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Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture
ISSN : 26139456     EISSN : 25992570     DOI : -
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture publishes original articles, review articles, case studies and short communications on the fundamentals, applications and management of Sustainable Agriculture areas in collaboration with Indonesian Agrotechnology / Agroecotechnology Association (PAGI), Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network), and Indonesian Agricultural Higher Education Communication Forum (FKPTPI). This journal has two issues in a year and it will be published in April and October.
Articles 293 Documents
STUDI PEMBERDAYAAN WANITA TANI DALAM USAHATANI TERNAK SAPI MELALUI PROGRAM SAPTA USAHA PETERNAKAN DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN (KASUS DI DESA SAMBIREJO KECAMATAN WIROSARI) Suminah, Suminah
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 24, No 2 (2009): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1834.164 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v24i2.14046

Abstract

The purpose of this research is: (1) to get data about profile of farmer woman characteristic which managing ox livestock farm; (2) identifying requirement, supplementary and resistor factor of farmer woman in ox livestock farm development; and (3) to formulate the appropriate effort intervention to woman in management of ox livestock farm. This research was conducted in Grobogan District, at Sambirejo village. Data obtained through observation, interview, and the group discussion. Result of this research is: first, description of farmer woman profile manage ox livestock farm covering age, formal education, non formal education, amount of ox had, and status of ownership of ox. Second, requirement, supplementary and resistor factor is known to relate at Seven Program of livestock farm i.e. election of seed, ready of woof, cage, reproduction, management, time after harvest and  marketing. Third, that farmer woman which managing ox livestock farm have big role in improving economic earnings of family, so that woman farmer require to be powered by unionized or grouping; then give them by training related to reinforcement their group, especially training of ox livestock woof ferment.
Teknik Pertanian Organik Tanaman Cabaik Merah dengan Mikoriza, Pupuk Organik, dan Pestisida Alami Widadi, Sri; Cahyani, Vita Ratri
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 16, No 1 (2001): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2801.195 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v16i1.20358

Abstract

Sampai saat ini budidaya tanaman cabai merah masih mengandalkan pupuk kimia dan pestisida kimia buatan yang mahal, merugikan kesehatan manusia dan hewan serta menimbulkan efek residu pada lingkungan.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan sumber daya hayati yang dikemas dalam rakitan bioteknologi sebagai suatu teknik pertanian organik untuk tanaman cabai merah yaitu dengan penggunaan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskuler, pupuk organik dan pestisida alami.Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskuler berfungsi sebagai pupuk hayati yang dapat menghemat masukan pupuk kimia fosfor, pupuk organik (kandang, kompos jerami dan pupuk hijau lamtoro) mampu memperbaiki sifat tanah sebagai sumber masukan nutrisi, dan pestisida alami yang tepat konsentrasinya efektif untuk pengendalian hama.Percobaan ini dilakukan di Desa Ngringo, Kecamatan Jaten, Kabupaten Karanganyar mulai bulan Juni 1999 sampai dengan bulan Januari 2000, merupakan percobaan pot di lapangan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial 2x5x4 dengan 3 ulangan.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan CMA dan pupuk organik memberikan pengaruh nyata. Pemberian CMA menunjukkan pertumbuhan hasil dan ketahanan lebih tinggi daripada yang tidak menggunakan CMA.Komposisi pupuk organik 10:10:10 memberi pengaruh paling tinggi pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman.
The Effectiveness of Rice for the Prosperous Population Program and Non-Cash Food Assistance (Case Study in Sikayu Village, Buayan Sub-district, Kebumen District) Pertiwi, Rezqyana Ayu; Qonita, Raden Rara Aulia; Sutrisno, Joko
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 34, No 2 (2019): Caraka Tani in Press October 2019
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.359 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v34i2.27346

