Biometrika dan Kependudukan
Published by Universitas Airlangga
jurnal departemen biostatistika dan kependudukan FKM universitas Airlangga
Articles
43
Articles
Peran Faktor Keluarga Dan Karakteristik Remaja Terhadap Perilaku Seksual Pranikah

Putri, Berliana Devianti ( Fakultas Kesehatan masyarakat, universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Adolescent reproductive health issues can hinder quality improvement adolescents, one of reproductive behavior is unhealthy pre-marital sexual behavior. This study was observational explanative with cross-sectional design. The goal was analyze the influence of the characteristics and the family factors on adolescent to pre-marital sexual behavior in high school students "X" Surabaya. The population was all students which studying in high school "X" Surabaya in 2014. Sampling was stratified random sampling and obtained 91 students. The independent variables were age, sex, allowance, parenting, family communication patterns, and family form. The analysis used multinomial multiple logistic regression, with the reference category was pre-marital sexual behavior of low risk and  the level of significance α = 5%. The result showed that pre-marital sexual was influenced by sex, parenting, family communication patterns, and family form (p<0,05).Keywords : adolescent, family factors, pre-marital sexual

Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perkawinan Muda Perempuan

Qibtiyah, Mariyatul ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Early marriage was still happened in Indonesia, in the city and also in the village with different social, economic, and culture background.  The percentage of early marriage in Indonesia is still high, ranked 37 in the world and the second highest in Southeast Asia. Early marriage can lead to negative effects on education, socio-economic, demographic, psychological, and health. This study aims to analyze the influence of social, economic, and cultural factors to the age of first marriage in urban and rural areas in kabupaten Tuban. This research was observational with cross sectional design. The sample of this research were 62 women who got marriaged before 21 years old in 2013 in kecamatan Tuban and kecamatan Grabagan kabupaten Tuban. Subjects were selected by cluster random sampling. The independent variables of this research were residence, education, occupation, salary, perception of courtship, and perception of "old maid". Correlation analysis with Fisher??s Exact test showed that residence and education had significant correlation with early marriage (p<0,05). The multiple logistic regression with significance level α=0.05 showed that the significance value of residence was p=0,008 (p<0,05) and education was p=0,037 (p<0,05). In conclusion, independent variables that affect early marriage was social factor, that is residence and education. While economic factor and cultural factor did not affect early marriage in urban and rural areas in kabupaten Tuban. Keywords: residence, education, early marriage

Kondisi Sosioekonomi dan Demografi Keluarga Pra Sejahtera dan Sejahtera I

Rukmana, Umu Komariah ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Indawati, Rachmah ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Role of family in following program of BKB can help for increasing family??s property. There still any properous family, who does not get efficacy yet in mothering and constructing child. Aims of this study was to study socio economy and demography condition to the pre prosperous and prosperous ??I? family as participant of Bina Keluarga Balita group to the five years child development status in Mojokerto City. This was observational study which conducted with cross sectional design. Sample of this research was 90 pre prosperous and prosperous ??I? family as participant of Bina Keluarga Balita group.Subjects drawn from the population by simple random sampling. Independent variables were demographic study (age, age of first marriage, number of children, number of family members, and the frequency of marriage), and socioeconomic conditions (education, employment, income, expenditures, and the status of residence). While the dependent variable is the status of early child development research. The result showed that status of early child  development found in this study was 12.2% which has been delayed. Results were analyzed using Chi Square test with a significance level of p = 0.000, 0,5 results which means there is a relationship between the number of children with developmental status of children under five, as well as the variables of education, employment, and pengasilan (p = 0.025, p = 0.002, p = 0.008 ). The conclusion that can be drawn is that there is a relationship between socioeconomic and demographic with a status of early child development. Families are to gives directed stimulation especially related to aspects of intelligence.Keywords : socioeconomy and demography condition, child development status   

Hubungan Persepsi Nilai Anak dengan Jumlah dan Jenis Kelamin Anak yang Diinginkan pada Wanita Usia Subur Pranikah di Perdesaan

