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Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 20866380     EISSN : 25487949     DOI : -
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat (JIKM) is a scientific peer-reviewed journal is published three times a year in March, July, and November by the Association of Public Health Scholars based in Faculty of Public Health, Sriwijaya University. The objectives are to share out, to develop, to facilitate research findings to do with Public Health with the intention that it will give benefit to managers, decision makers, public health officer, health problem practitioners, lecturers, as well as students. The content of the journal includes literature review, research-based article dealing with the health policy and administration, environmental health, occupational health and safety, public health nutrition, health promotion, epidemiology, biostatistics, behavioral sciences and others related to public health challenges.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 250 Documents
ELDERLY PROGRAMME INVOLVEMENT REVIEWED FROM COST, SERVICE SATISFACTORY AND PATIENT EXPECTATIONS IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER NANGGULAN KULON PROGO DISTRICT rosyada, dina fitriana; Budi, Savitri Citra
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: One of the efforts to improve social welfare for elderly is to provide health services. The coverage of the utilization of elderly patient care at Nanggulan public health center is still low. The low coverage is certainly caused by the fundamental things related to the selection of health care facilities such as the existence of cost considerations, patient expectations and satisfaction on quality health service facilities. The objectives of this research is to analyze the influence of the fundamental reasons for the selection of health service facilities at Nanggulan public health center towards participation in the elderly program.Methods: The type of research is observational analytic research with cross sectional study design. The sample size of this study is 50 elderly. The sample size is calculated using random sampling technique. The dependent variable of the research is the participation of the lansia elderly program and the independent variables of the study are cost consideration, patient expectation and satisfaction of service quality at Nanggulan public health center.Results: The analysis statistic used logistic regresion, the variables that influence the utilization of elderly health service program at Nanggulan Community Health Center are the variable of patient satisfaction.Conclusion: The elderly choose Nanggulan public health center used health but their participation do not affect in elderly program because of the access factor factor or the distance of the house with Nanggulan Health Center involvement of elderly programme was influenced by service satisfaction.Keywords: Elderly program participation, elderly service usage, improvement of elderly welfare.DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2018.9.1.11-20
DETERMINANT OF DIARRHEA ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN INDONESIA (ADVANCED ANALYSIS IDHS 2012) Susanti, Widia Eka; Novrikasari, Novrikasari; Sunarsih, Elvi
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Diarrhea was the second leading cause of death in children under five years old and has killed about 760,000 children each year. Distribution of mortality in the world expressed diarrhea remains a leading cause of death in children under 5 years of 15%. toddler age group was the highest group had diarrhea with diarrhea incidence in Indonesia amounted to 10.2%. The purpose of this study is to analyse the factors that influence the incidence of diarrhea in children under five in Indonesia. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional study design. The data used secondary data IDHS 2012 with a population of infants (0-59 months) some 45 607 people and a sample of 14.752 children under five in Indonesia. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression using a complex sample multiple predictive models. Results: 15.2% of children under five with diarrhea. The results of the analysis bivariar shows that there is a relationship variables maternal age (PR 2,015), maternal education (PR 1,475), area of ​​residence (PR 1,177), mothers occupation (PR 0,817), socioeconomic (PR 1,703), population density (PR 1,168), the source of drinking water (PR 1,178), the type of excreta disposal site (PR 1,211), the type of floor house (PR 1,188), and the childs gender (PR 1,172) and the incidence of diarrhea in children under five. Conclusion: The most dominant variable related to the incidence of diarrhea in infants are maternal age after the controlled variable mothers occupation, income/wealth index, population density, and sex of the child (PR 1.911). Keyword : Diarrhea, Children Under Five Years, Indonesia DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.1.64-72
ANALYSIS COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG CHILDREN AGED 12-24 MONTHS IN PUSKESMAS LESUNG BATU, EMPAT LAWANG Widyawati, Widyawati; Febry, Fatmalina; Destriatania, Suci
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Complementary feeding is a supplementary food given to babies after age 6 months to 24 months of age in order to meet the nutritional needs in addition to breast milk. However, complementary feeding which is not under WHO standard become one of the causes of the increasing prevalence of malnutrition in children aged 12-24 months in the world and in Indonesia. The incidence of malnutrition at Lesung Batu Puskesmas, Empat Lawang is still quite high at 18%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship giving complementary feeding with the incidence of nutritional status in the region. Method: This study used case control design. Sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria to the number of samples was 80 consisting of 40 cases and 40 controls. Data was taken from data register cases of malnutrition primer using questionnaires and anthropometric measurements of children nutritional status and using neighborhood controls. The data was analyzed by univariate, bivariate chi square. Result: Hypothesis test results indicated that the nutritional status of children associated with the frequency of complementary feeding (p value<0.0001; OR 6.6), and history of infectious disease (p value 0,04; OR 3). Meanwhile, the age of first administration of complementary feeding, the texture of foods, the variation of foods and a portion of complementary feeding were not associated with nutritional status children aged 12-24 months. Conclusion: Advice can be given that mothers who have children 6-24 months should give more attention to the provision of complementary feeding in accordance with the recommended WHO through counseling, information, education and communication related nutrition and complementary feeding practices of infants and children. Keywords: complementary feeding, nutritional status, children aged 12-24 month DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.2.139-149 
ANALYSIS OF ELDERLY PARTICIPATION IN HEALTH PROMOTION ACTIVITIES AT THE WORKING AREA OF PUSKESMAS SEKAR JAYA OGAN KOMERING ULU REGENCY Wahyuni, Indah Dwi; Ainy, Asmaripa; Rahmiwati, Anita
