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Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 2302707X     EISSN : 25408828     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Social,
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan is a journal that contains articles about the development of statistical methods in the field of health, the application of statistical methods on solving health problems, the development of demography and demography, solving reproductive health problems, solving the problems of maternal and child health as well as the themes surrounding the development of biostatistics and population. This journal is published twice a year in July and December.
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Articles 43 Documents
Identification of Factors Influencing the Exclusion of Family Planning Post-natal Ayudha, Mita Dwi; Indawati, Rachmah
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Maternal mortality rate and total fertility rate at East Java on 2012 has increased, it needs a program approachon postpartum contraception. In Sukodadi Lamongan, the achievement of postpartum family planning for gettingcontraception on December 2012 was only 31.6%. This study was an observational descriptive study with crosssectional study design. Total population is 75 people with sample size are 63 respondents. Sampling techniques usedsimple random sampling. Research variables: socio demographic factors (age, income, education, and parity); healthfactors (obstetric history and contraception history), and environmental factors (husbands support and experience).There are 40 (63.5%) mothers are at a young age already have 1–2 kids by 50 (79.4%), they still possible to getpregnant again. Moreover, most of them had income below the minimum wage economy 31 (49.2%). Most of themhave normal obstetric history 35 (55.6%), maternal medical history is a history of previous obstetric and contraceptionhistory can affect the mother for not participating by used contraception, because mother not participating incontraception until now have a bad obstetric history and have side effects/complications of contraception 26 (68.42%);most of them have less support from husband is 34 (54%), is the instrumental and emotional support; most of themhave less experience about postpartum contraception 33 (52.4%). The lack of participation of mothers on postpartumfamily planning has the characteristics of young age < 30 years with low parity, and secondary education, andincome below the minimum wage, have normal obstetric history, contraception history with experiencing side effects/complications, had less of husbands support and less of experience in contraception.Keywords: participation, contraception, postpartum, husband support
The Role of the Midwife in Perception Mother in Mothers Rights Complete Pregnancy During Examination (K1-K4) Herminingsih, Lilis; Puspitasari, Nunik
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Antenatal care is health care provided by health professionals. Midwives as service providers have a infl uenceto increasing coverage of pregnant women visit. The objectives of this study was to analyze the role of midwivesaccording to maternal perception in the fulfi llment of the rights of pregnant women during complete antenatalcare. This study is analytic observasional using cross sectional design. Respondents were mothers with infantsaged 0–6 months at Gurah Health Center, Kediri Regency, East Java Province as much as 67 people taken byprobability sampling using a proportional stratifi ed random sampling technique. The results showed, the majorityof pregnant women who had gotten those rights. Multivariate analysis between the variable part of the rights ofpregnant women with complete antenatal care produces the predicted variable have an infl uence is informationregarding the referral system, prenatal time information during an emergency, importance of information deliveryshould be assisted health personnel, midwives include husbands or family when consulted, explain the reasons whenreferenced, approval to reject or accept the advice of the midwife and conversation between mother and midwifenot heard anyone else. Multivariate analysis between the rights of pregnant women with complete antenatal carethat infl uential is information about the maintenance of pregnancy (p = 0.003) and the service polite, friendly andresponded to complaints (p = 0.007). The conclusion that in order to increase the participation of pregnant womenduring complete antenatal care would require an increase in the role of midwife to fulfi ll pregnant women right toprovide information about the maintenance of pregnancy and provide courteous service, friendly and respondedto his complaint.Keywords: role of midwife, the rights of pregnant women, complete antenatal care