Abstract

Food aid program policy is made to overcome poverty problem in Indonesia. This policy always changes year by year to improve the effectiveness of the program. This research aims to determine the effectiveness of Rice for the Prosperous Population Program (Bansos Rastra) and Non-Cash Food Assistance (BPNT) in Sikayu Village, Buayan Sub-district, Kebumen District, Central Java Province with 6T indicators or 6 indicators of accuracy, including accurate on target, accurate on price, accurate on amount, accurate on time, accurate on quality and accurate on administration. The basic method of this research is descriptive method. The location of this research is determined intentionally. Sampling is done by purposive sampling technique. The analysis was carried out using the results criteria approach. The effectiveness of Bansos Rastra program is based on Bansos Rastra General Guidelines 2018, while the effectiveness measurement of BPNT program is based on BPNT General Guidelines 2018. The effectiveness of Bansos Rastra program, which is based on the achievement of the objectives according to Bansos Rastra General Guidelines 2018, is said to be ineffective as there is one out of the four points of purpose which is not achieved, namely the point of aid distribution conducted every month. The effectiveness of BPNT program in Sikayu Village based on the 6T indicator reaches 100% since all indicators have been fulfilled. The effectiveness of BPNT program based on the goals achivement is in accordance with BPNT General Guidelines 2018 which is said to be effective as all objectives have been achieved.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENDUKUNG DAN PENGHAMBAT EFEKTIVITAS KOMUNIKASI DENGAN TINGKAT EFEKTIVITAS KOMUNIKASI DALAM PROGRAM GERAKAN NASIONAL REHABILITASI HUTAN DAN LAHAN (GNR-HL) DI KECAMATAN KEDAWUNG KABUPATEN SRAGEN Wibowo, Agung; Suminah, Suminah; Padmaningrum, Dwiningtyas
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 24, No 1 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2669.362 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v24i1.14014

Abstract

The success of National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program (GNR-HL) depends on active participation from any components, including government, program executives and also societies. Effective communication has an important role, because with communicatio, there will be established contacts and interaction among any supporting elements, including peasant-program participant, so that it can drive participant’s knowledge, behavior and skill transformation in an expected condition. The objectives of this research are (1) to analyze the communication effectiveness level in National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program in District of Kedawung Regency of Sragen; (2) to analyze the supporting and interfering factors on community effectivenes regarding with communication effectiveness level in National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program in District of Kedawung Regency of Sragen. Basic method used in this research is descriptive method. The location is determined in purposive (intended). In such case, the selected location is District of Kedawung Regency of Sragen, because this district has the highest average value in National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program in District of Kedawung Regency of Sragen. Whereas to know the relation between the supporting and interfering factors in communication effectiveness with communication effectiveness level in National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program, it is using Spearman’s Rank Correlation Formula. Socialization and elucidation activities in National Movement of Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program, in facts, are not provide new knowledge for the peasant-program participants. The use of the message is the most predominant factor and has highly significant relation with communication effectiveness level ini knowledge domain. The source credibility and closeness with the target are the related significant factors with communication effective level in knowledge domain. The source credibility factor is significant in 95% reliability level, whereas the closeness with the target significantly reach 99% reliability.
Efek Pemberian Decanter Solid terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) dengan Media Tanah Bekas Lahan Tambang Batu Bara di Pembibitan Utama Maryani, Anis Tatik
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 33, No 1 (2018): April
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.685 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v33i1.19310

