dosage consisting of 4 levels i.e. 0 ton.ha-1, 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1. The result of this research showed that the position of bud chips on the top stem has an effect on the number of stem and the productivity of sugarcane compared to the midle and base stem position. The position of bud chips treatment result showed no effect on the yield of sugarcane. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1, 6 ton.ha-1, and 9 ton.ha-1 showed no effect on the stem diameter, the number of stem, and the rendement of sugarcane, but affected by the dose mulch of bagasse 0 ton. ha-1. The dose of bagasse 3 ton.ha-1 showed the best effect on the number of stem per row and the productivity of sugarcane compared to all bagasse mulch treatments. There was no interaction between the treatment of sugarcane bud chips and mulch bagasse on all observation variables. Keywords: bud chips, bagasse mulch, sugarcane yield

Pengaruh Persentase Enzim Papain dan Bawang Putih pada Rendemen dan Kualitas VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil)

Prayugo, Munir Putro, Ersan, Ersan, Delvitasari, Febrina

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

VCO is an oil produced from coconuts that are treated with no heating, one of them using papain enzyme. Vegetable oil is a compound that is easily hydrolyzed and oxidized to make the quality of oil decline. Garlic is a natural antioxidant that can inhibit the oxidation process. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the effect of papain and garlic enzymes on the rendement and storage duration of VCO. This study used a factorial randomized block design with the first factor was percentage of papain enzyme (0%, 0,15%, 0,20%, and 0,25% and the second factor was percentage of garlic (0%, 0,5%, and 1 %) with 3 replications. The data of the research were analyzed by variance, followed by LSD test at 5% level. The results showed that the highest VCO rendement was obtained from the treatment of 0,25% papain enzyme. One percent (1%) garlic can maintain the quality of water content, FFA, density, and color of VCO at 3 months storage duration, except aroma. The combination of papain and garlic enzymes resulted in negative effect on rendement and cannot maintain VCO quality at 3 months storage duration. Keywords: enzyme papain, garlic, VCO storage 

Kajian Kitosan Sebagai Agens Pengendali Penyakit Busuk Buah Kakao (Phytophthora megakarya L.)

Septiana, Septiana, Dirmawati, Suskandini Ratih, Evizal, Rusdi

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Indonesia is a cocoa producing country with production of 425 thousand tons per year. However, production continues to decline, among others, caused by Phytopthora megakarya cause of fruit rot disease of cocoa, therefore it is necessary effective control of cacao fruit rot disease. This study aims to determine the effect of chitosan concentration on the growth of P. megakarya cause of fruit rot disease in vitro. The research was conducted at Plant Disease Laboratory, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, from November 2012 to January 2013. V8 media research as a medium of growing P. megakarya.  The workshops are arranged in a complete randomized design (CRD) consisting of (1) V8 media without chitosan (2) V8 media 0,2%, (3) V8 media 0,4%, (4) V8 media 0,6%, (5) ) V8 media 0,8% (6) medium V8 fungicided copper oxide 56%, and replicated six times. The results showed that the colonies growth of P. megakarya 6 days after incubation in V8 media 0,4%, 0,6%, 0,8% more depressed than growth on the V8 without chitosan media.   Keywords: concentration, disease control, in vitro, V8 media

Pengaturan Dosis Asap Cair Berbahan Baku Tempurung Kelapa Sebagai Bahan Penggumpal Lateks

Sarbaini, Andrevil, Edison, Rachmad, Delvitasari, Febrina

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

In the processing of solid rubber, such as the manufacture of crumb rubber and rubber smoke sheet, one of the most important stages is the coagulation process using coagulant. The coagulation process is instrumental in determining for quality the rubber produced. Low quality of bokar is caused by farmers using coagulant which are not recommended. Because of that, it??s necessary to found the alternative coagulant that does not damage the quality and the price is relatively cheap. The purpose of this research is gets the best dosage of coconut shell liquid smoke for latex coagulation and to evaluate quality crepe rubber coagulum using coconut shell liquid smoke. The quality observed is dirt content, ash content, volatile matter, PRI, Mooney viscosity, and color index was implemented at PTPN VII, Way Berulu, Pesawaran District. The doses used were 0,1%, 1,5%, 2%, 2,5%, and 3%. The result showed that the most effective dose used in this research was 1% with quality approaching formic acid treatment.Keywords: coconut shell, formic acid, latex coagulant, liquid smoke