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: At the time of the elderly, people suffered various setbacks that affect the function and the bodys capabilities because it is caused by changes in anatomical, physiological, and biochemical in the body. The governments efforts to provide health care facilities for the elderly is to hold health development activities. However, the participation of the elderly in these activities is still low. The objective of this study is analyse of elderly participation in health development activities Method: This research is use an observational study with cross sectional design. The analysis using chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. The samples were taken by purposive sampling with 96 respondents. Result: The results of chi-square test showed that age (p = 0.011), sex (p = 0.035), occupation (p = 0.000), attitude (p = 0.001), needs (p = 0.000), and family support (p = 0.000) have an influence on the participation of the elderly in health development activities. Meanwhile, education (p = 0.075), knowledge (p = 0.092), distance (p = 0.596), and the role of cadres (p = 0.461) did not have an influence on the participation of the elderly in health development activities. Based on multiple logistic regression, the most dominant variable affecting the participation of the elderly is a job, attitude, and needs. Conclusion:This study shown that the participation of the elderly in health development activities is influenced by age, gender, occupation, attitudes, needs, and family support. We expect that the parties concerned to be able to take measures to increase the participation of the elderly in health development activities, such as through the promotion and health education about the benefits of health elderly development activities, and so on.Keywords: Participatio, Elderly, Health Development Activities DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.2.96-107
EFFECTIVITY COAGULANT EXTRACT OF Moringa oleifera ABOUT COOKING OIL POLLUTANT PROCESS AND Cyprinus carpio L. LIFE ENDURANCE AT X FAST FOOD RESTOURANT IN PALEMBANG K, Helen; Hasyim, Hamzah; Najmah, Najmah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 3, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background : Cooking oil pollutant is not simple problem, Cooking oil has many complex polymer band, covers the surface of river, holds oxygen, and block sunlight, then photosynthesis is distracted.Method : The method of this research is pure experiment, with pretest posttest- control group project. Purpose is to find out efectifity Moringa oleifera about cooking oil pollutant process and cyprinus carpio’s life endurance at X fast food restaurant in Palembang in the year 2011 . The population is all of the cyprinus carpio kumpay type. The sample are 6 Cyprinus carpio L.The analysis that used univariate and bivariate.Result : Briefly, cyprinus carpio that have intervented at the waste water of cooking oil process by coagulant extract of moringa oleifera has life endurance 4 times longer than intervention control with coagulant of alumunium sulfat. Effectiveness treatment test got t = 0,022 with value t critic at signification 0,01 = 3,36 and signification 0,05 = 2,02, got comparation 0,022 < 2,02<3,36 that means this experiment has significant level in signification 0,05. T test with SPSS For Windows got value 0,021, that means this experiment significant (t < 0,05). That means, extract of moringa effective in coagulate cooking oil pollutant process. Other experiment with better intervention method to decrease exclution criteria and more sample need consideration on next experiment.Conclusion : Seed extracts of Moringa oleifera can used as a natural coagulant that is safe for the life of freshwater ecosystems and may agglutinate in the cooking oil waste water is better than alum coagulant.Keywords : Coagulant, Moringa oleifera, Cooking oil pollutant
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH LOW BACK PAIN SONGKET AT TALANG AUR VILLAGE SUBDISTRICT INDRALAYA DISTRICT OGAN ILIR Sitompul, Agnes Martha Helena; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Hasyim, Hamzah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 3, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background : Low back pain is a pain occuring below part of the back and capable of moving to feet particulary in the back and outside. In working, the songket workers sit on a non-laying chair. It will result in the emerge of the low back pain. Based on the issue, it is carried out a research aiming to recognize any factors corerlating with to the low back pain of the workers.Method : This research was conducted in 56 songket workers at Talang Aur village subdistrict Indralaya, district Ogan Ilir. This study uses cross sectional design. Data is processed and presented in frequency distribution tables, analyzed analytically by using chi square test. Data collected concist of secondary and primary data.Result : From the analysis of chi square test is known, there is a relation between of age and the low back pain (p value=0,045), there is no correlation between the working period and the low back pain (p value=0,3), there is no correlation between the long time of work and the low back pain (p value=0,860), there is no correlation between the resting time and the low back pain (p value=1,00), there is no correlation between the body mass index and the low back pain (p value=0,412),and there is a relation between the sitting potition in work and the low back pain (p value=0,455).Conclusion : Age has a significant statistical relationship with the complaint of low back pain. There was no statistically significant relationship between the period of employment, length of work, rest, and body mass index to the complaint of low back pain in songket producers at Talang Aur village year 2011.Keyword: low back pain, workers
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM ANALYSIS AT BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT IN INDERALAYA CAMPUS OF SRIWIJAYA UNIVERSITY 2013 Seitiadi, Hade; Sunarsih, Eddy; Camelia, Anita
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background : Safety of the occupants inside the building and its environment should be a major consideration especially of the fire hazard. To protect from the fire hazards, the technical requirements of the fire protection system should be met. Method : Design used in this study is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. In the selection of informants using the snowball sampling technique, informants in this study amounted to seven people and for the selection of the building using purposive sampling. Result : The water is taken from retention ponds and Water Treatment Proces. There is already an exit but still do not have the sign yet. Testing of fire resistant building structure had not been done. Fire extinguisher only found in the rektorat buildings and chemical laboratories, hydrant and siemense conection only found in rusunawa buildings, alarms and fire detector only provided in clinics whereas there is no sprinkler at all. There is no written policy for the fire prevention and suppression. There is not a fire team. Checks on the fire protection system has not been done regularly. Conclusion : In fulfillment of the requirements of the fire protection system there are still many who have not met, it is necessary to include the fulfillment of fire extinguisher, hydrants, alarms, detectors, sprinklers and be checked periodically as soon as re-establishment of the fire team. Keywords : Fire Protection System, Buildings, Environment.