Health Card Usage Effectiveness (KMS): Electronics Improving Services to Speed​​, Simplify Data Collection and Decision Making Health Status in Posyandu Priskilla, Onny; Wibowo, Arief
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Monitoring the childs growth and development can be done in many ways, one of them is to look at changes inbody weight (BW). Changing in body weight (BW) is one of the indicators that is assumed providing suffi cient resultto monitor the development of the child. One way to monitored body weight (BW) of the child is to look at KartuMenuju Sehat (KMS). Data collection conducted in posyandu each month which were using KMS Sehat manual.Research done by developing a program of "Kartu Menuju Sehat Electronic (E-KMS)", then conducted trials tothe respondents. Respondents were mothers and mothers cadre mothers with toddlers in the posyandu cemara III,Jl. Ngagel Tirto III. The research was conducted using descriptive. Interviews were conducted to study the responseof the respondents regarding E-KMS. In E-KMS there are 4 forms created, select the form, male, female, and areport form. 100% of respondents stated that cadre E-KMS was easy to use, it could also increase the speed ofservice at the neighborhood health center, facilitate the process of data collection in posyandu infants and toddlers,and be used to make decisions about the health status of children. At 85% of respondents, toddler caregiversprefered E-KMS and 15% prefered KMS manual. Respondents said that E-KMS is better than manual KMS andpreferable to KMS manual. E-KMS needed to be equipped with charts and if possible, using other indicators.Keywords: E-KMS, speed of service in posyandu, body weight
Socio-Demographic Conditions of Eligible Couples (EFA) and the Role Husband of the Maternal Health Preparedness Rakhmawati, Marina; Indawati, Rachmah
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Suami Siaga (alert husband) is also an acronym for SIap (ready), Antar (take, transport), jaGA(stand by or guard) is one of important role in maintaining maternal health. This study aimed to identifythe husband’s role to care his wife that called siaga in Desa Sumokali, Kecamatan Candi, Sidoarjo. Thiswas an observational study that used cross sectional design. Samples were determined by simplerandom sampling technique. Amount of samples were 73 fertile couples who had been have a children at≤ 1 years old. Results showed that most of respondents (husbands) had been Siaga enough (43.8%), butthere still husbands weren’t Siaga at his wife’s maternal health (27.4%) and husbands had beenSiaga (28,8%). Most of husbands who weren’t Siaga at 26–35 years old (31.1%), had been graduatedfrom elementary school (62.5%), work at factory or be a farmer (31.6%) and had a low salaries(≤ IDR.1.700.000) (36.7%). Husbands weren’t Siaga could be showed by lacked of readiness when he decidedobstetric care, health expert and lacked of readiness to make savings earlier. Then, most of husbands had lowcuriosity in information about maternal health. Most of respondents still giving home activity to his wife evenhe knew that his wife was pregnant. Based on the result above, it’s recommended that health offi cer or healthdepartment to sosialization about how importance of husband’s role during his wife pregnancy by counseling andspreding leafl et or booklet, activate P4K programme again and combine Suami Siaga programme into Jampersalprogramme.Keyword: fertile couples’s, socio-demographic conditions, suami siaga (alert husband)
Mixture Modeling Survival Case Study of HIV / AIDS at VCT Clinic / Hospital Dr CST. Kariadi Semarang Saputro, Sigit Ari; Melaniani, Soenarnatalina; Wibowo, Arief; Wijanarko, Bambang; Sofro, Muchlis Achsan
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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A cohort study HIV/AIDS was conducted in Kariadi hospital and used simple random sampling method. Theobjective were to determine which factors are associated with survival time of HIV/AIDS. Factors that infl uencewith survival time of HIV/AIDS patient’s included age, gender, education level, working status, marital status,antiretroviral therapy, CD4 counts, opportunistic infections, functional status, stadium and adherence. Thisresearch employed Mixture Survival analysis with cox regression of proportional hazard. This model consist oftwo distribution of survival .They are higher risk sub population and lower risk sub population of HIV infection.The result of cox proportional hazard regression mixture analysis by its population at risk classifi cation showsthat the resulting model for each component risk is different based on percentage of survival time. Analysis ofmultivariate Cox proportional hazards models were constructed for each to evaluate trends in the RR of HIVrelated death. Multivariate cox regression in higher status risk group resulted that education level (HR = 1. 826 ,CI: 1.048–3.182 ), CD4 counts (HR = 0.995 , CI: 0.991–0.999), functional status (HR = 3.063, CI: 1.670–5.617)and adherence (HR = 0.235, CI: 0.127–0.436) have signifi cant with survival time. The other non risk grouprepresented age (HR = 0.903, CI: 0.825–0.988), marital status (HR = 0.031, CI: 0.002–0.575), CD4 counts(HR = 0.992, CI: 0.986–0.999), opportunistic infections (HR = 7.734, CI: 1.477–40.503) and adherence(HR = 0.247, CI: 0.098–0.625) have signifi cant with survival time. Estimation mixture Weibull parameter showsmodel contribution that 96,37% survival time from higher risk sub population. Further research is needed todetermine the other survival modeling why such disparities of subpopulation hazard proportion.Keywords: HIV/AIDS, mixture survival, cox proportional hazard