Analisis Faktor Internal dan Eksternal pada Unit Pengolahan Teh Rakyat Kelompok Tani Barokah, Bandung

Tammah, Siti Utami, Trimo, Lucyana

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The tea plantation area in Indonesia is still dominated by tea smallholder estate of 45,17%. This is accompanied also by the growing number of tea agroindustry which increased by 0,83% based on data from the ministry of industry period 2007 to 2013. One of the tea  agroindustry that still survive is tea  smallholder processing unit of Barokah Farmer Group in Lebak Muncang Village, District Ciwidey Regency Bandung. This study aims to analyze the internal and external factors of the tea  smallholder processing units of Barokah Farmer Group. The technique used in this research is case study with the informants include the management of the in tea smallholder processing units in Barokah Farmer Group, the government agency of Bandung Plantation Office. The technique of data collection is done by observation, in-depth interview and documentation. The analysis tools used are IFE Analysis (internal factors evaluation) and EFE (external factor evaluation). The results showed that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group has a strong internal position where the strengths that have been able to cover the weakness well but have not been able to exploit the opportunities optimally and become very vulnerable to the threat of competition so that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group is weak in facing the dynamics of the external environment.   Keywords: agroindustry, tea smallholder, tea processing unit

Studi Kasus: Aksesbilitas Petani Kopi terhadap Kredit dari Lembaga Keuangan Bank

Sartika, Sheila Ruth, Karyani, Tuti

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The development of coffee plants in Indonesia shows a rapid growth to fulfill domestic and foreign needs. However, there are still farmers who have not been able to maximize their market potential by using post-harvest technology to increase value added caused by the low accessibility of farmers to farming capital.This research aims to identify accessibility of coffee farmers to financial institution and analyze the factors of credit accessibility towards bank as financial institution of coffee farmers at Kubangsari 2 Farmers Group. The research design used quantitative design with survey research technique. The research sampling used simple random sampling with 31 sample of farmers picked. The data analysis used logit regression method with SPSS 21as a statistical tools. The results show that the coffee farmers take credit accessibility to bank (41,94%), non-bank (3,23%), and non-formal financial institution (51,61%). Besides that, there is 3,23% respondents did not access credit. The result of logit regression shows the factors that effect to credit accessibility of coffee farmers is age, formal education, farming experience, number of coffee trees, and coffee farming income.   Keywords: credit accesibility, farming income, logit regression

Eksistensi Bisnis Agroindustri Teh Iroet

Vidya, Dinda Vergy, Trimo, Lucyana

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

KSU Putera Mekar is the first cooperative to own a tea processing factory directly managed by smallholder tea farmers and produce dried tea products called Iroet tea. The beginning of Iroet Tea factory, they sell their products to PT Sariwangi AEA (Agricultural Estate Agency) and other small companies such as Agriwangi and Elinkindo, but it does not go long. PT Sariwangi broke his contract with the cooperative so that the cooperative did not have a large customer anymore. Cooperative members are decreasing because the cooperative is unable to absorb wet tea tops from farmers and can not afford to pay farmers with pay-weight system, but the agro-industry business still survives. This makes the cooperative requires the chronological know the main cause of bad business cooperatives and the reasons for cooperatives to survive. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results showed that the main cause of bad business cooperatives is the loss of large consumers and the absence of bailout funds. The reason for the cooperative still persists to this day because the cooperative management has a good orientation to improve the business of Iroet tea agroindustry, supported by the loyalty of cooperative members.   Keywords: agroindustry, cooperatives, loyalty, smallholder tea farmer

Respons Viabilitas Benih Kopi Arabica (Coffea arabica) terhadap Pelumuran Jamur Trichoderma viride di Pre-nursery