MOTHER DETERMINANT AT CHOOSING DELIVERY ASSISTANT IN MUARA SALING PUBLIC HEALTH CENTRE, EMPAT LAWANG REGENCY IN 2010 Indriyani, Fanny; Najmah, Najmah; Mutahar, Rini
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: One of the  maternal mortality rate factor was considered high in Indonesia because the coverage of health birth attendant still lower than necessary. The coverage of delivery by health provider in Muara Saling Public Health Centre was about 78,09 percents, so there was about 21,91 percents delivery by traditional birth attendant. The coverage number has not achieved Regency Target in 2010 especially in health birth attendant that was 95 percents. The research objective was to identify the determinant that influenced mother in choosing delivery assistant  in Muara Saling Public Health Centre, Empat Lawang Regency at 2010. Methods: This research was observational analytic with cross sectional approach. Respondents were all of mother who have ever delivery and took from the last child delivery in life or death condition and registered in Muara Saling Public Health Centre coverage at 2010. There were 84 samples (non respon factor 10 percents) and it was taken by Simple Random Sampling. Univariat and bivariat analyzed were employed in analyzing the data. Result: The result of this research showed that the family sosial economic (p=<0,001), knowledge (p=0,020), illness health perception (p=0,049), family role (p=0,012) and cost of delivery before in mother with more than once birth (p=0,01) has influenced In choosing delivery assistance. Conclusion: In conclusion, the choosing of delivery assistant in Muara Saling Public Health Centre was influence by family sosial economic), knowledge, illness health perception, family role and cost of delivery before. Keywords: delivery assistant, delivery
CORRELATION BETWEEN MARKETING MIX AND THE UTILIZATION OF INPATIENT UNIT AT PELABUHAN HOSPITAL PALEMBANG Rahma, Nyayu; Budi, Iwan Stia; Najmah, Najmah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Pelabuhan Hospital Palembang is type C Hospital with a capacity of 58 beds. The utilization of inpatient unit in this hospital is still lacking. It can be seen from the total of Bed Occupational Rate (BOR) in 2010-2011 is only 48.52% -51.65% which is  below the standard of Health Department that is 60-85%. Method: This study is a analytical observational study with cross sectional approach. The Population are inpatients of Pelabuhan Hospital Palembang. The number of samples is 80. The research data were analyzed quantitatively by the method of univariate, bivariate with chi square analysis, and multivariate with logistic regression analysis using SPSS program. Result: The result of analysis tests of the relationship between marketing mix and the utilization of inpatient installation of Pelabuhan Hospital Palembang, from 7 variables of marketing mix, there are six variables that have a relationship to the utilization of inpatient installation, that are variable product (OR=6, p-value=<0,0001), price (OR=10, p-value=<0,0001), place (OR =5, p-value=0,001), people (OR=5, p-value=0,002), processes (OR=7, p-value=<0,0001), and physical evidence (OR=8, p-value=<0,0001). Based on the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, there are four variables of marketing mix which are most influential, namely product (OR=7, p-value=0,008), price (OR=15, p-value= <0,0001), process(OR=8, p-value=0,007) and physical evidence (OR=18, p-value= <0,0001). Conclution: Pelabuhan Hospital Palembang needs to improve the its marketing by noticing the marketing mix variables affecting the utilization of inpatient installations, especially those still considered not good enough by the in-patients,that are person and physical evidence. The goal is to increase BOR of Pelabuhan Hospital Palembang due to Health Department standards. Keywords: Marketing Mix, Utilization of inpatient installation
MONITORING THE GROWTH OF INFANTS IN POSYANDU Febry, Fatmalina
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The toddler years are golden age period because this period of growth has increased very rapidly. If growth is not monitored properly toddlers and impaired will not be repaired in the next period. So that needs to be done on a routine growth monitoring infant growth so it can be detected if there is growth faltering and do prevention as early as possible so there is no interference with the process of growth and development of infants. Keywords : growth monitoring, toddlers, posyandu

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