Role of Teachers in Adolescent Reproductive Health Education Deaf (Studies SMPLB-B work Majesty Surabaya) Permata, Risye Anggun; Melaniani, Soenarnatalina
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Impairment of hearing towards the deaf adolescents obstruct the way received access to appropriate information.Therefore, teacher’s role is needed because the deaf adolescents students spent a lot of time at school. Theseresearch’s aim is to discover teacher’s role to adolescents deaf’s health reproductive in SMPLB-B Karya MuliaSurabaya. This research is a descriptive observational’s research with a cross-sectional design. Subject of theseresearch is the teacher and the students in SMPLB-B Karya Mulia Surabaya. Health reproductive topic is the partof science and sport lessons also in boy scout activities, the topic are reproductive organs, adolescent growth anddevelopment, PMS, HIV/ AIDS, healthy life style and drugs. In the implementation of the whole teaching processthere are use fi nger spelling. The deaf adolescents students knowledge’s level are in the medium level, so that couldbe identifi ed that teacher’s role to adolescents deaf’s health reproductive is suffi cient. Teachers give explanationabout health reproductive from the education and moral’s side. The relevancy need of the teacher’s role for givingeducation to deaf adolescents students about deaf adolescents health reproductive to make them care about theirselves so that they can get off from sexual harassment.Keywords: deaf adolescents students, teacher’s role, health reproductive
Effect of Correction in Patients with Myopia Glasses the Student Achievement Grade VII Junior High School 34 Surabaya Wibowo, Arief
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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A student who suffered from myopia for the reception of visual information from the teacher will be disrupted,with the provision of corrective eyeglasses to correct abnormalities myopia. In this study analyzed the effect ofgiving correction glasses to students class VII SMP Negeri 34 Surabaya to learning achievement, with a kindof experimental research with pre and post test randomized controlled group design. Determination of studysample with simple random sampling method. By using a ratio of 1:1. The number of sample cases (myopia)as many as 21 students and a control sample (no myopia) as many as 21 students. The results of paired samplet test with α = 0.05 in the group of cases showed that wearing glasses myopia correction has no effect on thestudents signifi cantly to learning achievement, learning achievements before and after the use of corrective glassesresults for the Indonesian language p = 0.905, mathematics p = 0.069, and science p = 0.550 and only learnedEnglish achievement before and after the use of corrective glasses obtained results p = 0.009. While the resultsobtained in the control group for learning achievement in English p = 0.061, mathematics p = 0.180, and sciencep = 0.083 and learning Indonesian only the results obtained p = 0.009. The conclusion of this study is the use ofcorrective glasses to students who have myopia does not affect signifi cantly the learning achievement of students.The learning achievement is infl uenced by many factors: internal factors consisting of health, intelligence,motivation, and learning procedures and external factors consisting of the curriculum, teachers, facility /facilities,and environment.Keywords: myopia, glasses correction, school performance
Spontaneous Abortion in Early Marriage Andrian, Andrian; Kuntoro, Kuntoro