Putri, Chayang Yanisa Yunika Prestiche ( Fakultas Kesehatan masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of the factors that influence use of contraception is population??s motivation, especially the number of children desired. It is affected by the perception of children value, both of son or daughter. The higher perception of children value may lead to increased Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of woman. It cause the problem, such as population explosion in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to find the correlation between perception of the children value with the desired number of children and sex preference by premarital women in the reproduction age in rural areas. This was a cross sectional study with quantitative research approach. Interviews were conducted to the 60 premarital women in reproduction age. Subjects were selected by simple random sampling.  The independent variable was the perception of children value. While the dependent variables were the desired number of children and sex preference. Spearman correlation test showed significant relationship between primary  group ties and affection (p=0,012), adult status and social identity (p=0,012) and economic utility (p=0,006) with the desired number of children. There was no significant relationship between perception stimulation and fun, self-expansion, achievement and creativity, and morality with the desired number of children. Chi Square Fisher Exact Test showed that there were no relationship between perception of the value of children with sex preference. Villagers tend to make children as old age security. The existence of old age social security is needed so that people do not make the child as the only guarantee for old age.Keywords : perception of children value, the desired number of children, sex preference

Pengaruh Faktor Risiko Ibu Dan Janin Terhadap Persalinan Caesarean Section

Umadah, Najwatul ( Rumah Sakit Islam Jemursari Surabaya ) , Wibowo, Arief ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Maternal mortality is due to increased complications during pregnancy, childbirth, and after childbirth, but with technological advances in medicine, birth mothers who experienced complications can be helped by cesarean section. The purpose of the study to analyze the effect of maternal and fetal risk factors on the cesarean section in RSI Jemursari Surabaya. Research conducted using secondary data from medical records. The entire population of women giving birth with a sample of 138 mother maternity. Independent variables included age, parity, birth spacing, education, employment antenatal care frequency, premature rupture of membranes, a former history section, fetal presentation and placental location. Dependent variable is the cesarean section. The statistical test used was a multiple logistic regression. The results showed the influence of maternal risk factors on the cesarean include variables age, parity, birth spacing, former history section, and the incidence of premature rupture of membranes, the variable education, employment, the frequency of antenatal care and fetal factors no effect on the labor of section cesarean. Conclusion The research is maternal risk factors may affect the labor of cesarean section.Keywords : caesarean section, maternal factors, fetal factors   

Analisis Faktor Risiko Berat Badan Lahir Pada Kematian Perinatal Menggunakan Meta Analysis

Prasiska, Danik Iga ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACTBiostatistics research is currently been developed by health experts to examine a variety of health problems. One method of biostatistics research that is still rarely conducted by researchers is the kind of research literature reviews one meta-analysis.  This study aimed to apply the methods of meta-analysis on birth weight as  risk factor for perinatal mortality by summarizing the results of research into a variety of more accurate conclusions. This research included of unobtrusive research. Researchers did not make direct contact with the respondent. The independent variables used were birth weight and perinatal mortality is a dependent variable. Data analysis was performed with the help of software Comprehensive Meta analysis with a confidence level of α = 5%. Based on the results of analysis showed that the odds ratios obtained value is 14.018 with a p-value of 0.000. Proving that birth weight was  risk factor of perinatal mortality.Keyword : perinatal mortality, meta analysis

Rendahnya Keikutsertaan Pengguna Metode Kontrasepsi Jangka Panjang Pada Pasangan Usia Subur

Dewi, Putri Hariyani Chandra ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Notobroto, Hari Basuki ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACTLong term contraception is effective method for delaying and  spacing pregnancy, also terminating fertility. Therefore the government try to increase the used of long term contraception, but in fact the used of non long term contraception more than the used of long term contraception. This study was conducted to determine the low participation of acceptor with long term contraception on fertile couple. This research used analytic study with case control methods. The population were case population (long term contraceptive users) and control population (non long term contraceptive users) on fertile couples 15-49 years in Tebalo Polindes Manyar Gresik. Sampling technique used simple random sampling and got 42 cases and 42 controls. The variables were age, education level, number of children and knowledge. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression with a level of significance value (α)0,05. Result of logistic regression analysis found three significant variables were age (p= 0,007), number of children (p=0,020) and knowledge (0,011). Conclusion of research is that users the younger using less long term contraception than older users. Users with more children using less long term contraceptive than users with less children. The lack knowledge about the long term contraception,using less long term contraception than users with good knowledge. It is suggested for fertile couple to use long term contraception because these methods is very effective for fertile couple that has more than 2 children or has a disease history. Keywords: long term contraceptive method, fertile couples   

Pemodelan Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) Pada Kasus Pneumonia Balita

