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OPTIMIZATION OF THE NATURAL VENTILATION IN THE MEDICAL SCHOOL BUILDING HALL OF FACULTY OF MEDICINE UNS

Budi, Juliana Bekti Susilaning, Fifthariski, Khairunnisa, Yuliani, Sri, Setyaningsih, Wiwik

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The natural air conditioning in the medical school building hall of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret needs to be optimized in order to achieve maximum thermal comfort. Optimal natural stability with the support of green space within a building can increase the level of comfort that supports user activity. The purpose of the research is to optimize the natural system applied in the building that is on the void located in the middle of the building by providing green space placed on the hall of the building so as to provide maximum thermal comfort on the user building according to principles in architectural design . This research used qualitative method based on literartur study, field observation and interview result with user of doctor building of Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University. The expected result from the provision of green space in the hall space of the building is the optimal natural innate in the building so that the building users feel comfortable in the move.

THE STRATEGY OF APPLYING AIR ELEMENT FOR BRUMBUN SPRING TOURISM DEVELOPMENT DESIGN IN LAMONGAN

Yani, Ahmad, Setyaningsih, Wiwik, Marlina, Avi

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Brumbun hot springs which located in Lamongan regency has the potential of hot springs that emerge from the bowels of the earth so it will never be running out. The lack of attention from the government and communities make the condition of the tourist attractions of Brumbun hot springs becomes inaccessible and might causes damage for it’s existing and natural facilities. Besides, the lack of activities variant also makes less visitors. With the support of the regency government through spatial and regional plans, it is designed a development of natural attractions in order to improve the existence of a tourist attraction and the optimization of Brumbun’s natural potential. The method used is descriptive qualitative method with case study through stages of idea exploration, data collection through observation, interview, and ecological architecture literature, then through analysis phase with precedent study and supporting data consisting of physical condition of tourist object and government regulations related to tourism object development. The result of the analysis is in the form of four applied elements of wind as an ecological architectural aspect of the building, ie roof pond with open pond system, nako rooster, vertical garden with structural media, and cross ventilation.Keywords : Architecture, Air, Hot Springs, Ecology

THE IMPACT OF LONG CANYON DESIGN AND WATERFRONT BARRIER BUILDINGS ON WIND VELOCITY IN A COASTAL AREA OF SELATPANJANG CITY

Rahman, Boby, Dinapradipta, Asri, Defiana, Ima

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The increase of waterfront buildings’ height has an effect on wind distribution in the urban canyon. On the other hand, the distribution of wind is needed in providing thermal balance in urban environments, especially in urban waterfront coastal areas. This study aimed at observing and analyzing the effect of building height (H) on waterfront buildings and aspects of the length to width (L/W) ratio related to the length of the canyon design. The observation was focused on the wind speed distribution. The research was an experimental research using ENVI-met V3.1 software for simulation. The results indicated that short canyon (low L/W value) results in lower wind speed changes compared to that of long one (higher L/W value) at all altitude levels. The short canyons provided more stability in wind speed reduction. The 15 meters wide of canyon design contributed to the highest average wind speed. Overall, the existence of a barrier building would result in a negative area of air flow and create a calm area within the distance of  ± 50 meters. Keyword: L/W ratio, waterfront barrier buildings, wind velocity, urban canyon

PLANNING AND DESIGNING THE CREATIVE INDUSTRY AND START-UP CO-WORKING SPACE IN SURAKARTA

Farah, Nabila Hanif, Hardiana, Ana, Muqoffa, Mohamad

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Surakarta City is designated as National Activity Center (PKN) on the National Spatial Plan (RTRWN) in the development of the creative economy sector. The determination is reinforced by Bekraf Developer Day 2017 and the Economic Census of the Central Bureau of Statistics which shows that Surakarta has more than 1250 creative workers. 65.75% of them have no place to work, so they do their work at home and or cafe. Problems that arise are how to design facilities and comfortable workspace so that the creative workers can make presentations and discussions with colleagues without being disturbed by the noise of other cafe visitors, or by family activities at home. In order to connect between start-up and creative workers, and to create a comfortable workspace to improve productivity and creativity of its users, is required collaborative working space (office) for creative industry workers and start-up in Surakarta City. The design of collaborative working space is done by collecting primary and secondary data through interviews, observation, precedent study, book literature study, local regulations, articles, and news. The data sets are then analyzed and synthesized to produce the concept of the space character criteria and the concept of the shape and appearance of the space which is then transformed into a collaborative working space design that supports the productivity and creativity of its users in Surakarta.Keywords: Collaborative Workspace, Productive, Creative, Surakarta. 