Abstract

Land resource hoarding coal post is supporting agricultural development. Experiment on the use of the media to land former coal mines that are expected to become soil ameliorant media or media after seedlings seeds moved into the field. The purpose of this study is 1) Determining the growth of oil palm seedlings with soil medium former coal mining areas. 2) Determining the decanter solid dose of the best on the growth of oil palm seedlings on former pasture land of coal mines in the main nursery. Design of experiment was randomized block design (RBD) with 7 dose treatment levels of decanter solid, there is no decanter solid, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, and 600 g/polybag. Each treatment was replicated four times, so there are 28 experimental units. Each experimental unit consisted of three plants and as an each of them as plant sample, thus totally there are 84 plants. Observed variables include the increase of plant height, plant diameter (cm) and leaf area (cm2) as well as the rate of plant growth and Seed Quality Index. Results of the research show that in general the administration of decanter solid on the growth of seedlings of oil palm with former land area coal mines provide better growth on the plant height, diameter, number of leaves, leaf area, increase the rate of plant growth as well as seed quality index compared to oil palm seedlings without any decanter solid. Decanter solid 400 g/polybag is the best for the growth of oil palm seedlings.
PENGENDALIAN IMPOR KEDELAI DALAM UPAYA MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL YP, Ni Made Suyastiri
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 23, No 2 (2008): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1963.309 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v23i2.13968

Abstract

Food is primary necessity for a country. Soybean that contains many essential protein is one of important food of Indonesia. In fact, as raw material of tahu, tempe, soy sauce, and milk industry, it is very popular and consumed by almost all people in Indonesia. Along with population and industrial development, soybean necessity is raising.Soybean almost two million tons is needed every year and 60% soybean necessity fullfilment is imported from other country. Soybean importation is up to 1,1 million per year. Excessive soybean importation cause negative impact for agriculture development and be able to damage domestic industrial agriculture. Furthermore, import dependency can spend many devisa and in long run will threaten food security. This paper is going to explain about soybean importation control as an effort to reach food security.
EFISIENSI PRODUKSI SAPI POTONG PADA PETERNAKAN RAKYAT PADA MUSIM KEMARAU DI DAERAH PERTANIAN LAHAN KERING KABUPATEN GUNUNGKIDUL Handayanta, Eka; Lutojo, Lutojo; Nurdiati, Kurniasih
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 32, No 1 (2017): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.273 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v32i1.15928

Abstract

This research was conducted to know the production efficiency of beef cattle in smallholder farmer in a dry farming area at dry season. Research has been started on June and finished on September (dry season) at smallholder farmer in the village Kemejing, Semin subdistrict, district Gunungkidul, DIY. The research materials are 28 heads of beef cattle from 17 farmers, which consist of 10 heads of PO breed, 10 heads of a Simpo breed, and 8 heads of Limpo breed with 292.25 kg of initial body weight. This research was using Participatory Rural Appraisal method which is a collecting data process that an active teamwork between data collector and farmer. Collected parameter are feed intake, average daily gain (ADG), feed efficiency, feed cost per gain (FC/G), and income over feed cost (IOFC). Data resulting from this research are 8.42 kg/head/day of feed intake, 0.19 kg/head/day of ADG, 0.021 of feed efficiency, Rp 46.166,62 of feed cost per gain, and Rp 3.985,55 of income over feed cost. It can be concluded that the efficient production of beef cattle in smallholder farmer at the dry area is low because average daily gain, feed cost per gain and income over feed cost produced are extremely small so if the calculated economic result is less favorable.
Resolusi Konflik Petani Sekitar Perkebunan Karet melalui Pengembangan Modal Sosial di Desa Kuto Kecamatan Kerjo Kabupaten Karanganyar Padmaningrum, D; Sutarto, Sutarto; Wibowo, Agung
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 22, No 2 (2007): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2740.837 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v22i2.20560