Sofia, Debbiyatus ( AKBID Ibrahimy Sukorejo Situbondo ) , Kuntoro, Kuntoro ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, universitas Airlangga ) , Soenarnatalina, Soenarnatalina ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACTBayesian method is known as a better method than other methods because it combines the information from the sample data and the information from the previous distribution (prior). There are several methods in the Bayesian able to choose the best models involving uncertainty models and one of them is Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA). BMA is a method that can predict the best model based on the weighted average of all models. BMA goal is to combine model uncertainty in order to get the best model. The purpose of the study was to determine the linear regression model of the BMA in cases of pneumonia. Design research is applied research. The experiment was conducted in Situbondo in May-June 2014. Sampling was done by total sampling 0f 17 health centers throughout Situbondo. BMA results indicate that there were 27 models selected with the 5 best models from the 2048 model is formed. BMA Model was produced 9 significant variable predictor of the response variable. These variables were not smoke in the house, healthy household, exclusive breastfeeding, infants received vitamin A, DPT immunization coverage, low birth weight, malnutrition children, number of posyandu and toddler health services. Variables were not significant are clean and healthy living behavior and infant visits.Keyword : linear regression, bayesian model averaging, pneumonia   

Hubungan Status Kesehatan Neonatal Dengan Kematian Bayi

Rini, Dwi Setyo ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Puspitasari, Nunik ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACTInfant mortality is the death that happens after the live birth until the age at less one year. Some neonatal health status are factors that affect infant mortality. The general objective of this research to analyze neonatal health status that associated with infant mortality in the Sumberasih health center, Sumberasih subdistrict, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia. This study was non-reactive study which analyzed secondary data. This study used case control design. The number of case samples were 21 infants and control samples were 84 infants. Data was analyzed by Fishers Exact test. The result showed that was a significant correlation between some neonatal health status and infant mortality. Neonatal health status included birth weight (p = 0.000; phi coefficient = 0.503; OR = 13.542), gestational age (p = 0.001; phi coefficient = 0.345; OR = 6.033), apgar score (p = 0.001; phi coefficient = 0.398), abnormalities for infants (p = 0.000; phi coefficient = 0.535) and disease for infants (p = 0.000; phi coefficient = 0.718). The conclusion that could be concluded was some neonatal health status that related to infant mortality. Counseling about infant mortality risk factors and signs of newborn health were very important for childbearing age women and pregnant women to prevent infant mortality.Keywords : infant mortality, birth weight, gestational age, apgar score, abnormalities for infants, disease for  infants   

Penerapan Clustering Bootstrap dengan Metode K-Means

Prasetyo, Hendro ( Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Malang ) , Kuntoro, Kuntoro ( Fakultas Kesehatan Msyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Purnomo, Windhu ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Soenarnatalina, Soenarnatalina ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Adriani, Merry ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga ) , Wijanarko, Bambang ( Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga )

Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Cluster analysis was a process for grouping a set of objects based on data that have similarcertain characteristic. K-Means was a method of cluster analysis which begins by determining the number of clusters desired. Bootstrap was a sampling technique with replacement from the original sample. Bootstrap was used to estimate the parameters based on minimal data using a computer. This methode was useful to maximize relative diffrence and variation in the clusters. Malnutrition was a major problem in Indonesia and is still a concern in children under five. Infants with malnutrition would have a higher mortality rate. The purpose of this study wasto assess the accuracy of K-Means and Bootstrap K-Means method to clustering nutritional status of children undersfive which was crosstabulated with the nutritional status of children based on the WHO-2005 in the Ajung Public Health Center, Jember. The variable in this study was nutritional status based on WHO criteria 2005 as standard benchmarks, presentage and weight. This was non-reactive research, using secondary data in Ajung Public Health Center, without any direct interaction with the subject. This study concluded that the total accuracy rate (TAR) and Total Error Rate (TER) to determine nutritional status of  K-Means method was TAR=0.9 and,  TER=0.1; Bootstrap K-Means methode (B=25) TAR=0,925 and TER=0.075; Bootsstrap K-Means methode (B=50) TAR=0.9417, TER=0.0583;and Bootstrap K-Means Bootstrap (B=75) TAR=0.9583 and TER=0.0417 after crosstabulated with nutritional status based on WHO-2005 (weight for age). In conclusion general, the K-Means method and Bootstrap K-Means method and crosstabulated with nutritional status based on WHO-2005 has shown very good accuracy to determine the nutritional status of children. The best method was Bootstrap K-Means (B=75). K-Means Bootstrap methods can be used as an alternative way to determine the nutritional status of children. Keywords: cluster analysis with K-Means method, bootstrap, nutritional status