DESIGN STRATEGY OF BEKASI RAILWAY STATION DEVELOPMENT BY SPACE CIRCULATION PRINCIPAL

Hendarto, Iqbal Dwi, Suparno, Suparno, Samsudi, Samsudi

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Building development is an activity of planning and redesign a building to produce a new physical without altering a particular function or location. The development of railway station made the effort to redesign the railway station while still maintaining the principles and functions of the railwail station building in accordance with standard guide of railway station building. Bekasi City Railway Station is present as a place of activity that gives a big influence for train users in doing activities conveniently through the principles of development and standardization of station. Designing at Railway Station in Bekasi City is needed in realizing the quality of comfort and sustainability of the projection of the number of users within a certain period of time. The method applied in this research, among others, begin with the appointment of number of ideas and phenomena related to railway stations, collection of data and literature that resulted in analysis as a guide in the Development of Railway Station in Bekasi City. From analysis that has been produced through research method, and result of applying The Principle of Development Railway Station in Bekasi City which embodies through the development of space, mass management, building facade.  Keywords: Development, Railway Station, Bekasi City.

THE USE OF SPACE ON LIVING HOUSE AS A HAND DRAWN BATIK BUSINESS IN TOURIST VILLAGE OF BATIK TULIS LASEM

Wijaya, Arief Satya, Murtini, Titien Woro, Rukayah, R Siti

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Batik workers in Babagan Village work in the room used in together with household activities. Working on batik does not require special space and can use any space. The utilization of space is analyzed by theory of the basic form of space, the nature of space, type of space and productive house. The method used in this research is qualitative method. There are 9 batik workers who become observation units to obtain information needed in the research. There is some space that is used for batik these are kitchen, yard, terrace, dining room, and living room, so batik can be done in public space, semi public and service room but not done in private space because pollution, lighting and natural air still less. Determination of space utilization based on its location close to kitchen, toilet, and tool or materials storage room, no pollution, no exposed to rain splashes, there is space that can use while taking care of children, has enough room. There is no batik space at batik workers house, which is a place to make batik. Space has sufficient the extent of space required for the process of batik (nyanting). While the type of business space is a combination of mixed types and separate types.Keywords : Space, Batik Workers, Hand Drawn Batik

THE APPLICATION OF ARCHITECTURE BAHAVIORAL STUDIES FOR DESIGN STRATEGY IN FEMALE STUDENT’S DORMITORY IN SLEMAN

Fauzi, Iqbal Maulana, Samsudi, Samsudi, Wahyuwibowo, Agung Kumoro

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Nowadays, education is such a global priority and because of it, it is necessary for citizen to continue their education from Senior High School to Higher Education stage. Special Region of Yogyakarta is one of the most favorite destination to continue higher education. According to some researches in 2015, 70% of new university students came from outside Yogyakarta. Since there are so many students from outside Yogyakarta, the demand of student housing grows higher, especially for female students. A housing for students who came from outside Yogyakarta is necessary. This housing can be used as temporary place to live when they continue their study, while it also can support the student’s self-development in academic or non-academic activity. There are so many options of housing for female students, but a dormitory is the best option. A dormitory is the best option of housing for female students that can be provided with self-development facilities in academic or non-academic activity. This dormitory will be designed in a good way, so the female students as the user could get comfortable, motivated, and optimal in developing themselves. This dormitory also has to provide a serenity and comfort while the students doing their activity. In order to get those criteria, a study about behavioral architecture should be applied as a design approach. The studies of behavioral architecture that will be applied in design strategy are spatial analysis, site analysis, mass composition analysis, structure system and material analysis, and utility system. The analysis process that apply architecture behavioral study can give a result of dormitory design which give comfort when the user living and doing self-development activity.Keywords: student housing, dormitory, architecture behavioural studies