Sopiana, Emi, Tahir, Muhammad, Sudirman, Albertus

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producing country in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. This study aims to obtain an optimal rate of Trichoderma viride on coffee seed viability, to obtain the highest growth of Arabica coffee clones, and to obtain interaction between rate of Trichoderma viride and Arabica coffee clones on viability of coffee seeds. The research was conducted in Nursery Farm, State Polytechnic of Lampung from October to December 2016. This research use Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD). The first factor was the Arabica coffee clone i.e. Sigarar Utang clone and S 795 clone.The second factor was the rate of Trichoderma viride fungi culture i.e.O0 (without Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O1 (100 g Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O2 (200 g of Trichoderma viride fungi culture), O3 (300 g of Trichoderma viride fungi culture). The variables observed included seed growth rate, germination rate, cotyledon rupture rate, hypocotyl height, hypocotyl diameter, normal sprouts, leaf area, root dry weight, and leaf dry weight. If there is a significant difference in α 0,05, then the test is continue with the LeastSignificanceDifference test (LSD). The best treatment of Trichoderma viride fungi dosage was dosage 200 g can increase seed growth rate for 12 days, germination rate 80,28%, and hypocotyl height 7,15 cm.The highest clonal treatment in the Sigarar Debt clone can increase the height of hypocotyl of 7,15 cm and the leaf area of 14.39 cm2.   Keywords: Arabica coffee seed, Trichoderma viride fungi culture, seed growth rate

Pelanggaran Standar Operasional Prosedur Produksi Teh Iroet

Fisabilillah, Al Fattaah Muhammad Syah, Trimo, Lucyana

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

Iroet Tea is a dry tea trademark owned by Koperasi Serba Usaha (KSU) Putera Mekar. Iroet tea products have been certified UTZ number two in the world and number one in Indonesia related to good plantation practices, good tea processing, environmental social issues, food safety, and quality improvement. Iroet Tea earned UTZ certificates in 2011 and 2013, but currently does not receive the certification, because there are many violations of the standard production procedures, so please note what violations that occur during the production process. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. KSU Putera Mekar has set the standard opertaion procedure since the process of picking shoots until dry tea processing process, so that if farmers and workers follow the standard procedure, then Iroet tea products produced will be good quality and get UTZ certificate. But many violations Iroet tea standard operation  procedures, from picking tea shoots, shoots at the shelter collecting the results, to the processing of dried tea is done at the factory. The results showed that there were many violations during the process of supplying raw materials to the production process, the violations committed in the form of non compliance with standard operation procedures and agreements related to raw materials needed, the process of gathering raw materials, and processing of dry tea.   Keywords: production, quality control, standard operation procedure, tea

Optimasi Pemberian Lumpur Aktif dan Dolomit dalam Pengolahan Limbah Cair Pabrik Kelapa Sawit

Widayanti, Erni, Subiantoro, Rijadi, Parapasan, Yonathan

Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

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Abstract

The palm oil mill effluent (POME) generally has very high of BOD and COD contents, so it must be processed before it is drained to the body water. The purpose of this research was to determine the capability of active sludge and dolomite rate and the combination both of them in reducing the palm oil industry liquid waste. This research was conducted in December 2016 until January 2017 at Chemical Analysis Laboratory, State Polytechnic of Lampung. This research consists of two factors. First factor was the use of active sludge (without active sludge and 1 kg of active sludge), and the second factor was dolomite rate (0,3%, 0,6%, and 0,9% dolomite).The results obtained were calculated bassed on average repetitions then at compared with the value of initial analysis and quality standard, but the COD value is calculated based on the percentage of the reduction value, and all the observed values are presented in the graph. The results showed that the 1 kg active sludge treatment was more effective in degrading the wastewater than with no active sludge. The increased dose of dolomite to 0.9% combined with 1 kg of active sludge will be followed by an increase in pH (6,23) and DO (0,26 mg.l-1), but decrease COD to 53,7%, TSS to 810 mg.l-1, turbidity value to 700 NTU, and potassium content to 4865 mg.l-1.                                                 Keywords: chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, palm oil mill effluent, total suspended solid, turbidity