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Best age to get married is 20–30 years old. Marriage at an early age has a greater risk of the occurrenceof complications in pregnancy and childbirth. In the village Tembokrejo Muncar, district Banyuwangi havemarriage rates at an early age is very high. In the village Tembokrejo married women aged < 20 years at 70%of the total wedding going on. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between early marriagewith spontaneous abortion incidence in the region. This study uses cross-sectional study design, the collectionof primary data through interviews using questionnaires, a sample of 130 married women with 65 women whogot married at an early age and 65 women who marry in adulthood. Subjects drawn from a population with asimple random sampling technique. Research variable is the age of marriage, age at first pregnancy, education,knowledge, and content inspection. Count the results, ÷2 = 8.876 p-value = 0.003 (á < 0.05) means that there is arelationship between early marriage with the incidence of spontaneous abortion. Conclusions drawn from studieson women who do marriage at an early age have a greater risk of the incidence of complications in pregnancycompared to women who marry in adulthood. Giving an understanding of the effects of marriage on health atan early age is necessary.Keywords: marriage, early marriage, abortus, abortus spontaneous
Factor Analysis of Early menarche Age Relations Dwi Putri, Rofi’atul Laily; Melaniani, Soenarnatalina
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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Menarche is the fi rst hemorrhage from uterine which occurs at women with puberty’s age around 12–14 years old.Early menarche is related to several factors such as: nutrients conditions, genetics, food consumptions, hormone,socio economic, mass media of adults contamination (pornography), sexual behavior and life style. This researchaimed to identify dominant factor that related to age of early menarche occurrence with use factor analysis method.This research used cross sectional design. The total Sample was 83 students who had menarche experience (1stmenarche). Genetic’s data, food consumption, hormone, socio economic, mass media of adult contamination,sexual behavior and life style’s data were resulted by questioners and nutrient’s status conditions was resulted byanthropometric’s measurement. The data was analyzed by factor analysis method. Early menarche’s prevalencewas 67.4%. Result showed that presentation of macronutrient consumptions was 33.20%, life style factor was18.66%, and parent’s salary and physical exercise factor was 14.40%. The conclusions showed that macronutrient’sconsumptions (consumption fat, consumption plant protein, and animal protein) factor became the dominant factorwhich related to early menarche occurrence. So that, it’s recommended for develope teenager’s discussion groupwho have been given education about reproduction health to be able to discuss it with each other friends abouthealth education of women’s reproduction which associated with age at menarche (1st menstruation), some of factorthat associations with age at menarche (1st menstruation), fulfi llment adolescense’s nutrient as well as all teacherjoin with nutrient specialist for giving education balanced food consumption.Keywords: early menarche; factor analysis; macronutrient consumptions factor
Comparison of Methods ARIMA (Box Jenkins) and Method of Winter Forecasting the Number of Cases of Dengue Fever Octora, Metta; Kuntoro, Kuntoro
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
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A good forecasting method is a method that has the smallest error rate in forecasting. Each ARIMA (Box Jenkins)and Winter method have advantages and disadvantages when compared with other methods. For comparing thesemethods, we used Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) case because of seasonal feature. The study has been doneto compare ARIMA and Winter method by determining the best mathematical model, and the smallest predictionerror on the number of DHF cases in Surabaya. The data was DHF case at Health Department of Surabaya forthe period from January 2005 until June 2010. Time series data are classifi ed monthly that are known have cyclicperiodic movements. Earlier variants should be tested fi rst by comparing the individual values with the averagevalue for each year. If the data is already seasonal then analyzed with Winters and ARIMA method. Winters methodused 4 models, while ARIMA method obtained 3 models. Furthermore, mathematical models are determined thesmallest forecasting error rate by the smallest value MAPE, MAD and MSE indicator to predict the incidence ofDHF in the next 6 months. The smallest error in sample value of Winters method is model 3 with MAPE 49.14212;MAD 88.5205; and MSE 18322.02, while the smallest error out sample value of Winters method is a model 4 withMAPE 3.8810; MAD 17.4669 and MSD 4535.979982. The smallest error in sample value of ARIMA method ismodel 1 with MAPE 3.9667, MAD 0.1935 and MSD 0.067899. The smallest error out sample value of ARIMAmethod is model 2 with MAPE 1,0286; MAD 0,0620 and MSD 0.0489032 of the these methods are analyzed can beconcluded that the method of ARIMA (1,0,2) (1,0,2) is the best method because it has the MAPE, MAD and MSDis smaller than the method of Winter with parameters alpha = 0.2, gamma = 0.15 and delta 0.002.Keywords: ARIMA, winters, seasonal, MAPE, MAD, MSD