VIRTUAL REALITY AS A REPRESENT OF SPATIAL PERCEPTION OF MAIN CHAPEL ROOM AT THE CHURCH OF LIGHT

Putro, Hendro Trieddiantoro

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The research focused on the Virtual Reality in order to represent spatial perception. The research object was a Virtual Reality simulation of Main Chapel at The Church of Light. There was 9 spatial perception category to describe Main Chapel at The Church of Light that founded from literature study. The research used a virtual reality simulation and a semantic differential questionnaire. There are 40 students joined the research. They divided into 2 groups of architectural background groups and non-architectural background groups. They join the virtual reality simulation then tested with a semantic differential questionnaire. The research concluded with the effectiveness of Virtual Reality. The spatial perception of the main chapel at The Church of Light can be represented using Virtual Reality simulation. According to 7 spatial perception category that is represented, Virtual Reality can be categorized as an effective medium to representing spatial perception. Moreover, analyze results to6 pairs word that relate to 2 perception category that not in accordance with the  literature study, specifically to the darkness and detail of the object. This could happen because of a lack of quality in Virtual Reality  simulation product. The lack that produced from the low contrast effect and unmatched material reflection or miss match with the real condition.Keywords: Spatial Perception, Main Chapel Of The Church of Light Virtual Reality Simulation, Semantic Differential. 

VEGETATION TYPOLOGY ON LAND USE IN SUPPORTING SURAKARTA CITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Rini, Erma Fitria, Putri, Rufia Andisetyana, Nugraheni, Dara Sinta

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Green open spaces have natural elements and structures that carry out their ecological and aesthetical roles. The population density of Surakarta City is 11675 people/km2, which has an impact on the environment, such as the declining in urban air quality. Urban air quality can be overcome by providing sufficient vegetation. The availability of green open space in Surakarta City until 2014 only reached 12.4%, which means it has not been able to meet the minimum requirement of green open space, including vegetation in it. The method used in this study is descriptive analysis with primary data and satellite imagery. Vegetation studied is not only on public green open spaces, but also on the private green open spaces. The results show that the highest dominance of land use in Surakarta City is the trade and services. Unfortunately, this is inversely proportional to the existing average availability of vegetation cover in the domination, which only reaches 7%. This can be a recommendation for the government in prioritizing the development of green open spaces on those trade and services land use so it can support the sustainable development of Surakarta City. Keywords: land use, vegetation

STUDY OF THEORY, METHOD, APPLICATION OF GOTHIC CHURCH ARCHITECTURE

Kristiadi, Adimas

ARSITEKTURA Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

The architecture of Gothic church is the outcome from creation process of knowledge by human in 12th – 15th Century which originating from France, which one the evolution from Romanesque church architecture (10th – 13th Century). The word of “evolution” is being a keyword and be a reason of Gothic church, to change characters from Romanesque church architecture are monastic buildings (not large), heavy in appearance, simple in construction to be a larger and finer, much details and symbols, construction and ornament is advancing and improving, there is an effort to enter natural lighting. There is competition in 12th – 15th Century about bigger and magnificent building of church in Europe. The method is literature studies with analytical descriptions. The results are: 1) The basic theory of evolution is dignity, Gothic church architecture is built with the intention of giving honor of the highest to God. The concepts are verticalism, transparent, religious symbolism. The methods is following the concepts that are heighten (heightening structure), mitigate (lightening structure), brighten (natural lighting), symbolize (enrich symbols). The application is realized with: floor plan as cross, pointed arch, ribbed vault, flying buttress, pinnacles, flamboyant decoration, large windows filled with rich stained glass.Keywords: Gothic Architecture, Romanesque Architecture, Church, Theory, Concept, Method, Application