Abstract

The majority of local population living close to the rubber plantation are farmers. Some of them lived under the proverty line. The management of rubber estate, in fact, ignored local culture. Both situation, the proverty and lack of corporates social responsibility caused intensive conflicts. The objectives of this research  describe: the factors fromulated social capital’s value and the role of social capital in conflict resolution in rubber estate. The constituants of the conflict consist of: the management of rubber estate, internal staff, the local people, local leaders also local and outside traders. This conflict involved: encrochment for agriculture, collecting fire woods illegally and stone mining illegally. In this case, the role of social capital values can described by many activities. The management is required to consider the aspirations of local people and to develop social network between the rubber estate with the local community; in particulary with local leaders; to develope the good exchange with local community, especially funds for social funtions; recruitment of the local people to work in the plantation; supply fresh water; all of which is aplication of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of the rubber estate. In the mean time, the local people are requested to participate in the maintenance and sustainability of the rubber estate
KAJIAN PEMBERIAN PUPUK P, PUPUK MIKRO DAN PUPUK ORGANIK TERHADAP SERAPAN P DAN HASIL KEDELAI (Glycine max L.) VARIETAS KABA DI INSEPTISOL GUNUNG GAJAH KLATEN Supriyadi, Supriyadi; Hartati, Sri; Aminudin, Almar
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 29, No 2 (2014): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.641 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v29i2.13372

Abstract

Research purposes to determine the response of soybean varieties Kaba under protected forest tree stands besides soybean crop response to P fertilizer and manure fertilizer micro coupled with organic fertilizer uptake and utilization of P element to the low light under protected forest tree stands. The research was conducted in JulyDecember 2011. Experiments using Randomized Complete (RAKL) factorial consists of 3 factors, namely fertilization with manure P 1, factor 2 micro fertilization with manure, and a factor of 3 fertilizing with organic fertilizers. Each treatment combination was repeated 3 kali.Faktor first fertilizer P fertilizer P The first factor consists of three levels, namely P1 (50 kg / ha), P2 (75 kg / ha), and P3 (100 kg / ha). The second factor consists of 2 fertilizer micro level, ie M1 (0.5 l / ha) and M2 (1.5 l / ha). The third factor of organic fertilizer consisting of 2 levels, ie O0 (0 tonnes / ha) and O1 (5 tonnes / ha). Data analysis using the F test level of 5% followed by comparison test (DMRT) level of 5%. The results show the interaction between P fertilizer, micro fertilizer and organic fertilizer effect on soil pH, P uptake, and the number of pods. P fertilizer on fertilizer and organic fertilizer micro effects and no significant effect on available P and heavy pod soybeans (Glycine max L.).
STUDI POTENSI TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR (TPA) SAMPAH “PUTRI CEMPO” SURAKARTA SEBAGAI SUMBER PAKAN SAPI POTONG Sudiyono, Sudiyono; Handayanta, Eka
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 25, No 1 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (56.035 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v25i1.15750

Abstract

This Research aim to to know the potency from place of exile final garbage Putri Cempo Surakarta as feed source of beef cattle. Research executed during six-month at some locations, there are: 1) TPA Garbage " Putri Cempo" Mojosongo Surakarta, for the intake of sampel garbage 2) Biochemical and Nutrition Laboratory,Faculty of Animal Husbandry UGM to analyse proximat of feed organic garbage 3). Laboratory of BBVET, Wates Yogyakarta for the analysis of content heavy metal ( Pb and Hg) on organic garbage. Result of intake sample garbage thrown to TPA " Putri Cempo" and dissociated by organic garbage and inorganic garbage, showed that amount of organic garbage much more many than inorganic. Amount of organicmatter of garbage from each the source of garbage thrown in TPA, among others garbage domestic was 63,82%, market garbage was 83,21% and public garbage 67,53%. Result analyse the proksimat seen [by] that protein content ( organic PK) Garbage range from 10,00 - 12,79%. and dry matter (DM) 26,88-34,01 %. Pursuant to its the dry matter content, hence totalizeing organic BK garbage during five the last year ware range from 15,81 - 16,56 thousand ton / year, if assumed by beef cattle potencially which fattening with the body wight 300 kg/head, go with the tide and ability consume feed ( in DM) equal to 3% body wight ( 9 Kg/head/day or 3.285 kg/head/year) hence the organicmatter of garbage can answered the demand of 4812 - 5041 head of beef cattle. The garbage was conttent of heavy metal of lead (Pb) from organic garbage, but the trace content of mercury (Hg)

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